Please note that there are two different conference venues:
June 14/15 - Century City Conference Centre
June 16 - Kirstenbosch Conference Centre (transportation available)

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Concurrent Sessions [clear filter]
Wednesday, June 14


Environmental Impacts from a Global South Perspective - Argaw Ambelu, Doreen Mnyulwa, Roy William Mayega
Enironmental Impacts from a Global South Perspective

Abstract #16
Title: Resilience pathways on the Effects of Recurrent Drought in Borana Pastoralist Communities, Southern Ethiopia
Presenter: Argaw Ambelu (Jimma University, Ethiopia)
Introduction: Borana pastoralist communities in Ethiopia are frequently affected by recurrent drought. Their resilience to the effects of the disasters is affected by different factors. The aim of the study was to identify resilience dimensions and adaptive mechanisms among pastoralist communities to the effects of recurrent drought.
Methods: Primarily community consultations were conducted to identify resilience dimensions, adaptive strategies and coping mechanisms to the effects of recurrent drought in Borana pastoralist communities. Qualitative data were processed using atlas ti7 software. After the identification of resilience dimensions, household survey was conducted to assess the relationships between the resilience dimensions and determine key resilience pathways. Principal component analyses were undertaken to represent each resilience dimension. Dimensions were represented by their first unrotated component. Resilience pathways were established using a pathway model.
Findings: The pathway model indicates that environment strongly affects livestock condition which leads to food insecurity followed by psychosocial distress. Peace and security is another important dimension to improve the resilience of the Borana pastoralists for many reasons which is often caused by cross-border clashes with neighboring pastoralists during migration.

Abstract #98
Title: Market-based solutions and value addition for sustainable baobab enterprises for resilience in arid rural communities of Zimbabwe 
Presenter: Doreen Mnyulwa (RAEIN-Africa, South Africa)
Co-Author: Alice Maredza
Introduction: Beitbridge communities, Zimbabwe, face multiple challenges, chief among them food insecurity and malnutrition. Wild fruits, including baobab, edible insects and other forestry products are part of their resilience options. However, incomes are paltry and inadequate to improve the quality of life. Limited capacity precludes processing and value addition
Methods: Using ethnography, the community context and needs were explored. Using Focus group discussions, in-depth interviews of a purposefully selected sample, observations, and in-depth secondary data analysis, empirical evidence was sought. An analysis of the inherent resilience factors and adaptive capacities was carried out. Insights drawn included cultural settings, socio-economic factors, and limited capacity to maximisation of the existing resilience factors. Informed by these insights, the problem was reframed. Furthermore, human-centred, context specific innovations were designed working with multi-stakeholder partners with experience in baobab processing and marketing. Community input was sought to endorse and adopt the designed prototypes
Findings: Whilst processed baobab products can earn higher incomes to communities, extractive market intermediaries have not benefitted the producers. Baobab for Dollars Project seeks to use market and value chain integration to improve incomes earned by bottom of the pyramid producers and fostering fair trade relationships with other value chain actors

Abstract #133
Title: Pathway model using a wealth resilience dimension scale associated with climate variability in Uganda
Presenter: Roy William Mayego (Makerere University School of Public Health, Uganda)
Co-Authors: Christine Muhumuza, Simon Kasasa, Roy Williams Mayega, Julius Ssentongo, Nathan Tumuhamye 
Introduction: By integrating resilience mechanisms into relief and development efforts, humanitarian and development practitioners seek to break the cycle of vulnerability and find locally identified and developed solutions for sustainability and positive impact in the communities.
Methods: This study aimed at quantifying the relationship between various resilience dimension scales and wealth dimension as an outcome. Data was from a sample size of up to 2023 households, Principle Component Analysis (PCA) was used to identify reliable factors for each dimension scale.  Linear regression analysis and Structural Equation Models (SES) were applied in order to explain this relationship.
Findings: Using a framework for resilience factors associated with climatic variability, it was found that wealth  was a vital outcome from the RAN qualitative research. Quantitatively using PCA, a set of factors were identified for each dimensions and wealth status was described through a range of variables as a vital pathway. 



Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Room 03 Century City Conference Centre


Navigating Resilience in the Face of Challenging Environmental Contexts - Charles Mphande, Devin G. Atallah, Dennis Chirawurah
Navigating Resilience in the Face of Disasters

Abstract #141
Title: Patterns and Practices of Adaptation: Resilience among School Age Children in Malawi in face of Disasters.
Presenter: Charles Mphande (Victoria University, Australia)
Co-Author: Dixie Maluwa-Banda, Samson McJessei-Mbewe
Introduction: This ongoing study examines resilience among school age children in the Malawi with a view to identify adaptive strategies. In the 2015 floods, the South of Malawi was most severely affected by floods; 350, 000 children were out of school, 230,000 people displaced and 276 were missing or killed
Methods: Adopting a mixed-methods approach, largely within the qualitative tradition, the study follows child, family and societal adaptation narratives  in face of extreme adversity. Drawing on Masten (2011, 2014) the study examines various adaptation patterns that have emerged. Given Malawian communities are largely communal and rural, the study draws on Ungar (2013) to cast light on societal practices constituting important elements of the adaptive processes and patterns that are manifest among the school age children.
Findings: The study highlights the importance of understanding vulnerabilities and working within strengths based community development approaches, to strengthen protective factors from within community assets, so as to reduce societal vulnerability.

Abstract #228
Title: Re-thinking resilience from indigenous perspectives in the Global South: A cross-community study in disasters from Mapuche territories and Occupied Palestine
Presenter: Devin Atallah (National Research Center for Integrated Natural Disaster Management (CIGIDEN), Chile)
Introduction: Resilience thinking has moved into the forefront of global discourses on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). Indigenous peoples from the Mapuche of Chile and from refugees living in United Nations camps in Occupied Palestine, are both poignant examples of the importance of including social justice frameworks within resilience thinking in disasters.
Methods: This presentation provides a brief literature review outlining three themes or 'waves' that have emerged throughout the decades in resilience research in disasters. Then, this presentation engages a cross-community exploration by employing comparative data analysis of narratives from two distinctive qualitative studies of intergenerational resilience in indigenous communities: one completed with refugees in Occupied Palestine through the University of Massachusetts Boston, and the other through El Centro de Documentación e Investigación Indígena RUCADUNGUN with Mapuches in Chile. A total of four participant interviews from each study were selected (N = 8). These semi-structured interviews were analyzed using decolonial narrative methods.
Findings: Findings contribute to conceptual frameworks that explain resilience processes in indigenous communities responding to historical trauma and ongoing conditions of crisis and inequity. This presentation argues for incorporating decolonization frameworks into the increasingly transdisciplinary field of DRR with particular sensitivity and applicablility to historically colonized groups accross the Global South.

Abstract #41
Title: Cross-Border Migration and Disease Control & Management: A Study of Frontline Border Communities in Northern Ghana and Southern Burkina Faso
Presenter: Dennis Chirawurah (University for Development Studies, Ghana)
Co-Authors: Santuah Niagia, Stephen Apanga
Introduction: Migrant and mobile populations across border communities in Ghana and Burkina Faso use unauthorized routes and pathways for varied cross-border livelihood pursuits yet  public health control measures rely on verification of travelers’ medical records, history of risk exposure & detection of symptoms at formal international ports of entry & departure.
Methods: 46 Key informant interviews and six focus group discussions were conducted in selected frontline border communities in northern Ghana and Southern Burkina Faso to gain insights on cross-border interactions and interrelationships to more accurately target, prevent, detect and respond to threats of disease outbreaks such as the Ebola
Findings: Cross-border intermarriages, funerals, soothsayer consultations, shared markets and health care resources characterized cross-border migration and mobile populations. Understanding the interactions and interrelationships is an important dimension in effective cross-border public health management and Public health managers need to take this into account in efforts to manage cross-border disease threats.    

avatar for Devin Atallah

Devin Atallah

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, The Chilean National Research Center for Integrated Natural Disaster Management (CIGIDEN)
Devin G. Atallah, Ph.D. is a postdoctoral fellow at CIGIDEN in Santiago, Chile. His published work focuses on trauma and resilience processes in children, youth, and families from marginalized communities and racialized and indigenous groups facing significant adversities such as... Read More →

Dennis Chirawurah

West Africa Resilience Innovation Lab, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana

Charles Mphande

Victoria university
Charles Mphande is a Senior Lecturer in the College of Arts and a member of the Mobilities, Transitions and Resilience Network of the Centre for Cultural Diversity and Wellbeing at Victoria University, Melbourne. His empirical research has focused on resilience as individual or group... Read More →

Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Room 04 Century City Conference Centre


Researching Pathways to Resilience - Odin Hjemdal, Rhian Adams (for Suna Erigit-Madzwamuse), Mirika Flegg
Researching Pathways to Resilience 

Abstract #148
Title: A prospective study of mediation processes of the protective effects of resilience using the Resilience Scale for Adolescents (READ)
Presenter: Odin Hjemdal (NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway)
Co-Author: Tore Aune
Introduction: In order to better understand mental health it is important to teasing out a more profound understanding of the processes involved in mental health and its preservation namely the resilience processes. Newer statistical methods allow more advanced exploration of processes.
Methods: One thousand four hundred and seventy-two adolescents completed the Short Mood and Feeling Questionnaire, Stressful Life Events, SPAC-I and Resiliience Scale for Adolescents (READ). Mediation analysis with maximum likelihood estimation in Stata 14 was conducted.  The findings indicate that resilience mediates the relation between anxiety and depressive symptoms dependent on the level of Stressful Life Events.
Findings: These findings indicate that the established relation between anxiety and depressive symptoms are affected levels of resilience. Resilience as such is an important mediator that has to be taken into account to further understand the interplay between mental health, stress, disorders and resilience. 

Abstract #162
Title: Cross-cultural investigation of the Resilience Framework: Q-methodology
Presenter: Rhian Adams (University of Brighton, UK)
Co-Authors: Suna Eryigit-Madzwamuse, Amalia Madihie, Emel Teksoz, Angie Hart
Introduction: The Resilience Framework (RF), developed by Prof A. Hart and colleagues, is a strategic approach that identifies comprehensive and ecological resilience building mechanisms. This study aims to investigate the RF’s cross-cultural adaptation exploring how it operates similarly or differently across diverse cultures.  
Methods: This study utilities q-methodology. Q-methodology is a rigorous method to refine models such as the RF. A set of statements from RF were generated in collaboration with academics, field workers and young people. Data collection is currently in progress and is due to finish in January 2017. Participating young people (age range 10-16, n= 100 from each country) from Malaysia, Turkey and UK sort the 43 statements in a forced distribution ranging from most agree to most disagree. Data analysis will include correlation and by-person factor analysis based on similarities and differences between individual sorts.
Findings: The results of this study will be shared in this presentation. The findings will help to refine the RF in the light of empirical evidence and contextual diversity identifying generalizable versus culture specific aspects of the RF across Western (UK) and non-Western (Malaysia and Turkey). 

Abstract #99
Title: Peer Support, Quality of Life and Resilience: A Systematic Literature Review
Presenter: Mirika Flegg (University of Brighton, UK)
Introduction: Involving those with ‘lived-experience’ in the design, development and delivery of services to their peers has increasingly been evidenced across mental health service provisions. Research suggests Peer Support may increase resilience in these populations, however further evidence is required to identify how these interventions affects patient outcomes.
Methods: Aiming to address the gaps in current research, this literature review sought to critically evaluate the impact of peer support interventions on Quality of Life outcomes and understand if the variation in impact can be explained through the variations in descriptors and approaches associated with peer support. It adopts a method of a systematic approach and evaluates randomised control trials of peer support that include follow-up data to assess the impact of the intervention over time and relative to controls.  Potential moderators that may hinder the ability of peer support to build resilience are identified and discussed.
Findings: Five out of six papers showed a positive impact on Quality of Life, however one showed negative effects.  Findings suggest collaborative service and research practices may improve the effectiveness of peer support interventions.  It advocates a social justice view to consider the relationship between peer support, stigma and resilience.

avatar for Rhian Adams

Rhian Adams

Family Wellbeing & Resilience Worker, Newport Mind
I am a Family Wellbeing and Resilience practitioner working in Newport, Wales for Families First and Newport Mind. With a background in Criminology, youth work, and supporting families dealing with domestic abuse, I now utilise my experience, resilience theory, and a family based... Read More →

Mirika Flegg

PhD Student, University of Brighton
Mirika Flegg is a PhD student and lecturer at the University of Brighton focusing in the areas of resilience and public health. She was the 2016 recipient of the University of Brighton Excellence in Community Engagement Awards and has over fifteen years of experience working with... Read More →

Odin Hjemdal

Professor, NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Odin Hjemdal is professor of clinical adult psychology and quantitative methods and statistics, and a specialist in clinical psychologist at Department of Psychology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. His research is related to resilience among... Read More →

Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Room 06 Century City Conference Centre


Resilience in Natural Disasters - Christine Muhumuza, Lisa Gibbs, Propser B. Matondi
Resilience in Natural Disasters

Abstract #38
Title: Coping Strategies for Landslide and Flood Disasters: A Qualitative Study of Mt. Elgon Region, Uganda
Presenter: Christine Muhumuza (MakSPH RAN, Uganda)
Co-Authors: Roy William Mayega, Bazeyo William, Jimmy Osuret 
Introduction: The occurrence of landslides and floods in East Africa has increased over the past decades with enormous Public Health implications and massive alterations in the lives of those affected. In Uganda, the Elgon region is reported to have the highest occurrence of landslides and floods making this area vulnerable
Methods: We conducted a qualitative study in three districts of the Mt. Elgon region in eastern Uganda. Six Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) and eight Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) were conducted. All discussions were audio taped, and transcribed verbatim and explored both coping strategies and underlying causes of vulnerability
Findings: The positive coping strategies used to deal with landslides and floods included adoption of good farming methods, support from government and other partners, livelihood diversification and using indigenous knowledge in weather forecasting and preparedness. Underlying causes of vulnerability were; poverty, population pressure and, cultural beliefs affecting people’s ability to cope

Abstract #202
Title: Social and natural environments – influences on disaster recovery and resilience
Presenter: Lisa Gibbs (University of Melbourne, Australia)
Co-Authors: Colin Gallagher, Karen Block, Greg Ireton, Louise Harms, Colin MacDougall
Introduction:The Beyond Bushfires: Community Resilience and Recovery study examined the impacts of the Black Saturday and related bushfires of February 2009 in Victoria, Australia on community members’ physical and mental health and wellbeing. The research also aimed to build understanding of the interplay between individual, social and community-level recovery. 
Methods: The 6 year mixed method study involving over 1,000 participants across Victoria was conducted by the University of Melbourne in partnership with community members and a range of community, academic, government, emergency, and health agencies. The results showed individual and community capacity to recover from a disaster experience and subsequent disruptions, and to adapt to changed lives and environments.  There was progressive recovery at community level over time but there was also evidence of delayed impacts on individual mental health and extended impacts at 5 years post-bushfires. 
Findings: Resilience was supported by social networks and involvement in community groups although closer examination revealed complexity in those connections and their relationship with resilience. By focusing on social connections we were almost at risk of missing the strong influence of attachment to natural environment on resilience and wellbeing over time. 

Abstract #94
Title: Interrogating Human-centred approaches to resilience research: lessons from Zimbabwe’s Mopane Worm for Improved Income Generation (MW4IIG) Innovation
Presenter: Prosper B. Matondi (Ruzivo Trust, Zimbabwe)
Co-Author:  Shiela Chikulo 
Introduction: Research in communities facing natural stresses and disasters requires innovative approaches that prioritize people and considers cultural sensitivities while tapping into inherent capacity to facilitate resilience building. A six-month study of natural resource-based livelihoods in Beitbridge, southern Zimbabwe, adopted a human-centred design approach in prototyping for resilience strengthening among households.  
Methods: The study adopted deep ethnography to understand people’s stewardship over natural resources. The interconnectedness of natural resources and their use by people needs an iterative process to rethink representation in governance. Community immersion and participatory approaches enabled better framing of the break of forest conservation in distinct ways. Adopting the framework of vitality of ontologies in human-centred designs, we studied how power is constructed, and who holds it and uses it, as well as the dominant relationships. We identified “guerrilla” mopane harvesters, breaking all rules within a seemingly challenged conservative society. The border language of identity and belonging is recreating new ways of local resource contestations. 
Findings:  The prototype development was framed on appreciative enquiry of people resilience. Indigenous cosmologies in resource use were the foundation. Yet these are breaking up for a variety of reasons, compelling people into action and transition. The prototype developed envisages co-flourishing on shared resources to help people enjoy gifts of nature.


Lisa Gibbs

University of Melbourne

Christine Muhumuza

Christine is a research fellow, and a research manager for Resilience African Network (RAN) in the Department of Epidemiology and Bio-statistics at the School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda. Christine has extensive professional... Read More →

Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Room 08 Century City Conference Centre


Resilience in Teachers - Wassilis Kassis, Caroline Mansfield, Marietjie Oswald and Timothy Cornelissen
Resilience in Teachers

Abstract #54
Title: Resilience Processes in Teacher Education
Presenter: Wassilis Kassis (Zurich University of Teacher Education, Switzerland)
Co-Author: Ulrike Graf
Introduction: Teacher trainees experience great pressure during their university education. This study addresses whether social resilience factors such as family, friends or fellow students can support developing higher self-efficacy by mitigating risks such as feeling overwhelmed at the university or reduced motivation in stressful situations.
Methods: Data from a study with 698 teacher trainees at two German universities were used. The structural-equation-model combined the social resilience factors mentioned above and self-determination factors  (e.g. competence, autonomy, relatedness) as basic psychological requirements for higher self-efficacy. in order to enhance self-efficacy. Through multilevel analysis we also addressed not only the structure of resilience processes but also the effect of the trainees’ classes on their individual self-efficacy. Social resilience factors are highly predictive for less stress and higher motivation among trainees. These processes are additionally supported by self-determination factors.
Findings: Social resilience factors and self-determination together predict over 20% of the self-efficacy variance. Through multilevel analysis we identified the impact (approximately 30%) of the respective classes on individual self-efficacy levels. Supporting teacher trainees’ self-efficacy despite a highly condensed university curriculum requires a combination of social supportive resilience and self-determination factors.

Abstract #120

Title: “Helping people stay in teaching”:  An approach to building teacher resilience in Australia
Presenter: Caroline Mansfield (Murdoch University, Australia)
Co-Author: Susan Beltman, Noelene Wetherby-Fell
Introduction: The role of school and professional communities in supporting teacher resilience has been highlighted by recent research. Particularly for pre-service teachers, resilience is important for easing transition to the profession and building resources to support positive adaptation. This paper describes an online approach for building pre-service teachers’ capacity for resilience.
Methods: Participants were 49 pre-service teachers who completed a series of 5 online learning modules aimed at building knowledge, skills and strategies for teacher resilience. Each module required personal reflection and took an hour to complete. Prior to and after completion of the modules participants completed a survey of teacher resilience, efficacy, commitment and coping. Twenty-seven participants were also interviewed to determine the extent to which engagement with the modules influenced their thoughts and actions while on professional experience placement.
Findings: The modules were found to have a positive influence on measures of resilience and commitment. Interview data highlighted increased self-awareness and use of specific strategies including emotion management, maintaining wellbeing and building relationships. Implications for teacher education and the potential of online learning to support development of resilience are discussed. 

Abstract #52
Title: Exploring the resilience of teachers faced with learners’ challenging behaviour in the classroom
Presenter: Marietjie Oswald and Timothy Cornelissen (Stellenbosch University, South Africa)
Introduction:  In light of the failing  education system and challenging learner behaviour that has become an intractable part of teachers’ experiences schools are in need of resilient teachers who can stay in control of challenging circumstances, maintain their dedication to teaching, and also develop professionally.
Methods: Ungar’s socio-ecological perspective on resilience informed the theoretical framework of this qualitative case study designed to explore teachers’ experiences of learners’ challenging behaviour and the impact upon their resilience. A special school (school of skills) in the Western Cape Province acted as the case for the study. Six teachers participated in the research as voices on behalf of the school community. Semi-structured individual interviews, non-participant observation, and a semi-structured focus group interview were used to gather and triangulate data. Several themes emerged from the data.
Findings: The findings showed that risk factors dominated the available protective factors present in the lives of the participating teachers, making the attainment of resilience a complicated task. Nevertheless, the study also showed that increased resilience enhances the management of challenging learner behaviour as well as teacher well-being, motivation and self-confidence. 


Caroline Mansfield

Murdoch University

Marietjie Oswald

Stellenbosch University

Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Room 05 Century City Conference Centre


Resilience in the Midst of Conflict and Displacement - Anne Marshall, Lina Maria Gonzalez Ballesteros
Resilience in the Midst of Conflict and Displacement

Abstract #242
Title: Refugee children and youth: Mental health issues and effective support practices.
Presenter: Anne Marshall (Victoria University, Canada)
Co-Author: Tricia Roche, Elaine Halsall
Introduction: A global migration crisis has resulted in unprecedented numbers of refugees worldwide. Almost half of these refugees are children and youth fleeing war, persecution, starvation, and other trauma; they may be with family members but a distressing large number are on their own. Many need mental health services and support.
Methods:  This paper focuses on the diverse mental health issues and challenges refugee youth and families face and on the mental health counselling and support practices reported to be effective in the literature and among practitioners. In spite of adversities and traumatic experiences, many young refugees also demonstrate significant resilience, perseverance, and adaptability; acknowledging these strengths together with providing appropriate support is the hallmark of effective refugee resettlement programs and initiatives.
Findings: Child and youth refugee context is presented first, followed by mental health problems, barriers to service engagement, and suggestions for effective mental health interviewing and counselling that promotes resilience among refugees. We conclude with recommendations for mental health practitioners, researchers, and policy makers who are assisting refugee children and families.

Abstract #119
Title: Improving Resilient Capacities in Caretakers of Children from Areas in Colombia severely affected by the Armed Conflict 
Lina Maria Gonzalez Ballesteros (Fundación Saldarriaga Concha, Colombia)
Co-Authors: Lilliana Angelica Ponguta, Jose Flores, Felipe Bolivar, Ana Maria Hoyos, Alejandro Diaz
Introduction: By 2016, armed conflict in Colombia has resulted in the forced displacement of over six million people, the second highest internal migration in the world after Syria. Validating instruments for assessing (population level) resilience is fundamental in the evaluation of nationwide interventions.
Methods: We validated the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale CD-RISC (25) among hard-to-reach, highly vulnerable populations in Colombia. We recruited 1,479 female (94.72%) and 101 (5.28%) male primary caregivers of children under 5-years of age. The mean age of caregivers was 29.21 years (SD 8.34) Caregivers were recruited through non-probabilistic convenience sampling in 14 municipalities with high exposure to armed conflict, direct presence of armed groups, geographic association with drug trafficking routes, or in receptor areas of displaced rural communities. A comprehensive demographic and mental health survey was conducted. Validity, reliability assessment and factor analyses were conducted.
Findings: Our analyses confirmed a 5-factor structure for CD-RISC in this population. The scale reliability coefficient was ?=0.90. This is the first study to validate a widely used resilience scale with sufficient power in Colombia. We discuss the utility and applicability of this measure for characterizations of resilience in the country. 


Lina Maria Gonzalez Ballesteros

Fundación Saldarriaga Concha
avatar for E. Anne Marshall

E. Anne Marshall

University of Victoria

Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Room 07 Century City Conference Centre


Stories of Resilience in the Context of Domestic Violence - Jane Rose Muthoni Njue, Sibel Korkmaz
Stories of Resilience in the Context of Domestic Violence

Abstract #241
Title: Pathways to Resiliency: Mapping Family, Community and Societal Challenges and Strengths in Coping with Domestic Violence in Kenya.
 Jane Rose Njue (Northern Illinois University, USA)
Co-Authors: Lucy Kathuri-Ogola, Joan Kabaria Muriithi
Introduction: In this paper the authors argue that societal attitudes and prevailing cultural values and practices provide the context for the perpetration of domestic violence. The paper draws from the international family strengths model that highlights strengths within families, communities and societies that survivors of domestic violence have and could utilize.
Methods: The discussion in this paper is based on findings from a study conducted in two Kenyan cities: Kisumu and Nairobi. The case study method with purposive sampling was used to identify women from different socio economic backgrounds.  Three women from Kisumu and four from Nairobi were interviewed to gather their perspectives on the family, community, and cultural strengths they used to deal with domestic violence. Interviews were recorded, transcribed and thematic analysis conducted by the interviewers. Themes generated outline human and ecological structures that promote the perpetration of domestic violence, and those human and ecological structures geared towards alleviating violence
Findings: Themes supporting perpetration include a culture condoning violence; preference for male children; gender inequality; misogyny; and weak law enforcement. Survivors utilized supports provided by the same systems through education of girls; empowerment of with and financial independence; stronger father figures; enactment and enforcement of stronger laws; and enforcing women’s rights

Abstract #64
Title: Teenagers’ Resilience When Being Subjected to Intimate Partner Violence and Their Own Voices on Needed Help and Support
Sibel Korkmaz (Stockholm University, Sweden) 
Co-Authors: Carolina Överlien
Violence in teenagers’ romantic relationships have received increased attention in research recent years (e.g. Barter et al 2009; Hellevik et al 2015). By taking its starting point in a mixed method study, this presentation will focus on preliminary results regarding teenagers’ resilience when being subjected to intimate partner violence (IPV).
Methods: The presentation will draw upon the qualitative data, i.e. 20 interviews with Swedish teenagers (age 15-19) that have been subjected to IPV. The presentation will have a social ecological perspective on violence (Heise 1998), as well as on resilience (Ungar 2012). It will also draw upon the notion on violence as a social phenomenon, where family, friends and professionals have the possibility to intervene. Responses from the informal network, will be discussed from the point of view that responses can either contribute to ending the violence, or to enable the violence to continue (cf. Weisz et al 2007).
Findings: The presentation will discuss teenagers’ resilience when being subjected to IPV and responses from the social network, and highlight how they are intertwined. The presentation will also include the teenagers’ own voices on needed help and support, and contribute to an increased awareness on resiliency among violence exposed teenagers.  

avatar for Sibel Korkmaz

Sibel Korkmaz

Stockholm University
PhD student in Social Work

Jane Rose Njue

Family and Consumer Sciences

Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Room 02 Century City Conference Centre


Communities and Resilience- Joelle Cruz, Lucy Faulkner, David Gidron and Russell Wolkind
Communities and Resilience

Abstract #110
Title: A culture-based understanding of community resilience in the Global South: A qualitative study of grassroots organizing during Ebola in Liberia
Joelle Cruz (University of Colorado at Boulder, USA)
This study provides a case of community resilience during the 2014-2015 Ebola crisis in Monrovia, Liberia. It focuses on the grassroots level, which has seldom been considered in both popular and lay coverages of the epidemic.
Methods:  The researcher conducted 40 single in-depth qualitative interviews with members of a community task force and community members in Matadi, Central Monrovia. Of interest, was finding out how community members defined resilience for themselves and the types of strategies they deployed to enact resilience.
Findings: The two main strategies of resilience are: (1) shutting down community and (2) creating an extreme sense of control. The study shows that these strategies of resilience worked well because of an older trauma; the Liberian war (1989-2003).  In conclusion, the study brings forth a culture-based approach to resilience.

Abstract #7
Title: Community resilience in a belief-based community: the story of European Jewish communities
David Gidron and Russell Wolkind (American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Israel)
Across Europe, Jewish communities are operating in an increasingly challenging context.  Emerging trends bring crises from within the community and the external broader environment.   While most community resilience programs are geographic in nature, our communities were in need of a different  model, suitable for a belief-based community
Methods: Our community resilience model of 8 core capacities puts a strong emphasis on those “softer” social capacities of community. They are: community leadership; community narrative and communications; organizational competence; social capital; preparedness and security; sense of community; and, community values. The program consists of constructing a community resilience profile which then serves as the base of an intervention program geared at strengthening 2-3 of the community’s resilience capacities.   Initial results of the program point to the importance of the model both for the community’s routine and in their preparedness and capability in dealing with crisis situations
Findings: We believe that this model is relevant and important for any belief-based community.  Furthermore, by embracing a different framework of community, much can be contrasted to the more traditional city-based resilience models.

Abstract #129
Title: Community resilience as emergent: Examining five interlinked capacities 
Lucy Faulkner (University of Exeter, UK)
Co-Authors: Katrina Brown, Tara Quinn, 
Social-ecological systems thinking suggests resilience is to be understood as an emergent property of human-environment relationships. However, empirically illustrating diverse interactions within a complex system and how it relates to community resilience is lacking. We assess how different resilience-promoting capacities interact to confer resilience in two communities in Cornwall, UK.
Methods: We focused on five capacities, previously identified in community resilience literature: place attachment, leadership, community cohesion and efficacy, community networks, and knowledge and learning. We conducted a structured survey with 170 residents in Boscastle and Wadebridge to elicit the importance of these capacities for community resilience, and what factors characterised each capacity. This was complemented by two focus group discussions, one in each location, which probed discussion around relationships between capacities. Survey responses were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (version 21). Thematic analysis based on manual deductive and inductive coding was conducted for interrogation of focus group transcripts.
Findings: Our results show how residents draw on these capacities in different combinations, enabling resilience in distinct ways. This holds relevance for the Global South by presenting a more integrated and socially nuanced understanding of community resilience that brings together developmental and social-ecological systems perspectives to better inform science and practice.  

avatar for Joelle Cruz

Joelle Cruz

University of Colorado at Boulder

Lucy Faulkner

University of Exeter
avatar for David Gidron

David Gidron

avatar for Russell Wolkind

Russell Wolkind

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)

Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 03 Century City Conference Centre


From Trauma to Resilience in the Global South - Sarah Crawford-Browne, Patricia Granada Echeverri
From Trauma to Resilience in the Global South

Abstract #234
Title: Psychological processes of continuous traumatic stress that facilitate adaptations to ongoing violence
Presenter: Sarah Crawford-Browne (University of Cape Town, South Africa)
Introduction: Living in a dangerous community is likely to affect a person’s cognitive-emotional functioning, influence reactions to violence, and diminish well-being. While the impact of living in a dangerous context with few systems of protection and multiple, ongoing, anticipated violent incidents is not described by post-traumatic stress; there is limited research.
Methods: Responses are shaped by cognitive-emotional constructions of the environment and of experiences for inclusion into life-narratives; affecting adaptation. Hence, this project asks: how do participants’ construct meaning of their context and experiences of violence, and how do these processes of meaning making affect their adaptations to their experiences of violence and their context?. Hanover Park, a neighbourhood of Cape Town, was selected as a community affected by structural violence, gangsterism, and related impunity. Twenty-one adult women were interviewed regarding their lives and experiences of violence. The transcripts were analysed using constructivist grounded theory guidelines and interpreted through constructivist psychological theory.
Findings/Implications: Recognising the psychological processes underlying meaning construction; an embryonic theory of continuous traumatic stress was developed. Most participants managed their fear of anticipated violence through shifting awareness of danger, constructing psychological safety, universal distrust, and claiming agency. Four styles of adaptation were identified including being overwhelmed, distant, controlling or conscious.

Abstract #27
Title: Indigenous cosmovisions: Between political resistance and sociocultural resilience in the war and peace of Guatamala and Colombia 
 Patricia Granada Echeverri (Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, facultad ciencias de la Salud, Colombia)
Introduction: Colombia and Guatemala are countries united by geographical continuity which have similar processes of conquest and colony, with internal wars during the twentieth century that affected among others indigenous populations, that have in their recent history the search for peace in their common goals. Guatemala with agreements consolidated 20 years ago (1996) and Colombia (2016) currently in adjustment. Conflicts that bind indegenous peoples both in war and peace are crossed by their worldviews centered on life, territory and the protection of natural resources, which is why peace processes with current extractive market dynamics and practices maintain the original structural conflicts in force, adding new complexities.
Methods: Through documentary and narrative analysis, we examine the ways in which indigenous worldviews serve both as an immense legacy for their struggles of resistance to lived violences and as forms of resilience that emerge in the dynamics of a globalized world, between the need to protect their cultural legacy and the adaptations that it demands to them in order to inhabit the planet in the third millennium.
Findings/Implications: Ancestral knowledge keeps the key that humanity need to transcend towards a more just and equitable way of living.  

avatar for Sarah Crawford-Browne

Sarah Crawford-Browne

Lecturer, University of Cape Town
Welcome to Cape Town! Are you working in a context where people anticipate or experience violence as part of daily living? I would value opportunities to talk! I understand these conditions as often affecting people who live in countries in crisis, people who are displaced, and... Read More →

Patricia Granada Echeverri

Posgraduate Director of Health Care Sciencies Faculty, UNIVERSIDAD TECNOLOGICA DE PEREIRA

Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 02 Century City Conference Centre


Pathways to Psychological Resilience - Nabeelah Bemath, Antonia Werner, Jiniya Afroze
Pathways to Psychological Resilience

Abstract #36
Title: Working memory in psychological resilience: A mixed-method study
Nabeelah Bemath (University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Kate Cockcroft, Linda Theron
Working memory (WM) may promote resilience by enabling individuals to generate novel solutions in adverse situations. Research regarding the relationship between these constructs is limited. It is particularly unclear whether, and how, WM may promote resilience in the South African context.
Methods: This study thus used a mixed method concurrent triangulation design to quantitatively investigate whether WM is related to resilience; and to qualitatively investigate how WM processes feature in participants’ experiences of resilience, and how this is influenced by socio-cultural factors. Thirty-eight young Black South African adults from disadvantaged backgrounds (whose WM had been assessed in a pre-existing study) completed a demographic questionnaire and the Resilience Research Centre-Adult Resilience Measure in person or online. For the qualitative phase, 14 of these participants were interviewed using a semi-structured interview schedule.
Findings: Qualitative findings indicated WM processes featuring in participants’ accounts of resilience-promoting resources, were shaped by socio-cultural factors. The primarily non-significant quantitative findings may thus be due to the individualistic WM measure used. Findings may help develop resilience-promoting interventions, and culturally-relevant accounts of resilience-promoting resources accessible to young Black South Africans.

Abstract #272
Title: Resilience and depression: investigating the mediating role of self-esteem
Antonia Werner (Goethe University, Germany)
Co-Authors: Ana Tibubos, Sonja Rohrmann, Neele Reiss
People who can be described as resilient are less likely to develop depressive symptoms. Yet, it is not clear, what exact facets of resilience are responsible for buffering against depression. In this study self-esteem is therefore examined as a possible mediator for the negative relation of resilience and depression.
Methods: A non-clinical sample of 98 students (age M=22.95, SD=5.24) and a clinical sample of 29 depressive patients (age M=43.86, SD=16.42) participated in our study using self-report questionnaires and an experimental procedure. Participants completed first questionnaires about their resilience, depressive symptoms and their self-esteem. In an experimental session some days later they were asked to give a cognitive ability test of solving anagrams and were given false feedback in order to stimulate a self-critical state. In this procedure current self-esteem states were assessed. For analyzing the associations between dispositional resilience, depression, and self-esteem correlational as well as mediation analyses were applied.
Findings: The negative correlation of resilience and depression was replicated as well as a significant direct effect of resilience on depression. By adding self-esteem as a mediator, a significant indirect effect became evident. Results imply that working on self- esteem as a mediator, a significant indirect effect became evident. Results imply that working on self-esteem looks like a promising practical approach in the promotion of resilience

Abstract #59
Title: Influences of birth order in shaping aspirations and wellbeing of children in an Urdu-speaking Bihari community in Bangladesh
Presenter: Jiniya Afroze (The Open University, UK)
Introduction: There is inadequate research attention to relationships of birth order in children’s wellbeing, particularly in the context of Global South. This paper explores how birth order shapes the aspirations and wellbeing of children in the context of an Urdu-speaking Bihari community in Bangladesh.
Methods: Drawing attention to the argument of new sociology of childhood, combined with the evidence of empirical studies in resilience research, this paper presents data from an eight-month long ethnographic study of an ongoing PhD project. This paper presents children’s perspectives, from data collected from a sample of 50 children aged 4-18 years through individual interviews, group discussions and participant observations. Adopting participatory tools like hand puppets, photo elicitation and vignettes, this paper explores how the cultural expectations and responsibilities of children are linked to their birth orders, and how children channel their positive coping and aspirations towards their wellbeing.
Findings: Findings present children’s agencies are not related to birth orders, rather negotiated and contested through education, work and gender. This highlights the importance of questioning cultural practices that determine responsibilities of siblings according to birth orders, for making situated understandings about how children explore and promote their own wellbeing.

avatar for Jiniya Afroze

Jiniya Afroze

PhD Research Student, The Open University
Jiniya Afroze is a PhD research student at the Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies of The Open University, UK. Her PhD research is aimed at exploring children’s lived experiences in an Urdu-speaking Bihari community in Bangladesh. Prior to this, Jiniya worked with... Read More →

Nabeelah Bemath

Intern research psychologist, University of the Witwatersrand
Nabeelah Bemath recently completed her Masters in Social and Psychological Research at the University of the Witwatersrand. She is currently completing her internship as a research psychologist at the University's Department of Psychology. Her research interests lie in cognitive neuropsychology... Read More →

Antonia Werner

PhD student, Goethe University, Frankfurt

Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 06 Century City Conference Centre


Promoting Resilience in Women Who Have Experienced Childhood Sexual Abuse - Hayley Walker Williams, Baaqira Kays Ehraim, Marinda Henning
Promoting Resilience in Women Who Have Experienced Childhood Sexual Abuse

Abstract #126
Title: S2T Voices of Healing and Recovery: Promoting resilience in women who experienced childhood sexual abuse
Presenter: Hayley Walker-Williams (North-West University, South Africa)
Co-Author: Ansie Fouché
Introduction: Most therapeutic interventions for female survivors of child sexual abuse are pathogenically orientated. Little attention is given to the fact that strengths may be borne from the struggle to cope with the trauma. A strengths-based group intervention entitled survivor to thriver (S2T) aims to facilitate resilient post-trauma growth outcomes.
Methods: The benefits of the S2T intervention were evaluated by means of a quasi-experimental pretest posttest one group only design between 2013 and 2016. A total of 19 multicultural women, ranging from the ages of 18 to 56 years, completed the group treatment.  Both qualitative and quantitative data collection methods were employed to evaluate the benefit of the intervention. This study reports on the findings from the qualitative study and gives an overview of the S2T women’s voices reflecting resilient enabling and positive post trauma adaptive outcomes of recovery and healing over a three year period.
Findings: Our findings suggest that indeed resilient driven processes and posttraumatic growth outcomes may result from an adaptive coping process aimed at restructuring coherent post trauma life narratives. Limitations and the way forward will be discussed. 

Abstract #139
Title: Promoting resilient driven coping in women who experienced stigmatised loss as a result of childhood sexual abuse
Presenter: Baaqira Kays Ehraim (North-West University, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Hayley Walker-Williams, Ansie Fouché
Introduction: Child sexual abuse is recognised as a devastating trauma. Most interventions focus on treating symptoms with little attention given to addressing stigmatised loss as a unique trauma causing factor. Child sexual abuse leads to unacknowledged loss of life’s meaning and purpose, yet some women cope despite the complex losses.
Methods: This study reports on the findings of the preliminary thematic content analysis exploring the resilient driven coping processes employed by these women. Qualitative secondary analysis of documents and transcriptions collected during a larger research project on an empirically developed strengths-based group intervention programme, for female adult survivors of CSA, entitled Survivor to Thriver (S2T), were employed. Transcriptions of two groups of women were used, comprising of 14 treatment sessions with 19 multicultural participants ranging from the ages of 18 to 56 years, spanning over a three year period.
Findings: Themes of resilient driven coping were: spirituality, positive self-regard and increased self-awareness. These themes may be seen as unique markers in the recovery portfolio of these survivors. The findings will be used to further inform the S2T strengths-based group intervention programme. Limitations and the way forward will be discussed.

Abstract #145
Title: Rising above the trauma causing factors of childhood sexual abuse: Resilience enabling processes in a group of female survivors
Presenter: Marinda Henning (North-West University, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Hayley Walker-Williams, Ansie Fouché
Introduction: The negative effect of childhood sexual abuse has devastating consequences for individuals due to the presence of unique trauma causing factors. Reports have shown that some survivors have a naturally ability to adapt positively despite these trauma causing dynamics.
Methods: This study reports on the findings of the preliminary thematic analysis exploring the resilient driven coping processes employed by adult women who had experienced the unique trauma of childhood sexual abuse. Qualitative secondary analysis of documents and transcriptions collected during a larger research project on an empirically developed strengths-based group intervention programme, for female adult survivors of CSA, entitled Survivor to Thriver (S2T), were employed. Eight group treatment sessions with nine participants ranging from the ages of 18 to 36 years were analysed.
Findings: Themes of resilient coping processes were: perseverance, a positive relationship with self, assisting others and spirituality. These themes may be seen as unique markers in the recovery portfolio of survivors. The findings will be used to further inform the S2T strengths-based intervention. Limitations and the way forward will be discussed.


Baaqira Kays Ebrahim

North West University Vaal Triangle Campus

Marinda Henning

North-West University Vaal Triangle Campus

Hayley Walker-Williams

North-West University Vaal Triangle Campus

Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 07 Century City Conference Centre


Qualitative Methods to Examine Resilience - Adrian D. van Breda, Lousie Yorke, Lynn Norton
Qualitative Methods to Examine Resilience

Abstract #37
Title: Grounded Theory Methods for Insights into Resilience Processes: The Case of a Young Person Transitioning out of Residential Care
Presenter: Adrian van Breda (University of Johannesburg, South Africa)
Introduction: Among the qualitative research designs that can be used to research resilience, grounded theory (GT) is among the most seldom used (in as few as 1% of studies). The purpose of this paper is to argue for and illustrate the usefulness of GT as a research design for resilience research.
Methods: The core theoretical and methodological components of GT will be examined, showing their relevance to a social-ecological construction of resilience. These include GT’s roots in symbolic interactionism, its use of gerunds for coding, and its focus on theory construction. Thereafter, GT will be illustrated with a case example, using GT to analyse qualitative longitudinal data of a young person transitioning out of residential care in South Africa. Unstructured interviews were conducted before he left care and annually thereafter for four years. Data were qualitatively analysed using Kathy Charmaz’s constructivist GT methods.
Findings: Findings show that GT methods in resilience research foreground two aspects important to social-ecological resilience researchers: the agency of human beings to shape their life course through actions performed over time, and the reciprocal interactions between humans and their social environments.

Abstract #179
Title: What can participatory research contribute to understanding resilience? Exploring the potential of participatory methods with rural girls in Ethiopia.
Presenter: Louise Yorke (Trinity College Dublin, Ireland)
Co-Author: Robbie Gilligan
Introduction:  Resilience research requires an approach that can capture the multitude of factors influencing the wellbeing and development of individuals and can account for the impact of culture on their outcomes (Ungar, 2008; 2011). This paper considers the potential contribution of participatory approaches to understanding resilience in developing country contexts.
Methods: This paper is based on participatory research carried out in Southern Ethiopia with a group of rural girls who migrated to urban areas to pursue their secondary education. A combination of participatory video drama, group discussions and life story interviews were chosen to help capture the complexity of rural girls experiences and outcomes, and the significant impact of culture on their lives. A participatory approach was also considered appropriate to help address some of the challenges of conducting in developing country contexts where the researcher is an outsider and to help reduce the ‘foreigner effect’ (Jakobsen, 2012).
Findings: The potential of participatory approaches to contribute to culturally relevant understandings of resilience that reflect local ways of knowing are discussed. Advantages and challenges of using participatory research in developing country contexts are outlined. Finally the potential of participatory research to contribute to participants own processes of resilience are considered. 

Abstract #267
Title: #WE SPEAK: Reflexive participatory action research to facilitate voice and agency with refugee youth
Presenter: Lynn Norton (UKZN, South Africa)
Co-Author: Yvonne Sliep
Introduction: This paper explores the benefits of following a dialogical reflexive approach with refugee youth living in SA, where space is created for strength-based and local opportunities to emerge. Despite a range of mental health difficulties among refugee populations there are numerous barriers to accessing support, especially for refugee youth.
Methods: We conducted a series of workshops using participatory action research with a focus on the creation of safe dialogical spaces, voice, agency, social connection and performativity.  The methodology uses a critical reflexive framework that facilitates a process of deconstructing power in the collective; determining values and identity; negotiating agency; and positive performance. The research is explored through and with the voices of participants using narrative dialogical analysis and poetic inquiry.
Findings: What emerged early in the research was a sense of hopelessness and despair as a result of structural obstacles that make life extremely stressful for refugee teenagers. However, when opportunity is created for youth to respond from a position of strength possibilities arise that work as barriers to anti-social behavior.

avatar for Adrian D. van Breda

Adrian D. van Breda

Professor of Social Work, University of Johannesburg
Adrian is Professor of Social Work at the University of Johannesburg, where he was Head of Department from 2014 to 2016. He is President of the Association of South African Social Work Education Institutions and Vice President of Resilio, the international association for the promotion... Read More →

Lynn Norton

University of KwaZulu-Natal

Louise Yorke

School of Social Work and Social Policy, Trinity College Dublin

Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 11 Century City Conference Centre


Resilience from a Parenting Perspective - Lea Caragata, Fazel Ebrihiam Freeks, Christine de Goede
Resilience from a Parenting Perspective

Abstract #92
Title: Ameliorating Adversity: Supporting Resilience in Low-Income Lone Mothers
Presenter: Lea Caragata (Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada)
Co-Authors: Sara Cumming, Beth Watters
Introduction: Many low-income lone mothers experience extreme adversity, yet manifest resilience. This paper explores these outcomes, understanding that factors protective against trauma and hardship include psychological, community, economic and spatial aspects. A social exclusion framework revealing the compounding and intersecting nature of the findings, suggesting key factors supporting resilience.
Methods: Grounded in a feminist, participatory methodology, this study interviews 38 low-income Canadian lone mothers to explore their understandings and experience of resilience. Data were collected in 3 Canadian cities and participants were identified from a large longitudinal qualitative data set that enabled a case review of women appearing to demonstrate resilience. Importantly, the data demonstrating resilient outcomes are themselves longitudinal, including the case review and subsequent interviews. Thus, this research was able to explore both temporally and spatially, these women’s understanding of the factors that made such resilience possible in spite of frequent circumstances of extreme adversity.
Findings: Important findings included intimate partner violence and  income instability as significant risk factors. Protective factors included beliefs and values, children and feminist NGO’s. These nuanced findings shed light on protective factors that support resilience with important policy implications and contest the negative, too readily made judgments about these families. 

Abstract #161
Title: Missional Fatherhood: The Vital Role of the Resilient Father in Families
Presenter: Fazel Ebrihiam Freeks (North-West University, South Africa)
Introduction: Research proved that approximately 9 million children in South Africa have no fathers. Absence of a parent within a family system causes a vacuum in the parenthood role, and negative influences on families are inevitable. Father absence is on the increase and generates broken families in society.
Methods: A Sola Scriptura policy and qualitative data is used on Biblical truth and departure points from literature to highlight the essence of fatherhood. Scripture is an authoritative source of teaching, correction and admonition. It serves as an exceptional guideline and measure that speak of the uniqueness of God as Father, while presenting answers, hope and strengthening resilience regarding the worth of an earthly father within a family system.
Findings: Findings pending.

Abstract #113
Title: Coping with becoming “Mom”: Single, poor, and unexpectedly pregnant in a South African township.
Presenter: Christine de Goede (Stellenbosch University, South Africa)
Co-Author: Awie Greef
Introduction: The majority (40%) of South African children are raised by single mothers. Factors such as poverty, community stigma, not meeting family-of-origin expectations, and conflict with the biological father, may often encourage maternal distress and isolation during pregnancy. Prenatal exposure to maternal stress impedes fetal development (Glover, Ahmed-Salim, & Capron, 2016).
Methods: Grounded theory analysis of interviews conducted with 20 single, poor, Xhosa speaking mothers, revealed a range of context-specific resilience strategies that can help curb maternal emotional turmoil. Intrapersonal strategies used by mothers centered on three processes namely, 1)  stressor reappraisal, 2) identity reframing and 3) engaging in idiosyncratic “feel-good”activities.  Local discourses of subversion, survival and intrapsychic strength were important (e.g. the “hustler”identity derived from North American rap music). Also, participants aimed to negate the culturally imposed idea of the single mother as “damaged”or “immoral”by incorporating a more nuanced mix of affirming pre- and post-pregnancy selves.
Findings: Results indicate that it is imperative to identify psychologically at-risk pregnant women, early. Screening should form part of prenatal care protocols because timely interventions, that help single mothers view themselves and their situations more positively, can potentially expedite their adaptation, reducing the duration and intensity of distress and isolation.

avatar for Lea Caragata

Lea Caragata

I teach Social Policy and Community Development at Wilfrid Laurier University in Ontario, Canada. My recent research includes a multi-site interdisciplinary longitudinal study of single mothers in 3 Canadian cities examining the effects of labour market change and workfare programs... Read More →
avatar for Fazel Ebrihiam Freeks

Fazel Ebrihiam Freeks

North-West University

Christine de Goede

Stellenbosch University

Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 08 Century City Conference Centre


Resilience in Health Workers - Judith Benbow, Carol Tosone
Resilience in Health Workers

Abstract #95
Title: A mixed methods research study: - Exploring Resilience in Contemporary Nursing Roles in Wales
Presenter: Judith Benbow (Cardiff University, UK)
Introduction: Nursing is a highly stressful occupation. Stress and compassion fatigue are major consequences of healthcare workplace adversity which impacts negatively on care. Staff wellbeing is an important antecedent of patient care. Nurses’ ability to be compassionate is inextricably linked to individual/organisational professional and personal challenges and support available (Maben, 2012).
Methods: To provide novel insights into the intrinsic and extrinsic influences, that shape the resilience of nurses in Wales.   Methods Mixed methods two phased approach, a survey followed by case studies in three diverse settings; utilising focus groups and individual semi structured interviews.  This presentation will focus upon Phase 1, the survey. Between October 2016 and November 2016, registered nurses in Wales were invited to complete an on line/paper based questionnaire, devised for the study; exploring their views about resilience and their work environments. Over 1400 nurses participated, responses were descriptively analysed utilising SPSS and Microsoft word.  
Findings: Early findings from the survey will be discussed within the context of recent research and policy. As well as implications for the Phase 2 case studies. The unique findings will inform practice, education, policy and research of what works well and what could work better to develop resilience of nurses. 

Abstract #227
Title: Understanding the Relationship between Resilience and Posttraumatic Growth in New Orleans Mental Health Responders Working in a Post-Hurricane Katrina Environment
Carol Tosone (New York University Silver School of Social Work, USA)
Introduction: There is some conceptual ambiguity between Resilience and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in the professional literature. This study aimed to provide further clarity by examining the relationship between Resilience and PTG in a group of New Orleans Mental Health Responders (N=219) personally and professionally exposed to Hurricane Katrina.
Methods: Findings indicate that the correlation between Resilience and PTG is, as expected, positive and statistically significant albeit modest (r = .15, p = .024). When controlling for variables associated with Resilience and PTG respectively, Compassion Satisfaction has the greatest overlap. Primary/Secondary Shared Trauma, Posttraumatic Stress, and Compassion Fatigue exhibit moderately strong relationships to Resilience but rather weak relationships to PTG. Conversely, the two remaining control variables, Life Events and Shared Trauma/Professional Posttraumatic Growth, exhibit stronger relationships to PTG than to Resilience.
Findings/Implications: These findings support the interrelationship of resilience and posttraumatic growth, but suggest that each have specific variables more associated with one than the other. These findings have conceptual and clinical implications, contributing further clarity to the debate as to whether PTG is a form of Resilience or a distinct construct.


Judith Benbow

PhD student, Cardiff University

Carol Tosone

New York University

Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 05 Century City Conference Centre


Youth at Risk - Jabulani Gilford Kheswa, Inês Castiço
Youth at Risk

Abstract #274
Title: Behaviour leading crime among graduated initiates “amakrwala”? at one Further Education Training Colleges in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.
 Jabulani Gilford Kheswa (University of Fort Hare, South Africa)
Co-Authors: X. Dayi, M. N. Mahola
Introduction: Traditional male circumcision siignifies cultural restoration in most black communities in South Africa. Grounded in Erikson’s  psychosocial developmental theory and Agnew’s gender strain theory, literature demonstrated that the qualities of endurance, manliness and respect conveyed during training by their mentors, result in male youth reaching responsible adulthood.
Methods: The main aim of the study was to determine the nature and behaviours leading to crime among graduated initiates “amakrwala”? at the Further Education Training Colleges, in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.  A qualitative approach was employed to gather data from 10 purposively sampled Xhosa- speaking amakrwala, aged 16-26, using open-ended questionnaires. The ethics were adhered to throughout the study.
Findings: The findings show that amkrwala demonstrated educational aspirations and contributed their self-efficacy to father-son communication and self-control. However, incidents of multiple sexual partners were reported amongst the participants. It is thus that there should be programmes to educate male youth about the significance of restoring cultural practices. 

Abstract #181
Title: Youth’s resilience according to CYRM 28 score: institutionalized vs non institutionalized youth in Baixo Alentejo, Portugal
Presenter: Ines Castico (ULSBA, Portugal)
Co-Authors: Isabel Santos, Mariana Maria Piteira Arnaud, Luís Manuel Pacheco Botelho
Introduction: Resilience is a complex dynamic process that determines the capacity to overcome hardship. According to Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM), not only intrinsic skills but also external factors (religion, culture, education and  relationships) are involved. In this project, the CYRM-28 score was applied to children/youth living in and outside
Methods: childcare institutions in a small city located in Alentejo, Portugal. Our goal was to verify whether resilience was affected by institutionalization in order to prevent its potentially deleterious effects.  Methods:A translated version of the CYRM-28 score was applied to a convenience sample of 57 individuals, 24 institutionalized (Inst) and 33 non-institutionalized (NInst) aged 10 to 24. Results were inserted in a database and analyzed using SPSS ®.  Findings:  Slightly lower scores were found in all CYRM-28 subscales of institutionalized individuals. This was mostly notorious in individual capacities (mean±st deviation:  NInst 50,38±3,1 versus Inst 44,2±4,4), especially in the peer
Findings: support subset of questions (mean±st deviation:  NInst 9,28±0,81 versus Inst 7,0±2,09). Implications:  Surprisingly, peers support and not caregivers’ related factors were observed as the poorest contributors to resilience in the studied institutions. This is possibly a sign of the high quality of care given. Nonetheless, peer interactions should be supervised.


Ines Castico

Unidade Local de Saude do Baixo Alentejo

Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 04 Century City Conference Centre


Building Resilience in Academic Settings - Nathan Vyklicky, Annalakshmi Narayanan, Martha Gatehi
Building Resilience in Academic Settings

Abstract #128
Title: Are we serving the “at-risk”children we claim? Resilience at the KAYEC national after-school program, Namibia
Presenter: Nathan Vyklicky (KAYEC, Namibia)
Co-Authors: Isanee Ketjivandje, Emilie Haipinge
Introduction: In Namibia, 39 percent of girls under 15 fall pregnant (2013), and half of learners fail Grade 10. In this study, KAYEC, a Namibian non-profit, tests whether its after-school centres (founded 2004; serving 3,946 peri-urban 10-to-18-year-olds, 2011-2016) provide health and education support to at-risk children who need it most.
Methods: KAYEC will collect resilience scores, measured using the CYRM-28 tool, as well as academic results and HIV and parenthood status, for 450 children it serves in three Namibian regions (50 percent girls), and for all unserved peer learners at their schools. Z-tests will determine whether KAYEC participants differ from their peers in resilience or outcomes. Regression modelling will determine whether resilience correlates with outcomes, ages, genders, or income levels.
Findings: KAYEC will carry out this study with the Namibian ministry of education from January 2017. Discussion will focus on the potential of CYRM-28 resilience scores to 1) evaluate current targeting of at-risk children, 2) screen children in need of health and academic support, and 3) track the impact of interventions.

Abstract #6
Title: School-based intervention to enhance resilience among at-risk youth in rural schools in India
Presenter: Annalakshmi Narayanan (Bharathiar University, India)
Introduction: The adolescent students in rural government schools are at-risk for psychosocial development. The present study evaluated an intervention program to enhance resilience using a quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest-follow-up comparison group design.
Methods: Participants included 133 students (experimental group, 72, control group 61) aged 13yrs to 15yrs from low socioeconomic background studying in two rural government schools. Measures of attainment on developmental task, psychological resilience, academic competence (self and teacher rating), aspiration, emotional competence, mindfulness, and interpersonal competence (self and peer rating), and objective measures of academic achievement and school engagement were used to evaluate the intervention. The 8-weeks intervention program focused on improving academic, emotional and social competence. The measures obtained at baseline, post-intervention and at 3-months follow-up were analyzed using linear mixed models.
Findings: The intervention significantly improved academic competence, but only marginally improved emotional and social competence. Academic, emotional, and social competence predicted several positive outcomes. Resilience interventions should involve family and community in addition to school. School practices should nurture academic as well as emotional and social competencies

Abstract #164
Title: Resilience, personality and academic performance: A study of Orphaned and Vulnerable Children under Wings to Fly secondary school education sponsorship
Presenter: Martha Gatehi (Daystar University, Kenya)
Co-Author: Ciriaka Gitonga, Martha Kiarie-Makara
Introduction: Most of the beneficiaries of Wings to Fly scholarship seem to weather the challenges they face and emerge top in their districts in their final primary school examination and qualify for the scholarship; an indication of resilience. As they proceed to high school majority are able to sustain high performance.
Methods: The objectives of this study are: to establish the child, family and community factors that promote resilience, and how these relate to their academic performance and establish the relationship between personality and academic performance among the OVCs. The study will be cross-sectional involving different cohorts in sampled schools within Nairobi. This is because wings to Fly supports children every year since 2011 and is spread across the country. Data collection will employ mixed methods involving administration of CYRM-28 and BFI questionnaires to beneficiaries and in-depth interviews using the RRC interview guide with key informants.
Findings: The study is expected to demonstrate a relationship between child characteristics and personality, supportive family, supportive community and academic performance. The findings will be of significance importance to the ministry of education, and child centered organizations in terms of policy formulation and intervention strategies that promote resilience in OVC.


Narayanan Annalakshmi

Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, INDIA

Martha Gatehi

Daystar University

Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 07 Century City Conference Centre


Building Resilience in Children from a Community Perspective - Patricia Young, Roseline September, Efthalia Karaktsani
Building Resilience in Children from a Community Perspective

Abstract #289
Title: Pikin to Pikin Tok: A case for building resilience through participation
Presenter: Patricia Young (Child to Child, UK)
Introduction: Pikin to Pikin Tok emerged in response to the Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone, which created specific vulnerabilities for women and children. Child survivors experienced the trauma of loss of family members, disruption in schooling and regular life, and in many instances were ostracised from their communities.
Methods: Child to Child and their local partner, Pikin to Pikin Movement, adapted an ongoing early learning programme to create “Pikin to Pikin Tok,”, a radio for education programme designed to: enable children to address the issues concerning them; support their peers; and build resilience at the individual and community level. Children trained as Young Journalists co-created audio content on the issues affecting them. Children listened to the broadcasts as members of ‘Facilitated Listening Groups’ with support from trained adult volunteers, who encouraged them to call in to post-broadcast discussions to share their experiences and perspectives.
Findings: Facilitating children’s meaningful participation helped develop a sense of agency and awareness that they could be active partners for positive change, contributing to the identification and development of coping mechanisms for themselves and their families.

Abstract #290
Title: South Africa’s response to enabling children’s resilience through expanding community-based services
Presenter: Roseline September (GCBS Vulnerable Children, South Africa)
Introduction: One of the Department of Social Development (DSD) priorities under the South African National Development Plan (NDP) is the expansion of child and youth care services within the context of government’s objective to eliminate poverty, inequality and unemployment. Underpinning this is a focus on investments in children across the continuum of care. The current DSD community-based child care programme (Isibindi) reaches 1.2 million vulnerable children. However, DSD recognises the limitations and gaps in social services to vulnerable children. DSD has initiated a process to review and expand community-based children’s services. Underpinning the process is a focus on resilience.
Methods: Stakeholders were engaged in a systematic process aimed at producing a theory of change and a concomitant basket of services. This included a review of the relevant resilience literature and evidence-based programs followed by a reflective methodology to compare the empirical evidence with the experience of service professionals.
Findings: The results provided an evidence-base for the development of a turnaround strategy for vulnerable children. They also offer a framework for how community-based organisations can support resilience processes. DSD is exploring an investment case to mobilize financial mechanisms to support resilience outcomes and a core package of associated services.

Abstract #89
Title: Assessing the Quality of Life of children who attend in community based programs for mental health improvement at Wolverhampton area.
Presenter: Efthalia Karaktsani (University of Wolverhampton, UK)
Introduction: Headstart  program has been designed to support young people in developing their resilience, in raising their awareness of their own mental health and that of their peers, and in preventing the development of lifelong mental health issues. In this study the potential relationship between self-efficacy and QoL has been investigated.
Methods: A selection of schools namely Parkfield primary, Bilston CofE, Springdale Juniors, Saint Stephens and Heath Park were chosen to contribute to the piloting of the self -efficacy (SEQ) and they also complete prior and six months after the implementation of the program online a standardised QoL measure Kiddy-KINDL
Findings: Children who were classified as high SEQ were significantly more likely than the low SEQ to report better physical, family, social well-being and self-esteem. In terms of group comparisons, males reported greater physical well-being than their female counterparts and conversely females reported greater emotional well-being. 


Patricia Young

Director, Child to Child
Child to Child is an international child rights organisation and a pioneer of practical approaches to ensure children have meaningful opportunities to play an active role in health, education, protection and development. I am a passionate advocate for the role that children can play... Read More →

Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 03 Century City Conference Centre


Exploring Pathways to Youth Resilience - Uzo Anucha, Bernadette Iahtail, Izanette van Schalkwyk
Exploring Pathways to Youth Resilience

Abstract #279
Title: Growing Roses in Concrete? Problematizing Youth Resilience in A Canadian Urban Neighborhood
Presenter: Uzo Anucha (York University, Canada)
Co-Authors: Rahma Siad-Togane, Samantha Postulart
Introduction: We adopt the metaphor of a rose growing in concrete to problematize the notion of youth resilience in urban environments by deconstructing how it contributes and/or reinforces narratives that highlight the importance of individual efforts for success while neglecting the systemic inequities that constrain the opportunities for urban youth.
Methods: Drawing on data collected by and from youth living in an urban neighborhood that is often stigmatized, we explore how narratives of violence and well being trouble and disrupt the notion of success as a result of individual effort. Youth were trained in basic research methods and were supported to conduct interviews with 50 youth. The analysis of the transcripts focused on how participants’ narratives produced, troubled or disrupted the notion of success as a result of individual effort and the negative stereotype of the community.
Findings: The findings points out the limitations of dominant narratives that idealize individual roses while stigmatizing the environment where they grow and neglecting the larger socioeconomic structures that constrain youth opportunities. We advance a counter- narrative that highlights the important role of families and communities play in ensuring youth development and well-being.

Abstract #21
Title: Aboriginal Boys Matter Too! A research study of programs, services and resources for Aboriginal Males Young Offenders.
Presenter: Bernadette Iahtail (Creating Hope Society of Alberta, Canada)
Introduction: Young Aboriginal males are overrepresented, unstable and unsupportive childhood experiences, especially in the Aboriginal child welfare put many youths at risk to engage criminal activity. Other factors include personal, mental and physical health conditions, experiences of discrimination in educational and criminal justice contexts and socialization experiences with delinquent youth.
Methods: Researchers used a primarily qualitative approach to gathering data to understand project participant’s views on the involvement of Aboriginal male youth involved in the criminal justice system in Edmonton and surrounding regions as well as on supports available to them. The qualitative data discussed in this report provides insight into the policies and programs from the perspective of government representatives, community service providers, and Aboriginal males that have had prior involvement in the criminal justice system.  Data from the following sources:
-Key informant interviews
-Focus group discussions
-Comments by participants in the Aboriginal Fathers Love Their Children Too! documentary Research.
Findings: Youth have criminal record by the age 18, contributes youth to adult justice systems and the 3 key factors: a) involvement of Aboriginal male youth in child welfare, b) lack of appropriate supportive programming for Aboriginal male youth involved in the justice system, and c) bias/discrimination against Aboriginal male youth.

Abstract #50
Title: Relational well-being and resilience in a group of adolescents: A multiple method study in a South African high-risk community
Presenter: Izanette van Schalkwyk (North-West University, South Africa)
Co-Author: Odette Geldehuys
Introduction: Relational well-being is viewed as a core component of well-being. Lower levels of well-being could imply grave challenges and further risks in terms of the behaviours associated with living in a high-risk environment. Descriptions of relational well-being include associated constructs such as social ecologies and the dynamics of resilient coping.
Methods: Multiple methods were used to establish the levels of a group of South African adolescents’ well-being (quantitative research), and, to qualitatively explore adolescents’ experiences of relational well-being within the context of a high-risk environment. Adolescent learners from three secondary schools (N=808 quantitative study) took part in this study. Participants were Grade 8 learners between 12 and 15 years old. Questionnaires were firstly completed in a one-shot cross-sectional survey design. Secondly, semi-structured interviews and world café discussions were used with a selected group of participants to qualitatively explore their understanding and experience of relational well-being within a South African high-risk community.
Findings: Quantitative findings indicate that most adolescent learners in this high-risk community, i.e., 56%, do not experience high levels of well-being. Qualitative findings show that adolescents’ relational well-being is seriously restricted. Guidelines are offered as a resilience strategy to facilitate the enhancement of adolescents’ relational well-being in a high-risk community. 


Uzo Anucha

York University

Bernadette Iahtail

Creating Hope Society
She is a registered Social Worker and co-founder and Executive Director of Creating Hope Society, a society founded for the survivors of the “The Sixties and Seventies Scoop of Aboriginal Children in Care“. Her key passions are to create awareness of Aboriginal history, specifically... Read More →

Izanette van Schalkwyk

North-West University

Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 08 Century City Conference Centre


Factors Supporting Resilience - AnnMarie Groarke, Li Donghui (for Tian Guoxiu)
Factors Supporting Resilience

Abstract #250
Title: A model to predict adjustment in men with prostate cancer: the role of post-traumatic growth, resillience and mindfulness.
AnnMarie Groarke ( National University Of Ireland, Galwayy, Ireland)
Co-Authors: Deirdre Walsh, Ruth Curtis
Introduction: Findings examining relationships between post-traumatic growth (PTG) and adjustment in cancer remain inconsistent.  Thus the current research examines the role of PTG in distress and quality of life. It explores mindfulness as a moderator of these relationships and PTG as a mediator of the relationship between resillience and adjustment.
Methods: A total of 241 men with prostate cancer, at least one year post treatment participated and completed the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI ), a Physical Post-traumatic Scale ( P- PTGI ), (The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale ( HADS) Connor-Davidson Resillience Scale (CD-RISC ), Patient Oriented Prostate Utility Scale ( PORPUS) and the Frieburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI). Using structural equation modeling, Physical PTG predicted better adjustment whereas the traditional PTG measure was linked with poor adjustment. Resillience predicted PTG and its relationship with adjustment was mediated by PTG. Mindfulness moderated the relationship between PTG and quality of life.
Findings: These findings extend understanding of the relationships between PTG , mindfulness and resilience with mood and quality of life. They also suggest  an important interplay between resilience, post-traumatic growth and adjustment.  

Abstract #61
Title: Power and Trust, the two supporting factors of resilience and the application of them
Li Donghui (Capital Normal University, China)
Co-Author: Yin Zhu, Tain Guoxiu
This paper is based on interviews with 98 cases of dilemma adolescents with two key elements being refined and abstracted. These two elements are power and trust. The major focus is on the interviewees’ main operation process, that is, exploration of the process when one trying to fight back resilience.
The age range of all 98 cases is between 13-19 years old, among the cases there  are 45 males and 53  females, all of whom are sampled from Beijing. All interviewees have lived in Beijing for more than a year, and all interviews met the following three  conditions: They are experiencing difficulties, they show good self development and adaptation to society, they don't have fomal service provided by the  society or another individual. In order to ensure that these three conditions are valid and reliable, all interviewees were obtained by means of recommendations .Each interview is between 60-180 minutes.Data analysis follows the grounded theory approach.
The two key elements being refined and abstracted about dilemma adolescents are power and trust.This paper provides some new ideas for the application of resilience.


Li Donghui

Capital Normal University

AnnMarie Groarke

National University of Ireland, Galway

Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 06 Century City Conference Centre


Methodological Lessons in Resilience Research - Aarthi Rajendran, Alexander Makhnach, Angelique van Rensburg
Methodological Lessons in Resilience Research

Abstract #247
Title: Synergy model: A catalyst for quantification of resilience
 Aarthi Rajendran (Centre for Health Psychology, University of Hyderabad, India, India)
Co-Author: Meena Hariharan, Suvashisa Rana
Introduction: The concept of resilience encompasses two essential components-experience of adversities and attainment of achievement in life. Review of literature has revealed the gap in any robust measure with psychometric properties to quantify resilience that varies across population in degree and level.
Methods: The authors theorised and evolved the synergy model of resilience  that facilitated the process of measurement of resilience in terms of resilience index-a derived score. The present study was undertaken to validate the method of quantification of resilience. The quantification included the measurement of adversity, protective factors, promotive factors, achievement and flourishing. The model was tested in two phases with a sample of 100 in each. In Phase I, the required weightages were generated as per the model; in Phase II, the function of the model was evaluated and the resilience index was calculated for each participant.
Findings: The scores varied between 15.08 to 124.56. Based on the final scores, five out of 100 participants in Phase II were identified as resilient.  The study contributes to basic research in conceptualizing of the Synergy Model of Resilience and leading edge research in measuring and deriving resilience.

Abstract #97
Title: Fifth wave of resilience research: it is time to highlight new period?
 Alexander Makhnach (Institute of Psychology Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)
Operationalizing the phenomenon of resilience was historically held in four stages (Masten, Obradović, 2007). Due to the rapid compilation of data on longitudinal experiments, which were carried out on 4 stages, but systematically comprehended in the 2000th, the time has come to release the fifth wave of resilience studies.
It was released that the fifth wave of resilience research includes studies conducted mostly with the ecological approach of Bronfenbrenner. Research data will be presented in four-aspects ecological model (Ungar et al, 2005).  The principal methodology of research in resilience secondary research is the systematic data review, meta-narrative reviews of the primary research of other’s data in the form of research publications and reports.
A 5th wave of resilience research has significant expansion and impacts of social, cultural contexts. Among them: significant political impacts, social transformation of society, instability in several regions, dramatic in the ethno-cultural conditions of peoples' lives (migration), the adverse impact of climatic factors on large areas, and globalization.

Abstract #85
Title: A factor structure analysis of the CYRM-28 in South African young people
Angelique van Rensburg (University of Johannesburg, South Africa)
The aim of this paper is to report an analysis of the factor structure of the Child Youth Resilience Measure (28-item version) and to comment on implications for resilience-focused interventions and research with South African young people. 
Methods: We evaluated the published factor structures of the CYRM-28 (i.e. Canada and New Zealand) within the South African Pathways to Resilience Research Project data (i.e. latent variable modelling), and tested six varied models in two randomly selected samples (n1 = 559; n2 = 578). Goodness-of-fit statistics indicated that a 3-factor variation of the New Zealand model fitted best (n1 = CFI = 0.90, TLI = 0.90, RMSEA = 0.04, 90% CI [0.03 0.04], p > 0.05, SRMR = 0.05; n2 = CFI = 0.91, TLI = 0.90, RMSEA = 0.04, 90% CI [0.03 0.04], p > 0.05, SRMR = 0.05). 
Findings: We conclude that practitioners and researchers need to be familiar with the factor structure of the CYRM-28 as expressed in the sociocultural context where they do resilience work if they wish to accurately measure and meaningfully leverage resilience. 

avatar for Alexander Makhnach

Alexander Makhnach

Senior Researcher, Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Alexander V. Makhnach, Ph.D. is a senior researcher at the Institute of Psychology Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia. I worked on the development of the program that designed a system of foster care in Russia. Now I am working as a rector at the NGO Institute of Psychology... Read More →

Aarthi Rajendran

Centre for Health Psychology, University of Hyderabad, India
avatar for Angelique van Rensburg

Angelique van Rensburg

Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Johannesburg / North-West University, Optentia Research Focus Area
Angelique, PhD (Educational Psychology), is a psychological counselor with the Health Professions Council of South Africa. She is a member of the Psychological Society of South Africa (PSYSSA) and has collaborated in the Pathways to Resilience Research Project since its inception... Read More →

Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 05 Century City Conference Centre


Resilience in Challenging Contexts - Beth Payne, Blair G. Wilson, Roy William Mayega
Resilience in Challenging Contexts

Abstract #224
Title: Resilience at Work
Beth Payne (U.S. Department of State, USA)
Co-Authors: Laura Miller, Ray Leki
There has been a significant increase in resilience research over the past decade and the U.S. Department of State’s new Center of Excellence in Foreign Affairs Resilience (CEFAR) has translated this research into practical training for U.S. diplomats.
Methods: As diplomats and their families live and work in more dangerous environments, they need new tools and skills to foster personal, familial, and community resilience. Drawing from evolving research in many fields, CEFAR designed a resilience model that is practical, easy to use, and has demonstrated a positive impact. Resilience enhancement techniques were identified to use in a crisis, ensuring diplomats achieve foreign policy goals despite natural disasters, terrorist attacks, and civil unrest. The CEFAR team also designed specialized training for senior leaders, helping them understand how to foster resilient teams even in the most challenging and dangerous diplomatic outposts.
Converting resilience research for use in the workplace is a challenge, but the multidisciplinary team succeeded by translating research findings into practical guidance, in situ testing, and relentlessly adjusting its approach. The result is an array of resilience training programs making a positive impact on how U.S. diplomats perform overseas.

Abstract #184
Title: The Road Less Traveled: A Rural Queer Challenge to Resilience Research
 Blair G. Wilson (McMaster University, Canada)
This paper presents a critical discourse analysis of the literature on resilience among rural queer communities within Western contexts (e.g. Canada, United Kingdom, & United States) to examine how socio-political discourses inform the research. I then conclude with recommendations for future research that is grounded in critical arts-based participatory research.
Methods: This paper employs a method to critical discourse analysis proposed by Rossiter (2005) whereby the reader of a text(s) (e.g. conversation, literature, images, etc.) addresses the following questions 1) identification of ruling discourses, 2) oppositions and contractions between discourses, 3) positons for “actors”created by discourses in use, and 4) the constructed nature of experience itself. For the purposes of this paper, I define actors as the “researcher,”“studied subjects and/or communities,”and “consumers of research.”I will present the major themes that emerged of the discourse analysis and their implications for resilience research among rural queer communities.
The literature illustrates a lack of attention to the interplay of heteronormativity and rurality as they play out through one’s social location. Thus in order to better understand the dynamic effects of resilience, we must explore how people engage with discourses. This presentation will attempt to address questions of methodology. 

Abstract #288
Title: Recent work on measuring pastoral livelihoods diversification and resilience in Africa: A perspective from ResilientAfrica Network 
Presenter: Roy William Mayega (Makerere University School of Public Health , Uganda)
Co-Authors: Argaw Amberu, Kifle Wolde Michael, Abraraw Tesfaye, Bazeyo William 
Introduction:To change the resilience of pastoralist communities to recurrent adverse weather in the Horn of Africa, development agencies should in the medium term focus on 2 key pivotal investments: Infrastructure for production and Livestock practices as evidenced in this analysis.
Methods: Qualitative methods were used to come up with the resilience framework and the initial dimensions of resilience which later were validated quantitatively to inform us on community resilience pathways.  Principle Component Analysis (PCA) was used to identify reliable factors for each dimension scale.  Linear regression analysis and Structural Equation Models (SES) were applied in order to explain this relationship
Findings: The environment and infrastructure pathways were found to strongly affect the resilience of the Livestock dependant communities of Boroana in Ethiopia. Therefore in mainstreaming resilience measurement, we can use leaner indices that most represent the context such as this in Ethiopia. 

avatar for Beth Payne

Beth Payne

Director, US Department of State, Center of Excellence in Foreign Affairs Resilience
I am a retired U.S. diplomat and assumed leadership of the U.S. Department of State’s Center of Excellence in Foreign Affairs Resilience in October 2016. Our goal is to create a supportive inspired and nimble work force that will formulate and implement more creative and effective... Read More →
avatar for Blair Wilson

Blair Wilson

Doctoral Student and Lecturer, School of Social Work, McMaster University
Blair Wilson is a doctoral student and lecturer in Social Work at McMaster University. His paper will engage with Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) as a way to examine methodological gaps in the study of resilience among rural queer communities. Blair will pay particular attention... Read More →

Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 02 Century City Conference Centre


Resilience in Youth - Zoe Taylor, Lindokuhle Makhonza, Devin Faris
Resilience in Youth

Abstract #35
Title: Resilience in Latino Children of Migrant Farmworkers: A Mixed Methods Approach
Zoe Taylor (Purdue University, USA)
Co-Author: Yumary Ruiz
Children from Latino migrant farmworker (LMFW) families are the most educationally disenfranchised students in the U.S. A migratory lifestyle produces unique challenges and vulnerabilities for children including educational interruptions and instability, mental health problems, and risk-taking behaviors that negatively affects their academic achievement. Resilience processes remain unexplored in this population.
Methods: Our mixed-methods study examined the effects of Resilience on academic competence in LMFW children aged 6-18 (N = 79) attending a Migrant Education Summer Program in Midwestern U.S. Children completed age-appropriate surveys in the language of their choosing, and teachers reported on child behaviors (depression and aggression). Depression and Aggression were measured using the Teacher Report Form. Resilience was child reported using the Ego-Resiliency Scale and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale. Academic Competence was child reported using the Mastery Orientation and Academic Self-Efficacy Scales. We assessed if children’s resilience protected them from the negative effects of behavior problems on academic competence.
Findings: Depression and Aggression negatively predicted Academic Competence, and Depression negatively predicted Resilience. Resilience positively predicted Academic Competence, and mediating and moderating relations from Resilience were also found. Qualitative data supported these findings. Results suggest that resilience protects LMFW children from the negative effects of problem behaviors on academic competence. 

Abstract #42
Title: Gender, Violence and Resilience among Ugandan Adolescents
 Devin Faris (Raising Voices, Uganda)
Co-Athors: Sophie Namy, Catherine Carlson, Andrea Norcini-Pala, Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen
Resilience, commonly understood as the ability to maintain adaptive functioning in the face of adversity, has emerged as a salient entry point in the field of positive youth development with a recurring central question: why do some adolescents emerge resilient following adverse experiences, while others develop negative outcomes?
Methods: This study makes a unique contribution by exploring dimensions of resilience among adolescents in Uganda, examining associations between violence from different perpetrators and resilience, and testing whether sex moderates these relationships. Analyses are based on data from a sample of 3,706 primary school students. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) identified five factors underlying the construct of resilience: emotional support; family connectedness; school connectedness; social assets; and psychological assets. We used regression analysis to investigate associations between these dependent variables, background characteristics, and experiences of violence (including exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) against female caregivers).
Findings: Results indicate a consistently negative relationship between all violence measures and psychological assets; a negative association between teacher violence and resilience across factors; and a negative association between IPV exposure and family connectedness.  Findings suggest school-based prevention, complemented with efforts to enhance family relationships, as promising avenues for resilience-strengthening interventions.

Abstract #311
Title: Resilience of Orphans and Vulnerable children at Amajuba and Zululand district schools in KZN: a closer look at the challenges   
Lindokuhle Makhonza (University of Zululand, South Africa)
Co-Author: D.R.Nzima 
Introduction: OVC have been reported to experience various challenges (UNICEF, 2012,13 &2015). Inspite of all these challenges, some are found resilient. It is therefore critical for this study to identify challenges  experienced by OVC in different custodies and suggest contextual relevant recommendations to guide the intervention programs.  
Methods:The study adopted a mixed method approach.  Random sampling design was used in selecting  OVC. 303 OVC of 12 to 20 years participated in the survey. The schools around homes of safety, orphanages and  special school for learners with disabilities were purposively selected. 4 focus groups  had 6 participants each. The focus groups were for: caregivers, teachers and OVCs.   Data was collected through a) Child and Youth Resilience Measure-28  b) Interview schedule for focus groups. The CYRM was analysed using descriptive and chi-square statistics at 0.05 significant level. Focus group interviews were analysed through thematic analysis.   
Findings: the majority of OVC from all custodian types except child headed households indicated availability of resources that enable resilience. CHH were found suffering in all aspects. orphanages and homes of safety reported  well resourced. caregivers need support  Qualitative findings were in line with quantitative findings. 


Lindokuhle Makhonza

university of zululand
An educational psychologist. A PHD student at UNIZULU. interest in children and youth. would like to implement resilience intervention programs to orphans and vulnerable children in KwaZulu Natal communities. we need a better strategy for CHH.
avatar for Zoe Taylor

Zoe Taylor

Purdue University

Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 04 Century City Conference Centre
Thursday, June 15


Families and Resilience - Eileen Dahl, Serena Isaacs, Rumbidzai Mujoko
Families and Resilience

Abstract #40
Title: Thrive Anyway: fostering personal and family resilience in the midst of life threatening illness
Eileen Dahl (Private Practice: Speaker and Consultant, Canada)
When diagnosed with a life threatening illness as a parent, how does one sort through the fear and sense of helplessness to assist themselves and their family?  The author integrates personal and professional learnings as a family caregiver, hospital chaplain and cancer patient to help herself and her family thrive.
Methods: The author utilized reflective practice, reviewing personal and professional narratives to integrate learnings and glean tools that provide direction in times of personal, family distress due to a life threatening illness.  Adopting a broad perspective on maintaining and building health and wellness, adapting learnings from other contexts, and using Michael Ungar’s “Nine Things All children Need to Be Resilient” as a roadmap of hope and intentionality, the author discovers principles to build personal and family resilience that will help them cope and thrive through a future of illness/treatment and eventually end of life, grief and loss.  
Findings: As a parent facing the expectation of lifelong illness/treatment and an early death, integrated learning with a personal and family resilience focus provides a roadmap of hope and intentionality that has resulted in improved health, quality of life, and the ability to thrive in the midst of uncertainty. 

Abstract #239
Title: An exploration of the family resilience needs of a rural community in South Africa: A sequential explanatory mixed methodological design
Serena Isaacs (University of the Western Cape, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Nicolette Roman, Shazly Savahl
Introduction: The aim of this study was to identify and explore the family resilience needs in a rural community on the West Coast, South Africa.
Methods: An explanatory mixed methodological sequential design was implemented for this study.  First, the quantitative assessment took the form of Sixbey’s family resilience assessment scale and a convenient door-to-door sampling method was implemented.  Second, the qualitative exploration took the form of four focus groups with participants. All participants were identified with the assistance of the local non-government organisation.
Findings:  “Family connectedness” and “Utilising social and economic resources” were the lowest scoring dimensions.  Three thematic categories emerged providing the basis for further exploration of the results of the quantitative assessment.  The study’s mixed method approach offers a unique perspective on understanding the resilience needs of the families of this community.

Abstract #174
Title: Exploring the contribution of preventive family strengthening programmes in building resilient families through encouraging reciprocal relationships 
 Rumbidzai Mujoko (University of Fort hare, South Africa)
Co-Author: Pius Tangwe Tanga
Positive reciprocal relationships help families to be resilient when faced by challenges. Strained relationships in the family contributes to family break down. The study explores the contribution of selected preventive family strengthening programmes (marriage enrichment and parenting programme) in building resilient families through encouraging reciprocal relationships.
Methods: Mixed methods were used. Quantitative data was collected through a survey from 100 parents who attended selected preventive educational programmes. Qualitative data was collected through in-depth interviews with 15 social workers who are involved in the implementation of programmes the programmes.
Findings: Parents who attended programmes had reciprocal relationships with other family members that help families thrive through difficulties. Parents who had less reciprocal relationships in their families had cultural backgrounds as a hindrance. The paper recommends indigenization of programmes to address cultural issues that encourage reciprocal relationships in the African context.


avatar for Eileen Dahl

Eileen Dahl

Psychotherapist, Spiritual Care Professional, Consultant, Speaker
Eileen Dahl is a Registered Psychotherapist, Certified in Thanatology - death, dying and bereavement (CT) and a certified spiritual care practitioner / hospital chaplain. She has experience working in oncology and palliative care, trauma, mental health and cardiac intensive care... Read More →
avatar for Serena Isaacs

Serena Isaacs

Lecturer, University of the Western Cape - Psychology
Miss Serena Isaacs is a Research Psychologist registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa and is a lecturer at the University of the Western Cape. She has published in the field of children and adolescent wellbeing, community violence and substance abuse. She is... Read More →

Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Room 06 Century City Conference Centre


Resilience in Cultural Contexts - Betsy Dobbins, Rachel Renbarger, Caron Asgarali
Resilience in Cultural Contexts

Abstract #217
Title: “Me Da Cuenta:”Sources of Resiliency Identified by Mexican-American Young Men in Kings Beach, CA, USA
Betsy Dobbins (Center for Children's Rights, USA)
American Latino youth are categorized as an at-risk population in the juvenile justice system.  Overrepresented within the juvenile justice system and misunderstood as a group collectively, Mexican-American male adolescents are a group without a voice literature describing how minority youth identify, access, and navigate internal and community-based sources of resiliency.
Methods: Using a constructionist framework of resiliency, this exploratory, qualitative study examines how Mexican male adolescents who have had access with the juvenile justice system describe their experiences as “at-risk”and how they negotiate competing identities generated by a discourse of “illegality”and processes of marginalization.  
Findings: These youth occupy a marginalized space within their community resulting from perception(s) of (il)legality, racism (experienced and internalized), and invisibility. Despite structural constraints generating a very real sense of risk, the participants indicated relatedness/connectedness, when grounded in Mexican cultural values of family, respect, and collectivism, as a pathway to resiliency.  

Abstract #17
Title: Cultural Differences: An Investigation on Resilience in Costa Rica
Rachel Renbarger (Baylor University, USA)
Co-Author: Grant Morgan, Tracey Sulak
In determining the resilience of an individual, one must consider the culture and context. Examining minority populations would help the field by better understanding how different groups may reflect resilience differently. While many studies have measured resilience in other cultures, only one study found examined resilience specifically in Latin America.
A total of five schools were asked to participate in the study based on contact relationships in Costa Rica (n=313). Participants were given the Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM) (Ungar & Liebenberg, 2011b), a 28-item survey with a 5-point Likert-type rating scale designed to be culturally and contextually sound. We then compared means between males (n=142) and females (n =142) and then private (n =64) and public (n =233) students using t tests for independent samples.
Results indicated that neither gender nor enrollment in a certain type of school were significant in affecting overall resilience score or scores on the subscales (individual, caregiver, or contextual). The p values ranged from .15 to .923 on gender and .058 to .425 on school type.

Abstract #10
Title: Resilience in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago: A Caribbean Experience in Response to Crime, Sudden Violence, and Personal Devastation
Caron Asgarali (Trinidad)
Almost every day, the media in Trinidad and Tobago report at least one murder. Statistics since 2004 reveal annual murder rates in excess of three hundred victims. In 2013,   Caron Asgarali, the author, almost became another victim. Fortuitously, she survived being shot in the face, chest and shoulder.
Methods: In this auto ethnography, the author discusses the physical, social, emotional, spiritual and economic effects of the incident on her life. She analyses how that experience negatively impacted her life and those within her immediate sphere of influence. With copious examples, she reveals how crime and violence can impact victims. She explains how she developed principles of and strategies for resilience to manage and conquer the trauma of her experience.
Using these principles, the author was able to extricate herself from the depths of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and embark on a path characterized by positive outcomes to help empower others to understand what victims experience as a result of the consequences of growing violence and crime in the 21st century.

avatar for Caron Asgarali

Caron Asgarali

Founder, Trinidad, Project R.A.R.E.
I am a retired school teacher, still an educator, a non-fiction author, an advocate for peace and resilience, an inspirational speaker, survivor of gun violence and the founder of project R.A.R.E. ( Raising Awareness on the Ripple Effect of gun violence, promoting peace and building... Read More →

Betsy Dobbins

Center for Children's Rights

Rachel Renbarger

Baylor University

Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Room 04 Century City Conference Centre


Resilience in the Geo-Political Context - Masana Ndinga-Kanga, Julius Ssentongo, Truida Botha
Resilience in the Geo-Political Context

Abstract #131
Title: Innovations in Peacebuilding: Understanding tensions of international and local norms, and their effects on peacebuilding in South Africa
 Masana Ndinga-Kanga (CSVR, South Africa)
Co-Author: Hugo van der Merwe, Nonhlanhla Sibanda
Past experiences in peacebuilding for countries emerging out of conflict have been typically characterized by reform-oriented external donors and progressive forces internally pursuing human rights-based empowerment approaches to redress marginalization and disadvantage in efforts to address causes of conflict and lay the foundation for a more stable peace.
Methods: This paper evaluates the complex interactions between global human rights frameworks and the patterns and effects of social mobilization at multiple levels in South Africa. It aims to investigate how international norms are adapted by local actors to promote resilience and sustainable peace at the local level, and the nuances present in the nexus between international norms, national dynamics, and local-level conditions. Using empirical research from five case studies from across South Africa, the study examines dynamics in local governance, socioeconomic rights, transitional justice and gender to address structural inequalities, and their relationship to conflict and violence.
Findings: It finds that while international norms are integral to providing a language for mobilizing local groups for the realization of their rights, but their transformative success is through the capacity of sub-national actors to adapt (or radically revise) these to address the needs and challenges of local contexts.

Abstract #75
Title: When the people speak: A deliberative poll on key policies for resilience building-A case for Uganda
Julius Ssentongo (Makerere University School of Public Health-ResilientAfrica Network (RAN), Uganda)
Co-Author: Roy William Mayega
Uganda is increasingly at risk for adverse climate events. Disasters have occurred and some have recurred rendering the same damage to livelihoods and infrastructure. Some communities have been resettled to safer zones but have returned and it is important to understand why such policies have been unsuccessful and warnings unheeded.
Methods: We used a Deliberative Polling® approach to assess whether people’s attitude towards government policies would change if they were adequately consulted. A baseline opinion survey on how communities perceive a set of policy options on land use, resettlement management and population pressure was conducted. Participants were then invited for a 2-day dialogue during which they received information regarding the merits and demerits of the policy options. An exit survey was conducted using the same questionnaire to assess if participant attitudes had changed. Data was analysed using STATA 13 and the statistical differences in means was tested using the paired t-test.
Findings: There was significant support for 15 of the 36 policy options following the deliberations. Communities highlighted some of the limitations to policy implementation including lack of clarity on land ownership and inadequate compensation for lost land among others. Thus, community participation in policy development is key for successful policy implementation.

Abstract #258
Title: Flourishing beyond borders: The character strengths, resilience and well-being of the South African accompanying expatriate partner in Africa
Truida Botha (North-West University, Potchefstroom campus, Tanzania)
Co-Author: Johan Potgeiter
Challenges faced by expatriate partners and failed expatriate assignments have received explicit research attention, but a limited amount of studies have explored the factors contributing to positive outcomes of accompanying expatriate partners to international relocation. The relationship between the expatriate partners' character strengths, resilience and self-perceived well-being will be explored.
Methods: Data is collected by means of three standardised self-report questionnaires, which includes the Mental Health Continuum Short Form (MHC-SF), the Virtues in Action Inventory of Strengths (VIA-IS), and the True Resilience Scale (RS). The MHC-SF measures psychological, social and emotional well-being. The VIA-IS explores the character strengths of participants and the RS measures their levels of resilience. All three measurements are web-based and therefore completed online. A structural equation model will be used to analyse the data after which it will be interpreted and described.
Findings: The findings will be proposed in a model,  where after it will be qualitatively validated in an effort to explain the associations between participants” character strengths, resilience and self-perceived well-being. The final product of this study will be an intervention framework for the facilitation of well-being within accompanying expatriate partners.


Truida Botha

North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, SA

Masana Ndinga

avatar for Julius Ssentongo

Julius Ssentongo

Program Coordinator, Makerere University School of Public Health-ResilientAfrica Network (RAN)
Dr. Julius Ssentongo is a Research Fellow at the ResilientAfrica Network (RAN) at Makerere University School of Public Health. His current research focuses on examining the resilience of communities that are contending with the effects of climate change and chronic conflict. He primarily... Read More →

Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Room 08 Century City Conference Centre


Support and Mentorship - Lucy Auma Osulah, Nick Barnes
Support and Mentorship

Abstract #57
Title: Role of mentorship in promoting resilience among adolescents in the informal settlements of Kibera: A case study of Uweza Foundation
 Lucy Auma Osulah (Daystar University, Kenya)
Co-Authors: Scholastica Njeri Kariuki-Githinji, Roseline Olumbe
Mentoring is a long standing form of intervention for supporting personal growth and development in adolescents. Social learning Theory and Resilience based models provide a positive framework for mentors to build strength and responsibility in adolescents, whose lives have been shaped by risk factors in the informal settlements.
Methods: In a descriptive survey design, data was collected using structured questionnaire, interview guide and focus group discussion guide adapted from Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM-12). The respondents included 90 adolescents of age 11-19 years enrolled in Uweza Foundation and 3 adult workers who facilitate mentorship activities in Uweza Foundation. Exploratory method was used to summarize the findings.
Findings: Mentorship relationship, parent support, peer support and individual personality are the strongest protective factors which foster resilience among adolescents in Uweza Foundation. Mentorship is a supporting function enabling adolescents to engage in  meaningful activities, maintain positive relationship with peers and significant adults, and develop prosocial behavior.

Abstract #18
Title: The Role of Peer Mentoring and Peer Support in Building Resilience with Young People
Nick Barnes (Barnet Enfield and Haringey Mental health Trust, UK)
Co-Author: Simon Munk
With rising awareness of the mental health needs of young people, an earlier and more preventative approach will be required to address these needs. Peer mentoring can significantly reduce the development of these needs and promote emotional resilience in “at risk young people”, with positive outcomes for mentors and mentees.
Methods: Presentation of two approaches to peer mentoring and support. Time 2 Talk, winner of the 2015 Health Service Journal Award for Innovation in Mental Award, is a “whole school approach” to addressing mental health stigma and emotional wellbeing that works through drama, film and the PHSE curriculum as well as utilising peer mentoring within the school. The second, More than Mentors, sort to co-design and co-create a clear, evidence based approach to peer mentoring -seeking to build emotional resilience for both mentor and mentee through a 10-week intervention that has been tested in school and community settings.
Findings: Initial results for More than Mentors show an impressive impact on resilience of mentees (SRS) although further testing in wider settings is required.  However, implications for building resilience of young people, preventing mental health need and diminishing risk of exclusion will have significant impact on community development and cohesion

avatar for Nick Barnes

Nick Barnes

Young People's Psychiatrist and Honorary Senior Lecturer, Greenwich CAMHS and Community Links
Nick is a young person's psychiatrist working in London who has been involved in co-developing and co-delivering a number of projects and programmes that seek to engage young people in opportunities for building resilience and enabling change. One of these projects, Time 2 Talk... Read More →
avatar for Lucy Osulah

Lucy Osulah

Teenager Services Volunteer, Mentor, Children of Heavenly King Ministries
Working as a part time volunteer with children in the informal settlements of Kibera made me gather an impression that majority of adults tend to idealize childhood as a carefree time, but childhood in itself offers no shield against hurts and challenges encountered in daily life... Read More →

Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Room 03 Century City Conference Centre


The Role of Resilience in Childhood Abuse - Shanaaz Mathews, Alexandra Telitsyna, Nisreen Khambati
The Role of Resilience in Childhood Sexual Abuse

Abstract #292
Title: Unpacking the complexities facing children post-sexual abuse  
Presenter: Shanaaz Mathews (Children's Institute, University of Cape Town, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Lizette Berry, Jenna Lee Marco
Introduction: Child sexual abuse is endemic in South Africa, affecting the health, social and psychological well-being of children. This paper explores the impact of the family environment, and the caregiver’s own experience of trauma on the child’s recovery post-sexual abuse.  
Methods: This paper draws on in-depth semi-structured interviews conducted with 80 caregivers of children aged 8 to 17 years. This paper draws on the parent interviews of a larger study that conducted an evaluation of a therapeutic residential programme for sexually abused children. Participants were from rural areas in the Eastern Cape and Kwa-Zulu Natal Provinces in South Africa.  
Findings:  Caregivers expressed feeling overwhelmed, anxious and depressed by their child’s sexual abuse. Caregiver’s ability to provide a holding environment was often sub-optimal and influenced by their own experiences of trauma. Some children experienced multiple incidents of trauma, by perpetrators close to them.  Complex home environments compromised children’s ability to recover. 

Abstract #253
Title: Mentoring Program Success for the prevention  of child abuse and neglect  of disadvantage  families  in Russia  
 Alexandra Telitsyna (Big Brothers Big Sisters of Russia, Russia)
The National Russian   Campaign to prevent abuse, neglect and abandonment of children  had increased the number of orphans and social orphans  placed in substitute families. However,  a lot of the at-risk teenagers are left at the orphanages.
Methods: The orphans or children (age 11-17) left without parental care filled up the surveys.  For 1-8 years long-term one-to-one mentoring (mentor’s personal obliged to visit  the mentee at the  orphanage at least once a week and for a period of time longer than a year) was supported and supervised by professional psychologists. Resilience of the family system was occurred.
Findings: The National  Russian   Campaign to prevent abuse, neglect and abandonment of children  had increased the number of   social orphans  placed in substitute  resilient  families. However,  a lot of  at-risk teenagers are left at the orphanages.  Mentoring for children gets: increasing self-esteem, self-confidence, the emergence of motivation to learning.
Abstract #154
Title: Positive well-being and self-esteem outcomes in adolescence of children exposed to physical and emotional abuse in childhood- a population-based study
Nisreen Khambati (School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, UK)
Co-Authors: Alan Emond, Jon Heron
We report a longitudinal study using a large contemporary UK cohort, investigating the differential impacts of protective factors on positive mental functioning in emerging adults who experienced physical and emotional abuse in early childhood.
Methods: The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children is a UK cohort study which started in 1991-92. The adversity exposure was child physical and emotional maltreatment prior to 5 years reported by the parents. Positive outcomes were the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale and Bachmann Self-Esteem Scale, completed by the young people at 18 years. 3787 children had complete data on outcomes and abuse exposures; 3.4% were reported as being physically hurt by an adult, 2.3% reported as emotionally abused by the mother and 2.8% by the father. Individual, family and school co-variates were considered as potential mediators of resilient adaptation
Findings: Univariate analyses identified characteristics of the abused children with positive outcomes (scores above the cohort mean). Final multivariate models, adjusted for deprivation, family adversity, maternal age and education and household size will be presented, exploring the protective influences, and the complex interactions between them, leading to positive adaptation following abuse


Alan Emond

University of Bristol

Nisreen Khambati

School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol

Shanaaz Mathews

Children's Institute, University of Cape Town
avatar for Alexandra Telitsyna

Alexandra Telitsyna

Executive Director, Big Brothers Big Sisters of Russia
One-to-one mentoring, at-risk children, resilience, child protection in Putin's Russia, neglect and abuse, volunteers. BIO: Alexandra Telitsyna, Ph.D., works as Executive director of Big Brothers Big Sisters of Russia, member of ISPCAN, European Mentoring Evidence-Based studies... Read More →

Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Room 02 Century City Conference Centre


Youth in Care - Gerald Jacobs, Myrna McNitt
Youth in Care

Abstract #252
Title: Young people moving out and moving on: What it takes to support young people leaving care?
 Gerald Jacobs (Mamelani Projects, South Africa)
Co-Author: Monika Edwards
Mamelani Projects is a non-profit organisation based in Cape Town, South Africa and has been working in the field of youth leaving residential care for over a decade.  Our aim has been to strengthen interventions and support better outcomes for young care-leavers.
Methods: Initially our programme supported young people through life skills and access to resources, These supports are important in assisting young people to move through their transitions, however, it was young people’s ability to overcome adversity that caught our attention. This led us to collectively explore what approach contributes to resilience along the care-leaving journey. We have adopted a strengths-based approach that nurtures young people’s strengths, relationships and networks of support, as well as builds on existing internal and external assets. Working in this way has had a positive impact on the way in which young people move through these transitions.
Findings: We highlight practice principles that lie at the heart of our work, contributing to nurturing resilience in young people. We share how we have developed a richer understanding of the individualised, culturally and ecologically specific ways in which young people “practice” resilience, and highlight protective factors contributing to better outcomes.

Abstract #31
Title: Who Am I? Understanding and Promoting Resilience and Social Identity in Foster Children
Myrna McNitt (International Foster Care Organization, USA)
Co-Authors: Leticia Villarreal Sosa, Jill M Worrall
Foster children often have problems of social relationships and in the development of social identity. The goal of foster care is for the child to develop an integrated, resilient sense of self and the ability to navigate their various social identities recognizing the use of inclusive care and kinship networks.
Methods: This paper will draw from independent qualitative research of Worrall, examining the use of kinship care in New Zealand and Villarreal Sosa's research on social identity. The paper also uses secondary analysis of research on social identity, foster care, kinship care, inclusive practices, and resilience conducted by the authors. In addition the bridge between research and applied social work practice is discussed, as each of the authors are clinically trained and have practiced in child protection.
Findings: Resilience in foster children is promoted by the use of inclusive practices that recognize the stress of placement and the child's need to have access to kinship systems which help the child achieve a congruent identity. This must be translated into practice information for social workers engaged in direct practice. 

avatar for Gerald Jacobs

Gerald Jacobs

Program Manager, Mamelani Projects
Gerald Jacobs is the Program Manager at Mamelani Projects in Cape Town, South Africa. The program, advocates for the needs of youth transitioning from alternative care, supports local institutions by strengthening their transitional support services and walks alongside youth as they... Read More →

Myrna McNitt

International Foster Care Organization & Lake Michigan College
Myrna is on the Board of the International Foster Care Organization and chairs its Training & Development Committee. She travels extensively and has earned an international reputation for the quality of her teaching and training. Work experience includes specialized foster care in... Read More →

Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Room 07 Century City Conference Centre


Youth Mental Health in School Settings - Jessica Deighton, Tannia de Castaneda, Sohee Jeong
Youth Mental Health in School Settings

Abstract #15
Title: HeadStart: An evaluation framework for a multi-site, multi-layered intervention programme for adolescents in the UK
Presenter: Jessica Deighton (the Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families, England)
Co-Authors: Neil Humphrey, Tanya Lereya, Emily Stapley
Introduction: HeadStart is a national resilience programme being rolled out in 6 areas across England, which involves building local partnership models for mental health support foradolescents, which are tailored to local needs and embedded in local systems.   Each delivers multiple interventions across multiple settings through multiple agencies.  
Methods: This paper describes the mixed methods evaluation framework for HeadStart, focusing on 3 core elements:  1) A 7-year quantitative longitudinal study involving repeated measures of child self-reported mental health and well-being, and linkage to local and national data sources (including education and social care data).  This aspect includes comparisons with existing data sources using methods such as propensity score matching.  2) A corresponding longitudinal qualitative study of a subsample young people deemed eligible for HeadStart support. 3) A number of nested randomised controlled trials of individual interventions based on emerging best practice.  
Findings: Learning from initial piloting of the approach, and development and coproduction of the measurement framework are discussed.  Findings from early piloting and baseline data collection will also be reported. Implications for the evaluation of similarly complex interventions are provided.

Abstract #205
Title: Guatemalan youth in adverse contexts: Resilience processes underlying educational opportunities
 Tannia de Castaneda (Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, Guatemala)
This research aims to understand, from a transformative paradigm, at risk youth participating in a technical scholarship program designed to prevent violence. Studies with cultural relevance are imperative for the comprehension of complex resilience processes in Guatemala’s context.
Methods: A cyclical mixed method design is employed, integrating qualitative case study methodology, focus groups, in-depth interviews and visual methods to elicit narratives; as well as a quantitative methodology guided by the Resilience Scale for Adults RRC-ARM-28, adapted to Guatemala’s context.
Findings: This research seeks to listen to the youth in order to deepen our understanding of the complexity and adversity of their environment to better identify risks, promotive and protective factors. These are dynamics that influence their life before, during and after completion of the program. 
Abstract #293
Title: The Relative effects of Parenting Behaviors on ego resilience  in elemantary, milddle, and high school students
Presenter: Sohee Jeong (DAEGU UNIVERSITY, Korea)
Introduction:  The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of parenting behaviors on ego resilience in early adolescence and middle adolescence. 
Methods: A total of 6,319 adolescents  were selected from the fourth data sets of the Korea Child and Youth Panel Survey(KCYPS). More specifically, samples were composed of 4th graders in elementary schools(n=2,119), 2th graders in middle schools(n=2,092), and 1th
Findings:  For elementary students, affection, reasoning, neglect, and parental monotoring were associated with ego resilience. For middle school students, affection, monotoring, over-expectation, and neglect were associated with  ego resilience. 

avatar for Tannia Lopez De Castaneda

Tannia Lopez De Castaneda

Applied Psychology PhD Candidate, Universidad del Valle de Guatemala
Specialist with work experience in violence prevention, socio-emotional learning and organizational change and counseling. Educational background includes counseling in psychology, business and educational settings.

Jessica Deighton

The Evidence Based Practice Unit - UCL and the Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families
Dr Jessica Deighton is Deputy Director of the Evidence Based Practice Unit, which is dedicated to finding the best ways to help young people with mental health problems. This involves bridging the worlds of research, service development and service evaluation in specialist services... Read More →

Sohee Jeong


Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Room 05 Century City Conference Centre


Factors Promoting Youth Resilience - J-F, Tomaida Banda, Frederick Anyan
Factors Promoting Youth Resilience

Abstract #287
Title: What makes the difference: Promoting resilience in school-aged students
J-F (University of Tasmania, Australia)
Co-Authors: J-F, Darren Pullen, Karen Swabey, Andrew Wicking
Introduction: Resilience is an important aspect of human development. But little is known in terms of what tenants are fundamental to promoting or developing resilience. The following paper using a developmental paradigm argues that: developmental assets, constructive capabilities, and psychological competencies are core tenants of resilience.
Methods: A total of 120,036 Australian students (primary and secondary) from all parts of the country completed a resilience survey. All participants were school age students whose ages ranged from 7 to 18 years. Surveys were conducted over a three-year period from 2013 to 2016.
Findings/Implications: This study is the first of its kind, accounting for a variety of different developmental assets, strengths, and resources; and furthermore, making the case for the contribution of these constructs toward developing the concept of resilience.

Abstract #296
Title: Children and adults’ perspectives on factors that support and harm child well-being in their communities: Findings from Shinyanga, Tanzania
Presenter: Tomaida Banda (Firelight Foundation, USA)
Co-Authors: Sadaf Shallwani, Amina Abubakar
Introduction: In Shinyanga, Tanzania, a number of factors undermine child wellbeing, including high rates of child marriage and child labor. Community-based organizations (CBOs), supported by Firelight Foundation, are at the frontlines tackling these issues, working at multiple levels to protect children’s rights. 
Methods: CBO facilitators used Community Dialogues, a set of participatory methodologies, to surface community perspectives around child protection and well-being. Children and adults were asked about where children spend time, and factors that support and harm children in these spaces.  
Key findings indicated:
• Children spend most of their time at home and school, indicating that these should remain key spaces to target in child protection efforts.  
• Adequate provisions, resources, and facilities are fundamentals for child wellbeing.
• Social-emotional climates and interpersonal relationships are key for child wellbeing.  
• Girls and children with disabilities are disproportionately affected by harmful factors. 
• Engaging community stakeholders in discussion and reflection can be an important strategy to improving the community environment for child wellbeing.
Findings: The findings indicate that multi-faceted and community-based strategies are the best approach to address the myriad of factors affecting children, thereby improving overall child protection and wellbeing in communities. 

Abstract #83
Title: Have sociocultural processes anything to say about the impact of different resilience protective resources among adolescent samples?
 Frederick Anyan (Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Australian National University, Norway)
Co-Author: Odin Hjemdal
Introduction: Contextual and sociocultural norms such as collective identity and interdependent self-ways may influence the utility of resilience protective resources in the way they function within the person, in families and external social support systems. This study investigates the mediated impact of different resilience protective factors in a predominantly collectivistic culture.
Methods: A final sample of 527 Ghanaian adolescents aged between 13 -17 years (M = 15.25, SD = 1.52) completed the Resilience Scale for Adolescents, Adolescent Stress Questionnaire, and Short Mood Feeling Questionnaire. Individual resilience protective factors comprising family cohesion, social resources, structured style, social competence and personal competence were evaluated to ascertain their respective effect sizes in mediating the relationship between exposure to stress and depressive symptoms. Afterwards, collective resilience protective factors namely interpersonal (family cohesion and social resources) and intrapersonal (structured style, social competence and personal competence) factors were also evaluated to ascertain their respective effect sizes.
Findings: Individual and collective resilience protective factors showed different mediating effect sizes. The pathways that explain overcoming psychological adversities in the relationship between exposure to stress and depressive symptoms varies across different resilience protective resources which may be a result of contextual and cultural values and practices.



Frederick Anyan

Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Frederick Anyan holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology with Philosophy from University of Ghana. He also holds a Master of Philosophy degree in Human development from Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), where he is currently a PhD candidate in Health and... Read More →

Tomaida Banda

Program Officer, Firelight Foundation

Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Room 04 Century City Conference Centre


Gang Membership and Resilience - Desira Davids, Jane Kelly
Gang Membership and Resilience

Abstract #169
Title: Resilience in the face of gangsterism: Individual and community factors and Processes
 Desira Davids (Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa)
Co-Author: Zurina Abdulla, Zoleka Soji
Gangsterism in South Africa is not a new phenomenon. This study  sought to explore and describe the experience-based lessons from males in areas where gangsterism is widespread on factors and processes that have been protecting them from becoming involved in gangsterism
Methods: The study employed a mixed method research approach that is exploratory, descriptive and contextual in design. A Purposive sampling technique was employed to select a group of males between the ages of 18 and older who grew up in areas where gangsterism is rife.
Findings: Preliminary findings from the qualitative data have identified protective factors and processes such as, positive connections, effective parenting  and community partnerships that can help youth who are growing up in high-risk communities.  The quantitative phase of the study will be finalised in March 2017. 
Abstract #26
Title: Narratives of gang joining, desistance and maintenance of reform amongst former gang members
 Jane Kelly (University of Cape Town, South Africa)
Co-Author: Catherine Ward
Gang involvement in the Western Cape of South Africa is a critical problem in need of intervention, yet little research has explored the perspective of former gang members on leaving and staying out of the gang.
Methods: Drawing on the theories of critical realism and social constructionism as well as a resilience lens, this research studied the narratives of twelve former gang members in the Cape Flats area. Thematic analysis following a discursive approach was used to analyse these narratives.
Findings: Findings focus on how participants’ came to be gang members, desisted from gangs, and are currently maintaining reformed lifestyles. Emphasis is placed on how their environments facilitated these processes, and on typical and atypical resilience. Implications for prevention of gangsterism and intervening with gang involved youth will be discussed.


Desira Davids

Nelson Mandela University
avatar for Jane Kelly

Jane Kelly

PhD candidate in psychology, University of Cape Town
Currently I am completing my PhD in psychology, focusing on the narratives of gang desistance and maintenance of reform amongst former gang members. I am also a psychology tutor at the University of Cape Town, and have a sub editor position with the South African Crime Quarterly... Read More →

Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Room 07 Century City Conference Centre


Health - Nataly Woollett, Elmari Deacon, Claudia Lefko and Mazin Al-Jadiry

Abstract #178
Title: “To be HIV positive is not the end of the world”: Resilience among perinatally infected HIV positive adolescents in Johannesburg
 Nataly Woollett (University of Witwatersrand, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Lucie Cluver, Abigail M Hatcher, Heena Brahmbhatt
Resilience has potential to improve health outcomes for high-risk populations. Resilience may be vital for perinatally infected HIV positive adolescents, who are exposed to significant stigma and risk. Despite recognition that this population demonstrates resilience in the face of difficulty, little is known about how resilience occurs.
Methods: The aim of this study was to identify elements of resilience in a group of perinatally infected HIV positive adolescents attending HIV clinics. In-depth interviews were conducted with 25 purposively selected HIV positive adolescents (15 female, 10 male) between the ages of 13-19 years in Johannesburg. Data were analysed in NVIVO 10 using a thematic approach to coding.
Findings: Characteristics included a pertinent set of beliefs, recognition of personal strength and capacity for self-reflection. Pragmatic acceptance about life, actively taking responsibility, and robust self-esteem were evident. Pursuing adults, accessing healthcare and challenging HIV related stigma were prevalent. Healthcare environments have the potential to foster resilience if integrated into programming.

Abstract #273
Title: SMILE: Learnings from parents, adolescents and young adults who manage diabetes well
Elmari Deacon (NWU Optentia, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Esmé van Rensburg, Marietjie Willemse, Christiaan Bekker, Bea Mulder, Deborah Jonker
Living with diabetes is challenging, with most patients not achieving the prescribed blood glucose levels. The aim of this paper is highlight similarities in themes of three studies exploring the experiences of parents, adolescents and young adults, in an
Methods: A qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews was adopted. Nine parents of children with diabetes, nine adolescents and five young adults, all living with well-controlled type 1 diabetes were purposively selected to participate in the study. Poss
Findings: The similarities in the themes across different developmental stages include viewing diabetes is a condition that requires a lifestyle change that becomes the “new normal”? Initial psychological distress made way for a sense of empowerment as participants
Abstract #238
Title: Baghdad Resolve: Supporting Resilience in extreme circumstances, a narrative from the Pediatric Cancer Ward in Medical City Baghdad
 Claudia Lefko and Mazin Al-Jadiry (Baghdad Resolve: An international collaboration to Improve cancer care in Iraq, USA)
Ungar’s definition of resilience “…the capacity of individuals to navigate their way TO…” implies a target, a place and/or a person, a resource that individuals can access and a point where negotiations for resources could possibly begin. What happens when there are no such points and almost no resources?
Methods: What is resilience in the context of a nation and communities in near-complete social and cultural collapse after decades of economic decline, war and intractable violence, where the possibility for financial, material and human resources in the near or even distant future seems ever -more -remote? Transcultural/international collaborations have been critical in sustaining two Iraqi pediatric oncologists caring for an increasing number of patients with ever-decreasing resources. Despite Iraq’s isolation, they manage to find help outside their borders. In some cases it is “…meaningful…” and delivered in culturally respectful ways, but they could and cannot be fussy.
Findings/Implications: Working across language, culture and politics to support and meet critical human needs, is challenging for those with resources, and those seeking them. We will present the narrative from both sides, sharing insights for understanding and supporting resilience in extreme circumstances.


Elmari Deacon

NWU Optentia

Claudia Lefko

Iraqi CHildren's Art Exchange

Nataly Woollett

University of Witwatersrand, School of Clinical Medicine

Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Room 08 Century City Conference Centre


Indigenous Perspectives - Jenn Miller Scarnato, Amanda Urbina, Shane Theunissen
Indigenous Perspectives

Abstract #56
Title: Moving Images of Resilience: Learning from Video-based Research with Indigenous Peoples of Maya Descent
 Jenn Miller Scarnato (Tulane University, USA)
This paper provides evidence from a case study of documentary production with indigenous youth and elders in the Guatemalan highlands to illustrate the usefulness of innovative video methodologies in researching and contributing to cultural resilience within vulnerable communities.
Methods: A review of the relevant literature shows that video-based research methodologies provide substantial benefits to researchers and participants alike, yet relatively little has been written encouraging the use of video methods in resilience research with marginalized groups. From a framework of narrative heuristics (Abbott, 2004) and situated knowledges (Haraway, 1988), this study describes a participatory-action research project utilizing video methods with participants of Mayan descent. The author advocates the use of video methods in resilience research as a culturally-adaptable means of balancing power in research encounters and privileging participants’ voices and ways of knowing.
Findings: This research process finds unique insight into the resources and processes that enable Mayan communities to transcend inherited and lived experiences of cultural genocide. By emphasizing documentation and encouraging self-research, video methodologies reveal emic understandings and create permanent artefacts that serve a variety of knowledge-generating, advocacy, and empowerment purposes. 
Abstract #268
Title: American Indian Youth Resilience through Cultural Engagement
 Amanda Urbina (University of Arizona, USA)
Co-Authors: Nicolette Teufel-Shone, Nikieia Johnson
Promoters of resilience among American Indians (AIs) include cultural engagement and identity. A partnership between a Boys and Girls Club in an AI community, cultural experts, and public health professionals developed a curriculum to increase opportunities for cultural engagement and build a sense of cultural identity to improve youth resilience.
Methods: Curriculum development, implementation, and evaluation of the Native Spirit program were completed through the integration of the skills of the partnership and informed by an extensive literature review. Pre- and post-tests to identify changes in cultural knowledge and resilience (CYRM-12) were used to assess program impact. A secondary educational achievement was recorded via informal observations and self-reported status of academic grades.
Findings: Fourteen youth participated in Native Spirit.  Pre/post responses demonstrated an increase in resilience scores and cultural knowledge. Short-term observations of increases in positive classroom behavior are aligned with an increase in cultural knowledge and resilience scores, suggesting that greater cultural engagement promotes improvements in academic endeavors of NS participants.
Abstract #24
Title: Comparative exploration of Canadian Aboriginal policies that inform social, educational and cultural resilience with a multinational review of best practices.
 Shane Theunissen (Mout Saint Vincent University, Canada)
Traditional Western oriented policies and initiatives within the context of Indigenous education have been assimilative. But, some Indigenous groups around the globe have adopted strategies that have facilitated linguistic perseverance, cultural resilience, individual and community agency, and socio-economic development.
Methods: Designed in the context of mixed method research methodology, my research paper will constitute a comprehensive evaluation of pre-existing Canadian data. I will ascertain how, if and under what circumstances the globally utilized best practices, of Vibrant Indigenous Noetic Space, Cultural Revalorization, and Heuristic Thinking are in evidence (or not) in Canadian policy for/on Aboriginals.  I will also identify which, if any, Canadian policies and practices are seen as successful by Canadian Aboriginal Peoples?  
Findings: The research presented in this paper fulfils Canada’s Principles of Reconciliation by addressing the ongoing legacies of colonialism, and promotes a shift away from paternal, imposed curricula, and interim solutions, and a shift towards comprehensive policy changes that promote justice on an ontological plane.


Jenn Miller Scarnato

Tulane University

Shane Theunissen

Mount Saint Vincent University

Amanda Urbina

University of Arizona

Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Room 02 Century City Conference Centre


Methodological Lessons in Resilience - Jessica Deighton (for S. Tanya Lereya), Julienne McGeough (for Forbes Hamilton)
Methodological Lessons in Resilience

Abstract #13
Title: The Student Resilience Survey: Psychometric validation and associations with mental health
Jessica Deighton (the Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families, UK)
Co-Authors: Tanya Lereya, Neil Humphrey 
Policies, designed to promote resilience, and research, to understand the determinants of resilience, require valid measures. The Student Resilience Survey (SRS) covers a range of external supports and internal characteristics. The aim was to examine the validity of the SRS and investigate the relationship between SRS, mental and physical health.
Methods: 7,663 children (11-15 years) from 12 local areas across England completed the SRS and questionnaires regarding mental and physical health. Psychometric properties of the 10 subscales (family, school and community connection, participation in home and school life, participation in community life, peer support, self-esteem, empathy, problem solving, goals and aspirations) were investigated by confirmatory factor analysis, Cronbach’s α, McDonald’s ω and differential item functioning (DIF) based on gender, school level, special education needs (SEN), having English as additional language, (EAL), and eligibility to free school meals (FSM). The association between the SRS, mental and physical health outcomes were examined.
Findings: The results showed good construct validity and acceptable reliability. DIF analysis indicated differences according to gender, school level, SEN and EAL. Results showed negative associations between SRS subscales, mental and physical health. The findings suggest that the SRS can serve as a valuable tool in resilience and mental health research.
Abstract #296
Title: Validation of “ALEX”, a low cost resilience assessor and coach for children and adolescents
Presenter: Julienne McGeough (Liverpool Hope University, UK)
Co-Authors: Forbes Hamilton, Joshua Brisson, Tom Gallagher-Mitchell
Introduction: Schools have a duty to assess pupils’ wellbeing (SHANAARI and WSCC); to make an impact any assessment should be meaningful, allowing pupils the opportunity to improve their well-being. Integrating the CYRM-28 and an intervention provided by Ungar, APPA Scotland has developed an app enabling pupils to assess and improve their resilience.
Methods: CYRM-28 has been previously validated (Liebenberg, Ungar & Van de Vijver, 2012) and therefore the initial focus of the research is to validate the use of the app to assess resilience. The research presented will report the first two stages of a longer project. The initial study will begin in the UK, shortly followed by research in the US and will compare the CYRM-28 on a mobile phone app versus paper. The data from the app will be analysed for reliability and content and criterion validity (Exploratory and Confirmatory). A longitudinal intervention based research project using between subject groups design. Time A will be the assessment at initial stage and followed 4 months later with time B. A cohort that has worked through the intervention will be compared to those who received no intervention.
Findings: To be updated as the research will be completed by February 2017


Jessica Deighton

The Evidence Based Practice Unit - UCL and the Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families
Dr Jessica Deighton is Deputy Director of the Evidence Based Practice Unit, which is dedicated to finding the best ways to help young people with mental health problems. This involves bridging the worlds of research, service development and service evaluation in specialist services... Read More →

Julienne McGeough

Liverpool Hope University

Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Room 05 Century City Conference Centre


Resilience and Schools - Maura Mulloy, Mimi Tatlow-Golden, Anne Lessard
Resilience and Schools

Abstract #243
Title: Resilience-Building Schools: Developing the Social, Emotional, and Motivational Foundations of Academic Success
 Maura Mulloy (Independent Research Consultant, Haiti, USA)
Highlighting the voices of at-risk students, this session draws upon the author's book -- Resilience-Building Schools for At-Risk Youth:  Developing the Social, Emotional, and Motivational Foundations of Academic Success -- to show how schools can weave protective factors across social, emotional, and motivational areas to transform students' achievement and wellbeing.
Methods: Utilizing qualitative methodology and emphasizing the voices of at-risk students, this study examined resilience processes within urban public schools in Washington D.C. and Baltimore, MD that serve primarily low-income, African American students from high-risk backgrounds. The study's primary objective was to identify and illuminate the school-based protective factors and interactive resilience processes that helped students overcome adversity and achieve academic success and healthy social-emotional development. Attainment of this objective helped to 1) contextualize a theoretical understanding of school-based resilience that encompasses social, emotional, and academic arenas; and 2) illuminate best practices of resilience-building in schools that serve high-risk students.
Findings: This session outlines a theoretical school-based resilience framework and offers practical, readily accessible strategies for schools to enhance the social, emotional, and motivational foundations of academic success. By interweaving protective factors across these key developmental dimensions, schools can empower all students to reach new heights of personal and academic development.

 Abstract #88
Title: “Pillars of learning” Young people’s views of school and learning in contrasting settings in the global South and North
Mimi Tatlow-Golden (The Open University, UK)
Co-Author: Linda Theron
Despite the role education plays in resilience, little is known about young people’s attitudes to curricular learning. This paper analyses perspectives from global South and North, with the analytical framework of the four fundamental UNESCO ‘pillars of learning’: Learning... to know; to do; to be; and to live together.
Methods: Two studies, both employing drawings and interviews, explored young people’s (a) active and social self-concept, in Dublin, Ireland (n=110, demographically representative, 10-13 years); (b) resilience-promoting factors in rural South Africa (n = 33, resilient youth experiencing severe deprivation, 13-19 years). Spontaneous references to school and learning in these contrasting settings were analysed deductively using the UNESCO pillars of learning. Findings illuminate young people’s nuanced perceptions of curricular content and learning experiences.
Findings: Findings suggest change in educational practice may be required if the UNESCO pillars of learning are to constitute a meaningful global framework. They emphasise that, in current school environments, learning to do, to be, and to live together have a more foundational role in resilience processes than learning to know. 

Abstract #266
Title: Accès 5 : A community program creating a pathway to resilience  for high school students
Anne Lessard (Université de Sherbrooke, Canada)
Co-Author: Jean Gabin Ntebutse, Sylvain Bourdon
This presentation focuses on a community program aimed at decreasing the dropout rate amongst vulnerable students to demonstrate how interactions between actors from two systems stimulated resilience in students. Accès5 was conceived by a community organization, Maison Jeunes-Est, to offer proximal, intense, steady intervention in all of student’s life spheres.
Methods: Thirty-five students are selected each year and enrolled in the five-year program. They are assigned a community worker and benefit from after-school activities, academic, psychosocial and financial support. The whole project is supported by partner organizations and circa 125 volunteers assisting students with homework after school hours. The program’s implementation and effects were evaluated using a longitudinal mixed-methods protocol including interviews with school, MJE, community actors (volunteers) and students, steering committee meeting transcripts, community worker case files, and student academic records.
Findings: Beyond an increase in school achievement, results show the complexity inherent to this dynamic system where community workers now share space in schools with volunteers and school personnel, where school structures are modified to include community workers in statutory school meetings and where all actors share responsibility to promote resilience.


Anne Lessard

Université de Sherbrooke

Maura A. Mulloy

Independent Researcher

Mimi Tatlow-Golden

Lecturer in Developmental Psychology and Childhood, The Open University

Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Room 03 Century City Conference Centre


Resilience in Displaced Populations - Jose Flores (for Liliana Angelica Ponguta), Susan Brigham
Resilience in Displaced Populations

Abstract #119
Title: Psychometric Evaluation of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale among Primary Caregivers of Young Children Displaced by Armed Conflict in Colombia
 Jose Flores (Yale Child Study Center, USA)
Co-Authors: Liliana Angelica Ponguta, Felipe Bolivar, Ana Maria Hoyos, Alejandro Diaz, Lina Maria Ballesteros
By 2016, armed conflict in Colombia has resulted in the forced displacement of over six million people, the second highest internal migration in the world after Syria. Validating instruments for assessing (population level) resilience is fundamental in the evaluation of nationwide interventions. 
Methods: We validated the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale CD-RISC (25) among hard-to-reach, highly vulnerable populations in Colombia. We recruited 1,479 female (94.72%) and 101 (5.28%) male primary caregivers of children under 5-years of age. The mean age of caregivers was 29.21 years (SD 8.34) Caregivers were recruited through non-probabilistic convenience sampling in 14 municipalities with high exposure to armed conflict, direct presence of armed groups, geographic association with drug trafficking routes, or in receptor areas of displaced rural communities. A comprehensive demographic and mental health survey was conducted. Validity, reliability assessment and factor analyses were conducted.
Findings: Our analyses confirmed a 5-factor structure for CD-RISC in this population. The scale reliability coefficient was ?=0.90. This is the first study to validate a widely used resilience scale with sufficient power in Colombia. We discuss the utility and applicability of this measure for characterizations of resilience in the country. 

Abstract #186
Title: Photo-Stories of Resilience with Refugees, Refugee Claimants and Immigrants in Canada
Presenter: Susan Brigham (Canada)
Introduction: This presentation is based on findings from two phases of a project involving refugees, refugee claimants, and immigrants in Atlantic Canada. Atlantic Canadian provincial governments are looking to immigrants as a way to address social stagnation and help stimulate economic growth.
Methods: Over the past 3 years 25 people from 12 countries were involved in this project that used a participatory photography research method. This method was chosen because “it holds great potential for developing awareness, reflection, empowerment, direction, motive, and choice; it is also conducive to the development of agency”(Brigham, 2015, p. 60). As English is not the first language of many of the participants, photography offers a shared form of communication.
Findings: Findings indicate that by defining resilience as a process to harness resources to sustain well-being (Panter-Brick & Leckman, 2013), it is evident through their shared photo stories that all participants are developing resilience through relationships at transnational and local levels and with the natural environment.


Susan Brigham

Mount Saint Vincent University

Jose M. Flores

Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry

Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Room 10 Century City Conference Centre


School, Support and Resilience - Jeremy Oldfield, Michelle Redman-MacLaren, Scholastica Kariuki-Githinji
School, Support and Resilience

Abstract #101
Title: Can school connectedness and peer attachment promote resilience to mental health outcomes for at risk young people in Guatemala?
Jeremy Oldfield (Manchester Metropolitan University, UK)
Co-Author: Andrew Stevenson
Adolescent attachment relationships formed with parents are salient predictors of psychological wellbeing. Few studies, however, have assessed the moderating influence of peer attachment and school connectedness in improving positive outcomes for these adolescents. Studies investigating this relationship have also neglected to explore these influences with at risk adolescents in Guatemala.
Methods: 117 adolescents attending two community based informal schooling projects in or around Guatemala City were the participants within this study. These schooling projects are run by local charities and provided part-time non-formal educational support for children and young people otherwise not in full time education. Participants completed self-report measures of parental and peer attachment (Inventory of Parental & Peer Attachment - Gullone & Robinson, 2005); school connectedness (Psychological Sense of School Membership; Goodenow, 1993); and the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (Goodman, 2001)
Findings: Multiple regression analyses demonstrated that more insecure parental attachment relationships predicted poorer mental health outcomes. This relationship was moderated by more secure school connectedness, although not peer attachment. School based community projects provide an important role in promoting resilience for mental health outcomes for children living in at risk situations.

Abstract #204
Title: Resilience Research for improved Transition Support Services: Pilot study data from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students in boarding schools.
 Michelle Redman-MacLaren (CQUniversity Australia, Australia)
Co-Authors: Roxanne Bainbridge, Janya McCalman, Helen Klieve
Over 500 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australian students from remote communities in Queensland are required to transition from home to boarding schools. We report quantitative data from the Pilot phase (2016) of a 5-year study to explore a mentoring approach to increase resilience and wellbeing for these students.
Methods: An interrupted time series design is being applied to evaluate levels of change in students’ resilience and wellbeing. Structured questionnaires were collaboratively developed, with questions adapted from the Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM-28), and the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K5). Surveys were completed by 94 students from five randomly selected schools (2 primary and 3 secondary) and one remote community.
Findings: Most primary students reported normal- high levels of resilience. A third of primary students reported normal - high levels of psychosocial wellbeing. Secondary students attending boarding school a reported reduction in resilience measures and psychosocial wellbeing. The findings are informing intervention strategies to enhance student resilience and wellbeing.

Abstract #20
Title: School Supportiveness Influences on Adolescents' Psychological Adjustment 
Scholastica Kariuki-Githinji (Daystar University, Kenya)
School environments form critical social contexts for children’s psychosocial adjustment. Nevertheless, behaviour problems among Kenyan secondary school students continue to rise. It is thought that increased school supportiveness could enhance adolescent’s psychosocial adjustment. A research study on the relationship between school supportiveness and adolescents’ psychosocial development was conducted.
Methods: The research was conducted in 4 Kenya counties sing a sample of 240 students selected through multistage sampling. The independent variable, school supportiveness comprised of students- teacher relationship, student- student relationship, school behaviour management, instructional approaches, physical environment and meeting adolescents’ physiological needs. The dependent variables include adolescents’ industry, emotionality, self control and worth, social helpfulness and prosocial behaviours and resiliency to risky behaviours. A  descriptive correlation survey was employed. Data was gathered using two self report tools with a sufficient internal consistency of .759 and analyzed using measures of central tendency, percentages, Pearson correlation coefficient and Spearman correlation coefficient.
Findings: Overall healthy psychosocial adjustment was associated with positive students-teachers relationship, adequate school physical environment, and physiological supportiveness. Positive teachers and students relationships, use of authoritative instructional approaches, adequate school infrastructures, and meeting students’ physiological needs (sleep and food) were recommended. Teacher’s service commission should in-service teachers to increase school supportiveness.


Scolastica Kariuki

Daystar University

Jeremy Oldfield

Manchester Metropolitan University
avatar for Michelle Redman-MacLaren

Michelle Redman-MacLaren

Research Fellow- Indigenous Health, CQUniversity Australia
Michelle is an Australian public health researcher with Irish and Scottish ancestry. Michelle facilitates participatory, action-oriented research with Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, and with people in the Pacific (Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands). Current... Read More →

Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Room 06 Century City Conference Centre


Community Based Service Provision - Tumuhamye Nathan, Margaret Roper
Community Based Service Provision

Abstract #121
Title: From Resilience Assessment to Community Resilience through Innovation
 Nathan Tumuhamye (ResilientAfrica Network, Uganda)
Co-Authors: Roy William Mayega, Christine Muhumuza, Nathan Tumuhamye, William Bazeyo
This paper showcases RAN's approach to strengthening resilience of African communities through innovation. The approach maps the context of target communities, understanding their adaptive capacities, and vulnerabilities that make them succumb to resilience challenges. This context is upon which innovations are sought and nurtured basing on human-centred design principles.
Methods: Methods are consistent with RAN's Conceptual Framework beginning with community consultations and literature reviews to understand the context. An analysis of the data identifies key resilience dimensions which frame a call for innovative solutions. The innovation pipeline is designed to maximise a solution's impact potential through strategies from needs finding, solution refinement, piloting and onward to scaling for resilience. Key also is engagement of target communities through community co-creation opportunities between innovators and community as well as encouragement of appropriation by the community.
Findings: The key findings are that by applying human-centered principles and community co-creation strategies the potential for impact is baked into the project. The more the community are involved in the innovation process the better the opportunity for uptake and eventual scaling for strengthening resilience in the community.

Abstract #297
Title: South Africa’s response to enabling children’s resilience through expanding community-based services
Presenter: Margaret Roper (South Africa)
Co-Authors: Roseline September
Introduction: One of the Department of Social Development (DSD) priorities under the South African National Development Plan is the expansion of child care services to eliminate poverty, inequality and unemployment. The focus is on investments in children across the continuum of care. Current community-based child care programme reach 1.2 million children.
Methods: DSD recognises the limitations in the current social services. Consequently, DSD has initiated a process to review and expand community-based children’s services focussing on resilience. Stakeholders were engaged in a systematic process aimed at producing a theory of change and a concomitant basket of services. This included a review of the relevant resilience literature and evidence-based programs followed by a reflective methodology to compare the empirical evidence with the experience of service professionals.
Findings: The results provided an evidence-base for the development of a turnaround strategy for vulnerable children. They also offer a framework for how community-based organisations can support resilience processes. DSD is exploring an investment case to mobilize financial mechanisms to support resilience outcomes and a core package of associated services.


Tumuhamye Nathan

The presenter is a health services researcher at Makerere University school of public health with 3 year experience in operational research and teacher and one year in resilience research

Margaret Roper

Inkanyezi Initiative

Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 03 Century City Conference Centre


Qualitative Examinations of Highly Vulnerable Children - Cheryl Ann Wright, Mary Kapesa, Andrew Stevenson
Qualitative Examinations of Highly Vulnerable Children

Abstract #106
Title: Stories of hope from the child-headed household: Reconceptualising hope within the context of vulnerability in South Africa
Cheryl Ann Wright (University of Johannesburg, South Africa)
Introduction: This inquiry was aimed at clarifying conceptualisations of hope in research on the resilience of vulnerable young people in a high HIV/AIDS prevalence South African setting.  Participants were four adolescents from a child-headed household supported by a NGO.
Methods:  Interview data were collected using narrative practices to portray stories of their lived experiences of hope in the face of trauma.  Analysis applied grounded theory processes to identify main themes.  Four mechanisms characterised the nurturing of hope, namely: predatory, protective, promotion, and possibility processes.  Protective processes identified six themes: finding purpose; building a future sense; building faith; embracing educational opportunities; thinking positively; building strengths; and adopting supportive networks.  Four themes in the promotion processes were: experiencing support; building immunity; being motivated by others; and experiencing witnesses.  Three themes in the possibility processes were: illuminating pathways; visualising positives; and providing opportunities.
Findings: Findings support a transcendent understanding of hope which provide opportunities for growth rather than merely helping vulnerable young people to cope.  Implications suggest that conceptualisations of hope need to be grounded in social context and the imperatives of social justice to support vulnerable young people in realising their future aspirations.

Abstract #299
Title: The Promotion of Child Rights as a Resilience factor in Child Headed Households in Mutasa District in Zimbabwe
Mary Kapesa (Africa University, Zimbabwe)
Co-Authors: Monika dos Santos, Levison Maunganidze
Introduction: This qualitative study explored the promotion of child rights as a resilience factor in Child Headed Households (CHH) in the Mutasa District, Zimbabwe.  
Methods: A purposive sampling of 28 children (age range 6 to 16) living in 10 CHH in the Mutasa District in Zimbabwe was undertaken. In-depth interviews using unstructured interview guides were used to collect data. Twenty five child service professionals and 3 purposively selected government officials involved in policy formulation and implementation also took part in the study, The data was thematically analysed.
Findings: The research findings indicate that there are no policies that specifically target CHH, despite the increase in the number of CHH in the country. CHH are subsumed under the broad category of orhpans and vulunerable children (OVC). This one size fits all approach fails to address the unique needs of the CHH. The children’s voices are not heard during the process of formulating policies that affect them, thus a child rights approach should be used to enhance resilience in the CHH. Provision of child rights is linked to resilience as it is crucial in the creation of coping enabling environments.  

Abstract #103
Title: Resilience spaces: exploring place making with street connected young people in Guatemala using participatory visual methods
 Andrew Stevenson (Manchester Metropolitan University, UK)
Co-Author: Jeremy Oldfield
Introduction: Our study explored resilience amongst Street Connected Young People (SCYP) in Guatemala City. We researched how community education projects facilitate the construction of Third Spaces of aspiration for at-risk young-people. Unlike previous research, we focused on resilience-building elements of risk-bearing environments, rather than the dangers inherent in street connected living
Methods: We used visual participatory methods with SCYP who attend volunteer run community education projects around ‘The Terminal’, a bus depot/wholesale market where young people live and work. We worked with ten young people, using participatory photography, participatory drawing, and image elicited interviewing to explore constructions of emplaced meaning in relation to versatile spaces of learning, and how well-being and resilience are formed. SCYP participated in go-along interviews, making photographic records and drawings of areas in the Terminal and the educational projects that are appropriated as living, learning and working spaces. Visual records were used as elicitation tools during interviews.
Findings: Our research yielded evidence of the malleability of places of resistance and reliance. Dwellings, market stalls, church premises and corridor areas are being adopted and appropriated as spaces of aspiration and opportunity to promote resilience in this at risk population 


Mary Joyce Kapesa

Africa University
I am a Psychology lecturer at Africa University, currently studying for my my PhD in Psychology at UNISA. I am a registered psychologist. I am a Fullbright Scholar and was awarded the staff development award in 2009/2010. I attended Purdue University as a Fullbright scholar during... Read More →

Andrew Stevenson

Manchester Metropolitan University

Cheryl Ann Wright

Private Practice (DEd from University of Johannesburg 2013)

Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 02 Century City Conference Centre


Reconceptualizing Narratives of Trauma and Healing - Lisa Richardson, Diana Canant, JoAnne Seviour
Reconceptualizing Narratives of Trauma and Healing

Abstract #278
Title: Reframing Trauma to Reduce Risk: Collaborating to Achieve Lasting Impacts for Youth
Lisa Richardon (Institute of Women & Ethnic Studies, USA)
Co-Author: Denese Shervington
In 2005 Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans and differently impacted survivors according to their age, gender, race/ethnicity, and income. In 2014 New Orleans was named among the Rockefeller Foundation’s 100 Resilient Cities, despite the fact that people of color, particularly youth, continue to report untreated trauma and exposures to violence.
Methods: From 2012-2015 (n=1355) IWES implemented an emotional wellness survey with participants in our school-based sexual health education program. Youth were age 10-16, 41% male, 58.1% female and 89.3% identified as African American. The survey assesses symptoms depression, PTSD, and suicidality as well as exposure to violence and access to basic needs. Crisis assessments are conducted with students who meet criteria for further intervention and referrals are provided to outside resources as necessary. De-identified results of the emotional wellness survey are shared with school leadership to document the needs of their student population and to develop strategies for trauma-informed services.
Findings: Results show 17% worry about housing/having enough food  and 29.5% worry about not being loved The strongest correlations are between these worries and youth depression, PTSD, and suicidality, although violence exposure is alarming (38% are exposed to to domestic violence, 39.3% witnessed a shooting/stabbing/beating, 54% know someone who was murdered).

Abstract #310
Title: Traumatized people can help each other.  In a safe setting, they resolve their stories, mutually heal, and restore community resilience.
Presenter: Diana Canant (Ardicare Inc., USA)
Introduction: With a shift from the authority of experts to the innate wisdom of individuals and communities the traumatized become our most powerful resource. The observation was made that anyone desiring better conditions can learn and apply an educational and integrative learning process that effectively restores connection and resilience.
Methods: Relying on historic fundamentals from experts in the field of traumatology and using a non-proprietary, non-religious, non-medical, person-centered, evidence-based approach, we have been teaching individuals in traumatized communities how to work with each other in pairs to explore, resolve, and integrate their experiences.  One –Instructional Learning Phase (taught by program facilitator): The workshop teaches knowledge, skills, structures, and scripts that create safety in which life issues and trauma can be addressed. Two – Integrative Learning Phase (supervised and monitored by program facilitator): Participants work together in pairs within a strict structure of safety, applying what they have learned.
Findings: Implementations: High School, Church Group, Domestic abuse ACEs, General Trauma groups. Psychometrics: PTSD, Depression, Anxiety, Happiness, Self Concept, Dispositional Resilience. Quantitative: Marked increased scores on positive scales and decreased on negative scales sustained after 6 months and 1 year. Qualitative: Quality of life improvements, desired behavior changes, increased community involvement.

Abstract #298
Title: Shake, Rock and Roll – Embodied Trauma Considerations for Researchers and Practitioners
JoAnne Seviour (Dalhousie University, Canada)
 Growing evidence from the fields of neuroscience and body based therapies demonstrate the effects of trauma in the body, as well as the mind.  Incorporating body based therapies can complement traditional cognitive and psychotherapies in building resiliency. However, working with body-based therapies can often be a trigger for people whose physical boundaries have been violated. This paper will summarize research of evidence supported, body based, practices in treating trauma; providing practical considerations for researchers. It will also serve as a guideline for informing clinical practice. The body responds to traumatic events by hard wiring the sensory input related to the event, while the nervous system remains on continuous alert for signs of threat.  When any sensory input is received that corresponds to the event, the body kicks into action activating the sympathetic nervous system also know was the fight or flight response. Through advances in neuroscience we know that the cognitive brain responsible for language and abstract thinking shuts down during the flight or fight response and the emotional brain takes over for self -protection. Body-based therapies have proven to be effective in reprogramming the emotional brain to respond to current input rather than reacting to past experiences. Exponential improvements in resiliency can potentially be achieved when combining therapies to work both the cognitive (mental) and emotional (body) based approaches.
Methods: The paper will review the relevant research on body-based practices and their efficacy in treating trauma. Based upon a summary of the research, recommendations will be made for incorporating body-based practices into research and clinical practice.  
Findings: Understanding the research and neuroscience of effective body-based practices can help inform the design of future research and assist practitioners in improving patient outcomes. 

avatar for Diana Canant

Diana Canant

CEO, Ardicare Foundation
I have compiled and developed a community program that is showing itself to be extremely effective. The potential of this peer-to-peer community-based model is that we can leverage the most abundant resource there is: the traumatized themselves. The connection of those with "lived... Read More →

Lisa Richardson


Joanne Seviour

Dalhousie University

Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 10 Century City Conference Centre


Resilience from an Educational Perspective - Maria Pilar Garate Chateau, Sharon Butler, Azita Chitsazzadeh
Resilience from an Educational Perspective

Abstract #287
Resilience and educational achievement: A Chilean study.
Maria Pilar Garate (Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria Chile)
Co-Authors: Maria Pilar Garate, J-F, Hugo Alarcon, Edward Johns, Lioubov Dombrovskaia, Teresita Arenas
Introduction: This study will investigate the relationship between educational outcomes and constructs of resilience among first-year university students. In particular, it will take on an algorithmic analysis to systematically tease out nodes and distributive computations within the data to account for how constructs of resilience account towards educational gains and vice-versa.
Methods: 300 first engineering university students completed a paper-based social-emotional wellbeing and mental health survey. The survey was informed by four standardized psychometric batteries. Students completed the survey at the University during their regular class. The survey took around 30 to 40mins to complete. Results from the survey were mapped to a number of academic indices. Categories of algorithms were used to account for how much a construct within resilience accounted towards educational gains and vice-versa. Structural equational modeling was used to show to what extent a factor was related to educational outcomes and resilience.
Findings: Increasing resilience is likely to contribute towards positive educational gains and equally catering for positive learning experiences is likely to promote aspects of resilience. An associated outcome would be to capture and study the correlation between resilience and personal life course journey, school behaviors, and academic achievement/performance.

Abstract #275
Title: The development of a whole town approach to building resilience in children and young people: The Blackpool HeadStart programme.
Sharon Butler, Lisa Mills, Ollie Gibbs, Josh Thompson (Blackpool Council, UK)
Co-Authors: Young People's Executive Group, Angie Hart, Pauline Wigglesworth
Introduction: Blackpool HeadStart is a £10 million Big Lottery Funded programme implementing co-produced, social justice resilience approaches in schools and local communities to support children's mental health. Blackpool is a quirky town  with multiple social and economic challenges. We are using a community development approach and adapting traditional therapies.
Methods: The presentation outlines the core components of HeadStart and discusses how we have drawn on both resilience and systems theory to work with the whole town. To achieve the aim of a whole system change, we are using and adapting Angie Hart and collaborators’ Resilient Therapy and their Academic Resilience Approaches. HeadStart’s theory of change has been co-produced with young people, practitioners and other stakeholders and it will be outlined in the presentation. Finally we give an overview of the research data that is currently being collected on all the elements of the programme, using both qualitative and quantitative methods.
Findings: Our work to develop a whole town approach to resilience building has relevance to anyone who wants to develop resilience approaches in either schools or local communities more broadly, rather than with individual children only. Implications of working with social justice and co-productive approaches are also highlighted.

Abstract #235
Title: The comparison between sensation seeking, test anxiety and academic resiliency in athlete and non-athlete female students
 Azita Chitsazzadeh (Tehran minister of education, Iran)
Today, sport and physical activities are considered essential for many students and most of academic systems have included in their own programs. The aim of this study was to the comparison of sensation seeking, test anxiety and academic resilience in athlete and non-athlete female students.
Methods: The study population consisted of all ninth-grade high school female students of Tehran’s 3 district education in 2015-2016 whose number was about 2150. A total of 120 students (60 students in each group) was selected by the convenience sampling method.
Findings/Implications: According to the findings, it can be concluded that test anxiety and adventure seeking are important variables among female athletes and the authorities should consider these variables during interactions with students.


Sharon Butler

Blackpool Council

María Pilar Gárate Chateau

Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria

Azita Chitsazzadeh

Ministry of education

Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 08 Century City Conference Centre


Resilience in Displaced Populations - Laura Tarafas, Kristin Hadfield
Resilience in Displaced Populations

Abstract #23
Title: Becoming an adult in Magyarisztan Young refugees in transition: traces of vulnerability, pathways to resilience
 Laura Tarafas (Université Paris XIII Sorbonne Paris Cité, France)
Despite being at the intersection of the busiest migration routes to the European Union, very few research focus on Hungary as a host country. The aim of this study was to  identify how young adult refugees, who arrived in Hungary as unaccompanied minors,  have developed their pathways to resilience.
Methods: Methods included three field studies to identify individuals participating in the research, several participating observations and internships with NGOs in Hungary. Semi-structured interviews were administered to 13 young refugees. Following the retranscription of the interviews, content was analysed based on Grounded Theory and was carried out using NVivo 11 software. The analysis identified seven main categories.
Findings: The study identified optimism, internal locus of self-control, spirituality, future-orientation, and quality social relations as key factors in finding pathways to resilience. Findings also suggest that most sources of resilience have counterproductive aspects and that resilience can not be defined in a static and one-dimensional way.

Abstract #300
Title: Adversity, resilience, and mental health trajectories in Syrian refugee and Jordanian host-community youth
Presenter: Kristin Hadfield (Dalhousie University, Canada)
Co-Authors: Mark Eggerman, Rana Dajani, Catherine Panter-Brick, Michael Ungar 
Introduction: Despite its theoretical and practical importance to youth outcomes, there is limited research on patterns of resilience in refugee youth.
Methods: We collected data from 449 Syrian refugee and 371 Jordanian-host community youth participating in a humanitarian intervention. With this sample, we developed a short measure of resilience (CYRM-12) appropriate for use with war-affected, Arabic-speaking youth in the Middle East. We then used this measure to examine resilience and mental health in the Syrian refugee sample only.
Findings: In growth curve models, when the Syrian refugee youth were more resilient, they reported less stress and better mental health. In latent growth mixture models, two classes of resilience were identified: one which started high and remained steady over time and another which started relatively low and increased over time. No demographic differences predicted membership in these classes, but class membership did predict mental health. These analyses highlight the importance of resilience to understanding refugee youths’ mental health.


avatar for Kristin Hadfield

Kristin Hadfield

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Dalhousie
avatar for Laura Tarafas

Laura Tarafas

Université Paris XII - Sorbonne Paris Cité

Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 07 Century City Conference Centre


Resilience in Service Providers - Jonas Hansson, Laurencia Mathekga and Johannah Sekudu, Johanna Sundqvist
Resilience in Service Providers

Abstract #12
Title: Police officers' coping and mental health in deportation work of unaccompanied, asylum-seeking refugee children
 Jonas Hansson (Umeå University, Sweden)
Co-Authors: Mehdi Ghazinour, Mojgan Padyab
Introduction: The number of unaccompanied, asylum-seeking refugee children (UARC) has increased. In Sweden, 15 percent of the children are denied asylum. If the child refuses to repatriate to the country of origin, the police authority is responsible for the deportation; and, the police officer has to cope with a stressful situation.
Methods: This study aims to describe the police officers’ coping in deportation work of UARC; and investigate the associations between ways of coping (WOC), and general mental health in relation to deportation work of UARC among police officers considering sociodemographic variables. In order to use WOC questionnaire in the context of UARC, a validity and reliability analysis is to be conducted.
Findings: This study has shown that coping strategies has a moderating effect on general mental health in the deportation work of UARC. More specific, coping strategies ‘escape-avoidance’ and ‘self-controlling’ have a negative effect on general mental health, and coping strategy ‘positive reappraisal’ has a positive effect on general mental health. 

Abstract #52
Title: Towards resilience building amongst the rangers
Presenters: Laurencia Mathekga and Johanah Sekudu (University of South Africa, South Africa)
Introduction: The study was conducted at Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park (HIP) and Mkhuze game reserve in Kwa Zulu Natal - South Africa with the aim of exploring the experiences of rangers, who are tasked with protecting wild life. Rangers were exposed to varieties of workplace challenges and sometimes risk their lives in executing their job yet little attention was given to their psychosocial needs.
Methods: The study was qualitative in nature with the elements of exploratory, descriptive and contextual focus as the aim was to learn the lived experiences of the rangers from their own world view so that appropriate interventions could be developed to assist them to develop resilience. Data was collected by means of focus group discussions with rangers and semi-structured interviews with managers, and analysed through thematic approach.
Findings: Rangers were exposed to unbearable working conditions on a daily basis where they sometimes had to kill poachers. This killing was accompanied by trauma as it is not their choice. However, their cultural practices enabled them to cope and maintain balance whilst doing their difficult and stressful job. This was despite  their rituals not being recognised nor supported by management.

Abstract #155
Title: Coping with stress in forced repatriation of unaccompanied asylum-seeking refugee children: A study of Swedish police officers and social workers
 Johanna Sundqvist (Umeå University, Sweden)
Co-Author: Mehdi Ghazinour, Mojgan Padyab
Police  officers’ assignment in forced repatriation of unaccompanied asylum-seeking refugee children is to arrange the departure whereas social workers supports the child. In order to understand how to cope effectively, the study aimed to describe and compare police officers and social workers coping strategies in forced repatriation work.
Methods: A  national questionnaire in Sweden, including sociodemographic characteristics, Interview Schedule for Social Interaction, and Ways of Coping Questionnaire were distributed in 2014 to in total 1 094 participants, 714 police officers and 380 social workers. Of them, 290 persons had experience of forced repatriation. Univariate and multivariable regression models were used. The analysis was separately conducted among those with and without experience of forced repatriation work. The factor structure of Ways of Coping Questionnaire was assessed in three steps using both confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory factor analysis.
Findings: Police  officers used more planful problem solving and self-controlling while social workers used escape avoidance, distancing and positive reappraisal. Police officers are seen to use more adaptive coping strategies and the repatriation system is found more suitable for police work than social work. 


Jonas Hansson

Basic Training Programme for Police Officers, Umeå University, Sweden
avatar for Laurencia Mathekga

Laurencia Mathekga

PHD Candidate, UNISA
I'm a PHD candidate under the supervision of Dr Johanna Sekudu at UNISA Social Work Department. I have vast experience on employee wellness and social responsibility programme management at various businesses such as government, nuclear institute, conservation and tourism rooted... Read More →

Johanna Sundqvist

Basic Training Programme for Police Officers, Umeå University, Sweden

Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 05 Century City Conference Centre


Resilience in University Settings - Alyson King, Petro Erasmus
Resilience in University Settings

Abstract #117
Title: Underrepresented Students at Canadian Universities: Exploring Stories of Resilience
Alyson King (University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Canada)
Co-Authors: Susan Brigham, Allyson Eamer 
We examine how university students from diverse backgrounds and immigration experiences develop a process of harnessing resources to sustain their well-being and persist to graduation. Utilizing a framework of intersectionality to explore inequity, we assume that human lives are complex, multi-faceted, and shaped by a variety of intersecting factors.
Methods: Recognizing that “resilience is a complex construct and it may be defined differently in the context of individuals, families, organizations, societies, and cultures”, we define resilience as a process. Rather than using a deficit model lens and focussing on remediating problems, we take a transformative and collaborative approach to understand the structures and social factors that shape people’s educational experiences. We take a holistic and comparative approach to understand participants’ multiple realities (e.g., personal, university and community lives) and how those realities intersect and inform one other (Ngozi Adiche, 2009). We use electronic surveys and individual interviews.
Findings: We are collecting data from over 300 current undergraduate students or recent graduates in three Canadian provinces. Our presentation of participants’ narratives of what it means to develop resilience-building strategies in challenging settings has implications for universities as they prepare, support, retain, and ultimately graduate resilient citizens.

Abstract #55
Title: NWU-Mafikeng undergraduate student community pro-actively facilitate resilience through their magazines project
Petro Erasmus (NWU, South Africa)
To bridge this gap cooperative learning has been the framework for teaching and learning of constructs such as Resilience by creating a magazine within the framework of their communities.
Methods: The students had to create and design a magazine that included articles aimed at individuals in their communities that facilitated the complex process of resilience, as well as compiling articles for children and adolescents on how to enhance their resilience.
Findings: Students at the end of the project had to reflect on how this magazine project contributed to facilitating their own resilience. Themes identified included teamwork, problem-solving, psychological well-being and awareness. 

avatar for Petro Erasmus

Petro Erasmus

Senior Lecturer, North West University
I am a senior lecturer in the Department of Psychology at the North West University where I teach Developmental Psychology and Positive Psychology and I am the coordinator of the Honors course. I also have a private practice which is called the Child and Family Guidance and Development... Read More →
avatar for Alyson E. King

Alyson E. King

Assistant Professor, University of Ontario Institute of Technology
university student success strategies and resilience supported education for adults living with mental illness

Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 06 Century City Conference Centre


Supporting Family Resilience - Elias Kourkoutas, Lizette Berry, Kim Foster
Supporting Family Resilience

Abstrat #300
Title: Resilience and Perceived Relationship with Parents and Teachers in Children and Adolescents with and without Emotional, Behavioral Problems
Presenter: Elias Kourkoutas (University of Crete, Greece)
Co-Authors: A. Papadaki, Wassilis Kassis, Albertus Johannes Botha
Introduction: Cross-cultural and intracultural studies have provided evidence of worldwide correlations between parental rejection and other social-emotional-behavioral (SEB) problems including anxiety and insecurity, depression, substance use, conduct disorder and delinquency. Other studies have found that perceived parental support predicted less externalizing problems and perceived paternal (not maternal) support predicted lower rejection and victimization problems for girls, while adolescents’ symptoms of anxiety and depression were negatively predicted by level of attachment to their parents. Similarly, the research regarding child-teacher relationship showed a strong association between perceived quality of teacher-student relationships and academic and psychosocial developmental outcomes for children. At theoretical level, the study is grounded in an attachment and systemic (risk/protective) resilience based perspective.
Methods: The study draws on a mixed quantitative and qualitative method. The sample of the study includes 650 children with and without EBLP, attending public schools from 2nd grade of elementary to 3d grade high schools on the island of Crete.The following instruments have been used: (a) Resiliency Scales for Children & Adolescents – A Profile of Personal Strengths (RSCA) (Prince-Embury, 2005) including 3 subscales:  Sense of Mastery; Sense of Relatedness Scale; Emotional Reactivity Scale; (b) “Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire” (Child PARQ) (Rohner, 1990);  (c) Teacher Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire” (TARQ) (Rohner, 2005) ; (d) Drawing test “A Person Picking an Apple from a Tree”(PPAT).Confirmatory factor and path analysis will be conducted and a series of models will be presented in order to enlighten the complex dynamics and mediations between factors related to Individual-Psychosocial Resilience and functioning, perceived Parental (Father/Mother) and Teacher Acceptance-Rejection
Findings: First results of this ongoing research based on a series of multiple regression analyses showed that Parental and Teacher Acceptance/ Rejection account for a high percentage of the Resilience subscales variability (scores). Results of equation structured modeling will also be presented discussed within the frame of various theoretical models, such as Resilient, Interpersonal Theory, Systemic-Psychodynamic approaches. Resilience in this study is considered in terms of “self-protective mechanisms” and is conceptualized from a systemic perspective, rather than an individualist-trait perspective. Implication for intervention at individual level or within school and family context will also be discussed.

Abstract #246
Title: Parenting in adversity: An examination of a teen parenting programme and its potential for building resilience in adolescent parents
 Lizette Berry (Children's Institute University of Cape Town, South Africa)
Parents living in adverse conditions face a range of challenges that may affect their ability to parent effectively and to promote positive child outcomes. There is growing recognition that parents, particularly those experiencing high levels of adversity and stress, require parenting support interventions. Teenaged parents are a particularly vulnerable group.
Methods: This paper draws on data collected during an outcomes evaluation of a teen parenting programme, offered to school-going, adolescent parents who have parental responsibilities for one or more young children. Participants were from three peri-urban informal settlements in Cape Town, South Africa. The evaluation measured change in, inter alia, parenting practices, lifestyle choices and resilience at three time intervals over two years. The Child and Youth Resilience Measure was used to assess resilience outcomes. Qualitative interviews were conducted with the mother or caregiver of the adolescent to assist with triangulation.
Findings: Adolescent parents showed improvements in positive parenting, and increases in harsh discipline. Adolescents also experienced slight increases in depression. Despite experiencing considerable risk exposure, adolescents showed high resilience outcomes, which remained constant over time. Many adolescent parents had familial support, mostly from their mothers, to assist with child care.

Abstract #72
Title: ‘There’s a lot of strength in yourself and people around you’ - Resilience-promoting processes for parents of critically injured children
Kim Foster (Australian Catholic University & NorthWestern Mental Health, Australia)
Co-Authors: Kate Curtis, Rebecca Mitchell, Alexandra Young
Being the parent of a critically physically injured child involves many stressors and parents can be at risk of psychological distress, with the entire family negatively impacted by child injury. Little is known however, about resilient processes for parents experiencing this adversity.
Methods: The aim of this Australian study was to explore resilience-promoting factors and processes for 40 parents of severely injured children 0-12 years during acute hospitalization. Semi-structured interview transcripts were analysed using content analysis methods, to identify personal and contextual factors parents considered helpful in supporting their wellbeing during the initial post-injury period.
Findings: Using a social ecological framework, three themes were identified: personal, family, and hospital and community resources. Key findings included strong relational connections, positive meaning-making, and provision of practical, emotional and spiritual support. Parents’ and families’ resilience can be strengthened through personal and contextual resources and proactive intervention through anticipatory guidance. 


Lizette Berry

Children's Institute, University of Cape Town
avatar for Kim Foster

Kim Foster

Professor of Mental Health Nursing, Australian Catholic University & NorthWestern Mental Health, Melbourne Health
I'm currently working on research into the resilience of parents and families whose children have had traumatic injury, and also piloting a resilience education intervention with mental health nurses.

Elias Kourkoutas

Prof. Dr. at University of Crete Elias E. Kourkoutas is currently Professor of Psychology and Special Education and Chairman of the Educational Psychology Division, as well as of the European funded Practicum Program in Special Education in the Department of Primary Education at... Read More →

Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 04 Century City Conference Centre


Family and Community Resilience - Monique Reynolds, Michal Finklestein and Shira Pagorek Eshel, Erica Siddall and Melissa van der Maden
Family and Community Resilience

Abstract #269
Title: Growing Seeds of Resilience in Our Communities:  Lessons from collaborative community partnerships
Monique Reynolds (Coronado SAFE, USA)
Siloed approaches to addressing the needs of a community are limited in their reach and access to resources.  This model of community partnerships brings together traditionally siloed stakeholders to promote resilience.  Tools and techniques to enhance collaboration will be discussed as well as innovative funding approaches.
Methods: The Coronado SAFE Coalition is a network of stakeholders within the community who represent local schools, local government, police, private businesses, community service organizations, and local families.  The programs borne of this collaborative  structure promote wellness and reduce specific vulnerabilities within our community, including anxiety, depression, substance abuse and suicide.
Specific examples of programs that have developed within the community include parenting education programs, school and community-based mental health education and early intervention programs, early childhood social-emotional learning programs, and individual and family counseling. All programs are free to participants and are funded through public-private partnerships.
Findings: This joint approach to community resilience provides effective, evidence-based programs that support specific community needs.  The role of the organization as a trusted entity within the community plays a tremendous role in reducing the stigma associated with help-seeking. The model developed through Coronado SAFE’s work is highly replicable across communities.

Abstract #74
Title: The role of family resilience and self-differentiation in explaining adolescents' anxiety and personal resilience among families exposed to political conflict
Michal Finklestein and Shira Pagorek Eshel (Zefat Academic College, Israel)
Families with adolescents exposed to ongoing political conflict face challenges resulting from their threatened security as well as the developmental stage of the family. The role of the family system in contributing to adolescents' psychological adjustment was studied. Personal and family resilience, self-differentiation, and anxiety in parents and their adolescents were examined.
Methods: The sample was obtained through the convenience sampling approach, and included 89 dyads of parents and their adolescents, who resided in the Gaza surrounding communities in the south of Israel, exposed to missile fire for 13 years. 71 mothers and 18 fathers, aged 35-60, and 39 sons and 50 adolescent daughters, aged 11-18 participated. The questionnaires examined parents' and their adolescent's exposure to missile shooting threats, and evaluated levels of anxiety (TAI), personal resilience (CD-RISK), self- differentiation (DSI), and family resilience (FRAS). Statistical analyses included a repeated measure MANOVA and hierarchical regression.
Findings: Findings contribute to understanding adolescents' psychological adjustment under political conflict. Increasing their FR and SD, may enhance personal resilience and decrease  anxiety. 

Abstract #245
Title: Tribal Theory and the Development of "In the Moment" Resilience
 Erica Siddall and Melissa van der Maden (Tribal Theory Arts and Sciences, Canada)
Resilience, or one’s ability to overcome adversity, enables individuals and communities to continue growing when confronted by trauma and suffering. Yet, resilience is not found in all individuals. For instance, children whose problem-solving efforts are met with criticism too often grow up feeling as though they cannot weather the storm.
Methods: In the face of an increasing global need to heal from trauma, it is imperative to be able to foster resilience in those who otherwise have none. Tribal Theory is a unique model of creative trauma response which immediately facilitates the development of resilience. By creatively exploring one's authentic role in the human social tribe, this inclusive framework examines how an individual's response to a traumatic event may have displaced them from their authentic role and led them to adopt maladaptive behaviours.
Findings: Even after years of being displaced from one's authentic role, applying Tribal Theory creates a paradigm shift towards healing and allows individuals to make meaning of past traumas. Tribal Theory accelerates post-traumatic growth and is much-needed in trauma response, creating “in the moment” resilience on individual, communal, and global contexts.


Michal Finklestein

Zefat Academic College
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Melissa van der Maden

Director or Training and Community Development- Eastern Canada, Tribal Theory Arts & Sciences +

Monique Reynolds

Coronado SAFE

Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Room 07 Century City Conference Centre


Fostering Resilience in Service Providers - Elonya Niehaus, Alicia Pointer, Nicolette Teufel-Shone
Fostering Resilience in Service Providers

Abstract #130
Title: Creating constructive change readiness through a resilience programme for employees during a restructuring process
Elonya Niehaus (Institute for Transdisciplinary Development, South Africa)
Co-Author: Johann Roux
Paper reflects on a resilience programme aimed at creating constructive change readiness during restructuring processes at three South African mines.
Methods: Resilience programme aims to create constructive change readiness through: i) Developing life skills relevant to career uncertainty as a proactive coping strategy ii) Developing social support by re-examining relationships with significant others and gaining skills in supporting each other  iii) Developing self-care practices through maintaining the four energy dimensions  Qualitative approach was used where the purpose was to understand people’s experiences pertaining to the resilience programme.  Focus group and individual interviews were done with employees, who participated in the programme, during their exit from the mine.
-Resilient employees who are focused on production and safety during restructuring
-Perception of a caring organisation that is committed to building resilient community during adversity of job loss
-Life skills for constructive behaviour during career adversity
-Constructive mind-sets about future outside current workplace which contributes towards practices that sustain wellbeing  

Abstract #255
Title: Exploring Intersecting Interests and Collaborations between Youth Social Service Advocates and Healthcare Providers that serve individual and systemic goals
Presenter: Alicia Pointer (Youth Advocate Programs, Inc., USA)
Co-Author: Dorienne Silva
Introduction: Youth advocates and healthcare providers often work with similar high-risk communities with different foci. Healthcare providers focus on improving and maintaining the health of individuals. Youth Advocates address family needs and challenges.  Both strive for healthy communities, increasingly aware of the effects of stress on health and vice versa.
Methods: The authors, leadership/staff with a youth advocacy NGO and a pediatrician, all serve high-risk families. Together they will devise a survey for youth advocates identifying areas of need and concern facing marginalized youth and families that also impact the well-being of their communities. This survey will include qualitative recommendations for proactive, collaborative efforts for mutual benefit. It will be administered to youth advocates working in specified US regions and possibly in Ireland and Guatemala. The surveys, combined with focus groups of mixed-discipline practitioners, will inform recommendations for potential collaborative initiatives and strategies.
Findings: We will use qualitative data from those practicing in the advocacy and healthcare fields to make concrete, practical recommendations for creative and productive interdisciplinary collaborations. Our early interdisciplinary discussions found several health concerns including literacy, truancy, lead poisoning, poverty, substance abuse which have roots, remedies and consequences within at-risk families.

Abstract #210
Title: Building Community Health Representatives’ Skills as Agents of Resilience in Indigenous Communities
 Nicolette Teufel-Shone (University of Arizona, USA)
Co-Authors: Mae-Gilene Begay, Samantha Sabo, Michele Henson
In the US, Community Health Representatives (CHRs) are federally funded to improve cross-cultural communication within the health care system serving Indigenous communities. CHRs build community capacity and advocate for social change. Perhaps their most significant role is teaching and supporting their clients and communities to be resilient and address challenges.
Methods: Objective: To build and reinforce CHRs’ skills in advocacy, public health policy and resilience. Methods: The Navajo Nation, Dine College (local tribal college) and the University of Arizona have partnered to create three integrated experiences to support personal and community resilience to improve health services. Activities include: 1) a culturally relevant public health certificate; 2) a summer health research and evaluation program that includes sessions on community and personal resilience; and 3) annual state-wide policy forums that convene CHRs from multiple indigenous communities to share strategies to advocate for social justice through policy change.
Findings: More than 100 CHRs have participated in one or more of these activities. CHRs have guided communities to develop and pass local policies to build local resilience to support health.  Conclusion: Through education, support and cohesion within the profession, CHRs have demonstrated their effectiveness as agents of resilience.  


Elonya Niehaus

Institute for Transdisciplinary Development (ITD)
avatar for Alicia M. Pointer

Alicia M. Pointer

Pediatrician, Cornerstone Family Healthcare/Youth Advocate Programs, Inc.
Alicia is a pediatrician at a community health center in Newburgh, NY. Her current research explores challenges and opportunities for collaboration between healthcare providers and youth advocates serving at-risk children. Her particular focus is on the intersection of individual... Read More →

Nicolette Teufel-Shone

University of Arizona

Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Room 08 Century City Conference Centre


Fostering Resilience in Women and Girls - Linda Nienaber, Gerri Lasiuk (for Saima S. Hirani), Jane Rose Njue (for Joan Kabaria Muriithi)
Fostering Resilience in Women and Girls

Abstract #76
Title: Being a girl in Diepsloot: Making meaning of risk and resilience
 Linda Nienaber (University of Pretoria, South Africa)
Co-Author: Salomé Human-Vogel
Girl youth, especially girl youth from high-risk communities, are vulnerable to risks. Interventions focused on addressing risk draw on western paradigms of resilience, not accounting for cultural aspects of resilience. Therefore, understanding how girls in Diepsloot conceptualise risk and resilience is an important step in fostering resilience among girl youth.
Methods: I draw on an ecologically-oriented systemic approach to explore how girl youth make meaning of risk and resilience based on their lived experiences of being a girl in Diepsloot. Using a qualitative case study design, I collected data from eight girl youth in Diepsloot who attended an equine-assisted intervention in Diepsloot called Growing Great Girls. From open-ended focus group interviews, photovoice, journal entries and observations as data sources, I used  inductive thematic data analysis to interrogate how girl youth make meaning of the risks they face to discover the source and nature of their resilience.
Findings: The findings I will report on include themes focused on individual psychosocial characteristics, family climate, community-related social issues and broader societal issues. The findings of this study contributes to a broader understanding of risk and resilience that is ecologically relevant to the lives of girl youth from high risk communities. 

Abstract #47
Title: Role of social support intervention to enhance women’s resilience in Karachi, Pakistan
Gerri Lasiuk (University of Alberta, Canada)
Co-Author: Saima S. Hirani, Colleen Norris
Women’s mental health is a concern globally and especially in developing countries because of its direct association with children’s health. In developing countries like Pakistan, where resources are scarce, there is a need for low cost and gender sensitive interventions to promote women’s mental health in primary health care settings.
Methods: A 6-week social support intervention was tested with 120 community-dwelling women in a low socioeconomic area of Karachi Pakistan. 60 women were randomly assigned to a 6-week group social support intervention, while the 60 women in the control group received a single session on mental health. Resilience was measured at baseline and immediately post-intervention using the Resilience Scale-14 (RS-14) and the Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA).
Findings: Women in the intervention group showed better resilience and ability to see goals and plans to achieve them. They also reported experiencing other positive changes and increased ability to address their day-to-day life issues. The study demonstrates that group interventions in primary health care settings have potential to promote resilience.

Abstract #163
Title: Resilience and Social Support Networks of Kenyan Women Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence in Shelter Homes
Presenter: Jane Rose Njue (Family and Child Studies, Northern Illinois University, USA)
Co-Author: Joan Kabaria Muriithi, Lucy Kathuri-Ogola 
Introduction: This papers revisits the role played by individual women survivors and shelter homes in coping with the experience of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). Premised on selected tenets of family resilience theory, it postulates that key processes in family resilience are pertinent in helping women survivors deal with traumatic experiences
Methods: The discussions in the paper will be based on a study that was carried out in shelter homes in Nakuru and Nairobi, Kenya. The study employed a cross-sectional survey research design and studied four forms of violence: psychological, economic, physical and sexual. The target population comprised all women survivors of IPV who were seeking or had sought support services from the shelter homes in the past one year prior to the study and service providers in the shelter homes.
Findings: Survivors relied on individual and community strengths to get through the trying times. However, the full utilization of the legal and economic framework has been hampered by deep seated cultural beliefs and weak enforcement capacity. Consequently, strengthening of the collaboration amongst relevant stakeholders in the management of IPV is paramount.

avatar for Gerri Lasiuk

Gerri Lasiuk

Associate Professor, College of Nursing, University of Saskatchewan

Jane Rose Njue

Family and Consumer Sciences

Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Room 10 Century City Conference Centre


International Perspectives - Normanda Araujo de Morais, Bettina Moltrecht
International Perspectives

Abstract #301
Title: Factors that promote community resilience: A case study of a community in northeastern Brazil
Presenter: Normanda Araujo de Morais (Universidade de Fortaleza, Brazil)
Co-Authors: Ana Tercila Campos Oliveira (Universidade de Fortaleza, Brazil)
Introduction: It was sought to identify the factors that promote community resilience (CR) in a community in northeastern Brazil which originated in an urban occupation and which is characterized by low social indicators. Such adversities are historically less emphasized in studies of CR although they are the most chronic and frequent.
Methods: This is a qualitative study with design of single case study that was based on the ecological Insertion. A methodological proposal which makes the Bio ecological approach operational. Community observations were conducted over six months in addition to eleven interviews with key informants (community leaders, residents, etc). The data was analyzed based on content Analysis and triangulation of different instruments such as: interviews, diaries and official documents about the history and community indicators. It was found that the main adversities experienced are related to structural difficulties (e.g. sanitation and recreation), stigma and police violence.
Findings: There has been a historical process of community struggles for ensuring basic rights (e.g. electricity, transportation) which is based in the social capital and in the collective self-esteem. It is important to have a new perspective on communities and their vulnerabilities which can value its potential and the CR.

Abstract #302
Title: Mental Health and Resilience Provision in Schools across 10 European Countries.
Presenter: Bettina Moltrecht (Anna Freud Centre & University College London, UK)
Co-Authors: Praveetha Patalay, Dawid Gondek, Laura Giese, University of Nis, University of Limerick, Ireland
Introduction: Schools are considered a key setting for mental health (MH) provision, however little is known about the actual availability of MH interventions in schools. We provide data on existing MH interventions in schools across 10 European countries and identify facilitators and barriers for providing sufficient MH support to students.
Methods: Data from 1466 schools were collected in France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Serbia, Spain, Sweden, UK and Ukraine via an online survey. Information collected from schools included school demographics, existing MH interventions, approaches to MH provision (whole school/targeted; prevention/promotion/treatment), existing school policies, links with professionals and relevant agencies, and schools’ perceptions of barriers to MH provision.
Findings: Half of the schools reported insufficient MH support. Most interventions follow a universal approach and focus on treating present MH difficulties. Key barriers to MH provision included limited staff capacity, funding, access to specialists and lack of policies. Differences at a school level were associated with school demographics. Secondary schools scored higher on student support, links with agencies and existing policies. Private schools reported greater priority of MH support and less barriers. We observed a 7-33% between-country variation possibly reflecting differences in existing infrastructures and national policies.

avatar for Bettina Moltrecht

Bettina Moltrecht

PhD Candidate, Anna Freud Centre & UCL
I am currently a PhD Candidate at the Evidence Based Practice Unit (EBPU), based across University College London and the Anna Freud National Centre. My research focus lies on the development of digital resilience interventions (mobile app) for adolescents.

Normanda Araujo de Morais

University of Fortaleza

Ana Tercila Campos Oliveira

Universidade de Fortaleza - UNIFOR

Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Room 03 Century City Conference Centre


Mental Health - Neil Humphrey, Cameron Gill
Mental Health

Abstract #8
Title: Exploring the intersection between cumulative risk and protective factors in predicting mental health difficulties among children and young people
 Neil Humphrey (University of Manchester, UK)
Co-Author: Tanya Lereya, Jessica Deighton
We address three objectives: (i) examine the nature and magnitude of the relationship between risk exposure and mental health difficulties among children and young people; (ii) assess the cumulative effects of individual and school-related protective factors on said outcomes; and (iii) examine the intersection between cumulative risk and protection.
Methods: A cross-sectional, multi-level natural variation design was utilized.  Our response variables were children and young people’s internalizing and externalizing mental health difficulties.  These were regressed onto a range of explanatory risk and protective variables operating at different levels of the developmental ecosystem (e.g., individual, family, school).  Approximately 7000 students (aged 10-14) in 12 areas across England provided data.  We will report multi-level analyses to determine the predictive utility of multiple versus cumulative risk perspectives, the functional form of the risk-outcome relationship, and the extent to which cumulative risk effects are moderated by the presence of individual and school-related protective factors.
Findings: To date, evidence of a non-linear, 'mass accumulation' effect of cumulative risk on externalising problems has been found; this effect explains variance above and beyond that accounted for by a multiple risk perspective.  Initial, exploratory analysis suggests that the presence of cumulative protective factors moderates the risk-outcome relationship.

Abstract #303
Title: Transcending disadvantage: enhancing resilience, empowerment and participation in children with additional needs.
Presenter: Cameron Gill (ParagonInc, Australia)
Co-Author: Teresa Butler
Introduction: Children with disabilities face challenges that often limit their opportunities to engage and participate to their full capacity.  Velocity is a program designed to assist children to transcend these challenges through developing resilience and challenging limiting expectations set by parents, professionals and society, and notions of learned helplessness.
Methods: Velocity is a weekly out of school program that provides an opportunity for children with disabilities to develop stronger social connections, challenge their bodies physically and learn vital leadership and resilience skills.
Findings: Children who participate in Velocity take more active roles in their communities.  They become more optimistic about their future.  They are less likely to be deterred by setbacks and are more confident in their ability to transcend their apparent limitations. 

avatar for Cameron Gill

Cameron Gill

Cameron Gill is a physiotherapist with over 10 years experience in paediatrics. He is the founder and director of ParagonInc, a Superhero school that provides a range of life and leadership skills, including bullying prevention programs, social action and advocacy training, and resilience... Read More →

Neil Humphrey

University of Manchester

Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Room 06 Century City Conference Centre


Nurturing Youth Resilience - Rashi Sinha, Emily Stapley, Carlien Kahl
Nurturing Youth Resilience

Abstract #135
Title: How Rural Mothers Foster Resilience in Children: Conception and Strategies based on narratives of women from Mai-village, Nalanda, Bihar, India
Rashi Sinha (Tata Institute of Social Sciences, India)
In this stengths-based research, an underprivileged population is being studied to better understand their possible multiple definitions of success, failure and resilience, and to explore how mothers buffer their children from the deleterious conditions birthed by structural inequality and generational poverty.
Methods: The first phase involved interviewing important stakeholders in the community to better understand the sociocultural context of Mai village and its development. This qualitative research acknowledges that the contribution of the mother-child relationship to the development of resilience. In the second phase, in-depth interviews were conducted with nine mothers from the community to explore the maternal construction of resilience and to study the strategies employed by mothers to foster resilience in their children. The third phase of the study comprised of a focus group in which the participants interacted and discussed their unique ways of fostering resilience in the children.
Findings: Apart from their indigenous methods, the results reveal the significance of hope in the lives of participants. The implication of learning about resilience development in this context lies in inculcating it in programmes and policies that will help others living in socioeconomic deprivation and the conditions associated with it.

Abstract #19
Title: The family as a facilitator for young people’s resilience: Findings from the qualitative evaluation of ‘HeadStart’ in England
 Emily Stapley (Anna Freud Centre/UCL, UK)
Adolescence is a high risk period for the development of diagnosable mental health disorders. In response to calls for a focus on prevention of mental health issues, the pilot phase of HeadStart implemented a ‘test and learn’ approach to improving the resilience and wellbeing of at-risk young people in England.
Methods: A range of interventions were delivered in school and community settings in 12 HeadStart areas across England. As part of the qualitative evaluation of HeadStart, 70 semi-structured interviews were conducted with young people (aged 11-15), four with families, and nine with parents/carers, to explore their perspectives on resilience, and factors promoting or hindering resilience and wellbeing. A thematic analysis of the interviews sought to examine the ways in which the family can support (or not) young people’s resilience and wellbeing, both within the context of family-focused interventions delivered as part of HeadStart and outside of the interventions.
Findings: The findings have implications for the role of the family in resilience-focused interventions for young people, and indicate how the family can be drawn on by young people as a coping resource.

Abstract #90
Title: Father-(figure)-s supporting resilient first-grade school transitions of children in a rural South African context amidst structural deficiencies.
 Carlien Kahl (North-West University, Vaal Campus, South Africa)
Co-Author: Itumeleng (Tumi) P. Khumalo 
To illustrate how father-figures supported rural South African children’s positive school transitioning as part of children’s social ecologies of resilience. More researchers are recognising the importance of including father-figures informing theories and directing interventions and family support. The data informing this paper shows father-figures’ provision and facilitating access to resilience-resources.
Methods: Community advisory panel criteria enabled selection of five case study children, their parents, and teachers as part of a larger project entitled SISU (Social ecologies of resilience among at-risk children starting school in South Africa and Finland: A visual participatory study). Interviews were conducted with parents and teachers, and children’s data gathered using Draw-and-talk, Photo elicitation, and the Day-in-the-life video methodology. Inductive, iterative analysis allowed researchers to create a coding system for further deductive analysis within and across cases by independent coders, consensus discussions, and external review. Data were informed by three cases with two fathers and a grandfather present.
Findings: Father-figures provided and facilitated school-supporting routines through pragmatic care to meet specific first-grade demands (financial, academic, physical care). Support included performing domestic tasks and nurturing children’s autonomy through participation in chores; shielding and coaching appropriate expected behaviour. Researchers working with children and school settings should include father-figures as resilience-supporting resources.

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Carlien Kahl

North-West University
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Rashi Sinha

Tata Institute of Social Sciences

Emily Stapley

Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families

Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Room 02 Century City Conference Centre


Overcoming Structural Disadvantage - Roxanna Morote Rios, Paula McFadden, Kathryn Levine
Overcoming Structural Disadvantage

Abstract #65
Title: Resilience, hope and emotional well-being in Latin American community-based leaders
 Roxanna Morote Rios (Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway)
Co-Author: Odin Hjemdal
Poverty, and social and gender violence have an impact on psychosocial well-being, however, community-based leaders in Peru break barriers for social inclusion and become community care givers and agents of social change. We propose a model of protective mechanisms comprising individual, social, family, and spiritual connectedness to assess well-being in Latin America.
Methods: Participants are 692 Peruvian adults (18 to 74 years old)  living in Lima. They are mostly migrants (53%) coming from poor or rural regions of Peru. Participants answered the Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA), the Herth Hope Scale (HHS) and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL-25). With a set of factorial ANOVAs, we compared the levels of protective mechanisms (resilience,hope) and emotional well being in  groups of college students (n = 323), non-organized adults (n = 202), and community-based leaders (n = 167). We hypothesized that leaders have higher levels of protective mechanisms and better indicators of emotional well-being.
Findings: Leaders have more interpersonal competences/resources, self- efficacy, and social and transcendental hope. However, they do not show better indices of emotional well-being (hopelessness, anxiety and depression). Low resilience is a significant risk for anxiety and depression, especially for women. Resilience and hope act together as culturally relevant protection in Latin America.

Abstract #28
Title: The Role of Resilience in Mediating Burnout via Organizational Factors of Control, Values, Fairness, Reward, Workload and Community Relationships
Paula McFadden (Queens University Belfast, UK)
Co-Authors: John Mallett, Michael Leiter
Burnout has been the subject of extensive research in child-protection social work.  This paper presents findings from 162 child-protection social workers in Northern-Ireland, assessed for burnout using the Maslach Burnout Inventory.
Methods: A cross sectional survey measured Burnout using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach 1986), Resilience using the Resilience Scale RS14 by Wagnild and Young (1986) and organizational factors using the Area of Work-life Scale (Letier 2008).  Front line child protection workers in statutory and voluntary sector provision were the target sample.  Path models were estimated, based on an extension of the Two Process Energy and Values model (Leiter, 2008) to include additional measures of resilience using the Resilience Scale-14, as well as Perceived Rewards and Sense of Community from the Area of Work Life Scale AWLS (Leiter, 2008).
Findings: Model-fit was achieved by modelling Resilience as mediator of the relationship between organisational-factors of Control, Values and Burnout.  Workload was strongest direct predictor of Emotional-Exhaustion.  Resilience is modelled as both an outcome of some organisational factors whilst also making a unique direct contribution to explaining burnout alongside other organisational factors.   

Abstract #191
Title: Interventions and External Influences in the Growth and Exploration Stages in Career Development
Presenter: Kathryn Levine (Faculty of Social Work, Canada)
Co-Author: Dawn Sutherland
Introduction: This study  examined children’s career interest and knowledge within a developmental context that  assessed the predictors of career  awareness in two groups: students who attended an early intervention program and a control group of students who had not participated in any career awareness program.
Methods: Quantitative survey study of 1500 children across five school divisions in Manitoba to assess knowledge of career decision making.
Findings: Findings indicated that students in Grades 5-6 demonstrated significantly greater capacity to engage in career exploration and knowledge of career interests, compared to senior year students. These are relevant to service providers in the school systems who are tasked with the responsibility of facilitating children’s career development.  


Kathryn Levine

Faculty of Social Work, University of Manitoba

Paula McFadden

Queen's University Belfast

Roxanna Morote Rios

Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Room 05 Century City Conference Centre


Researching Resilience - Andrea Breen, Barbara Hanfstingl
Researching Resilience

Abstract #195
Title: Research for Resilience and Reconciliation
Andrea Breen (University of Guelph, Canada)
Co-Author: Jamie Bell, Ethan Tassiuk
Research on Indigenous peoples has been a tool of Colonization and there are increasing calls to decolonize research by incorporating Indigenist methodologies (eg. Wilson, 2008).  In this paper, we draw on Indigenist methodologies to share our story of co-developing a resilience-focused research project with Inuit youth in Arviat, Canada.
Methods: Indigenist methodologies emphasize relationship with other people, land and spirit, validity that is centred on responsibility to those with whom one has a relationship, knowledge generated from a variety of sources, and learning  through sharing stories (Burkhart, 2004; Wilson, 2008). We draw on these methods to examine our own conversations, focusing on data from a year-long, intensive Twitter conversation between us—a Non-Indigenous female academic researcher from an urban university, and two Indigenous male, non-academics.
Findings: We highlight themes of dis/connection, un/learning, colonization, and reconciliation through co-developing a project that will incorporate television, technology and participatory action storytelling. We share our emerging insights about the challenges and possibilities of doing research with Indigenous youth and communities in ways that contribute to both resilience and reconciliation.

Abstract #305
Title: Resilience and its association to related constructs
Presenter: Barbara Hanfdstingl (Alpen-Adria-Universitaet Klagenfurt, Austria)
Co-Authors: Ingrid Koller, Elena Mochar, Emanuel Wirnsberger
Introduction: Since resilience is discussed as multidimensional construct, different approaches and research pathways are reflected in empirical research. The most challenging point is the overlap with related constructs, even more if those overlaps stay on an implicit level. However, for a precise empirical work we need clear definitions and explicit operationalizations. 
Methods: In this presentation we will contrast different definitions of resilience with related constructs such as self-efficacy, coping strategies and self-regulation by using the Content-Scaling Structure procedure (CSS; Koller, Glück, & Levenson, 2016). CSS is a mixed-method multi-step process which helps to analyze and optimize the content validity of a construct. One part of CSS allows to contrast latent constructs on item level with the help of expert ratings. This also allows the analysis, to what extent operationalizations and items in questionnaires reflect the theoretical approaches and definitions of a construct in a valid way.
Findings: The data show surprising ambiguities and overlaps of resilience, self-efficacy, coping strategies and some aspects of self-regulation at empirical level although they mean something else theoretically. We will discuss consequences and implications on a theoretical, methodical and empirical level.

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Andrea Breen

Assistant Professor, University of Guelph
Narrative identity, Indigenist methodologies, Arts-based and qualitative methodologies, young carers.

Barbara Hanfstingl

Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt

Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Room 04 Century City Conference Centre


Building Resilience in Muslim Communities - Hafal Ahmad, Helena Oikarinen-Jabai, Marja Tiilikainen
Building Resilience in Muslim Communities

Abstract #77
Title: Youth De-radicalization: Best Practices for Canada
Hafal Ahmad (Royal Roads University, Canada)
Youth radicalization leading to violence has become a growing fear among Canadians, as terrorist attacks are carried out in Western states. Although Canada has suffered relatively fewer acts of violence, this fear has intensified and a de-radicalization strategy is needed in the Canadian context.
Methods: In a qualitative case study methodology, interviews were conducted with school counsellors, religious leaders, and academics to explore solutions to youth radicalization. Youth de-radicalization approaches from Singapore and UK were analyzed and found that community-based initiatives were missing from programming. Social identity theory is used to explain that youth join radicalized groups to feel a sense of belonging and have to be provided an alternative and moderate group identity to de-radicalize.
Findings: Canada can incorporate lessons from the Singaporean and UK’s approaches by building trustful relationships and networks between the public and those providing the service. This could be achieved by including communities into de-radicalization and discuss community problems with these stakeholders. Otherwise, they may feel targeted and marginalized in their society. 
Abstract #80
Title: Young Finnish Muslims exploring and performing their resilience. A participatory study
Helena Oikarinen-Jabai (University of Helsinki, Finland)
My earlier participatory performative research with young second generation Finns suggested that for young Muslims religion is an important resilience factor. Presently I work in the project Young Muslims and Resilience -A Participatory Study. The participants belong to diverse Muslim communities and have different ethnic backgrounds (5 fem/5male)
Methods: The participants of the project are involved in creating an exhibition, workshops and seminars in which they can express their own viewpoints of resilience. Visual methodology created by Michael Ungar and his colleagues are applied, in addition to performative methodologies. In our research setting we have modified the method (‘a day in life’) to suit better for our purposes by making shorter video shootings focusing on issues chosen by the participants. They have continued with the issues they are interested in and concerned such as living in-between cultures, religion, gender, sexuality, generational relationships, fashion, Islamic diaspora cultures and islamophobia.
Findings: In my presentation I share some views and images created by the participants, and discuss participatory performative approaches as means to understand resilience of young people belonging to a (stigmatized) minority. The preliminary findings reveal the diversity of Muslim communities, also female and male participants concentrate on different issues.  

Abstract #79
Title: Resources and resilience among Canadian Somali and Finnish Somali youth
Marja Tiilikainen (Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Finland)
Following the civil war, Somali refugees started to look for a secure place and better future outside the Horn. However, in many diasporic countries Somali families have faced socio-economic challenges, discrimination, Islamophobia, and bad media image. In Canada, several young men of Somali descent have also been violently killed.
Methods: Regardless of the disadvantages, many Canadian Somali and Finnish Somali parents have been successful in supporting their children to do well and establish their place in the society. The aim of this paper is to discuss the factors, resources and processes that support well-being and resilience of young people of Somali descent in Canada and Finland. The paper draws from approximately 74 individual and focus group interviews with parents and young people of Somali descent in Toronto and Helsinki area, conducted as part of a five-year research project funded by the Academy of Finland.
Findings: The findings underline the importance of a family facilitating resilience of their children. However, studied parents and families differ in terms of resources that they have and rely on to support their children. Parents’ background, family structure and (in particular in Toronto) neighborhood impact the available opportunities. 


Hafal Ahmad

Royal Roads University

Helena Oikarinen-Jabai

University of Helsinki, Department of Social Research

Marja Tiilikainen

Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki
Marja Tiilikainen (PhD, Adjunct Professor in comparative religion) is Academy Research Fellow at the Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Finland. She has conducted long-term research on Somali migrants and carried out ethnographic research in Finland, Northern Somalia... Read More →

Thursday June 15, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 07 Century City Conference Centre


Ecological Approaches to Resilience - Olalekan Ayo-Yusuf, Leon Gwaka, Johan Potgieter
Ecological Approaches to Resilience

Abstract #109
Title: Developing a data-driven resilience model for food security in Southern Africa
Olalekan Ayo-Yusuf (Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, South Africa)
Co-Author: Donald Mokoka, Jones Ngambi, Dominica Mutanga, Petronella Chirawu 
There are a number of resilience theoretical models proposed in the literature but very few are empirically and/or structurally validated for the context in sub-Saharan Africa.  This study therefore sought to develop a data-driven resilience model for food security within the context of environmental stress in the Southern African region.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional household survey (n-1948) built on a theoretical model developed following a qualitative study in four communities in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Malawi. One in ten households reported in the studied population  reported having a HIV-positive household member and just little over half of the population (54.5%) was considered food secured. The data obtained were subjected to factor analysis to derive multiple dimensions of a latent construct of resilience and the relationship between these dimensions were structurally modeled using structural equation modelling (SEM). The data obtained fitted the a priori specified model, with some additional modifications.
Findings: Some resilience dimensions could be considered either reflecting absorptive capacity i.e. immediate or coping responses (social capital & social support), while others were considered representative of adaptive capacity, central which was human capital. Resilience to food security can be strengthened by linking social assistance to human capital development.

Abstract #143
Title: Political ecology of resilience in Zimbabwe -a futures visioning approach
Leon Gwaka (MOSMAC, South Africa)
Research on resilience is focusing on what the future holds amid growing population, food and energy shortages. There is need for solutions on how communities can manage the prevailing challenges. Futures visions influence current actions but for marginalised groups, these visions remain undetermined. Futures visioning can complement existing research techniques.
Methods: This research advocates the use of futures visioning approach within marginalised groups, to establish how these groups understand and interact with their lived environment. Futures visioning is a participatory research techniques which empowers communities to develop the futures they desire, would love to have and even dream of regardless of confines. To achieve this, the researcher engaged community using ethnographic techniques such as visioning workshops, transect walks and imaginative techniques. Also, the researcher conducted current resource mapping as well as desired maps to establish the wishes and dreams of the community.
Findings: Visions of communities help in re-configuring actions of communities and practitioners in resilience building. Futures visioning helps understand whether visions and efforts of building resilient communities are aligned. Visioning also help understand how context affects resilience e.g. in Zimbabwe, visioning of communities may be restricted by complex socio-political environment.

Abstract #138
Title: When men and mountains meet... The role of eco-adventure in the facilitation of resilience
 Johan Potgieter (North-West University, South Africa)
Oberved increases in the occurrence non-communicable diseases has recently led to a call from the WHO (2013) for interventions that aim not only to combat disease after diagnosis, but to prevent it from occurring (WHO, 2013), while making optimal use of resources within individuals and the environment.
Methods: One innovative approach toward both the treatment of psychopathology and the facilitation of optimal functioning is that of adventure therapy. Although having been in existence for a number or years, adventure therapy has remained somewhat mysterious given that empirical evidence of why and how it works are inconclusive and contested. This paper will cite data from a number of recent international and local studies to show how our increased understaning of processes of resilience, serves to shed light on the reasons for the effectiveness of eco-adventure therapy in bringing about positive well-being outcomes. 
Findings: Both adventure therapy philosophy, and recent conceptualizations of resilience recognize the importance of the interconnection between an individual and his physical and social environment in predicting well-being outcomes. This positions adventure therapy as an ideal vehicle for the faciliation of resilience within the challenging South African context.   


Olalekan Ayo-Yusuf

SefakoMakgathoHealth Sciences University(SMU) and UP RAN Southern Africa Resilience Innovation Lab (SA RILab)
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Leon Gwaka

PhD Candidate, MOSMAC (University of the Western Cape)

Johan Potgieter

North-West University

Thursday June 15, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 06 Century City Conference Centre


Families and Substance Abuse - Trecia Wouldes, Steven Kurtz
Families and Substance Abuse

Abstract #249
Title: Resilience in preschool children exposed prenatally to methamphetamine and postnatally to domestic violence
 Trecia Wouldes (The University of Auckland, New Zealand)
Co-Author: Linda L. LaGasse, Jenny Rogers, Barry M. Lester
Resilience in this study was conceptualized as better inhibitory behavior, an important component of executive function (EF) in preschool children. EF refers to higher order thinking skills that are mediated by the frontal cortex, and have been found to be a better predictor of school achievement and learning than IQ.
Methods: Participants were 106 children and their mothers exposed prenatally to methamphetamine and 115 non-exposed children and their mothers enrolled at birth in the New Zealand Infant Development, Environment and Lifestyle (NZ IDEAL) Study.  Lifestyle and environmental data were collected at 1, 12, 24, 30, 36 and 54 months. Groups were matched for maternal educational level, ethnicity and the child's birth weight. The Conflict Tactics Scale evaluated level of domestic violence. Inhibition was measured with maternal report using the Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Preschool Version (BRIEF-P) and an examiner administered inhibition task, the Gift Delay.
Findings: Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that the quality and stimulation of the home environment, better maternal mental health and less severe violence exposure predicted better inhibitory behavior,  which were negatively correlated with child internalization and externalization. These findings can be used to improve clinical services for children exposed to domestic violence. 

Abstract #307
Title: Resilient Outcomes among Young Adults with Complex Drug Use
Presenter: Steven Kurtz (Nova Southeastern University, USA)
Abstract: Young adults with complex substance use are at risk for numerous other health and social problems. Among men and women participants in Miami’s nightclub scene who were recruited to a behavioral intervention study, we examined resilience as a predictor of improved health and social outcomes at 12 months post baseline. 


Steven P Kurtz

ARSH, Nova Southeastern University
avatar for Trecia Ann Wouldes

Trecia Ann Wouldes

The University of Auckland

Thursday June 15, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 03 Century City Conference Centre


Networks to Support Resilience - Julie Tippens, Roseline Olumbe, Suegnet Smit
Networks to Support Community Resilience

Abstract #281
Title: Gendered Social Capital: An Ethnographic Study of Urban Congolese Refugees’ Networks to Improve Community Resilience
Julie Tippens (University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA)
Co-Author: Helen Miamidian
 Community resilience has gained salience in academic disciplines in the past decade, yet research pertaining to refugee community resilience remains scarce. This study explores urban Congolese refugees’ gendered uses of social capital and social networks to promote broader community wellbeing in Nairobi, Kenya.
Methods: I conducted semi-structured interviews (N=27) and ethnographic participant observation with a neighborhood-specific subsample of urban refugees in Nairobi over 12-months (May-August 2012; January-August 2014). Interviews and participant observation took place in formal and informal community meetings, churches, workplaces, and homes. 
Findings: Female refugees typically relied on in-group support while male refugees utilized out-group networks to access resilience resources. There is limited insight into nuanced, gendered uses of networks to promote broader community resilience; such information can inform policies and programs to improve refugees’ wellbeing.  

Abstract #330
Title: Resilience Promoting Factors among Vulnerable Juveniles in Charitable Children Institutions in Dagoretti and Lower Kabete Sub-Counties in Nairobi, Kenya
Roseline Olumbe (Daystar University, Kenya)
Co-Authors: Martha Sunda, Sylvia Tuikong
Vulnerable juveniles placed in Charitable Institutions face challenges that could lead to multiple negative effects. Adverse maltreatment of children leads to complex challenges that affect the child's mental health. Challenges encountered by such children may affect their resilience capacity needing multiple pathways to enhance resilience
Methods: To establish factors that promote resilience among children in CCIs, a descriptive study is ongoing in 12 shelters purposively sampled from Dagoretti and Lower Kabete Sub-Counties in Nairobi County. These are shelters for vulnerable juveniles that work closely with national child helpline 116 in Kenya. Out of 649 children, 195 resilient children aged 6-13 years were purposively selected using a predetermined checklist. Data collection is ongoing using Focus Group Discussions, Key Informant Interviews and the Child and Youth Resilient Measure (CYRM-26) questionnaire.
Findings: Expected findings are that resilience by children in CCIs results primarily from physical and psychological caregiving. Other resilience promoting factors include the child's personal skills, peer and social support, an environment that enhances spiritual development, positive education and supportive cultural activities 

Abstract #342
The value of a support group in fostering resilience in a correctional facility 
Suegnet Smit (North-West University, South Africa)
Introduction: After completion of a Fatherhood programme, inmates expressed a desire to change their lives, but voiced a need for guidance and support.  With limited personal resources, inmates have to find pathways to navigate their way into a “new” and changed life.  
Methods: This research is a qualitative case study design done in the correctional facility with 10 initial inmates that joined the support group.  Although there is a restriction on methods allowed for data generation in correctional facilities, data could be generated through narratives, personal reflections, naïve sketches, worksheets on discussed topics and interviews (noted by using scribes).  
Findings: Findings are pending.  

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Roseline Olumbe

Lecturer, Daystar University
Lecturer in child Development impacting children and children workers through teaching and practical ministry

Suegnet Smit

North-West University
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Julie Tippens

Assistant Professor, University of Nebraska- Lincoln, Department of Child, Youth and Family Studies

Thursday June 15, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 10 Century City Conference Centre


The Role of Families in Building Resilience - James Coyle, Suna Hanoz (for Lilliana Angelica Ponguta), Judith Siegel
The Role of Families in Building Resilience

Abstract #111
Title: Using Family Counseling to Increase Family and Individual Resilience
James Coyle (University of Windsor, Canada)
Resilience theory provides a helpful framework for describing how individuals attain positive developmental outcomes. Family relationships can be an important resource for individual resilience, but family dysfunction often leads to individually-focused interventions, which may reduce the influence of potential family strengths.
Methods: Family counseling which strengthens family resilience is an alternative which may improve protective elements of family relationships, resulting in resilient functioning for families and individuals. While resilience theory suggests domains for family intervention, such as improved communication skills, hopeful beliefs, flexible roles, and family cohesion, it relies on counseling methods from other models, particularly solution-focused and narrative therapy, for improving resilience. These counseling models also suggest the usefulness of resources outside of the family, therefore explaining how individual, family, and community interventions can increase resilience. This presentation will describe a resilience-based family counseling model using a brief case example.
Findings: This model assesses risk and protective factors at individual, family, and community levels. It describes counseling interventions which can improve family and individual resilience, and it strengthens the important bond between individuals and families which can be an ongoing source of resilience

Abstract #116
Title: Structural Disadvantages Among Palestinian Refugee and Marginalized Communities in Beirut: Impact Evaluation of a Parenting Intervention
 Suna Hanoz (ACEV-- Mother Child Education Foundation, Turkey)
Co-Author: Lilliana Angelica Ponguta, Ghassan Issa, Cosette Maalouf, Lara Aodeh, Kaveh Khoshnood, Anna L. Zonderman, Liliya Katsovich, Rima Salah, James Leckman
Refugee camps and periurban contexts present a composite of risk factors. We completed a randomized controlled trial to assess the impact of a school readiness intervention (MOCEP). Previous research found that MOCEP fostered children’s resilience by supporting stable and positive relationships between them and their parents, among other mechanisms.
Methods: The study population included 107 mother-child dyads living in two multi-function community centers inside Palestinian refugee camps and one government-sponsored social service agency in a low-income neighborhood in Beirut. We explore the associations between key contextual variables, parental variables, and child social-cognitive development in these hard-to-reach and vulnerable contexts. Raters who were blind to the intervention assignment collected a comprehensive battery of contextual/structural, community, family/home, and maternal variables and a multidimensional battery of child outcomes including cognitive development, executive function, and social-emotional development.
Findings: We characterize the structural challenges using a mixed-methods approach, and explore the impact of the intervention on multiple maternal, child, and community-level variables associated with resilience in these structurally disadvantaged contexts.  We also explore the impact of the MOCEP program and implications for practice and policy will be discussed.

Abstract #226
Title: Stress Exposure and Well Being in Chinese (Shanghai) parents: Risk and Protective Factors
 Judith Siegel (New York University, USA)
We explored the physical and mental health of 2,077adults and questioned whether adults exposed to potentially traumatic events (PTE) and  stress after relocating from non-urban areas developed depression or physical symptoms.  We questioned the influences of vulnerabilities (income and social status) and factors predictive of resilience (social and marital support).
Methods: We sampled 2,077 parents of first-grade children in the public schools in Shanghai.  Respondents reported whether they had experienced a PTE such as an earthquake, tsunami or parental loss or divorce during childhood. Respondents were also asked if they had non-urban, Hukou registration, indicating migration associated with lower social status and difficultly accessing resources.  Additional instruments measured depression, somatic symptoms, marital satisfaction, and social support as well income, education, employment, weekly working hours, and social status.  Ordinary least squares regression was used to study physical
Findings/Implications: In support of existing literature, respondents with both migration and PTE  and the identified risk factors (poverty, social status) scored highest on depression and physical symptoms.  However, the protective function of resources (education, social support and marital satisfaction) cushioned both depression and physical health symptoms.


avatar for James Coyle

James Coyle

Associate Professor, University of Windsor
James P. Coyle, PhD is an Associate Professor in the School of Social Work at the University of Windsor in Ontario, Canada. His research examines the nature of resilience in families affected by alcohol abuse and developmental disability and applying a resilience framework in family... Read More →

Suna Hanoz

International Programs, Coordinator, ACEV-- Mother Child Education Foundation
My work at ACEV involves, building and maintaining collaborative partnerships with international universities, NGO’s, I-NGO’s and network organizations. My focus areas are early childhood development, teacher/parent training in conflict, refugee displacement, and natural disaster... Read More →

Judith Siegel

New York University

Thursday June 15, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 05 Century City Conference Centre


The Role of Practicioners - Elmien Truter, Sarah Maiter, and Sarah Robinson
The Role of Practicioners

Abstract #140
Title: Moving from “they must” to “I can”: Considering child protection social worker’s risk and resilience in South Africa
Elmien Truter (North-West University, South Africa)
Co-Author: Ansie Fouché
Child protection social workers (CPSWs) are mandated  to protect vulnerable children.  There have been international calls for the prioritization of CPSW resilience.  Nonetheless, to date, only a small number of empirical research studies have explored resilience processes in CPSWs, and less have focused on South African CPSW risks and resilience.
Methods: In this paper, we present phenomenological accounts of the risks and resilience processes in the lives of 10 South African CPSWs, who participated on a self-referral basis. Data was collected by means of telephonic interviews, and analyzed by using thematic content analysis.
Findings: Findings reveal that these CPSWs experience risks such as deprived professional support and deficiency in resources (among others). Resilience processes include: practice- and purpose-informing creeds, helpful care systems, personal make-up, religion and positive environmental contexts.  

Abstract #306
Title: Helping as a pathway to resilience: lessons from a research project with immigrant parents experiencing child welfare interventions
Presenter: Sarah Maiter (School of Social Work, York University, Canada)
Introduction: Child welfare services often involve intervention in the lives of poor, marginalized and vulnerable families who are experiencing personal trauma and structural barriers in their day to day lives. With increasing globalization and displacement of people more and more immigrant families are coming to the attention of child welfare services.
Methods: A qualitative research method, with open- ended long interview questionnaires was used to explore the experiences of racialized immigrant families with the child welfare system and their daily lives and struggles.  Findings show settlement struggles that include: unemployment, underemployment, poverty, language struggles, credentials not being recognized, and racial and ethnic discrimination, in an increasingly neoliberal context that has resulted in precarious work and greater personal blame for problems that families confront.  Loss of personal resources within such an environment is heightened while child welfare workers find it difficult to recognize strengths and areas of resilience that can help families.
Findings: Although the intent of the study was to understand parents’ experiences with the child welfare system, inadvertent finding shows that these parents helped others in their neighbourhoods and communities that increased their sense of self and efficacy.  These findings are discussed as avenues for child welfare work with families.

Abstract #166
Title: Caught in dialogic crossfire: Resilience, recognition and remnants of the past
 Sarah Robinson (UCC, Ireland)
Post-independence Ireland had the second highest rate of institutionalization, per capita globally, in what is referred to Ireland's Architecture of Containment.  It continues to grapple with this legacy, in which those deemed socially undesirable were institutionalized. These included unmarried mothers, illegitimate children, ‘wayword’ women and the poor.
Methods:  While many in Ireland contend that this history is in the past, this research explores how the past is still alive in the present. It draws on interviews with practitioners in two psychological services in Ireland, as well as members of a survivor movement, to understand how a master narrative of institutional abuse continues to position and frame experience. Discourse analysis is applied to the data and found a discourse of victim and perpetrator, or a binary ‘us’ and ‘them,’ in which social healing is constrained.
Findings: The findings suggest that a lack of public dialogic spaces, means that ‘empathic repair’ is absent from Ireland’s response to its past. This in turn influences socio-cultural processes of resilience in the present, for both those directly impacted, and those caught in the dialogical crossfire. 

avatar for Sarah Maiter

Sarah Maiter

Professor, School of Social Work, York University
My research interests are: Race and Racism, Children and Youth, Child Welfare practice and policy for diverse communities , Minority youth and their development, anti-oppressive, anti racist practice; Mental Health practice and policy for diverse ethno-racial groups.

Sarah Robinson

School of Applied Psychology, University College Cork
Sarah Robinson is a first year PHD candidate in the University College Cork (UCC), Republic of Ireland. She is interesed in community and critical psychology, post-conflict and conflict transitions, life transitions and resilience, and humanitarianism. She is a graduate of the higher... Read More →

Elmien Truter

Elmien Truter, PhD, is a practicing child protection social worker and a social work lecturer in the Faculty of Humanities, North-West University, South Africa. Her research interests relate to exploring and enhancing the resilience of child protection social workers; investigating... Read More →

Thursday June 15, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 04 Century City Conference Centre


Trauma and Sexual Abuse - Ihsana Sabriani Borualogo, Sadiyya Haffejee, Renata Maria Coimbra
Trauma and Sexual Abuse

Abstract #215
Title: Study of Resilience on Human Trafficking Victims in West Java, Indonesia
Ihsana Sabriani Borualog (Master Program of Professional Psychology, Post-Graduate Program Universitas Islam Bandung, Indonesia)
Human trafficking cases that occurred in Indonesia reached 6651 people (March 2005 to December 2014). This put Indonesia at first the highest number of trafficking victims in the world. The number of victims in West Java reached 2,151 votes (32.25%) the total number of human trafficking in Indonesia.
Methods: Method on this study was descriptive. Population on this study was human trafficking victims in West Java. There were 33 human trafficking victims, age 15-23 year old which selected by purposive sampling. Data were collected in 6 districts in West Java, which were Kabupaten Bandung, Kabupaten Cirebon, Kabupaten Indramayu, Kota Bogor, Kota Tasikmalaya, and Kabupaten  Sukabumi.
Findings: 69.7% of the respondents were resilient. Socio-cultural factors were important in helping victims to emerge from the trauma. A good relationship with the care giver as well as the context / sense of belonging, sources were available from the environment and accessible, so that victims become resilient.
Abstract #30
Title: Resilience processes in sexually abused Black South Africa adolescent girl: Findings from a participatory study
Sadiyya Haffejee (University of the North West, South Africa)
Research suggests that while child sexual abuse may result in a number of negative behavioural and psychological consequences for survivors, the impact is variable; with some survivors able to do well.
Methods: Resilience research on CSA has largely employed quantitative methods of data collection and has focused primarily on resilience processes in adult survivors of sexual violence. Participatory methods gives voice to adolescent girls experiences of child sexual abuse. Using participatory diagramming, group and individual interviews and digital stories, this study explores how 8 Black South African adolescent girls that reside in child and youth care facilities are able to do well in spite of sexual abuse. The study explores the multiple risks present in the lives of these girls and focuses on the protective processes that enable them to do well.
Findings: Findings will describe the complex interplay of both intrapersonal resources as well as external enabling resources that facilitate resilience processes in this group.   

Abstract #32
Title: Processes of resilience: the history of women overcoming sexual exploitation in Brazil - A documentary
Renata Maria Coimbra (São Paulo State University, Brazil)
Introduction:  The aim of this work is to present a short version of a documentary about the lives of women,  who have experienced situations of sexual exploitation during their early adolescence, in Brazil. The women reveals the protective factors present in their lives trajectories, leading them to resilience processes.
Methods: During the years of 1999-2000, they took part of PhD research and had their experiences audio recorded in cassette tapes; they talked about their lives on the streets, involvement with drugs, commercial sex and dreams.  In 2015, the PhD researcher / diretor of the documentary  found the tapes and decided to look for these women, in order to meet them again and to know what happened to them. So, the diretor started a one year search and found all the women, protagonists of the documentary,  that focus on individual testimonies, able to challenge our own prejudices.
Findings:  “Unheard voices” is a documentary for a cause. It gives a realistic picture of the experiences of adolescents who were left behind, and despite this, were capable of  overcome adversities. Their voices will finally be heard and help to reflect on effectiveness of social policies  aiming to combat sexual exploitation. 

avatar for Ihsana Sabriani Borualogo

Ihsana Sabriani Borualogo

Lecturer, Master Program of Professional Psychology Universitas Islam Bandung
Ihsana Sabriani Borualogo is a Chief of Master Program of Professional Psychology in Universitas Islam Bandung, Indonesia. She is interested in cross-cultural psychology studies, especially on resilience, well-being, value systems, and issues on developmental psychology.In 2012, she... Read More →
avatar for Renata Maria Coimbra-Libório

Renata Maria Coimbra-Libório

Renata Maria Coimbra-Liborio is Psychologist, with master and PhD in Developmental Psychology at University of São Paulo (USP). Professor at Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), at Graduate Program in Education, in Presidente Prudente, Brazil. She has a professional master's degree... Read More →

Sadiyya Haffejee

North West University

Thursday June 15, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 08 Century City Conference Centre


Youth Perspectives - Samantha Postulart, Hariclia Harriet Petrakos, Kristine Andreassen
Youth Perspectives

Abstract #280
Title: Youth Photovoice in Jane-Finch: Methodological Lessons on Using Resilience to Counter Discourses of Pathology in “At-Risk”? Communities
Samantha Postulart (York University, Canada)
Co-Author: Uzo Anucha
This paper reflects on a photovoice project undertaken in Toronto, Canada with youth from one of the city’s most stigmatized neighbourhoods -Jane-Finch. The project focused on youth understandings of individual and community resilience, and queried how a focus on resilience could counter narratives of pathology attached to “at-risk” communities.
Methods: Youth participants were members of a long-term multidirectional mentorship project called New Opportunities for Innovative Student Engagement (NOISE). NOISE provides engaged learning opportunities to high school students from the Jane-Finch community by bringing them together with undergraduate and graduate social work students. Youth received training on photovoice, were asked to take photos of things in their everyday lives that answered the research questions, and were then interviewed about their favourite photos. Based on the strengths and challenges they identified in their photos, youth participants developed a collective social action project.
Findings: Findings/Implications discuss why resilience research such should aim not only to better understand resilience, but rather to also improve participant resilience through the research process, which we argue can be achieved by fostering multidirectional mentorship relationships between youth and researchers, and supporting youth to take action on research findings.
Abstract #207
Title: A visual-storytelling approach to children’s perceptions of resilience in the context of bullying
 Hariclia Harriet Petrakos (Concordia University, Canada)
Co-Authors: Cassandra Monette, Janet Strike-Schurman, Malene Bodington
This project focused on children’s perceptions and experiences with bullying in school.  
Methods: Ten children with learning difficulties from both a rural and a suburban elementary school (grades 5 and 6) were recruited. Using a form of participatory action research (PAR), these children were interviewed to share their perspectives using the photos they had taken (visual storytelling).
Findings: The children discussed their use of educational resources in the school and named people, places and activities as positive resources. Overall, this research may have provided children and school personnel with a heightened awareness of the children’s personal strengths.
Abstract #107
Title: Voices on how to promote resilience from a youth club in urban Haiti
Kristine Andreassen (University of Tromsø, Norway)
The young participants of this study come from backgrounds of severe poverty standing with obvious risks of harmful, and even lethal exposures of diverse character. The study seeks to investigate the participant’s everyday life and their navigation towards better futures to facilitate context specific advices on how to promote resilience.
Methods: This qualitative study is a Critical Ethnography, leaning on both Youth Participatory Action Research (YPAR) and Participant Observations, including a variety of creative methods to facilitate empowering and the voice of the participants. 7 fieldwork periods, a total of 30 weeks, were conducted between 2012-2017. The time period enabled the observation of some of the youths’ transition into young adults. The materials consists of field notes from these stays, 8 focus groups, 18 semi- structured interviews, numerous YPAR-meetings and a variety of creative products. Creative products are used to communicate the findings outside the academic fields.
Findings: Voicing the local youths on fields of everyday struggles and resiliency has produced a list of advice for youth work seeking context specific positive development. It applies new perspectives to the field of positive youth development, adding to the knowledge of relevant fields of both research and international humanitarian organizations.  


Kristine Andreassen

UiT Arctic University of Norway

Hariclia Harriet Petrakos

Concordia University

Samantha Postulart

York University

Thursday June 15, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 02 Century City Conference Centre