Loading…
Please note that there are two different conference venues:
June 14/15 - Century City Conference Centre
June 16 - Kirstenbosch Conference Centre (transportation available)

Log in to bookmark your favorites and sync them to your phone or calendar.

Symposium [clear filter]
Wednesday, June 14
 

13:00

The Role of Secure Attachment Relationships in Fostering Development of Resilience - Cory Saunders, Dusko Miljevic, Lydia Glibota
Symposium Summary
The Role of Secure Attachment Relationships in Fostering Development of Resilience

Presenters:
 Cory Saunders, Dusko Miljevic, Lydia Glibota
Childhood experiences of interpersonal trauma can have a negative impact on the developing child’s social, emotional, and psychological well-being and overall quality of life. This symposium will highlight the benefits of attachment and trauma informed therapies that support secure attachment relationships fundamental to resilience, ultimately changing a child’s life trajectory. 

Symposium Abstracts
Resilience after trauma: A neurodevelopmental perspective on the impact of abuse and neglect
Presenters:
Cory Saunders (Hotel Dieu Grace Healthcare, Canada)
Introduction: More than a decade of research has indicated that early developmental trauma has considerable impact on the development of the brain and adaptive behaviors necessary for functional resilience. Children who have experienced abuse and neglect exhibit difficulties that span multiple service provision sectors, including education, child protection, and mental health.
Methods: To determine the impact of early developmental trauma, the neuropsychological profiles of children seeking mental health services were examined. Children were placed into two groups matched for age, gender, and time of assessment; differentiated only by the presence or absence of a history of abuse and neglect. Both groups of children shared similar neurobiological developmental risk and cross-sector intervention needs, but the children with developmental trauma had significantly increased adverse parent-related influences on their development and exhibited more significant impairments in neuropsychological functions. Furthermore, early alterations to adverse environmental conditions led to more positive outcomes in cognitive and adaptive functioning.
Findings: Given the interplay between brain development and the environment, early intervention is necessary to promote positive growth and adaptive resilience for children with a history of abuse or neglect. To achieve this end, a collaborative effort between children’s service sectors for children with early developmental trauma is required. 

Nurturing social-emotional resiliency of children living in foster care through the use of attachment and trauma-informed therapy.
Presenter:  Dusko Miljevic (Hotel Dieu Grace Healthcare, Canada)
Co-Authors: Lydia Glibota, Cory Saunders 
Introduction: Research indicates that the majority of children living in foster care have experiences of interpersonal trauma. These experiences compromise the child’s psychological, social, and emotional development, thus negatively impacting the child’s adaptive resilience. Providing children with experiences of safe and nurturing environments promotes the development of healthy social-emotional well-being.
Methods: Children aged 4 to 6 years who were living in foster care, participated in a three week program focused on strengthening relationships, improving emotional regulation skills, and decreasing maladaptive coping strategies. The program represented a collaboration between the school board, child protective services, and children’s mental health agencies. Intervention comprised of group Theraplay® and Sunshine Circles® incorporated throughout the day. Pre- and post-intervention data was collected on social-emotional functioning and parental relationships. Following the completion of the program, a subset of participants were engaged in an intensive three-day follow-up intervention for further enhancement and consolidation of skills.
Findings: Intervention created an environment of emotionally attuned, supportive, and nurturing caregivers that resulted in children’s increased feelings of safety and social engagement.  This process resulted in increased expression of behavior, increases in parental relationship, and trust in adult relationships as a healthy mechanism to cope with environmental stressors.

Creating relationship safety using attachment based treatment to foster resiliency in parent-child dyad. 
Presenters: Lydia Glibota (Hotel Dieu Grace Healthcare, Canada)
Introduction: Children can adapt in many ways, as illustrated by a review of an 8-year old female with a history of early relational trauma involving inconsistent parental caregiving, multiple foster placements, and eventual adoption.  Internalized maladaptive coping strategies impacted her sense of safety and security, leading to an insecure attachment style.
Methods: Intervention involved the implementation of attachment focused therapies, including Theraplay®, as the primary treatment modality. Treatment focused on establishing a sense of safety within the context of the therapeutic alliance setting the foundation for security within the child and parental attachment dyad.  The use of attachment therapies afforded a supportive and safe environment encompassing, up and down regulating arousal, voice prosody, empathetic attunement and resonance, synchronization of rhythmic patterns of affect, social inclusion, grounding and positive relational interactions.   Thus, promoting safety triggered the activation of the social engagement system allowing further exploration and integration of early relational trauma. 
Findings: Overall, the formation of a secure attachment to the primary caregiver facilitated an observable decrease in maladaptive coping strategies. Improvements included an increase in eye contact, support-seeking, and the ability to discuss emotionally elevated content pertaining to interpersonal dynamics; thereby strengthening resilience and nurturing a healthy emotional development. 

Speakers
LG

Lydia Glibota

HOTEL-DIEU GRACE HEALTHCARE-REGIONAL CHILDREN'S CENTRE
avatar for Dusko Miljevic

Dusko Miljevic

Social Worker, HOTEL-DIEU GRACE HEALTHCARE REGIONAL CHILDREN'S CENTRE
Hi there, My name is Dusko Miljevic. I am a registered Social Worker in the province of Ontario, Canada. I obtained my undergraduate degree in Psychology and Masters’ degree in Social Work from the University of Windsor. I have been working in children's mental health field for... Read More →
CS

Cory Saunders

Hotel-Dieu Grace Healthcare-Regional Children's Centre


Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Room 09 Century City Conference Centre

13:00

What, So What and Now What? Researching, learning and practicing resilience-informed approaches to street-connected children - Sian Wynne, Helen Veitch, Alfred Ochaya
Symposium Summary
What, So What and Now What? Researching, learning and practicing resilience-informed approaches to street-connected children

Presenters: Sian Wynne, Helen Veitch, Alfred Ochaya
Building with Bamboo is an international learning project led by Consortium for Street Children in partnership with Oak Foundation, exploring how NGOs might promote resilience in street-connected children exposed to sexual abuse and exploitation. This symposium shares learning from the perspective of researcher, learning manager and practitioner. 

Symposium Abstracts
“What?”  The importance of context in participatory research on resilience in street-connected child domestic workers facing sexual abuse in Nepal 
Presenter:
 Helen Veitch (Children Unite, UK)
Introduction: This presentation, from the perspective of a researcher, will explore the contextual realities and cultural conventions of the resilience of child domestic workers exposed to sexual abuse in Nepal and look at the value of using participatory research methods to understand resilience from the child’s perspective.  
Methods: The study used life-story interviews and focus group discussions with 117 child domestic workers to explore their resilience factors when exposed to sexual abuse and exploitation. It is an example of a participatory approach where two of the researchers were former or current child domestic workers and an advisory group of children produced their own film ‘Meena’s Story’ from the findings.   The paper will outline the implications, the value and challenges of taking this innovative approach to research on children’s resilience where the voice of children takes centre stage.
Findings: One theme arising from the study, ‘participation in festivals enables reconciliation’, links closely to Gilligan’s ‘turning points’ (2009) in the analysis of resilience, where Hindu festivals appear to have potential to be pivotal moments when children re-frame their experience as domestic workers and build support in the community.  

"So what?" From research to practice: unpacking a "resilience-informed approach" to street-connected children exposed to sexual abuse and exploitation
Presenter: Sian Wynne (Consortium for Street Children, UK)
Introduction: In this paper, from my perspective as a learning manager, I will share insights from my experience coordinating a resilience learning partnership between organisations in Ecuador, Uganda and Nepal, developing and trialing approaches informed by the operational implications arising from the Bamboo resilience research study.
Methods: I will draw on the perspectives of staff and children at partner sites, alongside reflections from Oak Foundation, Consortium for Street Children and Keep Your Shoes Dirty, the social research consultancy that designed the project’s learning framework. These perspectives, gathered from learning logs, diaries, journey maps, storytelling games, meetings and informal discussions carried out over the past 12 months and the coming 6 months leading up to this presentation, will be used to unpack the concept of a "resilience-informed approach" and explore the opportunities and limitations of using is a a basis for learning.
Findings: This presentation will address the surprises, good and bad, arising from the project's implementation over this 18 month period, and interrogate our understanding of a "resilience-informed approach" in relation to street-connected children.

"Now what?" Addressing the challenges and opportunities of developing resilience-informed practice in partnership with street-living children in Jinja, Uganda 
Presenter: Alfred Ochaya (SALVE International, UK)
Introduction: In this presentation, I will share the experiences of urban street-living children and the staff that support them at SALVE, one of the Building with Bamboo learning sites, raising some of the challenges in developing and delivering "resilience-informed approaches" in practice.
Methods: One of the children SALVE support recently told me “Togwamu suubi, embeera embi siya luberera”, which translates roughly as "No situation is permanent and we should always have hope".   I will present stories gathered from children and staff over the first 12 months of our resilience project in the form of videos and case studies, and discuss "obuvuma" - a local Luganda term with a meaning close to 'resilience'. I will use these personal stories to explore the experience of developing and delivering "resilience-informed approaches" from the point of view of street-connected children and street social workers. 
Findings: I will highlight the challenges faced by social workers hoping to implement a "resilience-informed approach", what these feel like for children and how we can ensure that service responses are culturally appropriate and situated firmly within the broader context of a child's street situation. 

Speakers
avatar for Alfred Ochaya

Alfred Ochaya

RESILIENCE CHAMPION, SALVE International
Alfred Ochaya is a Resilience Champion for S.A.L.V.E. International in Uganda. S.A.L.V.E. International is a UK and Ugandan based charity supporting children to stop living on the streets in Uganda. We do this through support, love, family reunification and education. www.salveinternational.org... Read More →
HV

Helen Veitch

Children Unite
avatar for Sian Wynne

Sian Wynne

Network Development and Resilience Project Manager, Consortium for Street Children


Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Room 10 Century City Conference Centre

14:30

Building Settings that Promote Individual and Collective Resilience - Kimberly Kendziora (for David Osher), Liesel Ebersöhn, Ruth Mampane
Symposium Summary
Building Settings that Promote Individual and Collective Resilience

Presenters: Kimberly Kendziora (for David Osher), Liesel Ebersöhn, Ruth Mampane
Schools and community settings can  promote  individual and collective resilience.  This symposium examines this from a Global, South African-wide, and local South African context drawing upon empirical work, the work of a South-African wide research collaborative, and a 10-year study of collective resilience in rural South African Communities. 

Symposium Abstracts 
Creating Conditions for Learning and Resilience in Child and Youth Friendly Settings 
Presenter: 
Kimberly Kendziora (American Institutes for Research, USA)
Co-Authors: David Osher 
Introduction: Schools support resilience by creating safe, supportive, inclusive, and engaging environments that involve families and students in leadership and build conditions for learning CFL) and support social and emotional learning (SEL). This paper will build on research in 9 Global Southern countries to illustrate the importance of CFL and SEL. 
Methods: • 1-2 day site visits by teams to approximately 25 schools in two regions of each of six countries for a total of 150 schools • students, teachers, and families were randomly selected for interviews, focus groups, and/or surveys, and the classrooms visited were randomly selected • students and teachers were surveyed and school heads interviewed • triangulated quantitative, qualitative, and visual and employed Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM) to analyze patterns observed in the quantitative and qualitative data  • surveyed students and conducted focus groups with teachers and families in three additional countries • cross sectional, longitudinal, and intervention research on CFL, SEL and child/youth development 
Findings: • harsh discipline and poor conditions for teaching undermines development • child friendly schools (CFS) can produce conditions for learning and development • social and emotional learning can enhance developmental outcomes • family and youth engagement are critical to CFS success • teacher training and support are critical to success  

Building Collective Resilience in High Need Low Resourced Communities
Presenter: Liesel Ebersöhn (University of Pretoria, South Africa)
Introduction: Low-resourced communities face adversities that have individual and collective psychological, social, and material consequences. The Relationship-Resourced Resilience (RRR) framework explains how individuals can interact collectively in ecologies of chronic and cumulative adversity to initiate and maintain cooperative support. Solidarity mediates the effects of adversity and supports individual and community flourishing 
Methods: • Qualitative case studies using  participatory collaborative research and reflection in selected schools to establish model • Qualitative longitudinal study in 9 primary and 3 secondary schools in high need communities selective to establish parameters for generalizability 
Findings: In the longitudinal study in high need South African communities, teachers used relationship mapping to access and mobilize resources and for accountability. The models influence included greater teacher agency and sense of community, and the establishment and maintenance of supports for family physical well-being, belonging, and access to services 

A partnership of a drop-in centre and schools which transformed schools as centres of care, support and resiliency  
Presenter: Ruth Mampane (University of Pretoria, South Africa)
Introduction: This paper describes the partnership of a drop-in centre and primary schools which enables referral of learners from disadvantaged family backgrounds to access intervention. A family intervention model was used to access families through learners, schools identify learners from disadvantage families and refer them to drop-in centre stationed within schools. 
Methods: Qualitative data collection method was used utilizing  two focus group with 26 drop-in centre staff members and observation of intervention program (homework supervision and assistance, facilitation of life skill program and preparation food and feeding of learners  from the five drop-in centres was used to collect data over a period of 12 months intermittently. 
Findings: When resources are shared between schools and centres, learners and families benefit from psychosocial, economic and educational support. Partnerships forged between schools and drop-in centre lead to collaborative relationships with families leading to multiple model of support for families experiencing adversity with schools serving as centres of care and support.   

Speakers
avatar for Liesel Ebersohn

Liesel Ebersohn

Director: Centre for the Study of Resilience, University of Pretoria
Liesel Ebersöhn is known for her work on socio-cultural pathways to resilience in emerging economy, Global South settings – especially high need rural and scarce-resource rural contexts. In this regard her work on indigenous pathways to resilience (generative theory on Relationship... Read More →
avatar for Motlalepule Ruth Mampane

Motlalepule Ruth Mampane

Lecturer, University of Pretoria
Educational Psychologist; research on family Resilience and indigenous psychology, focus on developmental psychology and learning
avatar for Kimberly Kendziora, Ph.D.

Kimberly Kendziora, Ph.D.

Managing Research, American Institutes for Research
Kimberly Kendziora's work focuses on the evaluation of school-based student support initiatives. She has particular expertise in research on school-based programs related to students’ social and emotional learning, behavior, mental health, and health. She has also conducted evaluations... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 10 Century City Conference Centre

14:30

The Neurobiology of Transgenerational Trauma Transmission: Decolonizing research, the mind, and our schools for First Nations people of North America - Tammy H. Scheidegger, Lea Denny, Carrie King
Symposium Summary
The Neurobiology of Transgenerational Trauma Transmission: Decolonizing research, the mind, and our schools for First Nations people of North America

Presenters:
Tammy H. Scheidegger, Lea Denny, Carrie King
Facilitator: Ruth Mampane
This symposium will consist of three related presentations on Historical Trauma for First Nations people living in North America: Historical Trauma research and post trauma growth: Using a mental health perspective; Neurodecolonization (through traditional knowledge, well-being & resilience research); and Innovative and proven strategies for culturally responsive, trauma sensitive schools.

Symposium Abstracts 
Historical Trauma Research & Post Trauma Growth: Using a Mental Health Perspective
Presenter:
Lea Denny (Mount Mary University, USA)
Co-Authors: Tammy H. Scheidegger, Carrie King
Introduction: “All Nations-One Tribe: Healing Historical Trauma Together” was a quantitative, exploratory, community and strength-based study (N=112) of adult participants, self-identified as First Nations/Native American/American Indian (Denny et al., 2016). The study identified the prevalence, pervasiveness, and transmission of historical trauma as intergenerational trauma and pathways for post historical trauma growth.
Methods: A purposeful sample of adult First Nations/Native American/American Indians, represented over 20 tribes residing in the state of Wisconsin, USA were surveyed over a one-year period, during community and tribal gathering.  Self-report questionnaires explored the effects of Historical Trauma and resilience using the following measures:  Native Healing Practice Scale (Wyrostok, 2000); Use of Native healing practices scale (Wyrostock, 2000); First Nations self-learning identification scale measuring, (Kaquatosh & Chavez-Korell, 2013); Pride in First Nations Identification scale (Denny et al., 2016);  Historical loss scale and symptoms scale (Whitebeck, 2004); and the ACE (Adverse Childhood Experiences) study survey (Felitti, 1998). 
Findings: Higher Historical Loss scores were expressed by those living on reservations, age was negatively related to loss for the total sample, high ACE scores reported across residencies, urban First Nations people reported a higher proportion of discrimination, and an evaluation of ACE scores and OCI scores revealed no significant correlations.

Neurodecolonization:  Through the lens of traditional knowledge, well-being, & resilience research
Presenter: Tammy H. Scheidegger (Mount Mary University, USA)
Co-Authors: Carrie King, Lea Denny
Introduction: Neurodecolonization Theory focuses on how the brain is impacted and functions through colonization (YellowBird, 2012). This section will review the existent body of research that supports this concept and offer mental health strategies for encouraging post historical trauma growth using mindfulness practices used by indigenous peoples for centuries.
Methods: A meta-analysis of the existent research regarding neurodecolonization was completed using ERIC, EBSCO, PROQUEST, PSYCHARTICLES, PubMed/MEDLINE, & ACADEMIC SEARCH through 2016.  Annotated bibliographies and advanced statistical procedures were completed to identify general themes, as well as, findings that can direct current practice strategies. 
Findings: Neurobiology research identifies how specific brain activities can alter neural networks to enable a person to overcome the myriad effects of trauma and also colonization.  Specifically, mindfulness research implicates that healing practices and ceremonies can delete the neural networks of colonialism for indigenous peoples.

Innovative and proven strategies for culturally responsive, trauma sensitive schools
Presenter: Carrie King (Mount Mary University, USA)
Co-Authors: Tammy Scheidegger 
Introduction: A pilot program that aimed to reduce future mental health concerns in students as a result of early childhood trauma – environmental and interpersonal - will be offered (King & Scheidegger, 2016).  Interventions utilized and shared in this project focused on emerging best practice knowledge (van der Kolk, 2014).  
Methods: A 3-year pilot study to implement trauma sensitive school practices was undertaken within one urban, Milwaukee school. Phase I delivered in 2014-15, focused on faculty and staff development; Phase II, delivered in 2015-16, was designed to reach parents and students and teach them trauma-informed practices, help them learn trauma informed (e.g. therapeutic) techniques for use in the home, and teach students how manage emotions in the classroom. Data was gathered regarding academic progress, behavioral and emotional difficulties that resulted in time out of the classroom, and mindfulness based strategies to increase coping skills to enable sustained learning.
Findings: Elementary office visits for behavioral incidents was reduced by 79% and incidences of classroom disruption and defiance reduced by 80%. Middle school office visits for disruptive and defiant behavior, or physical altercations was reduced by 65%; the number of students involved in physical altercations was reduced by 60%. 

Moderators
avatar for Motlalepule Ruth Mampane

Motlalepule Ruth Mampane

Lecturer, University of Pretoria
Educational Psychologist; research on family Resilience and indigenous psychology, focus on developmental psychology and learning

Speakers
avatar for Lea S. Denny

Lea S. Denny

Adjunct Instructor, Mount Mary University
Lea S. Denny received her Bachelor of Science degree in psychology from the University of Wisconsin- Milwaukee. Ms. Denny, MS, LPC-IT earned her graduate degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Mount Mary University (a CACREP program). Her theoretical orientation is rooted... Read More →
CL

Carrie L. King

Mount Mary University
avatar for Tammy H. Scheidegger

Tammy H. Scheidegger

Associate Professor, Practicum & Internship Coordinator, Mount Mary University
Dr. Scheidegger is a tenured, Associate Professor in the Graduate Program in Counseling at Mount Mary University and the Practicum and Internship Coordinator. She served as President of the Wisconsin Counseling Association from 2012 -2013. In 2012, she was also an invited member... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 09 Century City Conference Centre

16:30

Recognition, misrecognition and resilience: socio-cultural realities at interfaces of the global north and south - Sarah Robinson, Fiona Shanahan, Angela Veale, Julie-Anne Lothian
Symposium Summary
Recognition, misrecognition and resilience: socio-cultural realities at interfaces of the global north and south
Presenters:
 Sarah Robinson, Fiona Shanahan, Angela Veale, Julie-Anne Lothian
This symposium brings together socio-cultural understandings from contexts of interface between the north and south, including humanitarian programmes in Lebanon, DRC, Myanmar and an education exchange programme in South Africa. We discuss what is recognised and what is not, and how recognising socio-cultural realities can enhance our understanding of resilience.

Symposium Abstracts
Socio-cultural understandings of resilience in complex humanitarian crises – learning from displaced women and girls in Lebanon, DRC and Myanmar
Presenter:
Fiona Shanahan (Trócaire, Ireland)
Co-Authors: Conor O’Loughlin 
Introduction: Today more people are living through humanitarian crises than at any time since World War II. Multiple, cumulative crises have pushed ‘Resilience’ to the forefront of humanitarian discourse. However, these conceptualisations of resilience rarely reflect the socio-cultural realities of people experiencing crisis, a deficit accentuated by protracted contemporary emergencies. 
Methods: We draw on ethnographic, mixed method research accompanying participatory programming with survivors and those at-risk of sexual and gender based violence in Kachin state in Myanmar and Ituri province in DRC and with Syrian refugee women in Shatila camp in Lebanon to explore socio-culturally grounded understandings of resilience. In partnership with local humanitarian actors and communities, this research and programming seeks to develop holistic approaches that work at multiple levels – individual, relational, community, civil society, institutional – to support and mobilise processes of support and strengthen the protective environment around survivors and those at-risk of SGBV.
Findings: These studies are part of an ongoing Trócaire programme designing socio-culturally adapted approaches to the protection of women, girls and at-risk groups in multiple humanitarian contexts.

Engaging men to support the resilience of Syrian refugee children & youth in Lebanon
Presenter: Angela Veale (School of Applied Psychology, University College Cork, Ireland)
Co-Authors: Alaa Hijazi, Fiona Shanahan 
Introduction: Engaging men as a key resource to address GBV and child protection has emerged as a promising programme response in a number of development contexts.  There is less evidence with respect to engaging men as agents of change in emergency contexts.
Methods: The main findings were that the programme facilitated a safe emotional space for men to meet collectively to talk about their problems and to become more attuned and reflective about their relationships with their wives and children, expanded their social network and offered some relief from mounting psychological distress.
Findings:The main findings were that the programme facilitated a safe emotional space for men to meet collectively to talk about their problems and to become more attuned and reflective about their relationships with their wives and children, expanded their social network and offered some relief from mounting psychological distress.

Recognising Resilience, an auto-ethnographic account of misrecognition in South Africa
Presenter: Julie-Anne Lothian (Bing Overseas Study Program Capetown, Stanford University, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Trudy Meehan 
Introduction: Can the global North recognize a resilient global South? We have found that the more we move away from a story of a needy South Africa, the more we move away from recognition from our US counterparts.
Methods: This paper uses an auto-ethnographic case study to track the experiences of South African actors (hosting a study abroad program) as they work with US actors (undergraduate students). The South African educators are embarking on shifting the focus of the study abroad program away from charity and service, to one of a resilient and resourceful South Africa. The case study details some of the challenges in making this shift. Analysis unpacks questions such as who is being resilient when, what language are ‘we’ speaking to each other, how can one be available for recognition and available to recognize?
Findings: Kelly Oliver’s work is drawn on to argue that in order to recognize, we need to be able to acknowledge another person’s experience as “real”, even when we do not comprehend it. We will discuss the possible reasons for the resistance to recognition including, identity politics, individualistic versus relational understandings of self, ethics, and discourse. 

Speakers
JL

Julie-Anne Lothian

Stanford University BOSP
SR

Sarah Robinson

School of Applied Psychology, University College Cork
Sarah Robinson is a first year PHD candidate in the University College Cork (UCC), Republic of Ireland. She is interesed in community and critical psychology, post-conflict and conflict transitions, life transitions and resilience, and humanitarianism. She is a graduate of the higher... Read More →
FS

Fiona Shanahan

Trócaire
AV

Angela Veale

University College Cork
Dr. at UCC As a researcher, Dr. Veale aims to contribute in the space between academic knowledge, policy and practice. She is interested in innovative and mixed research methodologies, in particular working with creative research methods. Her research and writing takes a socio-cultural... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 09 Century City Conference Centre

16:30

Unveiling complex relationships: Adult resilience and aspects of risk, vulnerability and protection around the world - Odin Hjemdal, Roxanna Morote, Frederick Anyan
Symposium Summary
Unveiling complex relationships: Adult resilience and aspects of risk, vulnerability and protection around the world

Presenters: Odin Hjemdal, Roxanna Morote, Frederick Anyan
In this symposium we present diverse methods to explore the still uncovered connections between protective factors of adult resilience evaluated with the Resilience Scale for Adults, affective symptoms of anxiety or depression, other protective mechanisms such as hope, and aspects of risk (life-stress) in Europe, Asia and Latin America

Symposium Abstracts
Resilience or hope? Incremental and convergent validity of the Resilience Scale for Adults, the Herth Hope Scale predicting affects
Presenter:
 Roxanna Morote (NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway)
Co-Authors: Odin Hjemdal
Introduction: Resilience and Hope protect against vulnerabilities or life adversities; they comprise cognitive, social, family, transcendental and affective mechanisms that may act together in different cultural contexts. However, they are studied in complementary or competing theoretical frameworks, therefore, the study of measures of resilience and hope should determine incremental validity. 
Methods: Participants are 762 adults (18 to 74 years old). They answered the RSA, HHS, Spanish Language Stressful Life-Events (SL-SLE), and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL-25). Incremental validity analyses combined three criteria to compare hierarchical regression models (R2Diff,  ΔF, and semi-partial r), and mediation analyses.   Hope and resilience account significantly for the variance of affective symptoms above age, gender and stress; (2) Resilience Total score has greater incremental validity than Hope; The SEM analyses verified a stronger direct effect of resilience in the prediction of affective symptoms above the significant partial mediated effect of resilience through hope. 
Findings:  Implications: The RSA has incremental validity above the HHS, however both are effective, differentiated and complementary measures of protection that are of high relevance for research on Hispanic Latin America. 

Modelling contingent effects: A conditional process model of the protective effects of resilience
Presenter: Frederick Anyan (NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway)
Co-Authors: Odin Hjemdal
Introduction: A preponderance of resilience studies either modelled mediation or moderation separately without taking into account the potential contingencies of counteracting indirect negative effects. These obvious gaps have also resulted in oversimplification of complex processes that can be clarified by conditional process modelling. 
Methods: Two hundred and six Australian participants (females = 114; males = 91; other = 1) completed the Patient Health Questionnaire – 9, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Stressful Negative Life Events Questionnaire and the Resilience Scale for Adults in a cross-sectional survey. Moderated mediation analysis with maximum likelihood estimation in Stata 14 was conducted.   Anxiety symptoms mediated the relationship between exposure to stressful negative life events and depressive symptoms. Conditional indirect effect of exposure to stressful negative life events on depressive symptoms mediated by anxiety symptoms was a decreasing function of resilience protective resources.  
Findings: Conditional process modelling clarifies the contingent nature by which transmission of a variable’s effect is associated with other variables and provides derivations, quantifications and hypotheses tests about such contingent effects. 

A prospective study of conditional processes of the protective effects of resilience using the Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) 
Presenter: Odin Hjemdal (NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway)
Co-Authors: Frederick Anyan 
Introduction: Resilience is a complicated construct with complicated processes. Teasing out these processes has proven difficult. Statistical advances open up for more nuanced analyses which avoids oversimplification of complex processes. This paper takes into account the potential contingencies of variables in the resilience process. 
Methods: One hundred and eighty-one Norwegian participants completed the Hopkins Symptom Check List-25 depression and anxiety, Stressful Negative Life Events Questionnaire and the Resilience Scale for Adults in a prospective survey. Moderated mediation analysis with maximum likelihood estimation in Stata 14 was conducted.   The findings indicate that the conditional indirect effect of exposure to stressful negative life events on depressive symptoms mediated by anxiety symptoms was a decreasing function of resilience protective resources.  
Findings: These findings clarify the conditional relation between variables indicating that resilience processes vary for different depending on the initial level of resilience.  It may indicate how differentiation in future interventions should be addressed.  

Speakers
FA

Frederick Anyan

Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Frederick Anyan holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology with Philosophy from University of Ghana. He also holds a Master of Philosophy degree in Human development from Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), where he is currently a PhD candidate in Health and... Read More →
OH

Odin Hjemdal

Professor, NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Odin Hjemdal is professor of clinical adult psychology and quantitative methods and statistics, and a specialist in clinical psychologist at Department of Psychology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. His research is related to resilience among... Read More →
RM

Roxanna Morote Rios

Norwegian University of Science and Technology


Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 11 Century City Conference Centre
 
Thursday, June 15
 

08:00

Recipe for Resilience: Creative community and global collaborations to nurture marginalized youth - Dorienne J. Silva, Séamus Mannion, Diana Matteson, Caroline Marie Petrilla
Symposium Summary
Recipe for Resilience: Creative community and global collaborations to nurture marginalized youth

Presenters: Dorienne  J. Silva, Séamus Mannion, Diana Matteson, Caroline Marie Petrilla
This workshop looks at building resilience among high risk  youth populations through both community-based and cross cultural interventions. First, we look at the components, implementation, and outcomes of a strength-based wraparound advocacy service model that creates family and community supports. Second, we address the successes and challenges of the international adaptions of this service model.A third paper explores the world-wide youth advocacy opportunities of the Latin American born Street Soccer Movement in building resilience. Finally, we look at the systemic integration of restorative justice initiatives to help youth offenders, and the people and communities they impact,  heal and grow stronger.

Symposium Abstracts
Developing Resilience and the Maintenance of Well being in Young People and their Families in the Presence of Adversity
Presenter: 
Dorienne Silva (Youth Advocate Programs, Inc., USA)
Co-Authors: Caroline Marie Petrilla, Diana Matteson, Séamus Mannion  
Introduction: Youth Advocate Programs, Inc. provides  community-based support services  and builds opportunity  bridges for high risk youth/families, in line with International strategies, to help  them overcome structural disadvantages, integrate successfully within their families and communities, and lead productive lives.  We propose analyzing the individual and societal benefits/challenges of our community-based Model. 
Methods: The YAP Wraparound Advocate Model combines Wraparound/Mentoring/Family Support/Positive Youth Development/Restorative Justice. Its strength-based approach provides  client-driven, individually-crafted interventions to youth/adults marginalized as a result of family/social/economic/cultural/physical/mental challenges with the majority being  minority low-income. A culturally-competent, locally-recruited, trained and paid Advocate  builds a trusting relationship that impacts the attitudes/behaviors/outcomes sought. The Advocate helps the young person navigate through unique, ingrained, complex and oftentimes generational challenges through jointly developing an Individualized Service Plan(ISP)  tailored to the family's needs. Through a flexible schedule with 24/7 availability as needed,  identified resiliencies needed for sustainable growth and success are pursued.   Community networking/connectivity is key. 
Findings: US/Ireland/Australia evaluations: Outcome Measurement/Service Delivery Monitoring/Family Satisfaction/Integrity Compliance. Eleven external evaluations: greater residential stability/lower arrests; reductions - risks/needs; improvements - quality of life/education/community-connectivity/social behavior. Ireland's  NUI Maynooth longitudinal-evaluation: "...significant positive outcomes for the young people participating in the YAP Ireland Programme;" European Commission-sponsored-study identified YAP as a "good practice." (http://www.yapinc.org/evidence) 

 "The International Adaptation of Youth Advocate Program's Model to Strengthen Marginalized Youth and Families through Creative Community Collaborations" 
Presenter: Séamus Mannion (Youth Advocate Programs, Inc., USA)
Co-Authors: Dorienne  J. Silva, Caroline Marie Petrilla, Diana Matteson 
Introduction: This paper explores the journey, challenges  and successes  of the international adaptation of the service model and principles of a U.S. based non- profit youth advocacy organization,  Youth Advocate Programs, Inc. (YAP), in three very different venues: Ireland, Australia and Guatemala. 
Methods: Community interest/engagement, cultural competence, clear and respectful communication, and an inherently-flexible program model are key in working with international like-minded-organizations in  effectuating  responsive, viable and sustainable community-based supports for high-risk youth/young people. Program development , particularly across borders, is not an off-the-shelf operation; each community's needs and strengths are unique.  Fundamentally, local  stakeholders must actively seek community-based programming and participate in all decision-making.  This ensures  allegiance to local mores, customs, practices and laws. This paper will explore how a  flexible Service Model,  coupled with a true collaborative approach, culminated in successful community-based programs for marginalized youth/families on three different continents.
Findings: US/Ireland/Australia evaluations: Outcome Measurement/Service Delivery Monitoring/Family Satisfaction/Integrity Compliance. Eleven external evaluations: greater residential stability/lower arrests; reductions - risks/needs; improvements - quality of life/education/community-connectivity/social behavior. Ireland's  NUI Maynooth longitudinal-evaluation: "...significant positive outcomes for the young people participating in the YAP Ireland Programme;" European Commission-sponsored-study identified YAP as a "good practice." (http://www.yapinc.org/evidence)  

Youth Embracing Hope and Transcending Barriers: Street Soccer Cultivates Respect, Solidarity and Collaboration on and off the Field  
Presenter: Diana Matteson (Youth Advocate Programs, Inc., USA)
Co-Authors: Dorienne  J. Silva, Caroline Marie Petrilla, Séamus Mannion  
Introduction: Paper examines role of Latin American launched Street  Soccer Movement, collective of world-wide organizations, to promote inclusion/development of youth living in vulnerable situations. Street soccer methodology is geared to recover human values. Participants agree to play in self-regulated space-cooperatively establishing  framework of respect.  Embraced by YAP as instrument of change.
Methods: Participants set playing rules/cultivate communication skills/improve understanding of positive values. Equal numbers of girls and boys play on mixed teams. First period, players sit in circle and set rules with supportive mediator facilitating discussion. All players agree to abide by values of respect, solidarity and collaboration - reaching consensus on additional rules (e.g. no violence). The second period is the game. The third period both teams return to mediation circle- discuss if rules were respected. Points are based on whether values were maintained and on goals scored. Players talk about the game; resolve disputes. Close with celebration of shared victory. 
Findings: Street soccer builds stronger, healthier, happier and safer communities. Creates opportunities for vulnerable youth, ages 6-18, to learn skills, develop confidence, enhance self-esteem and reduce apathy which triggers at-risk behavior. It contributes to well-being ,obesity prevention and empowerment.  Provides give-back opportunities/community connectivity.  Outcome Measurements/Evaluation efforts past, present and future reviewed. 

Mending lives and Reducing recidivism:  Role of NGOs and Service organizations in supporting community-based Restorative Justice Initiatives involving High-risk Youth
Presenter: Caroline Marie Petrilla (Youth Advocate Programs, Inc., USA)
Co-Authors: Dorienne J. Silva, Galen Sylk
Introduction: This paper looks at internationally implemented restorative justice initiatives with a focus on variations of juvenile offender-victim mediation programs.  It examines how service organizations can support these initiatives to nurture healing in victimized communities, build youth offenders’ resilience and reduce recidivism.
Methods: Juvenile offender-victim mediation programs focus on healing for the victim, youth offender and community by creating reconciliation opportunities.  Negative behaviors and consequences are intimately related, shared, and experienced empowering the youth and victims within the process. NGOs serving youth in need are uniquely positioned to advocate for such programs, support the meaningful participation of youth and families in the process, increase restitution compliance, and provide supplemental options such as community give-back for restitution.  This paper explores existing restorative justice working relationships among service organizations and juvenile justice systems. It suggests other possible collaborations that can benefit underserved youth and communities.
Findings: There is research relating restorative justice initiatives, including victim and juvenile offender mediation programs, to enhanced victim and youth satisfaction, increased restitution compliance, increased resilience among youth offenders, and reduced recurrence of offensive behavior. This paper addresses potential roles of community-based, youth service organizations in increasing availability of these benefits...

Speakers
avatar for Seamus Mannion

Seamus Mannion

International development consultant, Youth Advocate Programs, Inc.
Working internationally to promote community based alternatives to institutionalisation of youth. Have succeeded in policy transfer of a Youth Advocate Model from USA to Ireland, Sweden & Australia. Currently talking to NGOs in Portugal and Bulgaria
avatar for Diana Matteson

Diana Matteson

Director of International Programs and Development, Youth Advocate Programs, Inc
avatar for Caroline M. Petrilla

Caroline M. Petrilla

Special Projects Coordinator/Mediator, Youth Advocate Programs, Inc.
Hi! I have 30 years’ experience in the public and nonprofit sectors effectuating positive change in the Alternative Dispute Resolution, social justice and human services arenas. I work directly with the Deputy CEO of Youth Advocate Programs, Inc. developing, supporting and promoting... Read More →
avatar for Dorienne Silva

Dorienne Silva

Deputy CEO/International Relations, Youth Advocate Programs, Inc.


Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Room 09 Century City Conference Centre

08:00

The resilience of service providers and health professionals in diverse settings - Steve Reid, Janet Giddy, Pamela Fisher, Rob Cover
Symposium Summary
The resilience of service providers and health professionals in diverse settings

Presenters: Steve Reid, Janet Giddy, Pamela Fisher, Rob Cover
Based on three studies conducted in South Africa, Australia and the UK, this symposium considers understandings and enactments of resilience among diverse groups of service providers (professionals, semi-professionals and community volunteers) working with young people in situations of adversity. The findings suggest that adversity can prompt innovative and creative practices.  

Symposium Abstracts
Resilience alone is insufficient : health systems need innovation and advocacy 
Presenter:
Janet Giddy (University of Cape Town, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Jenny Nash, Steve Reid 
Introduction: Advocacy and innovation are important components of resilience. We were interested in understanding the responses of newly qualified health professionals confronted with the effect of severely limited resources for health services that seems unjust, as well as the health service’s response to their efforts in addressing the challenges
Methods: This project presents data from qualitative interviews with 20 newly qualified health workers undergoing their compulsory year of community service in South Africa, with the aim of understanding the process of resilience and advocacy within the health system. We selected community service health professionals who had been allocated to sites that were not of their choice, as representing a situation of adversity. We also explored the idea of “vicarious resilience” in a context of poverty and inequality.
Findings: The major themes were concerned with dealing with expectations, culture shock, clinical workload, adaptability, personal attributes, and the process of change over time. A number of participants described specific crises as examples of innovation and advocacy that significantly shaped their responses to the community service year and their subsequent careers. 

Emerging approaches to community resilience in the UK
Presenter: Pamela Fisher (Leeds Beckett University, UK) 
Introduction: Precariousness has become the new norm for many citizens in the UK and the restructuring of public services has seen public agencies withdrawing from a range of provision, throwing emphasis on the capacity of communities to devise ways of addressing their own priorities, including new forms of engagement and activism 
Methods: This study, based on semi-structured interviews with 11 CMs, investigates the work of a community mediation service (CMS) in Sheffield, UK. The CMs (often former ‘gang’ members) work on a mainly voluntary basis with young people in order to prevent conflict within and between groups of children and young people of white British, South Asian and Roma heritage. 
Findings: The study shows how CMs enact resilience innovatively, whilst rejecting objective detachment and traditional private public boundaries. Specifically, the CMs associate resilience with a situationally ‘open time’ praxis that draws on values-based and affective engagement. This points to an innovative, context specific and values-based approach to fostering community resilience.

Social Strategies, Digital Media and Social Change: Resilience of health workers and service providers working with LGBTI youth in Australia
Presenter: Rob Cover (University of Western Australia, Australia) 
Introduction: Little is known of how service providers working with sexually-diverse young people perceive and manage their own resilience, and how they understand the relationship between resilience, care of self, and provision of care to others.  The resilience of service providers has an impact on outcome for clients, co-workers, families, communities.  
Methods: The study interviewed twenty service providers, including health practitioners, social/youth workers, volunteers with support organisations and those who otherwise work in everyday mental health.  Three domains of resilience among those working with vulnerable youth were identified: (i) deliberate personal and social strategies for resilience from social networks to aloneness; (ii) a range of situational resources in the workplace from role models to training programs; (iii) the emergent use of digital media and digital networks from increasing understanding of younger persons to providing informal peer networks of support. 
Findings: This presentation addresses reasons why the perception of resilience in each of these three domains differed depending on ‘classification’ of youth health service provision work (professional, semi-professional, volunteer) and the distinctive circumstances of each of these classifications in producing resilient service provision environments in both recognised and unorthodox employment scenarios.   

Speakers
RC

Rob Cover

The University of Western Australia
avatar for Pamela Fisher

Pamela Fisher

Principal Lecturer, Leeds Beckett University
Pamela's is based on critical sociological perspectives to deviance, resilience and wellbeing amongst marginalised communities. Her definition of marginalised communities includes groups disadvantaged for reasons including social disadvantage, stigma, mental health, disability, and... Read More →
SR

Steve Reid

Steve Reid is a family physician with a background in rural health and a doctorate in education, currently director of Primary Health Care at the University of Cape Town. He is involved in medical education and human resources for health, and is particularly interested in the development... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Room 10 Century City Conference Centre

09:30

Promoting resilience of ‘South-in-the-North’ communities - Marguerite Daniel, Hilde Liden, Masego Katisi, Fungisai Gwanzura Ottemöller
Symposium Summary
Promoting resilience of ‘South-in-the-North’ communities

Presenters: Marguerite Daniel, Hilde Liden, Masego Katisi, Fungisai Gwanzura Ottemöller 
Refugees and asylum seekers from countries in the Global South who end up in Europe can be described as ‘South-in-the-North’ communities. They face loss, uncertainty and new languages, cultures and social expectations. This symposium explores resources they draw on and their pathways to resilience

Symposiuym Abstracts
Promoting resilience among unaccompanied minors – lessons from Norway 
Presenter:
Hilde Liden (Institute of Social Research, Oslo, Norway)
Introduction: In 2015 5300 unaccompanied minors, mainly from Afghanistan, Eritrea and Syria, applied for asylum in Norway. Nine tenths were boys, one fifth were 14 years or younger. The paper discusses resilience strategies among unaccompanied minors staying in a reception centre in Norway, waiting for their asylum proceedings to be concluded. 
Methods: Data collection includes interviews with 32 minors, including PhotoVoice; and interviews with staff in reception centres, schools, organisations, child welfare services and immigration authorities. Data explore the living conditions in reception centres for unaccompanied minors, and the experiences of minors who have been exploited in human trafficking on the way to Norway. The transition period, about a year, may have a substantial impact on their health, aspirations and integration strategies. They have to cope with loss of their family and uncertainty about their future. Further they need to adapt to new languages, social expectations, and unfamiliar cultural and legal frameworks.  
Findings: Resources they use for resilience are their individual guts to adapt and turn their aspirations into reality and to finish education, their ability to form social relations, and to use new social networks. Also significant is access and orientation towards new knowledge, understandings and skills to cope with new challenges. 

Exploring refugee children and youth’s social ecology of resilience – the case of Norway
Presenter: Masego Katisi (Ark & Mark Trust, Botswana)
Co-Authors: Ragnhild Hollekim, Zebib Tesfazghi
Introduction: Refugee children and youth (unaccompanied minors) from the South now living in the North (Europe) experience a dual cultural context. This paper uses social ecology of resilience to examine unaccompanied minors’ resilience pathways navigating and negotiating this dual cultural context in Norway. 
Methods: Unaccompanied minors are identified as the most vulnerable group of refugees because of their susceptibility to physical, emotional, and sexual abuse; trauma, poverty and starvation; and expectations that they are young enough to weather adversity on their own. We conducted four focus group discussions: Afghan unaccompanied minors, Eritrean unaccompanied minors, ‘successfully’ integrated Afghan youth and ‘successfully’ integrated Eritrean youth. Discussions explored aspirations, responsibilities, competencies, aspects that promote a sense of belonging in Norway, and cultural values and practices that contribute to integration. Data were analysed using thematic network analysis. 
Findings: The focus on risk factors only, misses the existing use of wider socio-cultural resources with its powerful positive effect on the realisation of resilience.  

Immigrant parents’ perspectives on the cultural strategies that families and communities use to strengthen children in Norway
Presenter: Fungisai Gwanzura Ottemöller (University of Bergen, Norway)
Co-Author: Marguerite Daniel 
Introduction: Many refugees and asylum seekers from countries with different value systems and cultures travel from the Global South to Europe. Children and young people who migrate may face challenges. Successful settlement requires understanding what strengthens children in their native cultures in order to meet them in culturally appropriate ways.  
Methods: This study explored the strategies, customs and values that parents use to strengthen their children in Eritrean and Afghani communities. It explored how these strategies were used to meet the particular challenges children face in new environments. The study took place in Western Norway. We conducted three focus groups with 18 parents from Eritrea and Afghanistan living in Norway:  one mixed group of Eritrean parents, one with Afghani fathers and one with Afghani mothers. We developed a vignette illustrating the situation of an immigrant child in Norway to help facilitate group discussion. We analysed the data using thematic analysis. 
Findings: Conceptualizations of what strengthens children may be influenced by cultural and religious norms and beliefs. It is important to respect and acknowledge cultural strategies and resources that support children. These should be utilized to strengthen and help children to successfully negotiate and navigate Norwegian society.  

Speakers
MD

Marguerite Daniel

Associate professor, University of Bergen
Dr at University of Bergen Marguerite Daniel is currently an associate professor of development-related health promotion at the HEMIL Centre, University of Bergen. Her research interests include children affected and infected by HIV, the impact on social cohesion of international... Read More →
avatar for Ragnhild Hollekim

Ragnhild Hollekim

University of Bergen, Norway
Social work and welfare services. Child welfare and protection. Children's rights and position in a globalized world.
avatar for Masego Katisi

Masego Katisi

University of Bergen
HL

Hilde Liden

Institute for Social Research
avatar for Fungisai Gwanzura Ottemöller

Fungisai Gwanzura Ottemöller

Associate Professor, University of Bergen, Norway
Refugees from the south in the North Children and young people Child welfare and protection Immigrant perspective


Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Room 09 Century City Conference Centre

13:30

Getting Community Buy in for Resilience Challenges Through Deliberative Polling - James Fishkin, Donald Makoka, Dennis Chirawurah, Julius Ssentongo
Symposium Summary
Getting Community Buy in for Resilience Challenges Through Deliberative Polling

Presenters: James Fishkin, Donald Makoka, Dennis Chirawurah, Nathan Tumuhamye
Can the communities be consulted in a representative and thoughtful way about their resilience challenges? Projects in Uganda, Ghana and Malawi used Deliberative Polling to engage random samples, generating both quantitative and qualitative data on the public’s considered judgments in contexts where the people’s views can have impact on policy.

Symposium Abstract
Using deliberative polling to promote community voices in prioritising interventions for strengthening resilience to sustainable livelihood in rural Malawi
Presenter:
Donald Makoka (University of Pretoria, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Olalekan Ayo-Yusuf, Ozius Dewa 
Introduction: Community voices, including cultural beliefs underlies developing a context specific resilience response, but only little empirical evidence is available on how this is objectively achieved. This study sought to present community consultation methodology, deliberative polling, in moving research findings into priority intervention or policy, among a number of option.
Methods: This study followed on a flood event in a rural community in Malawi, wherein two-thirds of households lost crop fields and 28.4% felt that flood response by local authorities were inadequate. In keeping with ‘deliberative polling’, a random sample of households living upland and those living in the low-lands of Nsanje community were selected to complete a baseline questionnaire on support for available policy/intervention options derived following convening of community stakeholders’ advisory group. A deliberative meeting was convened, wherein selected household members discussed the options and sought clarity from expert panel including government officials. This was followed by post-deliberation survey.
Findings: The community voices were recorded and changes in level of support for various policy or intervention options were observed. Deliberative polling provides unique opportunity to objectively engage an informed community on interventions for strengthening resilience to livelihood in rural Malawi.

Deliberative Polling for Urban Resilience in Tamale Ghana 
Presenter: Dennis Chirawurah (University for Development Studies, Ghana)
Co-Authors:  Niagia Santuah, Alice Siu, Ayaga Bawah, Kathleen Giles, Gordana Kranjac-Berisavljevic
Introduction: Can Deliberative Polling, a method of public consultation using deliberation by random samples, be successfully employed in northern Ghana in a challenging urban setting? The project engaged a stakeholder advisory committee to consider policy options on WASH, and food security that were deliberated over two days by the community.
Methods: A total of 39 policy options were deliberated on by the sample. Briefing materials, in video form in the local language, explained pros and cons of the policy options. Random sampling of households and random selection within the households was the method for sample recruitment. 208 members of the Tamale community completed both the initial and final survey. The sample was highly representative in both attitudes and demographics. 28 of the 39 policy options changed significantly between the pre and post interviews. Regressions show levers of opinion change. The transcripts from the discussions reveal insights into the opinion changes. 
Findings: The participants successfully deliberated on policy priorities for key resilience challenges. These priorities were presented to local and national government to indicate directions for policy change.  The results have been taken to local entrepreneurs to inform their innovation process to address the resilience challenges faced by a rapidly urbanizing metro.

Community engagement to identify community resilience policy options: Deliberative Polling in Uganda: A case for Bududa and Butalejja districts
Presenter: Julius Ssentongo (Ranlab, Uganda)
Co-Authors: Nathan Tumuhamye, Roy Mayega, Lynn Atuyambe, Stella Neema, Grace Bua 
Introduction: The Mt. Elgon region is at risk for adverse climate events. These events damage livelihoods and infrastructure despite predictability, millions of aid in response, and attempts at mitigation, which implies wide-scale lack of resilience and negative coping. Studies have shown an asymmetry between community and government expectations rendering policies unsuccessful.
Methods: Using the Deliberative Polling approach, a random representative sample was selected and baseline opinion polls conducted in Bududa and Butalejja. The random pre-deliberation sample was invited to a facilitated deliberation and thereafter, a post deliberation opinion poll conducted. Qualitative documentation of community concerns during deliberation was done and policy preferences were collected in the pre and post questionnaires. Fifteen of 36 policy options changed with deliberation in the direction of increased support for policy options.
Findings: Hindrances to policy support included land ownership in resettled areas, fear of land being gazzetted as forests and family planning myths. ResilientAfrica Network is using the findings to engage the government of Uganda to revise the resettlement policy and improve health and educational infrastructure in areas affected by climatic events. 

Speakers
DC

Dennis Chirawurah

West Africa Resilience Innovation Lab, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana
JF

James Fishkin

Center for Deliberative Democracy, Stanford University
Prof. at Stanford University Fishkin received his BA degree and Ph.D. in Political Science from Yale University. He holds a second Ph.D. in Philosophy from Cambridge University, United Kingdom. He is the current director of Stanford's Center for Deliberative Democracy.
DM

Donald Makoka

LILONGWE UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES (LUANAR)
avatar for Julius Ssentongo

Julius Ssentongo

Program Coordinator, Makerere University School of Public Health-ResilientAfrica Network (RAN)
Dr. Julius Ssentongo is a Research Fellow at the ResilientAfrica Network (RAN) at Makerere University School of Public Health. His current research focuses on examining the resilience of communities that are contending with the effects of climate change and chronic conflict. He primarily... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 11 Century City Conference Centre

15:00

Healing Through Music - Marion Brown, Scott Jones
Symposium Summary
Healing Through Music

Presenters: Marion Brown, Scott Jones
In Nova Scotia, Scott Jones was left paralyzed from the waist down as a result of homophobic violence.  His decision to found a choir and return to choral conducting has been a critical component to his recovery.  Also in Nova Scotia, young people who have experienced homelessness and struggles with mental health and addictions experience themselves in new ways by singing in a community choir and shift public perceptions of ‘youth at risk’ through their public performances.This symposium brings together research from these three locations and presents evidence for music as a protective factor in individual, collective, and cultural resilience.  We invite others to come with their stories of the same and seek to grow an international network of resilience researchers with this focus.

Symposium Abstracts 
Choral Singing as Protective Factor for Youth Wellbeing
Presenter:
 Marion Brown (Dalhousie University School of Social Work, Canada)
Co-Authors: Scott Jones, Lisa Lachance
Introduction: What is the impact of community choir participation on youth who've faced multiple barriers including mental health challenges, addiction, homelessness, discrimination and social isolation?  Anecdotal evidence suggests that young people coming together to sing can be an enriching, fulfilling experience, yet there's a lack of empirical study on the question. 
Methods: This research targets a community based strategy (community choirs) that, while showing promise in stabilizing the effects of combined environmental and personal challenges, has not been empirically studied to establish a set of indicators that measure its protective function.  We are undertaking participant observation and qualitative interviews with young people who have faced significant adversity in their lives and who participate in community choirs.  
Findings: Youth embrace the opportunity to tell their stories through song; interact positively with the public; and change the prevailing narrative of ‘problem youth’ and their ‘burden’ on society.  Community based initiatives that are effective in meeting health and social care needs can reduce pressure on overburdened and under-resourced formal systems.

Choral Therapy: How Choir Saved My Life
Presenter: Scott Jones (VOX: A Choir for Social Change, Canada)
Introduction: I am a musician and choral conductor. In 2013 I was attacked in an act of homophobic violence and left paralyzed from the waist down.  Five months later I launched the Don’t BE Afraid Campaign, a movement promoting honest conversations about homophobia/ transphobia, and VOX: A Choir for Social Change. 
Methods: The choir’s objective is to explore and break down the social barriers that prevent a more inclusive society through creative expression. VOX has been a critical component to my recovery.  Since November 2014, we have met weekly to sing and engage in discussions which probe at the meanings beneath the music and deepen understandings of individual, cultural and institutional values, beliefs and assumptions.  This work is autoethnography, with a focus on my journey to recovery through choral music and a choir’s ability to manifest positive change, even to save a life. 
Findings: The paper highlights my healing journey through song, conveying the power of choral music to actualize a society free from discrimination and violence, where human rights and inclusion can be assured. Implications for other choral-based initiatives will be shared.

Speakers
avatar for Marion Brown

Marion Brown

Associate Professor, Dalhousie University
Hello all; I am a social worker with 25 years experience working with young people facing barriers of poverty, mental health struggles, addiction and discrimination. I now teach at the School of Social Work at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Canada, and sing in two community choirs... Read More →
avatar for Scott Jones

Scott Jones

Founder/Artistic Director, VOX : A Choir for Social Change
Hi Everyone! :) I am a musician, activist, and avid traveller based out of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. After a life-altering attack left me paralyzed in 2013, I began an anti-homophobia campaign called Don't BE Afraid, as well as a choir called VOX: A Choir for Social Change. Both... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Room 09 Century City Conference Centre

16:30

Hubs, Tools & Community – How to increase community capacity to support youth mental health - Lisa Lachance, Don Mahleka, Chris Wekerle
Symposium Summary
Hubs, Tools & Community – How to increase community capacity to support youth mental health

Presenters:
 Lisa Lachance, Don Mahleka, Chris Wekerle
This session will:
- Share lessons learned from the CYCC Network’s KMb work with community organizations
- Provide participants the opportunity to discuss and problem solve their community KMb projects
- Provide an opportunity to discuss the importance of youth engagement in research, policy development, service delivery and knowledge mobilization.
- Demonstrate participatory facilitation tools that can be used in any setting where diverse participants are addressing complex issues

Symposium Abstracts

Knowledge Mobilization as Community Mobilization
Presenter:
Lisa Lachance (CYCC Network, Canada)
Introduction:
Methods:
Findings:

Youth Engagement and Empowerment
Presenter: Don Mahleka (CYCC Network, Canada)
Introduction:
Methods:
Findings:

Research into Community Action
Presenter: Christine Wekerle (McMaster University, Canada)
Introduction:
Methods:
Findings:

Speakers
avatar for Lisa Lachance

Lisa Lachance

Executive Director, CYCC Network
Lisa Lachance, ED, CYCC Network (moderator) - The Children and Youth in Challenging Contexts Network is a Canadian network dedicated to sharing what works to support the mental health and wellbeing of vulnerable young people. Lisa has facilitated community knowledge sharing events... Read More →
avatar for Christine Wekerle

Christine Wekerle

McMaster University
Dr at McMaster University Christine Wekerle, is associate professor at Department of Pediatrics – Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University. She is the lead investigator in the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) funded Boys’ and Men’s Health Team grant. Her... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 11 Century City Conference Centre

16:30

Multilevel Predictors of Resilience in Diverse Communities of High Risk Youth and Adults - Kathryn H. Howell, Idia B. Thurston, Kristina M. Decker, Robin N. Hardin
Symposium Summary
Multilevel Predictors of Resilience in Diverse Communities of High Risk Youth and Adults

Presenters: Kathryn H. Howell, Idia B. Thurston, Kristina M. Decker, Robin N. Hardin
This symposium represents experiences of adolescents and adults in the United States and South Africa who have been exposed to poverty, violence, and/or HIV. By highlighting the complex interactions among factors at individual, relational, and contextual ecological levels, we will provide novel directions for facilitating resilient functioning in diverse communities. 

Symposium Abstracts
Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Positive Body Image and High Self-Esteem among South African Adolescents
Presenter:
Idia B. Thurston ( Department of Psychology, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN, USA)
Co-Authors: Janan Dietrich, Kennedy N. Otwombe, Kristina M. Decker, Kathleen J., Glenda E. Gray
Introduction: Despite findings that youth with positive body image and high self-esteem are protected from negative health outcomes, there is limited research on the association of these factors with risk and resilience among South African (SA) adolescents. This study examined individual, caregiver, and contextual factors associated with body image and self-esteem.
Methods: 822 adolescents (Mage=17.02; 57% female; 62% Black, 13% Coloured [SA term for mixed race], 13% White, 12% Indian) were recruited via stratified convenience sampling across four low-income suburbs in Johannesburg, SA. Interviews were conducted to explore risk predictors including: depression, traumatic stress, violence exposure, substance use, and sexual behavior; and protective predictors including: racial identity, parent-child communication, mother-child relationship quality, and father-child relationship quality, as well as self-esteem and body image outcomes. Bivariate analyses between each predictor and each outcome variable were conducted; only significant predictors were included in the two final logistic regression models predicting body image and self-esteem.
Findings: Both logistic regressions were significant. Lower depression (OR=.24, p<.01), less violence (OR=.51, p<.05), having sex (OR=1.75, p<.05), and stronger racial identity (OR=1.73, p<.01) were associated with more positive body image. Lower depression (OR=.17, p<.01), stronger racial identity (OR=1.80, p<.01), and stronger mother-child relationship (OR=2.20, p<.01) were associated with higher self-esteem. 

Profiles of Maternal Strengths: Association with Positive Parenting Practices among Mothers Experiencing Adversity
Presenter: Kristina M. Decker (Department of Psychology, The University of Memphis, USA)
Co-Authors: Idia B. Thurston, Amanda J. Hasselle, Rebecca C. Kamody 
Introduction: Research has supported the negative impact of maternal adversity on parenting. Few studies have deviated from this deficit framework to explore associations between strength-based factors and positive parenting among at-risk mothers. This study adopted a person-centered statistical approach to examine how varying patterns of maternal strengths relate to parenting outcomes.
Methods: Participants were 189 female primary caregivers (71% Black) who experienced adversity including intimate partner violence and/or living with HIV. Mothers recruited from community organizations in the Southern US completed measures of resilience, spirituality, ethnic identity, social support (friend and family), parent-child communication about adversity, community cohesion, and positive parenting. Latent profile analysis was used to generate profiles of individual (resilience), relational (family support, friend support, parent-child communication), and contextual (maternal education, spirituality, ethnic identity) factors. We then examined associations between the profiles and positive parenting and parental involvement. Standard fit statistics were used to determine the best profile solution. 
Findings: Three classes emerged: 1) low spirituality/resilience (LSR; n=20); 2) low family/friend support (LFFS; n=45); and 3) high family support, resilience, spirituality (HFRS; n=124). Mothers in LSR reported significantly lower parental involvement (M=37.87,SE=1.56) and positive parenting (M=25.94,SE=0.82) than those in HFRS (M=43.25,SE=0.49; M=28.11,SE=0.24). Bolstering multilevel strengths may positively impact parenting practices. 

External Predictors of Community Connectedness in Women Living with HIV: The Moderating Role of Resilience and Depression 
Presenter: Robin N. Hardin (Department of Psychology, The University of Memphis, USA)
Co-Authors: Idia B. Thurston, Rebecca C. Kamody,Caroline C. Kaufman 
Introduction: Worldwide, women have among the highest prevalence and incidence of HIV, with one in four people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in the U.S. being women. Community cohesion is a protective factor associated with improvements in health among PLWHA. This study explored predictors of community cohesion among women living with HIV. 
Methods: A total of 57 women living with HIV (Mage=41.2, 81% African American/Black) were recruited via U.S.-based HIV/AIDS service organizations. A linear regression was utilized to predict community cohesion from measures of community supports including: social support (family and friends), potentially traumatic events (PTEs) that were witnessed, PTEs that were learned about, public assistance, and neighborhood crime rate (calculated using respondents’ home zip codes). We then examined the moderating effects of mental health (i.e., resilience and depression) on the relationship between community cohesion and community support predictors that were shown to be significant in the regression analysis. 
Findings: The regression was significant, F(5, 51)=5.53, p<.001, Adj R2=.29, with more social support (β=.49, p<.001) associated with stronger community cohesion. Resilience moderated this relationship, b=.02, 95% CI[0.001, 0.034], t=2.13, p<.05, such that the positive relationship between social support from friends and community cohesion was strengthened by moderate-high levels of resilience. 

Individual, Cultural, and Community Factors that Promote Resilience in Women Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence
Presenter: Kathryn H. Howell (Department of Psychology, The University of Memphis, USA)
Co-Authors: Idia B. Thurston, Laura E. Schwartz, Lacy E. Jamison, Amanda J. Hasselle 
Introduction: Research on adversity is often skewed toward examining problematic functioning; yet, many women display resilience following traumatic experiences. Examining multilevel factors can provide knowledge about protective factors across the social ecology. This study examined predictors of resilience at individual, cultural, and community levels in women exposed to intimate partner violence. 
Methods: The study sample consisted of 168 women (Mage=31.6; 71% African American/Black) exposed to physical, psychological, and/or sexual intimate partner violence in the past 6 months. Approximately 80% of participants were living in poverty. A hierarchical linear regression was conducted across 3 steps to predict resilience via the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (a 25 item measure of participant’s ability to cope with stress and adversity, with higher scores indicating more resilience). Step 1 individual predictors: age, socioeconomic status, and physical health; Step 2 cultural predictors: ethnic identity and spirituality; and Step 3 community predictors: family support, friend support, and community cohesion. 
Findings: The final step of the model was significant, F(8, 156)=10.26, p<.001, Adj R2=31.1%; with physical health (β=.18, p<.01), ethnic identity (β=.17, p<.05), spirituality (β=.20, p<.01), family social support (β=.23, p<.01), and community cohesion (β=.15, p<.05) predicting higher resilience. Findings highlight a strength-based, less-stigmatizing approach to understanding functioning following adversity...

Speakers
KD

Kristina Decker

University of Memphis
RH

Robin Hardin

University of Memphis
avatar for Kathryn Howell

Kathryn Howell

University of Memphis
Kathryn H. Howell, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Memphis. Dr. Howell is best known for her intervention work with women and children coping with violence and other adversities, including evaluation of the Kids’ Club and Moms... Read More →
IT

Idia Thurston

University of Memphis
Assistant Professor at University of Memphis Idia Thurston, Ph.D. is an Assistant Professor at the University of Memphis and adjunct Assistant Professor in the Department of Pediatrics at UTHSC/Le Bonheur Children’s Hospital. Dr. Thurston graduated from the University of South... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 09 Century City Conference Centre

16:30

Pathways to resilience in adolescent migrant youth: An international project - Justine Gatt, Linda Theron, Qiaobing Wu, Kristin Hadfield
Symposium Summary
Pathways to resilience in adolescent migrant youth: An international project

Presenter: Justine Gatt, Linda Theron, Qiaobing Wu, Kristin Hadfield
This symposium features speakers from an international consortium who together aim to understand the impact of migration on mental health and resilience in adolescent youth across six international sites. The talks will encompass findings from a literature review and pilot study, and an explicit discussion of protocol development.  

Symposium Abstracts 
Pathways to resilience: A review of wellbeing-enablers among migrant young people
Presenter:
Linda Theron (University of Pretoria and North-West University, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Kim Foster, Jane March-McDonald 
Introduction: This paper reports the results of a systematic review of qualitative studies that investigated what is currently known about the resilience processes that support wellbeing in young people (aged 12-24) who are first generation migrants. For the purposes of this review, migrancy included asylum seekers, refugees, and/or economic/internal migrants. 
Methods: A search of data bases linked to Ebscohost and Scopus yielded 234 articles. Three researchers independently screened the abstracts of each and excluded all articles that did not report qualitative findings which supported understanding of the resilience processes of young people aged 12-24. After two rounds of consensus discussions 31 articles were retained. Following Masten (2014) and Ungar and colleagues (2011), the same three researchers used universally occurring resilience processes (i.e., attachment, meaning-making, self-regulation, social justice, agency and mastery, cultural adherence, and problem-solving) to deductively code the findings sections of these 31 articles. 
Findings: Results show that constructive connections are integral to the resilience processes that enable resilience to the complex challenges of migrancy. These results, which emphasise the importance of a facilitative social ecology, have implications for policy makers as well as service providers working with youth who are migrant. 

Mental health and resilience in migrant vs non-migrant youth: Initial pilot study results
Presenter: Justine M Gatt ( Neuroscience Research Australia and University of New South Wales, Australia)
Co-Authors: Kim Foster, Alan Emond, Kristin Hadfield, Amanda Mason-Jones, Linda Theron 
Introduction: Promoting optimal mental health and resilience to trauma, adversity and stress is a prominent global priority. One major potential stressor that impacts world populations is migration. Migrants show disproportionally higher prevalence rates for mental and physical health conditions due in part to pre-migratory health and adversity, availability of social support networks and other cultural and language barriers.
Methods: Child and adolescent migrants are particularly vulnerable to mental health problems as they are more susceptible to the impact of their environment. This study will present the initial findings from an international pilot study of 194 migrant and non-migrant youth across the six international sites of Australia, New Zealand, Canada, China, the UK and South Africa. Findings: We will report associations between culture and migration and various measures of mental health, illness risk and resilience across the sample and moderation by demographic characteristics (e.g., age, sex). Cross-cultural comparisons of childhood trauma exposure will be presented and its impact on mental health outcomes, as well as questionnaire scale reliability across the sites. These study outcomes will highlight cultural differences in mental health and variation by migration. Implications for a future longitudinal study of migrant youth resilience will be discussed. 

Acculturation, Resilience and the Mental Health of Migrant Youth: A Cross-Country Comparative Study
Presenter: Qiaobing Wu
Co-Authors: Alan Emond, Kim Foster, Justine M Gatt, Kristin Hadfield, Amanda Mason-Jones 
Introduction: Youth in the context of migration are at higher risk of experiencing mental health difficulties. Many studies have documented the effects of acculturation on a variety of mental health outcomes of migrant youth. Nevertheless, it remains inconclusive as to which acculturative pattern tends to be associated with more positive or
Methods: negative mental health outcomes. Even less known is the underlying mechanism. Resilience, a distinct personality trait that allows a person to maintain positive adaptation despite exposure to risk and adversity, is presumably playing a mediating role in the association between acculturation and mental health. However, this potential mechanism has been rarely examined in the existing literature and requires more empirical investigation. Using data collected with migrant youth in six countries through an international collaborative research project on youth resilience, this study aims to investigate how different acculturative patterns (i.e., assimilation, separation, integration, and marginalization) might influence the mental health of
Findings: migrant youth, particularly through the mediating effect of resilience. Moreover, given the advantage of cross-national data, this study will be able to reveal both the common trend and the unique patterns of the association among acculturation, resilience and the mental health of migrant youth across various national and sociocultural contexts. 

What we learned from conducting a multi-country investigation of migrant youth
Presenter: Kristin Hadfield (Dalhousie University, Canada)
Co-Authors: Michael Ungar, Alan Emond, Kim Foster, Justine M Gatt, Amanda Mason-Jones 
Introduction: Migration is a stressful experience for children and youth and often leads to worse outcomes for the young people involved (Fazel, Reed, Panter-Brick, & Stein, 2012; Fuligni, 1998). Research is needed that can provide a context-specific understanding of the factors which promote immigrant children’s wellbeing, educational engagement and social integration. 
Methods: To this end, a group of researchers from New Zealand, Australia, China, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and Canada piloted a questionnaire examining protective factors and processes in 13-15-year-old migrant youth. This presentation will focus on the machinations of running a multi-country pilot to study the wellbeing of vulnerable populations. There are a number of issues related to forming the team, getting funding, determining a common study protocol, sampling, the ethics approval process, and data sharing which can pose challenges to a team science approach. 
Findings: This presentation will outline these challenges – as well as possible rewards of this approach – with the goal of preparing researchers who are attempting this type of work for difficulties they may face.  

Speakers
JG

Justine Gatt

NeuRA and UNSW
avatar for Kristin Hadfield

Kristin Hadfield

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Dalhousie
avatar for Linda Theron

Linda Theron

Professor, North-West University
Linda Theron is a full professor in the Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of Pretoria; an associate of the Centre for the Study of Resilience, University of Pretoria; and an extraordinary professor in Optentia Research Focus Area, North-West University... Read More →
QW

Qiaobing Wu

The Chinese University of Hong Kong


Thursday June 15, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Hall C Century City Conference Centre