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Please note that there are two different conference venues:
June 14/15 - Century City Conference Centre
June 16 - Kirstenbosch Conference Centre (transportation available)
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Wednesday, June 14
 

07:30

Conference Registration
With more than 200 paper presentations and over 50 poster presentations be sure to come to registration early and make some great connections during your time at Pathways to Resilience IV: Global South Perspectives! Make sure to enjoy a hearty breakfast before heading over to Century City to prepare for the great day ahead!


Wednesday June 14, 2017 07:30 - 08:30
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

08:45

Opening Ceremonies and Performance by Ikamva Marimba Band
Have a great time at our opening ceremonies complete with highlight performances and keynote presentations!

The Ikamva Marimba Band will perform during registration and opening ceremonies at the conference
The Ikamva Marimba Band are a diverse group of choristers at UCT, focusing on African Choral Music & participating in different Eisteddfods (Conductor: Samukelo Mhlongo).


Wednesday June 14, 2017 08:45 - 09:30
Hall A/B Century City Conference Centre

09:00

Welcome from Michael Ungar and Linda Theron
Enjoy a few opening statements from Michael Ungar and Linda Theron as they welcome you to the start of Pathways to Resilience IV: Global South Perspectives. 

Speakers
avatar for Linda Theron

Linda Theron

Professor, North-West University
Linda Theron is a full professor in the Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of Pretoria; an associate of the Centre for the Study of Resilience, University of Pretoria; and an extraordinary professor in Optentia Research Focus Area, North-West University, South Africa. Her publications focus on the resilience processes of South African young people challenged by chronic adversity and account for how sociocultural contexts shape resilience. Various funding bodies (including Canadian Institutes for Health Research [CIHR... Read More →
avatar for Michael Ungar

Michael Ungar

Director, Resilience Research Centre
Dr. Michael Ungar wears many professional hats. He is equally well known as the author of books for parents and caregivers as he is for his world-renowned research on the topic of resilience. As a writer he has adapted ideas from his research and clinical practice into best selli... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 09:00 - 09:30
Hall A/B Century City Conference Centre

09:30

Opening Keynote by Dr. Relebohile Moletsane "Nurturing Feminist Remembering and Building Resilience Among Young People in the Context of Structural Violence"
Opening Keynote by Dr. Relebohile Moletsane
Topic: Nurturing Feminist Remembering and Building Resilience Among Young People in the Context of Structural Violence
Speaker:
 Dr. Relebohile Moletsane (University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa)
What would happen if, in the context of violence and the suffering it brings to young people in particular, we considered the benefits of feminist remembering and its potential for building and nurturing their resilience? In this presentation, I will examine the use of remembering, and its potential for building and nurturing resilience among young people impacted by violence. Addressing the question: How do social ecologies enable/constrain the resilience of young people in the face of sustained structural violence, the paper will use the concepts, remembering and resilience to analyse short autobiographical stories of young women from a rural context, in which they reflect on their life journeys and the strategies they use to negotiate their lives in the social ecologies in which they live. 

Speakers
avatar for Relebohile Moletsane

Relebohile Moletsane

Professor & J.L. Dube Chair in Rural Education, University of KwaZulu-Natal


Wednesday June 14, 2017 09:30 - 10:15
Hall A/B Century City Conference Centre

10:15

Break
Enjoy some snacks provided at the conference, meet new people and explore beautiful Century City!


Wednesday June 14, 2017 10:15 - 10:45
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

10:45

UCT Choir Performance
A diverse group of choristers at UCT, focusing on African Choral Music&participating in different Eisteddfods.
Conductor: Samukelo Mhlongo

Wednesday June 14, 2017 10:45 - 10:55
Hall A/B Century City Conference Centre

10:45

Plenary Hot Topic Debate Panel "Is Resilience Futile? Adaptation in Contexts of Structural and Social Disadvantage" - Amarnath Amarasingam, Sarah Thomas de Benitez, Lane Benjamin, Sandy Lazarus
Plenary Hot Topic Debate Panel
Topic: Is Resilience Futile? Adaptation in Contexts of Structural and Social Disadvantage
Panelists: Amarnath Amarasingam, Sarah Thomas de Benitez, Lane Benjamin, Sandy Lazarus
Facilitator: Michael Ungar

Abstracts
The Post-War Struggles of Former Tamil Tigers in Sri Lanka
Speaker: Amarnath Amarasingam (Resilience Research Centre, Canada)
As the war in Sri Lanka came to an end, hundreds of former militants were rounded up and placed in prisons and rehabilitation centers. Many of these fighters have now been released but they continue to struggle with government surveillance, lack of reintegration, and lack of social trust. While resilience is a useful framework to understand the post-war struggles of former militants, this presentation will argue that broader structural conditions need to be taken more into account. The notion of individual and community resilience needs to be placed within the broader context of historical, political and religious conflict. 


Child resilience in public spaces: how can we enable street-connected children to protect themselves from sexual exploitation and abuse?
Speaker: Sarah Thomas de Benitez (Consortium for Street Children, UK)
From my rights-based perspective, resilience is a useful concept for designing support services that enable street-connected children to gain access to their legal human rights, including their right to protection from sexual exploitation and abuse.

Resilience challenges two other perspectives that have dominated policy and programme approaches to children in street situations:
  • A welfare-based one that seeks to rescue the child victim from the streets
  • A reform-based one that aims to rehabilitate the delinquent street child.
I will draw on 25+ years of experience including: Local NGO and international network leadership positions; Academic research in social policy; and UN consultancies – to argue that resilience is a helpful tool for empowerment work with street-connected children and for challenging world views about ‘street children’.

Resilience under threat: Conceptualising resilience in a violent, urban communit
Speaker: Lane Benjamin (CASE, South Africa)
Resilience in the face of ongoing adversity has received little attention in the developing world. The rate of interpersonal violence in South Africa is amongst the highest in the world, with poorer communities bearing the brunt of the violence. Research on resilience is also borne out of western constructs and definitions of this term. The challenge is to find the balance between highlighting important social issues and explaining the negative effects of violence and oppression while giving voice to those who are silenced and how they conceptualise resilience in individuals and communities. The intensity and frequency of interpersonal violence is seen as maladaptations or a form of negative resilience in response to surviving in an environment that is continuously threatening to those who live in it. Conversely positive resilience is constructed as a conscious form of self-awareness, promoting positive health, connection and challenging the status quo. 

Can promoting resilience address community violence?
Speaker: Sandy Lazarus (Medical Research Council, South Africa)
Is resilience futile, particularly in contexts of structural and social disadvantage? My response to this debate is ‘no, but …’, a position that reveals a belief in the capacity of individuals and communities to respond positively to challenging life events and structural adversity, and the value of promoting both individual and community resilience. However, the ‘but’ response is a recognition that personal and community well-being is difficult to maintain in contexts of oppression, extended trauma and structural constraints, and that the promotion of resilience without a critical analysis and agenda can support harmful adaptation to injustices. The motivation for this position emerges from my personal lens on personal and community development, and draws on research experiences of violence prevention and safety and peace promotion at community level. The research process and findings shared focus on identifying and mobilising community strengths or assets for the purposes of pursuing action to prevent violence through building a safe and peaceful community. 

Moderators
avatar for Michael Ungar

Michael Ungar

Director, Resilience Research Centre
Dr. Michael Ungar wears many professional hats. He is equally well known as the author of books for parents and caregivers as he is for his world-renowned research on the topic of resilience. As a writer he has adapted ideas from his research and clinical practice into best selli... Read More →

Speakers
avatar for Amarnath Amarasingam

Amarnath Amarasingam

Amarnath Amarasingam is a Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) Post-Doctoral Fellow in the Resilience Research Centre at Dalhousie University. He is the author of Pain, Pride, and Politics: Sri Lankan Tamil Activism in Canada (University of Georgia Pre... Read More →
avatar for Sarah Thomas de Benitez

Sarah Thomas de Benitez

Sarah Thomas de Benitez is one of the world’s leading researchers on issues facing street connected children, and is a part time adviser to the organisation. Sarah was the Director and Co-founder of two organisations in Ecuador and Mexico, has advised the UN on street children, and has authored numerous reports and articles including... Read More →
avatar for Lane Benjamin

Lane Benjamin

Lane grew up during the Apartheid era in Cape Town’s colored township of Mitchell’s Plain, which stood in dramatic contrast to the “Whites only” suburb where she attended a private school. Born to service-minded parents, this contrast between home and school life proved to be a powerful experience for her. Lane took on several leadership roles within the school through academia, sport, community service, and school politics, standing as a voice against the Apartheid regime and its policies.Throughout high school and university, she initiated numerous community service programs... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 10:45 - 12:15
Hall A/B Century City Conference Centre

12:15

Lunch
Enjoy a relaxing lunch provided at the conference and get ready for more riveting presentations to come!


Wednesday June 14, 2017 12:15 - 13:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

13:00

Concurrent Sessions 1
Hear riveting presentations by presenters including Odin Hjemdal, Doreen Mnyulwa, and Sibel Korkmaz to name a few on topics such as Researching Pathways to Resilience, Environmental Impacts from a Global South Perspective, and Stories of Resilience in the Context of Domestic Violence. 


Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

13:00

Environmental Impacts from a Global South Perspective - Argaw Ambelu, Doreen Mnyulwa, Roy William Mayega
Enironmental Impacts from a Global South Perspective

Abstract #16
Title: Resilience pathways on the Effects of Recurrent Drought in Borana Pastoralist Communities, Southern Ethiopia
Presenter: Argaw Ambelu (Jimma University, Ethiopia)
Introduction: Borana pastoralist communities in Ethiopia are frequently affected by recurrent drought. Their resilience to the effects of the disasters is affected by different factors. The aim of the study was to identify resilience dimensions and adaptive mechanisms among pastoralist communities to the effects of recurrent drought.
Methods: Primarily community consultations were conducted to identify resilience dimensions, adaptive strategies and coping mechanisms to the effects of recurrent drought in Borana pastoralist communities. Qualitative data were processed using atlas ti7 software. After the identification of resilience dimensions, household survey was conducted to assess the relationships between the resilience dimensions and determine key resilience pathways. Principal component analyses were undertaken to represent each resilience dimension. Dimensions were represented by their first unrotated component. Resilience pathways were established using a pathway model.
Findings: The pathway model indicates that environment strongly affects livestock condition which leads to food insecurity followed by psychosocial distress. Peace and security is another important dimension to improve the resilience of the Borana pastoralists for many reasons which is often caused by cross-border clashes with neighboring pastoralists during migration.

Abstract #98
Title: Market-based solutions and value addition for sustainable baobab enterprises for resilience in arid rural communities of Zimbabwe 
Presenter: Doreen Mnyulwa (RAEIN-Africa, South Africa)
Co-Author: Alice Maredza
Introduction: Beitbridge communities, Zimbabwe, face multiple challenges, chief among them food insecurity and malnutrition. Wild fruits, including baobab, edible insects and other forestry products are part of their resilience options. However, incomes are paltry and inadequate to improve the quality of life. Limited capacity precludes processing and value addition
Methods: Using ethnography, the community context and needs were explored. Using Focus group discussions, in-depth interviews of a purposefully selected sample, observations, and in-depth secondary data analysis, empirical evidence was sought. An analysis of the inherent resilience factors and adaptive capacities was carried out. Insights drawn included cultural settings, socio-economic factors, and limited capacity to maximisation of the existing resilience factors. Informed by these insights, the problem was reframed. Furthermore, human-centred, context specific innovations were designed working with multi-stakeholder partners with experience in baobab processing and marketing. Community input was sought to endorse and adopt the designed prototypes
Findings: Whilst processed baobab products can earn higher incomes to communities, extractive market intermediaries have not benefitted the producers. Baobab for Dollars Project seeks to use market and value chain integration to improve incomes earned by bottom of the pyramid producers and fostering fair trade relationships with other value chain actors

Abstract #133
Title: Pathway model using a wealth resilience dimension scale associated with climate variability in Uganda
Presenter: Roy William Mayego (Makerere University School of Public Health, Uganda)
Co-Authors: Christine Muhumuza, Simon Kasasa, Roy Williams Mayega, Julius Ssentongo, Nathan Tumuhamye 
Introduction: By integrating resilience mechanisms into relief and development efforts, humanitarian and development practitioners seek to break the cycle of vulnerability and find locally identified and developed solutions for sustainability and positive impact in the communities.
Methods: This study aimed at quantifying the relationship between various resilience dimension scales and wealth dimension as an outcome. Data was from a sample size of up to 2023 households, Principle Component Analysis (PCA) was used to identify reliable factors for each dimension scale.  Linear regression analysis and Structural Equation Models (SES) were applied in order to explain this relationship.
Findings: Using a framework for resilience factors associated with climatic variability, it was found that wealth  was a vital outcome from the RAN qualitative research. Quantitatively using PCA, a set of factors were identified for each dimensions and wealth status was described through a range of variables as a vital pathway. 

 

Speakers

Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Room 03 Century City Conference Centre

13:00

Navigating Resilience in the Face of Challenging Environmental Contexts - Charles Mphande, Devin G. Atallah, Dennis Chirawurah
Navigating Resilience in the Face of Disasters

Abstract #141
Title: Patterns and Practices of Adaptation: Resilience among School Age Children in Malawi in face of Disasters.
Presenter: Charles Mphande (Victoria University, Australia)
Co-Author: Dixie Maluwa-Banda, Samson McJessei-Mbewe
Introduction: This ongoing study examines resilience among school age children in the Malawi with a view to identify adaptive strategies. In the 2015 floods, the South of Malawi was most severely affected by floods; 350, 000 children were out of school, 230,000 people displaced and 276 were missing or killed
Methods: Adopting a mixed-methods approach, largely within the qualitative tradition, the study follows child, family and societal adaptation narratives  in face of extreme adversity. Drawing on Masten (2011, 2014) the study examines various adaptation patterns that have emerged. Given Malawian communities are largely communal and rural, the study draws on Ungar (2013) to cast light on societal practices constituting important elements of the adaptive processes and patterns that are manifest among the school age children.
Findings: The study highlights the importance of understanding vulnerabilities and working within strengths based community development approaches, to strengthen protective factors from within community assets, so as to reduce societal vulnerability.

Abstract #228
Title: Re-thinking resilience from indigenous perspectives in the Global South: A cross-community study in disasters from Mapuche territories and Occupied Palestine
Presenter: Devin Atallah (National Research Center for Integrated Natural Disaster Management (CIGIDEN), Chile)
Introduction: Resilience thinking has moved into the forefront of global discourses on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). Indigenous peoples from the Mapuche of Chile and from refugees living in United Nations camps in Occupied Palestine, are both poignant examples of the importance of including social justice frameworks within resilience thinking in disasters.
Methods: This presentation provides a brief literature review outlining three themes or 'waves' that have emerged throughout the decades in resilience research in disasters. Then, this presentation engages a cross-community exploration by employing comparative data analysis of narratives from two distinctive qualitative studies of intergenerational resilience in indigenous communities: one completed with refugees in Occupied Palestine through the University of Massachusetts Boston, and the other through El Centro de Documentación e Investigación Indígena RUCADUNGUN with Mapuches in Chile. A total of four participant interviews from each study were selected (N = 8). These semi-structured interviews were analyzed using decolonial narrative methods.
Findings: Findings contribute to conceptual frameworks that explain resilience processes in indigenous communities responding to historical trauma and ongoing conditions of crisis and inequity. This presentation argues for incorporating decolonization frameworks into the increasingly transdisciplinary field of DRR with particular sensitivity and applicablility to historically colonized groups accross the Global South.

Abstract #41
Title: Cross-Border Migration and Disease Control & Management: A Study of Frontline Border Communities in Northern Ghana and Southern Burkina Faso
Presenter: Dennis Chirawurah (University for Development Studies, Ghana)
Co-Authors: Santuah Niagia, Stephen Apanga
Introduction: Migrant and mobile populations across border communities in Ghana and Burkina Faso use unauthorized routes and pathways for varied cross-border livelihood pursuits yet  public health control measures rely on verification of travelers’ medical records, history of risk exposure & detection of symptoms at formal international ports of entry & departure.
Methods: 46 Key informant interviews and six focus group discussions were conducted in selected frontline border communities in northern Ghana and Southern Burkina Faso to gain insights on cross-border interactions and interrelationships to more accurately target, prevent, detect and respond to threats of disease outbreaks such as the Ebola
Findings: Cross-border intermarriages, funerals, soothsayer consultations, shared markets and health care resources characterized cross-border migration and mobile populations. Understanding the interactions and interrelationships is an important dimension in effective cross-border public health management and Public health managers need to take this into account in efforts to manage cross-border disease threats.    

Speakers
avatar for Devin Atallah

Devin Atallah

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, The Chilean National Research Center for Integrated Natural Disaster Management (CIGIDEN)
Devin G. Atallah, Ph.D. is a postdoctoral fellow at CIGIDEN in Santiago, Chile. His published work focuses on trauma and resilience processes in children, youth, and families from marginalized communities and racialized and indigenous groups facing significant adversities such as... Read More →
DC

Dennis Chirawurah

West Africa Resilience Innovation Lab, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana
CM

Charles Mphande

Victoria university
Charles Mphande is a Senior Lecturer in the College of Arts and a member of the Mobilities, Transitions and Resilience Network of the Centre for Cultural Diversity and Wellbeing at Victoria University, Melbourne. His empirical research has focused on resilience as individual or g... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Room 04 Century City Conference Centre

13:00

Researching Pathways to Resilience - Odin Hjemdal, Rhian Adams (for Suna Erigit-Madzwamuse), Mirika Flegg
Researching Pathways to Resilience 

Abstract #148
Title: A prospective study of mediation processes of the protective effects of resilience using the Resilience Scale for Adolescents (READ)
Presenter: Odin Hjemdal (NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway)
Co-Author: Tore Aune
Introduction: In order to better understand mental health it is important to teasing out a more profound understanding of the processes involved in mental health and its preservation namely the resilience processes. Newer statistical methods allow more advanced exploration of processes.
Methods: One thousand four hundred and seventy-two adolescents completed the Short Mood and Feeling Questionnaire, Stressful Life Events, SPAC-I and Resiliience Scale for Adolescents (READ). Mediation analysis with maximum likelihood estimation in Stata 14 was conducted.  The findings indicate that resilience mediates the relation between anxiety and depressive symptoms dependent on the level of Stressful Life Events.
Findings: These findings indicate that the established relation between anxiety and depressive symptoms are affected levels of resilience. Resilience as such is an important mediator that has to be taken into account to further understand the interplay between mental health, stress, disorders and resilience. 

Abstract #162
Title: Cross-cultural investigation of the Resilience Framework: Q-methodology
Presenter: Rhian Adams (University of Brighton, UK)
Co-Authors: Suna Eryigit-Madzwamuse, Amalia Madihie, Emel Teksoz, Angie Hart
Introduction: The Resilience Framework (RF), developed by Prof A. Hart and colleagues, is a strategic approach that identifies comprehensive and ecological resilience building mechanisms. This study aims to investigate the RF’s cross-cultural adaptation exploring how it operates similarly or differently across diverse cultures.  
Methods: This study utilities q-methodology. Q-methodology is a rigorous method to refine models such as the RF. A set of statements from RF were generated in collaboration with academics, field workers and young people. Data collection is currently in progress and is due to finish in January 2017. Participating young people (age range 10-16, n= 100 from each country) from Malaysia, Turkey and UK sort the 43 statements in a forced distribution ranging from most agree to most disagree. Data analysis will include correlation and by-person factor analysis based on similarities and differences between individual sorts.
Findings: The results of this study will be shared in this presentation. The findings will help to refine the RF in the light of empirical evidence and contextual diversity identifying generalizable versus culture specific aspects of the RF across Western (UK) and non-Western (Malaysia and Turkey). 

Abstract #99
Title: Peer Support, Quality of Life and Resilience: A Systematic Literature Review
Presenter: Mirika Flegg (University of Brighton, UK)
Introduction: Involving those with ‘lived-experience’ in the design, development and delivery of services to their peers has increasingly been evidenced across mental health service provisions. Research suggests Peer Support may increase resilience in these populations, however further evidence is required to identify how these interventions affects patient outcomes.
Methods: Aiming to address the gaps in current research, this literature review sought to critically evaluate the impact of peer support interventions on Quality of Life outcomes and understand if the variation in impact can be explained through the variations in descriptors and approaches associated with peer support. It adopts a method of a systematic approach and evaluates randomised control trials of peer support that include follow-up data to assess the impact of the intervention over time and relative to controls.  Potential moderators that may hinder the ability of peer support to build resilience are identified and discussed.
Findings: Five out of six papers showed a positive impact on Quality of Life, however one showed negative effects.  Findings suggest collaborative service and research practices may improve the effectiveness of peer support interventions.  It advocates a social justice view to consider the relationship between peer support, stigma and resilience.

Speakers
avatar for Rhian Adams

Rhian Adams

Family Wellbeing & Resilience Worker, Newport Mind
I am a Family Wellbeing and Resilience practitioner working in Newport, Wales for Families First and Newport Mind. | With a background in Criminology, youth work, and supporting families dealing with domestic abuse, I now utilise my experience, resilience theory, and a family b... Read More →
MF

Mirika Flegg

PhD Student, University of Brighton
Mirika Flegg is a PhD student and lecturer at the University of Brighton focusing in the areas of resilience and public health. She was the 2016 recipient of the University of Brighton Excellence in Community Engagement Awards and has over fifteen years of experience working wit... Read More →
OH

Odin Hjemdal

Professor, NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Odin Hjemdal is professor of clinical adult psychology and quantitative methods and statistics, and a specialist in clinical psychologist at Department of Psychology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. His research is related to resilience am... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Room 06 Century City Conference Centre

13:00

Resilience in Natural Disasters - Christine Muhumuza, Lisa Gibbs, Propser B. Matondi
Resilience in Natural Disasters

Abstract #38
Title: Coping Strategies for Landslide and Flood Disasters: A Qualitative Study of Mt. Elgon Region, Uganda
Presenter: Christine Muhumuza (MakSPH RAN, Uganda)
Co-Authors: Roy William Mayega, Bazeyo William, Jimmy Osuret 
Introduction: The occurrence of landslides and floods in East Africa has increased over the past decades with enormous Public Health implications and massive alterations in the lives of those affected. In Uganda, the Elgon region is reported to have the highest occurrence of landslides and floods making this area vulnerable
Methods: We conducted a qualitative study in three districts of the Mt. Elgon region in eastern Uganda. Six Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) and eight Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) were conducted. All discussions were audio taped, and transcribed verbatim and explored both coping strategies and underlying causes of vulnerability
Findings: The positive coping strategies used to deal with landslides and floods included adoption of good farming methods, support from government and other partners, livelihood diversification and using indigenous knowledge in weather forecasting and preparedness. Underlying causes of vulnerability were; poverty, population pressure and, cultural beliefs affecting people’s ability to cope

Abstract #202
Title: Social and natural environments – influences on disaster recovery and resilience
Presenter: Lisa Gibbs (University of Melbourne, Australia)
Co-Authors: Colin Gallagher, Karen Block, Greg Ireton, Louise Harms, Colin MacDougall
Introduction:The Beyond Bushfires: Community Resilience and Recovery study examined the impacts of the Black Saturday and related bushfires of February 2009 in Victoria, Australia on community members’ physical and mental health and wellbeing. The research also aimed to build understanding of the interplay between individual, social and community-level recovery. 
Methods: The 6 year mixed method study involving over 1,000 participants across Victoria was conducted by the University of Melbourne in partnership with community members and a range of community, academic, government, emergency, and health agencies. The results showed individual and community capacity to recover from a disaster experience and subsequent disruptions, and to adapt to changed lives and environments.  There was progressive recovery at community level over time but there was also evidence of delayed impacts on individual mental health and extended impacts at 5 years post-bushfires. 
Findings: Resilience was supported by social networks and involvement in community groups although closer examination revealed complexity in those connections and their relationship with resilience. By focusing on social connections we were almost at risk of missing the strong influence of attachment to natural environment on resilience and wellbeing over time. 

Abstract #94
Title: Interrogating Human-centred approaches to resilience research: lessons from Zimbabwe’s Mopane Worm for Improved Income Generation (MW4IIG) Innovation
Presenter: Prosper B. Matondi (Ruzivo Trust, Zimbabwe)
Co-Author:  Shiela Chikulo 
Introduction: Research in communities facing natural stresses and disasters requires innovative approaches that prioritize people and considers cultural sensitivities while tapping into inherent capacity to facilitate resilience building. A six-month study of natural resource-based livelihoods in Beitbridge, southern Zimbabwe, adopted a human-centred design approach in prototyping for resilience strengthening among households.  
Methods: The study adopted deep ethnography to understand people’s stewardship over natural resources. The interconnectedness of natural resources and their use by people needs an iterative process to rethink representation in governance. Community immersion and participatory approaches enabled better framing of the break of forest conservation in distinct ways. Adopting the framework of vitality of ontologies in human-centred designs, we studied how power is constructed, and who holds it and uses it, as well as the dominant relationships. We identified “guerrilla” mopane harvesters, breaking all rules within a seemingly challenged conservative society. The border language of identity and belonging is recreating new ways of local resource contestations. 
Findings:  The prototype development was framed on appreciative enquiry of people resilience. Indigenous cosmologies in resource use were the foundation. Yet these are breaking up for a variety of reasons, compelling people into action and transition. The prototype developed envisages co-flourishing on shared resources to help people enjoy gifts of nature.

Speakers
LG

Lisa Gibbs

University of Melbourne
CM

Christine Muhumuza

Research Manager, RESILIENTAFRICA NETWORK (RAN)
Christine is a research fellow, and a research manager for Resilience African Network (RAN) in the Department of Epidemiology and Bio-statistics at the School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda. Christine has extensive professiona... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Room 08 Century City Conference Centre

13:00

Resilience in Teachers - Wassilis Kassis, Caroline Mansfield, Marietjie Oswald and Timothy Cornelissen
Resilience in Teachers

Abstract #54
Title: Resilience Processes in Teacher Education
Presenter: Wassilis Kassis (Zurich University of Teacher Education, Switzerland)
Co-Author: Ulrike Graf
Introduction: Teacher trainees experience great pressure during their university education. This study addresses whether social resilience factors such as family, friends or fellow students can support developing higher self-efficacy by mitigating risks such as feeling overwhelmed at the university or reduced motivation in stressful situations.
Methods: Data from a study with 698 teacher trainees at two German universities were used. The structural-equation-model combined the social resilience factors mentioned above and self-determination factors  (e.g. competence, autonomy, relatedness) as basic psychological requirements for higher self-efficacy. in order to enhance self-efficacy. Through multilevel analysis we also addressed not only the structure of resilience processes but also the effect of the trainees’ classes on their individual self-efficacy. Social resilience factors are highly predictive for less stress and higher motivation among trainees. These processes are additionally supported by self-determination factors.
Findings: Social resilience factors and self-determination together predict over 20% of the self-efficacy variance. Through multilevel analysis we identified the impact (approximately 30%) of the respective classes on individual self-efficacy levels. Supporting teacher trainees’ self-efficacy despite a highly condensed university curriculum requires a combination of social supportive resilience and self-determination factors.

Abstract #120

Title: “Helping people stay in teaching”:  An approach to building teacher resilience in Australia
Presenter: Caroline Mansfield (Murdoch University, Australia)
Co-Author: Susan Beltman, Noelene Wetherby-Fell
Introduction: The role of school and professional communities in supporting teacher resilience has been highlighted by recent research. Particularly for pre-service teachers, resilience is important for easing transition to the profession and building resources to support positive adaptation. This paper describes an online approach for building pre-service teachers’ capacity for resilience.
Methods: Participants were 49 pre-service teachers who completed a series of 5 online learning modules aimed at building knowledge, skills and strategies for teacher resilience. Each module required personal reflection and took an hour to complete. Prior to and after completion of the modules participants completed a survey of teacher resilience, efficacy, commitment and coping. Twenty-seven participants were also interviewed to determine the extent to which engagement with the modules influenced their thoughts and actions while on professional experience placement.
Findings: The modules were found to have a positive influence on measures of resilience and commitment. Interview data highlighted increased self-awareness and use of specific strategies including emotion management, maintaining wellbeing and building relationships. Implications for teacher education and the potential of online learning to support development of resilience are discussed. 

Abstract #52
Title: Exploring the resilience of teachers faced with learners’ challenging behaviour in the classroom
Presenter: Marietjie Oswald and Timothy Cornelissen (Stellenbosch University, South Africa)
Introduction:  In light of the failing  education system and challenging learner behaviour that has become an intractable part of teachers’ experiences schools are in need of resilient teachers who can stay in control of challenging circumstances, maintain their dedication to teaching, and also develop professionally.
Methods: Ungar’s socio-ecological perspective on resilience informed the theoretical framework of this qualitative case study designed to explore teachers’ experiences of learners’ challenging behaviour and the impact upon their resilience. A special school (school of skills) in the Western Cape Province acted as the case for the study. Six teachers participated in the research as voices on behalf of the school community. Semi-structured individual interviews, non-participant observation, and a semi-structured focus group interview were used to gather and triangulate data. Several themes emerged from the data.
Findings: The findings showed that risk factors dominated the available protective factors present in the lives of the participating teachers, making the attainment of resilience a complicated task. Nevertheless, the study also showed that increased resilience enhances the management of challenging learner behaviour as well as teacher well-being, motivation and self-confidence. 


Speakers
CM

Caroline Mansfield

Murdoch University
MO

Marietjie Oswald

Stellenbosch University


Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Room 05 Century City Conference Centre

13:00

Resilience in the Midst of Conflict and Displacement - Anne Marshall, Lina Maria Gonzalez Ballesteros
Resilience in the Midst of Conflict and Displacement

Abstract #242
Title: Refugee children and youth: Mental health issues and effective support practices.
Presenter: Anne Marshall (Victoria University, Canada)
Co-Author: Tricia Roche, Elaine Halsall
Introduction: A global migration crisis has resulted in unprecedented numbers of refugees worldwide. Almost half of these refugees are children and youth fleeing war, persecution, starvation, and other trauma; they may be with family members but a distressing large number are on their own. Many need mental health services and support.
Methods:  This paper focuses on the diverse mental health issues and challenges refugee youth and families face and on the mental health counselling and support practices reported to be effective in the literature and among practitioners. In spite of adversities and traumatic experiences, many young refugees also demonstrate significant resilience, perseverance, and adaptability; acknowledging these strengths together with providing appropriate support is the hallmark of effective refugee resettlement programs and initiatives.
Findings: Child and youth refugee context is presented first, followed by mental health problems, barriers to service engagement, and suggestions for effective mental health interviewing and counselling that promotes resilience among refugees. We conclude with recommendations for mental health practitioners, researchers, and policy makers who are assisting refugee children and families.

Abstract #119
Title: Improving Resilient Capacities in Caretakers of Children from Areas in Colombia severely affected by the Armed Conflict 
Presenter:
Lina Maria Gonzalez Ballesteros (Fundación Saldarriaga Concha, Colombia)
Co-Authors: Lilliana Angelica Ponguta, Jose Flores, Felipe Bolivar, Ana Maria Hoyos, Alejandro Diaz
Introduction: By 2016, armed conflict in Colombia has resulted in the forced displacement of over six million people, the second highest internal migration in the world after Syria. Validating instruments for assessing (population level) resilience is fundamental in the evaluation of nationwide interventions.
Methods: We validated the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale CD-RISC (25) among hard-to-reach, highly vulnerable populations in Colombia. We recruited 1,479 female (94.72%) and 101 (5.28%) male primary caregivers of children under 5-years of age. The mean age of caregivers was 29.21 years (SD 8.34) Caregivers were recruited through non-probabilistic convenience sampling in 14 municipalities with high exposure to armed conflict, direct presence of armed groups, geographic association with drug trafficking routes, or in receptor areas of displaced rural communities. A comprehensive demographic and mental health survey was conducted. Validity, reliability assessment and factor analyses were conducted.
Findings: Our analyses confirmed a 5-factor structure for CD-RISC in this population. The scale reliability coefficient was ?=0.90. This is the first study to validate a widely used resilience scale with sufficient power in Colombia. We discuss the utility and applicability of this measure for characterizations of resilience in the country. 

Speakers
LM

Lina Maria Gonzalez Ballesteros

Fundación Saldarriaga Concha
avatar for E. Anne Marshall

E. Anne Marshall

University of Victoria


Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Room 07 Century City Conference Centre

13:00

Stories of Resilience in the Context of Domestic Violence - Jane Rose Muthoni Njue, Sibel Korkmaz
Stories of Resilience in the Context of Domestic Violence

Abstract #241
Title: Pathways to Resiliency: Mapping Family, Community and Societal Challenges and Strengths in Coping with Domestic Violence in Kenya.
Presenter:
 Jane Rose Njue (Northern Illinois University, USA)
Co-Authors: Lucy Kathuri-Ogola, Joan Kabaria Muriithi
Introduction: In this paper the authors argue that societal attitudes and prevailing cultural values and practices provide the context for the perpetration of domestic violence. The paper draws from the international family strengths model that highlights strengths within families, communities and societies that survivors of domestic violence have and could utilize.
Methods: The discussion in this paper is based on findings from a study conducted in two Kenyan cities: Kisumu and Nairobi. The case study method with purposive sampling was used to identify women from different socio economic backgrounds.  Three women from Kisumu and four from Nairobi were interviewed to gather their perspectives on the family, community, and cultural strengths they used to deal with domestic violence. Interviews were recorded, transcribed and thematic analysis conducted by the interviewers. Themes generated outline human and ecological structures that promote the perpetration of domestic violence, and those human and ecological structures geared towards alleviating violence
Findings: Themes supporting perpetration include a culture condoning violence; preference for male children; gender inequality; misogyny; and weak law enforcement. Survivors utilized supports provided by the same systems through education of girls; empowerment of with and financial independence; stronger father figures; enactment and enforcement of stronger laws; and enforcing women’s rights

Abstract #64
Title: Teenagers’ Resilience When Being Subjected to Intimate Partner Violence and Their Own Voices on Needed Help and Support
Presenter:
Sibel Korkmaz (Stockholm University, Sweden) 
Co-Authors: Carolina Överlien
Introduction:
Violence in teenagers’ romantic relationships have received increased attention in research recent years (e.g. Barter et al 2009; Hellevik et al 2015). By taking its starting point in a mixed method study, this presentation will focus on preliminary results regarding teenagers’ resilience when being subjected to intimate partner violence (IPV).
Methods: The presentation will draw upon the qualitative data, i.e. 20 interviews with Swedish teenagers (age 15-19) that have been subjected to IPV. The presentation will have a social ecological perspective on violence (Heise 1998), as well as on resilience (Ungar 2012). It will also draw upon the notion on violence as a social phenomenon, where family, friends and professionals have the possibility to intervene. Responses from the informal network, will be discussed from the point of view that responses can either contribute to ending the violence, or to enable the violence to continue (cf. Weisz et al 2007).
Findings: The presentation will discuss teenagers’ resilience when being subjected to IPV and responses from the social network, and highlight how they are intertwined. The presentation will also include the teenagers’ own voices on needed help and support, and contribute to an increased awareness on resiliency among violence exposed teenagers.  

Speakers
avatar for Sibel Korkmaz

Sibel Korkmaz

Stockholm University
PhD student in Social Work
JR

Jane Rose Njue

Family and Consumer Sciences


Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Room 02 Century City Conference Centre

13:00

Invited Symposium: Psycho-educational Risk and Resilience Factors of Children At-Risk - Jace Pillay, Nontsikelelo Rajuili-Masilo, Trishana Devi Soni, Charnee Beddy
Invited Symposium Summary
Psycho-educational Risk and Resilience Factors of Children At-Risk

Presenters:
Jace Pillay, Nontsikelelo Rajuili-Masilo, Trishana Devi Soni, Charnee Beddy
This symposium presents the findings of mixed methods research conducted with children experiencing various forms of vulnerabilities, such as, children orphaned because of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and young teenage mothers. The psycho-educational and social experiences of the children and youth are explored clearly indicating factors that put them at risk. More importantly, the resilience of some of them to survive against all odds are emphasised. Based on the findings recommendations are made on support interventions.

Invited Symposium Abstracts
The lived experiences of children from child-headed households: A closer look at resilience
Presenter:
Jace Pillay (University of Johannesburg, South Africa)
Introduction: This paper presents a vivid description of the psycho-educational and social experiences of children from child-headed households.
Methods: This qualitative study was conducted in a primary school that has an exceptionally large amount of learners who live in child-headed households. Data were collected from learners that were in grades 4 to 7. Their psycho-educational and social experiences in such households were collected through individual interviews, focus groups and questionnaires and analysed for content.
Findings: The findings indicate that the learners experience several psycho-educational problems by virtue of them living in child-headed households. However, the resilience of some of them to survive against all odds is strongly emphasised.

Socio-cultural factors that enhance resilience amongst intermediate orphaned learners in Soweto primary schools
Presenter: Nontsikelelo Rajuili-Masilo (University of Johannesburg, South Africa)
Introduction: The rate of orphan-hood is on the rise both nationally and internationally. As a consequence some children experience illnesses; poverty and hunger, internalized ailments such as depression, anxiety and low self-esteem which often has a negative impact on them. Hence, a focus on their resilience is needed.
Methods: This study used a mixed methods approach to select both orphaned and non-orphaned learners in the intermediate phase of schooling that is Grades 4 to 6, from 15 primary schools in Soweto. Both groups of children were exposed to psycho-social and resilience measurements to compare their experiences. A group of children who scored high, as well as a group that scored low, were individually interviewed to, respectively, determine risk and resilience factors that could be used in designing relevant support interventions.
Findings: The study is in progress and the results will be shared at the conference.

An exploration of resilience among trainee teachers
Presenter: Trishana Devi Soni (University of Johannesburg, South Africa)
Introduction: This study aims at increasing awareness of the internal resources of resilience within an adolescent who heads a child-headed household and identifies additional personality strengths that could strengthen the individual during life’s challenges, particularly if external support were not always available.
Methods: A quantitative research approach will be used to explore the lived experiences of trainee teachers at a Higher Education institution in Gauteng, South Africa. The Child and Youth Resilience Measure - 28 (CYRM-28) will be used.  The CYRM-28 is a 28-item questionnaire that explores the resources (individual, relational, communal and cultural) that may bolster the resilience of youth aged 9- to 23-years-old. The measure was designed as part of the International Resilience Project, which was conducted by the Resilience Research Centre in collaboration with 14 communities in 11 countries around the world. The researcher wrote to the Centre and requested permission to use the questionnaire which was sent to the researcher.  The resilience scores for each participant can tell you what individual, relational and contextual resources surround him or her. The information can be used to help inform decisions on what supports could be added to bolster resilience in each trainee teacher’s life as they train to become inclusive education practitioners.
Findings: The research is currently being conducted with 3 groups of undergraduate trainee teachers and the results will be presented at the Conference.

The resilience of an adolescent learner who heads a child-headed household.
Presenter: Charnee Beddy (Lantern School, South Africa)
Introduction: This study aims at increasing awareness of the internal resources of resilience within an adolescent who heads a child-headed household and identifies additional personality strengths that could strengthen the individual during life’s challenges, particularly if external support were not always available.
Methods: A case study of one adolescent (pseudonym “Thandi”), was conducted through the collection of data on her internal resources as depicted by McGrath and Noble through an individual interview, collage and a self-administered questionnaire by her teachers reflecting her resilience. Data was subjected to content analysis to determine the themes and sub-themes that emerged.
Findings: The findings revealed that Thandi appeared to exhibit all the internal resources of resilience as identified by McGrath and Noble (2003). However, several additional themes emerged, which are indicative of the importance of context and culture for building resilience in vulnerable learners. 

Speakers
MC

Miss Charnee Beddy

I am an Educational Psychologist at Lantern School in Lindhaven Johannesburg.
JP

Jace Pillay

University of Johannesburg
TD

Trishana Devi Soni

University of Johannesburg


Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Room 11 Century City Conference Centre

13:00

The Role of Secure Attachment Relationships in Fostering Development of Resilience - Cory Saunders, Dusko Miljevic, Lydia Glibota
Symposium Summary
The Role of Secure Attachment Relationships in Fostering Development of Resilience

Presenters:
 Cory Saunders, Dusko Miljevic, Lydia Glibota
Childhood experiences of interpersonal trauma can have a negative impact on the developing child’s social, emotional, and psychological well-being and overall quality of life. This symposium will highlight the benefits of attachment and trauma informed therapies that support secure attachment relationships fundamental to resilience, ultimately changing a child’s life trajectory. 

Symposium Abstracts
Resilience after trauma: A neurodevelopmental perspective on the impact of abuse and neglect
Presenters:
Cory Saunders (Hotel Dieu Grace Healthcare, Canada)
Introduction: More than a decade of research has indicated that early developmental trauma has considerable impact on the development of the brain and adaptive behaviors necessary for functional resilience. Children who have experienced abuse and neglect exhibit difficulties that span multiple service provision sectors, including education, child protection, and mental health.
Methods: To determine the impact of early developmental trauma, the neuropsychological profiles of children seeking mental health services were examined. Children were placed into two groups matched for age, gender, and time of assessment; differentiated only by the presence or absence of a history of abuse and neglect. Both groups of children shared similar neurobiological developmental risk and cross-sector intervention needs, but the children with developmental trauma had significantly increased adverse parent-related influences on their development and exhibited more significant impairments in neuropsychological functions. Furthermore, early alterations to adverse environmental conditions led to more positive outcomes in cognitive and adaptive functioning.
Findings: Given the interplay between brain development and the environment, early intervention is necessary to promote positive growth and adaptive resilience for children with a history of abuse or neglect. To achieve this end, a collaborative effort between children’s service sectors for children with early developmental trauma is required. 

Nurturing social-emotional resiliency of children living in foster care through the use of attachment and trauma-informed therapy.
Presenter:  Dusko Miljevic (Hotel Dieu Grace Healthcare, Canada)
Co-Authors: Lydia Glibota, Cory Saunders 
Introduction: Research indicates that the majority of children living in foster care have experiences of interpersonal trauma. These experiences compromise the child’s psychological, social, and emotional development, thus negatively impacting the child’s adaptive resilience. Providing children with experiences of safe and nurturing environments promotes the development of healthy social-emotional well-being.
Methods: Children aged 4 to 6 years who were living in foster care, participated in a three week program focused on strengthening relationships, improving emotional regulation skills, and decreasing maladaptive coping strategies. The program represented a collaboration between the school board, child protective services, and children’s mental health agencies. Intervention comprised of group Theraplay® and Sunshine Circles® incorporated throughout the day. Pre- and post-intervention data was collected on social-emotional functioning and parental relationships. Following the completion of the program, a subset of participants were engaged in an intensive three-day follow-up intervention for further enhancement and consolidation of skills.
Findings: Intervention created an environment of emotionally attuned, supportive, and nurturing caregivers that resulted in children’s increased feelings of safety and social engagement.  This process resulted in increased expression of behavior, increases in parental relationship, and trust in adult relationships as a healthy mechanism to cope with environmental stressors.

Creating relationship safety using attachment based treatment to foster resiliency in parent-child dyad. 
Presenters: Lydia Glibota (Hotel Dieu Grace Healthcare, Canada)
Introduction: Children can adapt in many ways, as illustrated by a review of an 8-year old female with a history of early relational trauma involving inconsistent parental caregiving, multiple foster placements, and eventual adoption.  Internalized maladaptive coping strategies impacted her sense of safety and security, leading to an insecure attachment style.
Methods: Intervention involved the implementation of attachment focused therapies, including Theraplay®, as the primary treatment modality. Treatment focused on establishing a sense of safety within the context of the therapeutic alliance setting the foundation for security within the child and parental attachment dyad.  The use of attachment therapies afforded a supportive and safe environment encompassing, up and down regulating arousal, voice prosody, empathetic attunement and resonance, synchronization of rhythmic patterns of affect, social inclusion, grounding and positive relational interactions.   Thus, promoting safety triggered the activation of the social engagement system allowing further exploration and integration of early relational trauma. 
Findings: Overall, the formation of a secure attachment to the primary caregiver facilitated an observable decrease in maladaptive coping strategies. Improvements included an increase in eye contact, support-seeking, and the ability to discuss emotionally elevated content pertaining to interpersonal dynamics; thereby strengthening resilience and nurturing a healthy emotional development. 

Speakers
LG

Lydia Glibota

HOTEL-DIEU GRACE HEALTHCARE-REGIONAL CHILDREN'S CENTRE
avatar for Dusko Miljevic

Dusko Miljevic

Social Worker, HOTEL-DIEU GRACE HEALTHCARE REGIONAL CHILDREN'S CENTRE
Hi there, | My name is Dusko Miljevic. I am a registered Social Worker in the province of Ontario, Canada. I obtained my undergraduate degree in Psychology and Masters’ degree in Social Work from the University of Windsor. I have been working in children's mental health fie... Read More →
CS

Cory Saunders

Hotel-Dieu Grace Healthcare-Regional Children's Centre


Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Room 09 Century City Conference Centre

13:00

What, So What and Now What? Researching, learning and practicing resilience-informed approaches to street-connected children - Sian Wynne, Helen Veitch, Alfred Ochaya
Symposium Summary
What, So What and Now What? Researching, learning and practicing resilience-informed approaches to street-connected children

Presenters: Sian Wynne, Helen Veitch, Alfred Ochaya
Building with Bamboo is an international learning project led by Consortium for Street Children in partnership with Oak Foundation, exploring how NGOs might promote resilience in street-connected children exposed to sexual abuse and exploitation. This symposium shares learning from the perspective of researcher, learning manager and practitioner. 

Symposium Abstracts
“What?”  The importance of context in participatory research on resilience in street-connected child domestic workers facing sexual abuse in Nepal 
Presenter:
 Helen Veitch (Children Unite, UK)
Introduction: This presentation, from the perspective of a researcher, will explore the contextual realities and cultural conventions of the resilience of child domestic workers exposed to sexual abuse in Nepal and look at the value of using participatory research methods to understand resilience from the child’s perspective.  
Methods: The study used life-story interviews and focus group discussions with 117 child domestic workers to explore their resilience factors when exposed to sexual abuse and exploitation. It is an example of a participatory approach where two of the researchers were former or current child domestic workers and an advisory group of children produced their own film ‘Meena’s Story’ from the findings.   The paper will outline the implications, the value and challenges of taking this innovative approach to research on children’s resilience where the voice of children takes centre stage.
Findings: One theme arising from the study, ‘participation in festivals enables reconciliation’, links closely to Gilligan’s ‘turning points’ (2009) in the analysis of resilience, where Hindu festivals appear to have potential to be pivotal moments when children re-frame their experience as domestic workers and build support in the community.  

"So what?" From research to practice: unpacking a "resilience-informed approach" to street-connected children exposed to sexual abuse and exploitation
Presenter: Sian Wynne (Consortium for Street Children, UK)
Introduction: In this paper, from my perspective as a learning manager, I will share insights from my experience coordinating a resilience learning partnership between organisations in Ecuador, Uganda and Nepal, developing and trialing approaches informed by the operational implications arising from the Bamboo resilience research study.
Methods: I will draw on the perspectives of staff and children at partner sites, alongside reflections from Oak Foundation, Consortium for Street Children and Keep Your Shoes Dirty, the social research consultancy that designed the project’s learning framework. These perspectives, gathered from learning logs, diaries, journey maps, storytelling games, meetings and informal discussions carried out over the past 12 months and the coming 6 months leading up to this presentation, will be used to unpack the concept of a "resilience-informed approach" and explore the opportunities and limitations of using is a a basis for learning.
Findings: This presentation will address the surprises, good and bad, arising from the project's implementation over this 18 month period, and interrogate our understanding of a "resilience-informed approach" in relation to street-connected children.

"Now what?" Addressing the challenges and opportunities of developing resilience-informed practice in partnership with street-living children in Jinja, Uganda 
Presenter: Alfred Ochaya (SALVE International, UK)
Introduction: In this presentation, I will share the experiences of urban street-living children and the staff that support them at SALVE, one of the Building with Bamboo learning sites, raising some of the challenges in developing and delivering "resilience-informed approaches" in practice.
Methods: One of the children SALVE support recently told me “Togwamu suubi, embeera embi siya luberera”, which translates roughly as "No situation is permanent and we should always have hope".   I will present stories gathered from children and staff over the first 12 months of our resilience project in the form of videos and case studies, and discuss "obuvuma" - a local Luganda term with a meaning close to 'resilience'. I will use these personal stories to explore the experience of developing and delivering "resilience-informed approaches" from the point of view of street-connected children and street social workers. 
Findings: I will highlight the challenges faced by social workers hoping to implement a "resilience-informed approach", what these feel like for children and how we can ensure that service responses are culturally appropriate and situated firmly within the broader context of a child's street situation. 

Speakers
avatar for Alfred Ochaya

Alfred Ochaya

RESILIENCE CHAMPION, SALVE International
Alfred Ochaya is a Resilience Champion for S.A.L.V.E. International in Uganda. S.A.L.V.E. International is a UK and Ugandan based charity supporting children to stop living on the streets in Uganda. We do this through support, love, family reunification and education. www.salvein... Read More →
HV

Helen Veitch

Children Unite
avatar for Sian Wynne

Sian Wynne

Network Development and Resilience Project Manager, Consortium for Street Children


Wednesday June 14, 2017 13:00 - 14:30
Room 10 Century City Conference Centre

14:30

Concurrent Sessions 2
Hear presentations by presenters including Jiniya Afroze, Lynn Norton, and Inês Castiço to name a few on topics such as Pathways to Psychiological Resilience, Resilience Research Methods, and Youth at Risk. 


Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

14:30

Communities and Resilience- Joelle Cruz, Lucy Faulkner, David Gidron and Russell Wolkind
Communities and Resilience

Abstract #110
Title: A culture-based understanding of community resilience in the Global South: A qualitative study of grassroots organizing during Ebola in Liberia
Presenter:
Joelle Cruz (University of Colorado at Boulder, USA)
Introduction:
This study provides a case of community resilience during the 2014-2015 Ebola crisis in Monrovia, Liberia. It focuses on the grassroots level, which has seldom been considered in both popular and lay coverages of the epidemic.
Methods:  The researcher conducted 40 single in-depth qualitative interviews with members of a community task force and community members in Matadi, Central Monrovia. Of interest, was finding out how community members defined resilience for themselves and the types of strategies they deployed to enact resilience.
Findings: The two main strategies of resilience are: (1) shutting down community and (2) creating an extreme sense of control. The study shows that these strategies of resilience worked well because of an older trauma; the Liberian war (1989-2003).  In conclusion, the study brings forth a culture-based approach to resilience.

Abstract #7
Title: Community resilience in a belief-based community: the story of European Jewish communities
Presenter:
David Gidron and Russell Wolkind (American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Israel)
Introduction:
Across Europe, Jewish communities are operating in an increasingly challenging context.  Emerging trends bring crises from within the community and the external broader environment.   While most community resilience programs are geographic in nature, our communities were in need of a different  model, suitable for a belief-based community
Methods: Our community resilience model of 8 core capacities puts a strong emphasis on those “softer” social capacities of community. They are: community leadership; community narrative and communications; organizational competence; social capital; preparedness and security; sense of community; and, community values. The program consists of constructing a community resilience profile which then serves as the base of an intervention program geared at strengthening 2-3 of the community’s resilience capacities.   Initial results of the program point to the importance of the model both for the community’s routine and in their preparedness and capability in dealing with crisis situations
Findings: We believe that this model is relevant and important for any belief-based community.  Furthermore, by embracing a different framework of community, much can be contrasted to the more traditional city-based resilience models.

Abstract #129
Title: Community resilience as emergent: Examining five interlinked capacities 
Presenter:
Lucy Faulkner (University of Exeter, UK)
Co-Authors: Katrina Brown, Tara Quinn, 
Introduction:
Social-ecological systems thinking suggests resilience is to be understood as an emergent property of human-environment relationships. However, empirically illustrating diverse interactions within a complex system and how it relates to community resilience is lacking. We assess how different resilience-promoting capacities interact to confer resilience in two communities in Cornwall, UK.
Methods: We focused on five capacities, previously identified in community resilience literature: place attachment, leadership, community cohesion and efficacy, community networks, and knowledge and learning. We conducted a structured survey with 170 residents in Boscastle and Wadebridge to elicit the importance of these capacities for community resilience, and what factors characterised each capacity. This was complemented by two focus group discussions, one in each location, which probed discussion around relationships between capacities. Survey responses were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (version 21). Thematic analysis based on manual deductive and inductive coding was conducted for interrogation of focus group transcripts.
Findings: Our results show how residents draw on these capacities in different combinations, enabling resilience in distinct ways. This holds relevance for the Global South by presenting a more integrated and socially nuanced understanding of community resilience that brings together developmental and social-ecological systems perspectives to better inform science and practice.  

Speakers
avatar for Joelle Cruz

Joelle Cruz

University of Colorado at Boulder
LF

Lucy Faulkner

University of Exeter
avatar for David Gidron

David Gidron

JDC-Europe
avatar for Russell Wolkind

Russell Wolkind

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)


Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 03 Century City Conference Centre

14:30

From Trauma to Resilience in the Global South - Sarah Crawford-Browne, Patricia Granada Echeverri
From Trauma to Resilience in the Global South

Abstract #234
Title: Psychological processes of continuous traumatic stress that facilitate adaptations to ongoing violence
Presenter: Sarah Crawford-Browne (University of Cape Town, South Africa)
Introduction: Living in a dangerous community is likely to affect a person’s cognitive-emotional functioning, influence reactions to violence, and diminish well-being. While the impact of living in a dangerous context with few systems of protection and multiple, ongoing, anticipated violent incidents is not described by post-traumatic stress; there is limited research.
Methods: Responses are shaped by cognitive-emotional constructions of the environment and of experiences for inclusion into life-narratives; affecting adaptation. Hence, this project asks: how do participants’ construct meaning of their context and experiences of violence, and how do these processes of meaning making affect their adaptations to their experiences of violence and their context?. Hanover Park, a neighbourhood of Cape Town, was selected as a community affected by structural violence, gangsterism, and related impunity. Twenty-one adult women were interviewed regarding their lives and experiences of violence. The transcripts were analysed using constructivist grounded theory guidelines and interpreted through constructivist psychological theory.
Findings/Implications: Recognising the psychological processes underlying meaning construction; an embryonic theory of continuous traumatic stress was developed. Most participants managed their fear of anticipated violence through shifting awareness of danger, constructing psychological safety, universal distrust, and claiming agency. Four styles of adaptation were identified including being overwhelmed, distant, controlling or conscious.

Abstract #27
Title: Indigenous cosmovisions: Between political resistance and sociocultural resilience in the war and peace of Guatamala and Colombia 
Presenter:
 Patricia Granada Echeverri (Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, facultad ciencias de la Salud, Colombia)
Introduction: Colombia and Guatemala are countries united by geographical continuity which have similar processes of conquest and colony, with internal wars during the twentieth century that affected among others indigenous populations, that have in their recent history the search for peace in their common goals. Guatemala with agreements consolidated 20 years ago (1996) and Colombia (2016) currently in adjustment. Conflicts that bind indegenous peoples both in war and peace are crossed by their worldviews centered on life, territory and the protection of natural resources, which is why peace processes with current extractive market dynamics and practices maintain the original structural conflicts in force, adding new complexities.
Methods: Through documentary and narrative analysis, we examine the ways in which indigenous worldviews serve both as an immense legacy for their struggles of resistance to lived violences and as forms of resilience that emerge in the dynamics of a globalized world, between the need to protect their cultural legacy and the adaptations that it demands to them in order to inhabit the planet in the third millennium.
Findings/Implications: Ancestral knowledge keeps the key that humanity need to transcend towards a more just and equitable way of living.  

Speakers
avatar for Sarah Crawford-Browne

Sarah Crawford-Browne

Lecturer, University of Cape Town
Welcome to Cape Town! | Are you working in a context where people anticipate or experience violence as part of daily living? I would value opportunities to talk! I understand these conditions as often affecting people who live in countries in crisis, people who are displaced... Read More →
PG

Patricia Granada Echeverri

Posgraduate Director of Health Care Sciencies Faculty, UNIVERSIDAD TECNOLOGICA DE PEREIRA



Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 02 Century City Conference Centre

14:30

Pathways to Psychological Resilience - Nabeelah Bemath, Antonia Werner, Jiniya Afroze
Pathways to Psychological Resilience

Abstract #36
Title: Working memory in psychological resilience: A mixed-method study
Presenter:
Nabeelah Bemath (University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Kate Cockcroft, Linda Theron
Introduction:
Working memory (WM) may promote resilience by enabling individuals to generate novel solutions in adverse situations. Research regarding the relationship between these constructs is limited. It is particularly unclear whether, and how, WM may promote resilience in the South African context.
Methods: This study thus used a mixed method concurrent triangulation design to quantitatively investigate whether WM is related to resilience; and to qualitatively investigate how WM processes feature in participants’ experiences of resilience, and how this is influenced by socio-cultural factors. Thirty-eight young Black South African adults from disadvantaged backgrounds (whose WM had been assessed in a pre-existing study) completed a demographic questionnaire and the Resilience Research Centre-Adult Resilience Measure in person or online. For the qualitative phase, 14 of these participants were interviewed using a semi-structured interview schedule.
Findings: Qualitative findings indicated WM processes featuring in participants’ accounts of resilience-promoting resources, were shaped by socio-cultural factors. The primarily non-significant quantitative findings may thus be due to the individualistic WM measure used. Findings may help develop resilience-promoting interventions, and culturally-relevant accounts of resilience-promoting resources accessible to young Black South Africans.

Abstract #272
Title: Resilience and depression: investigating the mediating role of self-esteem
Presenter:
Antonia Werner (Goethe University, Germany)
Co-Authors: Ana Tibubos, Sonja Rohrmann, Neele Reiss
Introduction:
People who can be described as resilient are less likely to develop depressive symptoms. Yet, it is not clear, what exact facets of resilience are responsible for buffering against depression. In this study self-esteem is therefore examined as a possible mediator for the negative relation of resilience and depression.
Methods: A non-clinical sample of 98 students (age M=22.95, SD=5.24) and a clinical sample of 29 depressive patients (age M=43.86, SD=16.42) participated in our study using self-report questionnaires and an experimental procedure. Participants completed first questionnaires about their resilience, depressive symptoms and their self-esteem. In an experimental session some days later they were asked to give a cognitive ability test of solving anagrams and were given false feedback in order to stimulate a self-critical state. In this procedure current self-esteem states were assessed. For analyzing the associations between dispositional resilience, depression, and self-esteem correlational as well as mediation analyses were applied.
Findings: The negative correlation of resilience and depression was replicated as well as a significant direct effect of resilience on depression. By adding self-esteem as a mediator, a significant indirect effect became evident. Results imply that working on self- esteem as a mediator, a significant indirect effect became evident. Results imply that working on self-esteem looks like a promising practical approach in the promotion of resilience


Abstract #59
Title: Influences of birth order in shaping aspirations and wellbeing of children in an Urdu-speaking Bihari community in Bangladesh
Presenter: Jiniya Afroze (The Open University, UK)
Introduction: There is inadequate research attention to relationships of birth order in children’s wellbeing, particularly in the context of Global South. This paper explores how birth order shapes the aspirations and wellbeing of children in the context of an Urdu-speaking Bihari community in Bangladesh.
Methods: Drawing attention to the argument of new sociology of childhood, combined with the evidence of empirical studies in resilience research, this paper presents data from an eight-month long ethnographic study of an ongoing PhD project. This paper presents children’s perspectives, from data collected from a sample of 50 children aged 4-18 years through individual interviews, group discussions and participant observations. Adopting participatory tools like hand puppets, photo elicitation and vignettes, this paper explores how the cultural expectations and responsibilities of children are linked to their birth orders, and how children channel their positive coping and aspirations towards their wellbeing.
Findings: Findings present children’s agencies are not related to birth orders, rather negotiated and contested through education, work and gender. This highlights the importance of questioning cultural practices that determine responsibilities of siblings according to birth orders, for making situated understandings about how children explore and promote their own wellbeing.


Speakers
avatar for Jiniya Afroze

Jiniya Afroze

PhD Research Student, The Open University
Jiniya Afroze is a PhD research student at the Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies of The Open University, UK. Her PhD research is aimed at exploring children’s lived experiences in an Urdu-speaking Bihari community in Bangladesh. Prior to this, Jiniya worked w... Read More →
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Nabeelah Bemath

Intern research psychologist, University of the Witwatersrand
Nabeelah Bemath recently completed her Masters in Social and Psychological Research at the University of the Witwatersrand. She is currently completing her internship as a research psychologist at the University's Department of Psychology. Her research interests lie in cognitive... Read More →
AW

Antonia Werner

PhD student, Goethe University, Frankfurt


Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 06 Century City Conference Centre

14:30

Promoting Resilience in Women Who Have Experienced Childhood Sexual Abuse - Hayley Walker Williams, Baaqira Kays Ehraim, Marinda Henning
Promoting Resilience in Women Who Have Experienced Childhood Sexual Abuse

Abstract #126
Title: S2T Voices of Healing and Recovery: Promoting resilience in women who experienced childhood sexual abuse
Presenter: Hayley Walker-Williams (North-West University, South Africa)
Co-Author: Ansie Fouché
Introduction: Most therapeutic interventions for female survivors of child sexual abuse are pathogenically orientated. Little attention is given to the fact that strengths may be borne from the struggle to cope with the trauma. A strengths-based group intervention entitled survivor to thriver (S2T) aims to facilitate resilient post-trauma growth outcomes.
Methods: The benefits of the S2T intervention were evaluated by means of a quasi-experimental pretest posttest one group only design between 2013 and 2016. A total of 19 multicultural women, ranging from the ages of 18 to 56 years, completed the group treatment.  Both qualitative and quantitative data collection methods were employed to evaluate the benefit of the intervention. This study reports on the findings from the qualitative study and gives an overview of the S2T women’s voices reflecting resilient enabling and positive post trauma adaptive outcomes of recovery and healing over a three year period.
Findings: Our findings suggest that indeed resilient driven processes and posttraumatic growth outcomes may result from an adaptive coping process aimed at restructuring coherent post trauma life narratives. Limitations and the way forward will be discussed. 

Abstract #139
Title: Promoting resilient driven coping in women who experienced stigmatised loss as a result of childhood sexual abuse
Presenter: Baaqira Kays Ehraim (North-West University, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Hayley Walker-Williams, Ansie Fouché
Introduction: Child sexual abuse is recognised as a devastating trauma. Most interventions focus on treating symptoms with little attention given to addressing stigmatised loss as a unique trauma causing factor. Child sexual abuse leads to unacknowledged loss of life’s meaning and purpose, yet some women cope despite the complex losses.
Methods: This study reports on the findings of the preliminary thematic content analysis exploring the resilient driven coping processes employed by these women. Qualitative secondary analysis of documents and transcriptions collected during a larger research project on an empirically developed strengths-based group intervention programme, for female adult survivors of CSA, entitled Survivor to Thriver (S2T), were employed. Transcriptions of two groups of women were used, comprising of 14 treatment sessions with 19 multicultural participants ranging from the ages of 18 to 56 years, spanning over a three year period.
Findings: Themes of resilient driven coping were: spirituality, positive self-regard and increased self-awareness. These themes may be seen as unique markers in the recovery portfolio of these survivors. The findings will be used to further inform the S2T strengths-based group intervention programme. Limitations and the way forward will be discussed.

Abstract #145
Title: Rising above the trauma causing factors of childhood sexual abuse: Resilience enabling processes in a group of female survivors
Presenter: Marinda Henning (North-West University, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Hayley Walker-Williams, Ansie Fouché
Introduction: The negative effect of childhood sexual abuse has devastating consequences for individuals due to the presence of unique trauma causing factors. Reports have shown that some survivors have a naturally ability to adapt positively despite these trauma causing dynamics.
Methods: This study reports on the findings of the preliminary thematic analysis exploring the resilient driven coping processes employed by adult women who had experienced the unique trauma of childhood sexual abuse. Qualitative secondary analysis of documents and transcriptions collected during a larger research project on an empirically developed strengths-based group intervention programme, for female adult survivors of CSA, entitled Survivor to Thriver (S2T), were employed. Eight group treatment sessions with nine participants ranging from the ages of 18 to 36 years were analysed.
Findings: Themes of resilient coping processes were: perseverance, a positive relationship with self, assisting others and spirituality. These themes may be seen as unique markers in the recovery portfolio of survivors. The findings will be used to further inform the S2T strengths-based intervention. Limitations and the way forward will be discussed.

Speakers
BK

Baaqira Kays Ebrahim

North West University Vaal Triangle Campus
MH

Marinda Henning

North-West University Vaal Triangle Campus
HW

Hayley Walker-Williams

North-West University Vaal Triangle Campus


Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 07 Century City Conference Centre

14:30

Qualitative Methods to Examine Resilience - Adrian D. van Breda, Lousie Yorke, Lynn Norton
Qualitative Methods to Examine Resilience

Abstract #37
Title: Grounded Theory Methods for Insights into Resilience Processes: The Case of a Young Person Transitioning out of Residential Care
Presenter: Adrian van Breda (University of Johannesburg, South Africa)
Introduction: Among the qualitative research designs that can be used to research resilience, grounded theory (GT) is among the most seldom used (in as few as 1% of studies). The purpose of this paper is to argue for and illustrate the usefulness of GT as a research design for resilience research.
Methods: The core theoretical and methodological components of GT will be examined, showing their relevance to a social-ecological construction of resilience. These include GT’s roots in symbolic interactionism, its use of gerunds for coding, and its focus on theory construction. Thereafter, GT will be illustrated with a case example, using GT to analyse qualitative longitudinal data of a young person transitioning out of residential care in South Africa. Unstructured interviews were conducted before he left care and annually thereafter for four years. Data were qualitatively analysed using Kathy Charmaz’s constructivist GT methods.
Findings: Findings show that GT methods in resilience research foreground two aspects important to social-ecological resilience researchers: the agency of human beings to shape their life course through actions performed over time, and the reciprocal interactions between humans and their social environments.

Abstract #179
Title: What can participatory research contribute to understanding resilience? Exploring the potential of participatory methods with rural girls in Ethiopia.
Presenter: Louise Yorke (Trinity College Dublin, Ireland)
Co-Author: Robbie Gilligan
Introduction:  Resilience research requires an approach that can capture the multitude of factors influencing the wellbeing and development of individuals and can account for the impact of culture on their outcomes (Ungar, 2008; 2011). This paper considers the potential contribution of participatory approaches to understanding resilience in developing country contexts.
Methods: This paper is based on participatory research carried out in Southern Ethiopia with a group of rural girls who migrated to urban areas to pursue their secondary education. A combination of participatory video drama, group discussions and life story interviews were chosen to help capture the complexity of rural girls experiences and outcomes, and the significant impact of culture on their lives. A participatory approach was also considered appropriate to help address some of the challenges of conducting in developing country contexts where the researcher is an outsider and to help reduce the ‘foreigner effect’ (Jakobsen, 2012).
Findings: The potential of participatory approaches to contribute to culturally relevant understandings of resilience that reflect local ways of knowing are discussed. Advantages and challenges of using participatory research in developing country contexts are outlined. Finally the potential of participatory research to contribute to participants own processes of resilience are considered. 

Abstract #267
Title: #WE SPEAK: Reflexive participatory action research to facilitate voice and agency with refugee youth
Presenter: Lynn Norton (UKZN, South Africa)
Co-Author: Yvonne Sliep
Introduction: This paper explores the benefits of following a dialogical reflexive approach with refugee youth living in SA, where space is created for strength-based and local opportunities to emerge. Despite a range of mental health difficulties among refugee populations there are numerous barriers to accessing support, especially for refugee youth.
Methods: We conducted a series of workshops using participatory action research with a focus on the creation of safe dialogical spaces, voice, agency, social connection and performativity.  The methodology uses a critical reflexive framework that facilitates a process of deconstructing power in the collective; determining values and identity; negotiating agency; and positive performance. The research is explored through and with the voices of participants using narrative dialogical analysis and poetic inquiry.
Findings: What emerged early in the research was a sense of hopelessness and despair as a result of structural obstacles that make life extremely stressful for refugee teenagers. However, when opportunity is created for youth to respond from a position of strength possibilities arise that work as barriers to anti-social behavior.

Speakers
avatar for Adrian D. van Breda

Adrian D. van Breda

Professor of Social Work, University of Johannesburg
Adrian is Professor of Social Work at the University of Johannesburg, where he was Head of Department from 2014 to 2016. He is President of the Association of South African Social Work Education Institutions and Vice President of Resilio, the international association for the pro... Read More →
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Lynn Norton

University of KwaZulu-Natal
LY

Louise Yorke

School of Social Work and Social Policy, Trinity College Dublin



Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 11 Century City Conference Centre

14:30

Resilience from a Parenting Perspective - Lea Caragata, Fazel Ebrihiam Freeks, Christine de Goede
Resilience from a Parenting Perspective

Abstract #92
Title: Ameliorating Adversity: Supporting Resilience in Low-Income Lone Mothers
Presenter: Lea Caragata (Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada)
Co-Authors: Sara Cumming, Beth Watters
Introduction: Many low-income lone mothers experience extreme adversity, yet manifest resilience. This paper explores these outcomes, understanding that factors protective against trauma and hardship include psychological, community, economic and spatial aspects. A social exclusion framework revealing the compounding and intersecting nature of the findings, suggesting key factors supporting resilience.
Methods: Grounded in a feminist, participatory methodology, this study interviews 38 low-income Canadian lone mothers to explore their understandings and experience of resilience. Data were collected in 3 Canadian cities and participants were identified from a large longitudinal qualitative data set that enabled a case review of women appearing to demonstrate resilience. Importantly, the data demonstrating resilient outcomes are themselves longitudinal, including the case review and subsequent interviews. Thus, this research was able to explore both temporally and spatially, these women’s understanding of the factors that made such resilience possible in spite of frequent circumstances of extreme adversity.
Findings: Important findings included intimate partner violence and  income instability as significant risk factors. Protective factors included beliefs and values, children and feminist NGO’s. These nuanced findings shed light on protective factors that support resilience with important policy implications and contest the negative, too readily made judgments about these families. 

Abstract #161
Title: Missional Fatherhood: The Vital Role of the Resilient Father in Families
Presenter: Fazel Ebrihiam Freeks (North-West University, South Africa)
Introduction: Research proved that approximately 9 million children in South Africa have no fathers. Absence of a parent within a family system causes a vacuum in the parenthood role, and negative influences on families are inevitable. Father absence is on the increase and generates broken families in society.
Methods: A Sola Scriptura policy and qualitative data is used on Biblical truth and departure points from literature to highlight the essence of fatherhood. Scripture is an authoritative source of teaching, correction and admonition. It serves as an exceptional guideline and measure that speak of the uniqueness of God as Father, while presenting answers, hope and strengthening resilience regarding the worth of an earthly father within a family system.
Findings: Findings pending.

Abstract #113
Title: Coping with becoming “Mom”: Single, poor, and unexpectedly pregnant in a South African township.
Presenter: Christine de Goede (Stellenbosch University, South Africa)
Co-Author: Awie Greef
Introduction: The majority (40%) of South African children are raised by single mothers. Factors such as poverty, community stigma, not meeting family-of-origin expectations, and conflict with the biological father, may often encourage maternal distress and isolation during pregnancy. Prenatal exposure to maternal stress impedes fetal development (Glover, Ahmed-Salim, & Capron, 2016).
Methods: Grounded theory analysis of interviews conducted with 20 single, poor, Xhosa speaking mothers, revealed a range of context-specific resilience strategies that can help curb maternal emotional turmoil. Intrapersonal strategies used by mothers centered on three processes namely, 1)  stressor reappraisal, 2) identity reframing and 3) engaging in idiosyncratic “feel-good”activities.  Local discourses of subversion, survival and intrapsychic strength were important (e.g. the “hustler”identity derived from North American rap music). Also, participants aimed to negate the culturally imposed idea of the single mother as “damaged”or “immoral”by incorporating a more nuanced mix of affirming pre- and post-pregnancy selves.
Findings: Results indicate that it is imperative to identify psychologically at-risk pregnant women, early. Screening should form part of prenatal care protocols because timely interventions, that help single mothers view themselves and their situations more positively, can potentially expedite their adaptation, reducing the duration and intensity of distress and isolation.

Speakers
avatar for Lea Caragata

Lea Caragata

Professor & Associate Dean, Wilfrid Laurier University
I teach Social Policy and Community Development at Wilfrid Laurier University in Ontario, Canada. My recent research includes a multi-site interdisciplinary longitudinal study of single mothers in 3 Canadian cities examining the effects of labour market change and workfare progra... Read More →
avatar for Fazel Ebrihiam Freeks

Fazel Ebrihiam Freeks

North-West University
CD

Christine de Goede

Stellenbosch University


Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 08 Century City Conference Centre

14:30

Resilience in Health Workers - Judith Benbow, Carol Tosone
Resilience in Health Workers

Abstract #95
Title: A mixed methods research study: - Exploring Resilience in Contemporary Nursing Roles in Wales
Presenter: Judith Benbow (Cardiff University, UK)
Introduction: Nursing is a highly stressful occupation. Stress and compassion fatigue are major consequences of healthcare workplace adversity which impacts negatively on care. Staff wellbeing is an important antecedent of patient care. Nurses’ ability to be compassionate is inextricably linked to individual/organisational professional and personal challenges and support available (Maben, 2012).
Methods: To provide novel insights into the intrinsic and extrinsic influences, that shape the resilience of nurses in Wales.   Methods Mixed methods two phased approach, a survey followed by case studies in three diverse settings; utilising focus groups and individual semi structured interviews.  This presentation will focus upon Phase 1, the survey. Between October 2016 and November 2016, registered nurses in Wales were invited to complete an on line/paper based questionnaire, devised for the study; exploring their views about resilience and their work environments. Over 1400 nurses participated, responses were descriptively analysed utilising SPSS and Microsoft word.  
Findings: Early findings from the survey will be discussed within the context of recent research and policy. As well as implications for the Phase 2 case studies. The unique findings will inform practice, education, policy and research of what works well and what could work better to develop resilience of nurses. 

Abstract #227
Title: Understanding the Relationship between Resilience and Posttraumatic Growth in New Orleans Mental Health Responders Working in a Post-Hurricane Katrina Environment
Presenter:
Carol Tosone (New York University Silver School of Social Work, USA)
Introduction: There is some conceptual ambiguity between Resilience and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in the professional literature. This study aimed to provide further clarity by examining the relationship between Resilience and PTG in a group of New Orleans Mental Health Responders (N=219) personally and professionally exposed to Hurricane Katrina.
Methods: Findings indicate that the correlation between Resilience and PTG is, as expected, positive and statistically significant albeit modest (r = .15, p = .024). When controlling for variables associated with Resilience and PTG respectively, Compassion Satisfaction has the greatest overlap. Primary/Secondary Shared Trauma, Posttraumatic Stress, and Compassion Fatigue exhibit moderately strong relationships to Resilience but rather weak relationships to PTG. Conversely, the two remaining control variables, Life Events and Shared Trauma/Professional Posttraumatic Growth, exhibit stronger relationships to PTG than to Resilience.
Findings/Implications: These findings support the interrelationship of resilience and posttraumatic growth, but suggest that each have specific variables more associated with one than the other. These findings have conceptual and clinical implications, contributing further clarity to the debate as to whether PTG is a form of Resilience or a distinct construct.

Speakers
JB

Judith Benbow

PhD student, Cardiff University
CT

Carol Tosone

New York University


Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 05 Century City Conference Centre

14:30

Youth at Risk - Jabulani Gilford Kheswa, Inês Castiço
Youth at Risk

Abstract #274
Title: Behaviour leading crime among graduated initiates “amakrwala”? at one Further Education Training Colleges in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Presenter:
 Jabulani Gilford Kheswa (University of Fort Hare, South Africa)
Co-Authors: X. Dayi, M. N. Mahola
Introduction: Traditional male circumcision siignifies cultural restoration in most black communities in South Africa. Grounded in Erikson’s  psychosocial developmental theory and Agnew’s gender strain theory, literature demonstrated that the qualities of endurance, manliness and respect conveyed during training by their mentors, result in male youth reaching responsible adulthood.
Methods: The main aim of the study was to determine the nature and behaviours leading to crime among graduated initiates “amakrwala”? at the Further Education Training Colleges, in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.  A qualitative approach was employed to gather data from 10 purposively sampled Xhosa- speaking amakrwala, aged 16-26, using open-ended questionnaires. The ethics were adhered to throughout the study.
Findings: The findings show that amkrwala demonstrated educational aspirations and contributed their self-efficacy to father-son communication and self-control. However, incidents of multiple sexual partners were reported amongst the participants. It is thus that there should be programmes to educate male youth about the significance of restoring cultural practices. 

Abstract #181
Title: Youth’s resilience according to CYRM 28 score: institutionalized vs non institutionalized youth in Baixo Alentejo, Portugal
Presenter: Ines Castico (ULSBA, Portugal)
Co-Authors: Isabel Santos, Mariana Maria Piteira Arnaud, Luís Manuel Pacheco Botelho
Introduction: Resilience is a complex dynamic process that determines the capacity to overcome hardship. According to Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM), not only intrinsic skills but also external factors (religion, culture, education and  relationships) are involved. In this project, the CYRM-28 score was applied to children/youth living in and outside
Methods: childcare institutions in a small city located in Alentejo, Portugal. Our goal was to verify whether resilience was affected by institutionalization in order to prevent its potentially deleterious effects.  Methods:A translated version of the CYRM-28 score was applied to a convenience sample of 57 individuals, 24 institutionalized (Inst) and 33 non-institutionalized (NInst) aged 10 to 24. Results were inserted in a database and analyzed using SPSS ®.  Findings:  Slightly lower scores were found in all CYRM-28 subscales of institutionalized individuals. This was mostly notorious in individual capacities (mean±st deviation:  NInst 50,38±3,1 versus Inst 44,2±4,4), especially in the peer
Findings: support subset of questions (mean±st deviation:  NInst 9,28±0,81 versus Inst 7,0±2,09). Implications:  Surprisingly, peers support and not caregivers’ related factors were observed as the poorest contributors to resilience in the studied institutions. This is possibly a sign of the high quality of care given. Nonetheless, peer interactions should be supervised.

Speakers
IC

Ines Castico

Unidade Local de Saude do Baixo Alentejo


Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 04 Century City Conference Centre

14:30

Invited Symposium: Co-producing resilience research - Angie Hart, Scott Dennis, Naydene de Lange, Mosna Khaile
Invited Symposium Summary
Co-producing resilience research

Presenters:
 Angie Hart, Scott Dennis, Naydene de Lange, Mosna Khaile
Chair: Angie Hart, Shahnaz Biggs
This symposium gives an overview of three exciting projects that are being coproduced by teams of young people with lived experience of adversity, academics, students and practitioners. We will share research findings and discuss some of the key approaches to co-productive resilience research that we have taken.

Invited Symposium Abstract
Piloting and evaluating resilience-building games and tools co-created by young people with lived experience of adversity, students, practitioners and academics
Presenters:
Scott Dennis (BoingBoing, UK), Ollie Gibbs, Josh Thompson, Shahnaz Biggs, Lisa Mills, Sharon Butler
Co-Authors: Anne Rathbone, Simon Duncan, Pauline Wigglesworth, Gabrielle Rowles, Lisa Buttery 
Introduction: A range of resilience building games have been co-developed by young people with complex needs, practitioners, academics and students, based on the Resilience Framework our group has developed (www.boingboing.org.uk). We have evaluated the main games developed and use this learning to improve our materials for many purposes.
Methods: The project ran from May 2015-April 2017 and data collected included individual qualitative feedback from children and young people, practitioners and parents playing the games. In addition, testing of the games at a whole class level was carried out in schools. A variety of methods was used to gain the feedback depending on the needs and preferences of the young people. The qualitative feedback was inputted into a qualitative data analysis programme where the results were then drawn out from the transcripts and coded using thematic analysis.
Findings: The results demonstrate the market for the resilience building games. We make concrete suggestions as co-researchers and co-designers on how the games might be improved, reflecting also on the co-production process.  Finally, the results inform the use of these games for co-productive data collection.

‘We are unsafe out on the streets, at home, we are not safe at all”: Young rural school girls taking action against sexual violence
Presenter: Naydene de Lange (Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Lebo Moletsane, Claudia Mitchell, Nozinga Nyamakazi, Amahle Day 
Introduction: South Africa has an outstanding policy framework relating to sexual violence. However, this do not seem to halt the perpetration of sexual violence on the ground.  This study explores how participatory research initiatives (including digital media practices) with girls living in rural South Africa can inform practices, policies, programs and services related to their own safety, security and well-being.
Methods: Drawing on bell hooks’ work, we argue that a ‘research as intervention’ approach can potentiate the agency of rural school girls to challenge social conditions that make them vulnerable to sexual violence and to ultimately take action to address such violence in their schools and communities.  This qualitative study draws on participatory visual methodology. Methods include drawing, photovoice, digital storytelling, cellphilms, creating policy posters and action briefs to engage 21 school girls  . The study aimed to explore the girls’ lived experiences of sexual violence, and to identify the social factors that make them vulnerable in families and communities.
Findings: Findings suggest that girls can resist what appears to be the sexualisation of their bodies, and are able to claim back their right to safety through engagement with peers, policy makers and with the community. How the girls themselves might take action to address sexual violence is also explored.

Patterns of resilience among young people in a community affected by drought:  A co-productive research project exploring historical and contextual perspectives
Presenter: Mosna Khaile (University of Pretoria, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Liesel Ebersohn, Lisa Buttery, Various young people, Ruth Mampane, Linda Theron, Netsai Gwata
Introduction: The objective of this collaborative study between young people in South Africa, young people in the UK and academics in both countries is to understand better the complex relationships between drought, social-ecological systems and young people's resilience in South Africa. Drought is a slow-onset natural hazard that negatively impacts upon the social, economic, and environmental systems that affect young people's health and wellbeing
Methods: We are engaging in a series of co-produced arts-based activities to meet key study objectives (e.g. Body- mapping; Mmogo clay modelling). Workshops with South African participants are supporting them to collaborate further as co-researchers in order to interview community elders about how they manage drought and report back these conversations. A strategy to support the resilience of young people to drought-related challenges will be produced.  The South African youth researchers, assisted by three UK youth researchers will identify a creative medium of their choosing, through which to communicate their emergent resilience strategy to relevant stakeholders.
Findings: The study findings will reflect how drought severity is defined by young people and how to support young people and social ecological systems. It will also reflect on the co-productive process of this project. 

Speakers
SB

Shahnaz Biggs

Boingboing
SD

Scott Dennis

Boingboing
avatar for Angie Hart

Angie Hart

University of Brighton / Boingboing
Angie Hart is Professor of Child, Family and Community Health at the University of Brighton and has been working on resilience research and practice for 10 years. She is an advisor to England’s Big Lottery Fund, Angie runs boingboing, a not for profit undertaking resilience research and practice development. http://www.boingboing.org.uk/index.php/who-are-we/angie-hart. She is the Academic Director of the University of... Read More →
MK

Mosna Khaile

University of Pretoria
ND

Naydene de Lange

Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University


Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Hall C Century City Conference Centre

14:30

Building Settings that Promote Individual and Collective Resilience - Kimberly Kendziora (for David Osher), Liesel Ebersöhn, Ruth Mampane
Symposium Summary
Building Settings that Promote Individual and Collective Resilience

Presenters: Kimberly Kendziora (for David Osher), Liesel Ebersöhn, Ruth Mampane
Schools and community settings can  promote  individual and collective resilience.  This symposium examines this from a Global, South African-wide, and local South African context drawing upon empirical work, the work of a South-African wide research collaborative, and a 10-year study of collective resilience in rural South African Communities. 

Symposium Abstracts 
Creating Conditions for Learning and Resilience in Child and Youth Friendly Settings 
Presenter: 
Kimberly Kendziora (American Institutes for Research, USA)
Co-Authors: David Osher 
Introduction: Schools support resilience by creating safe, supportive, inclusive, and engaging environments that involve families and students in leadership and build conditions for learning CFL) and support social and emotional learning (SEL). This paper will build on research in 9 Global Southern countries to illustrate the importance of CFL and SEL. 
Methods: • 1-2 day site visits by teams to approximately 25 schools in two regions of each of six countries for a total of 150 schools • students, teachers, and families were randomly selected for interviews, focus groups, and/or surveys, and the classrooms visited were randomly selected • students and teachers were surveyed and school heads interviewed • triangulated quantitative, qualitative, and visual and employed Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM) to analyze patterns observed in the quantitative and qualitative data  • surveyed students and conducted focus groups with teachers and families in three additional countries • cross sectional, longitudinal, and intervention research on CFL, SEL and child/youth development 
Findings: • harsh discipline and poor conditions for teaching undermines development • child friendly schools (CFS) can produce conditions for learning and development • social and emotional learning can enhance developmental outcomes • family and youth engagement are critical to CFS success • teacher training and support are critical to success  

Building Collective Resilience in High Need Low Resourced Communities
Presenter: Liesel Ebersöhn (University of Pretoria, South Africa)
Introduction: Low-resourced communities face adversities that have individual and collective psychological, social, and material consequences. The Relationship-Resourced Resilience (RRR) framework explains how individuals can interact collectively in ecologies of chronic and cumulative adversity to initiate and maintain cooperative support. Solidarity mediates the effects of adversity and supports individual and community flourishing 
Methods: • Qualitative case studies using  participatory collaborative research and reflection in selected schools to establish model • Qualitative longitudinal study in 9 primary and 3 secondary schools in high need communities selective to establish parameters for generalizability 
Findings: In the longitudinal study in high need South African communities, teachers used relationship mapping to access and mobilize resources and for accountability. The models influence included greater teacher agency and sense of community, and the establishment and maintenance of supports for family physical well-being, belonging, and access to services 

A partnership of a drop-in centre and schools which transformed schools as centres of care, support and resiliency  
Presenter: Ruth Mampane (University of Pretoria, South Africa)
Introduction: This paper describes the partnership of a drop-in centre and primary schools which enables referral of learners from disadvantaged family backgrounds to access intervention. A family intervention model was used to access families through learners, schools identify learners from disadvantage families and refer them to drop-in centre stationed within schools. 
Methods: Qualitative data collection method was used utilizing  two focus group with 26 drop-in centre staff members and observation of intervention program (homework supervision and assistance, facilitation of life skill program and preparation food and feeding of learners  from the five drop-in centres was used to collect data over a period of 12 months intermittently. 
Findings: When resources are shared between schools and centres, learners and families benefit from psychosocial, economic and educational support. Partnerships forged between schools and drop-in centre lead to collaborative relationships with families leading to multiple model of support for families experiencing adversity with schools serving as centres of care and support.   

Speakers
avatar for Liesel Ebersohn

Liesel Ebersohn

Director: Centre for the Study of Resilience, University of Pretoria
Liesel Ebersöhn is known for her work on socio-cultural pathways to resilience in emerging economy, Global South settings – especially high need rural and scarce-resource rural contexts. In this regard her work on indigenous pathways to resilience (generative theory on Relatio... Read More →
avatar for Motlalepule Ruth Mampane

Motlalepule Ruth Mampane

Lecturer, University of Pretoria
Educational Psychologist; research on family Resilience and indigenous psychology, focus on developmental psychology and learning
avatar for Kimberly Kendziora, Ph.D.

Kimberly Kendziora, Ph.D.

Managing Researcher, American Institutes for Research
Kimberly Kendziora's work focuses on the evaluation of school-based student support initiatives. She has particular expertise in research on school-based programs related to students’ social and emotional learning, behavior, mental health, and health. She has also conducted eva... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 10 Century City Conference Centre

14:30

The Neurobiology of Transgenerational Trauma Transmission: Decolonizing research, the mind, and our schools for First Nations people of North America - Tammy H. Scheidegger, Lea Denny, Carrie King
Symposium Summary
The Neurobiology of Transgenerational Trauma Transmission: Decolonizing research, the mind, and our schools for First Nations people of North America

Presenters:
Tammy H. Scheidegger, Lea Denny, Carrie King
Facilitator: Ruth Mampane
This symposium will consist of three related presentations on Historical Trauma for First Nations people living in North America: Historical Trauma research and post trauma growth: Using a mental health perspective; Neurodecolonization (through traditional knowledge, well-being & resilience research); and Innovative and proven strategies for culturally responsive, trauma sensitive schools.

Symposium Abstracts 
Historical Trauma Research & Post Trauma Growth: Using a Mental Health Perspective
Presenter:
Lea Denny (Mount Mary University, USA)
Co-Authors: Tammy H. Scheidegger, Carrie King
Introduction: “All Nations-One Tribe: Healing Historical Trauma Together” was a quantitative, exploratory, community and strength-based study (N=112) of adult participants, self-identified as First Nations/Native American/American Indian (Denny et al., 2016). The study identified the prevalence, pervasiveness, and transmission of historical trauma as intergenerational trauma and pathways for post historical trauma growth.
Methods: A purposeful sample of adult First Nations/Native American/American Indians, represented over 20 tribes residing in the state of Wisconsin, USA were surveyed over a one-year period, during community and tribal gathering.  Self-report questionnaires explored the effects of Historical Trauma and resilience using the following measures:  Native Healing Practice Scale (Wyrostok, 2000); Use of Native healing practices scale (Wyrostock, 2000); First Nations self-learning identification scale measuring, (Kaquatosh & Chavez-Korell, 2013); Pride in First Nations Identification scale (Denny et al., 2016);  Historical loss scale and symptoms scale (Whitebeck, 2004); and the ACE (Adverse Childhood Experiences) study survey (Felitti, 1998). 
Findings: Higher Historical Loss scores were expressed by those living on reservations, age was negatively related to loss for the total sample, high ACE scores reported across residencies, urban First Nations people reported a higher proportion of discrimination, and an evaluation of ACE scores and OCI scores revealed no significant correlations.

Neurodecolonization:  Through the lens of traditional knowledge, well-being, & resilience research
Presenter: Tammy H. Scheidegger (Mount Mary University, USA)
Co-Authors: Carrie King, Lea Denny
Introduction: Neurodecolonization Theory focuses on how the brain is impacted and functions through colonization (YellowBird, 2012). This section will review the existent body of research that supports this concept and offer mental health strategies for encouraging post historical trauma growth using mindfulness practices used by indigenous peoples for centuries.
Methods: A meta-analysis of the existent research regarding neurodecolonization was completed using ERIC, EBSCO, PROQUEST, PSYCHARTICLES, PubMed/MEDLINE, & ACADEMIC SEARCH through 2016.  Annotated bibliographies and advanced statistical procedures were completed to identify general themes, as well as, findings that can direct current practice strategies. 
Findings: Neurobiology research identifies how specific brain activities can alter neural networks to enable a person to overcome the myriad effects of trauma and also colonization.  Specifically, mindfulness research implicates that healing practices and ceremonies can delete the neural networks of colonialism for indigenous peoples.

Innovative and proven strategies for culturally responsive, trauma sensitive schools
Presenter: Carrie King (Mount Mary University, USA)
Co-Authors: Tammy Scheidegger 
Introduction: A pilot program that aimed to reduce future mental health concerns in students as a result of early childhood trauma – environmental and interpersonal - will be offered (King & Scheidegger, 2016).  Interventions utilized and shared in this project focused on emerging best practice knowledge (van der Kolk, 2014).  
Methods: A 3-year pilot study to implement trauma sensitive school practices was undertaken within one urban, Milwaukee school. Phase I delivered in 2014-15, focused on faculty and staff development; Phase II, delivered in 2015-16, was designed to reach parents and students and teach them trauma-informed practices, help them learn trauma informed (e.g. therapeutic) techniques for use in the home, and teach students how manage emotions in the classroom. Data was gathered regarding academic progress, behavioral and emotional difficulties that resulted in time out of the classroom, and mindfulness based strategies to increase coping skills to enable sustained learning.
Findings: Elementary office visits for behavioral incidents was reduced by 79% and incidences of classroom disruption and defiance reduced by 80%. Middle school office visits for disruptive and defiant behavior, or physical altercations was reduced by 65%; the number of students involved in physical altercations was reduced by 60%. 

Speakers
avatar for Lea S. Denny

Lea S. Denny

Adjunct Instructor, Mount Mary University
Lea S. Denny received her Bachelor of Science degree in psychology from the University of Wisconsin- Milwaukee. Ms. Denny, MS, LPC-IT earned her graduate degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Mount Mary University (a CACREP program). Her theoretical orientation is root... Read More →
CL

Carrie L. King

Mount Mary University
avatar for Tammy H. Scheidegger

Tammy H. Scheidegger

Associate Professor, Practicum & Internship Coordinator, Mount Mary University
Dr. Scheidegger is a tenured, Associate Professor in the Graduate Program in Counseling at Mount Mary University and the Practicum and Internship Coordinator. She served as President of the Wisconsin Counseling Association from 2012 -2013. In 2012, she was also an invited member... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00
Room 09 Century City Conference Centre

16:00

Break
Take a quick break, grab some snacks provided by the conference, and get ready for more presentations and a wonderful night of poster presentations, wine tasting, and a local bazaar!


Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:00 - 16:30
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

16:30

Concurrent Sessions 3
Enjoy presentations by many presenters including Uzo Anucha and Lindokuhle Makhonza on topics such as Exploring Pathways to Youth Resilience, Factors Supporting Resilience, and Resilience in Youth to name a few!


Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

16:30

Building Resilience in Academic Settings - Nathan Vyklicky, Annalakshmi Narayanan, Martha Gatehi
Building Resilience in Academic Settings

Abstract #128
Title: Are we serving the “at-risk”children we claim? Resilience at the KAYEC national after-school program, Namibia
Presenter: Nathan Vyklicky (KAYEC, Namibia)
Co-Authors: Isanee Ketjivandje, Emilie Haipinge
Introduction: In Namibia, 39 percent of girls under 15 fall pregnant (2013), and half of learners fail Grade 10. In this study, KAYEC, a Namibian non-profit, tests whether its after-school centres (founded 2004; serving 3,946 peri-urban 10-to-18-year-olds, 2011-2016) provide health and education support to at-risk children who need it most.
Methods: KAYEC will collect resilience scores, measured using the CYRM-28 tool, as well as academic results and HIV and parenthood status, for 450 children it serves in three Namibian regions (50 percent girls), and for all unserved peer learners at their schools. Z-tests will determine whether KAYEC participants differ from their peers in resilience or outcomes. Regression modelling will determine whether resilience correlates with outcomes, ages, genders, or income levels.
Findings: KAYEC will carry out this study with the Namibian ministry of education from January 2017. Discussion will focus on the potential of CYRM-28 resilience scores to 1) evaluate current targeting of at-risk children, 2) screen children in need of health and academic support, and 3) track the impact of interventions.

Abstract #6
Title: School-based intervention to enhance resilience among at-risk youth in rural schools in India
Presenter: Annalakshmi Narayanan (Bharathiar University, India)
Introduction: The adolescent students in rural government schools are at-risk for psychosocial development. The present study evaluated an intervention program to enhance resilience using a quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest-follow-up comparison group design.
Methods: Participants included 133 students (experimental group, 72, control group 61) aged 13yrs to 15yrs from low socioeconomic background studying in two rural government schools. Measures of attainment on developmental task, psychological resilience, academic competence (self and teacher rating), aspiration, emotional competence, mindfulness, and interpersonal competence (self and peer rating), and objective measures of academic achievement and school engagement were used to evaluate the intervention. The 8-weeks intervention program focused on improving academic, emotional and social competence. The measures obtained at baseline, post-intervention and at 3-months follow-up were analyzed using linear mixed models.
Findings: The intervention significantly improved academic competence, but only marginally improved emotional and social competence. Academic, emotional, and social competence predicted several positive outcomes. Resilience interventions should involve family and community in addition to school. School practices should nurture academic as well as emotional and social competencies

Abstract #164
Title: Resilience, personality and academic performance: A study of Orphaned and Vulnerable Children under Wings to Fly secondary school education sponsorship
Presenter: Martha Gatehi (Daystar University, Kenya)
Co-Author: Ciriaka Gitonga, Martha Kiarie-Makara
Introduction: Most of the beneficiaries of Wings to Fly scholarship seem to weather the challenges they face and emerge top in their districts in their final primary school examination and qualify for the scholarship; an indication of resilience. As they proceed to high school majority are able to sustain high performance.
Methods: The objectives of this study are: to establish the child, family and community factors that promote resilience, and how these relate to their academic performance and establish the relationship between personality and academic performance among the OVCs. The study will be cross-sectional involving different cohorts in sampled schools within Nairobi. This is because wings to Fly supports children every year since 2011 and is spread across the country. Data collection will employ mixed methods involving administration of CYRM-28 and BFI questionnaires to beneficiaries and in-depth interviews using the RRC interview guide with key informants.
Findings: The study is expected to demonstrate a relationship between child characteristics and personality, supportive family, supportive community and academic performance. The findings will be of significance importance to the ministry of education, and child centered organizations in terms of policy formulation and intervention strategies that promote resilience in OVC.

Speakers
NA

Narayanan Annalakshmi

Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, INDIA
MG

Martha Gatehi

Daystar University


Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 07 Century City Conference Centre

16:30

Building Resilience in Children from a Community Perspective - Patricia Young, Roseline September, Efthalia Karaktsani
Building Resilience in Children from a Community Perspective

Abstract #289
Title: Pikin to Pikin Tok: A case for building resilience through participation
Presenter: Patricia Young (Child to Child, UK)
Introduction: Pikin to Pikin Tok emerged in response to the Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone, which created specific vulnerabilities for women and children. Child survivors experienced the trauma of loss of family members, disruption in schooling and regular life, and in many instances were ostracised from their communities.
Methods: Child to Child and their local partner, Pikin to Pikin Movement, adapted an ongoing early learning programme to create “Pikin to Pikin Tok,”, a radio for education programme designed to: enable children to address the issues concerning them; support their peers; and build resilience at the individual and community level. Children trained as Young Journalists co-created audio content on the issues affecting them. Children listened to the broadcasts as members of ‘Facilitated Listening Groups’ with support from trained adult volunteers, who encouraged them to call in to post-broadcast discussions to share their experiences and perspectives.
Findings: Facilitating children’s meaningful participation helped develop a sense of agency and awareness that they could be active partners for positive change, contributing to the identification and development of coping mechanisms for themselves and their families.

Abstract #290
Title: South Africa’s response to enabling children’s resilience through expanding community-based services
Presenter: Roseline September (GCBS Vulnerable Children, South Africa)
Introduction: One of the Department of Social Development (DSD) priorities under the South African National Development Plan (NDP) is the expansion of child and youth care services within the context of government’s objective to eliminate poverty, inequality and unemployment. Underpinning this is a focus on investments in children across the continuum of care. The current DSD community-based child care programme (Isibindi) reaches 1.2 million vulnerable children. However, DSD recognises the limitations and gaps in social services to vulnerable children. DSD has initiated a process to review and expand community-based children’s services. Underpinning the process is a focus on resilience.
Methods: Stakeholders were engaged in a systematic process aimed at producing a theory of change and a concomitant basket of services. This included a review of the relevant resilience literature and evidence-based programs followed by a reflective methodology to compare the empirical evidence with the experience of service professionals.
Findings: The results provided an evidence-base for the development of a turnaround strategy for vulnerable children. They also offer a framework for how community-based organisations can support resilience processes. DSD is exploring an investment case to mobilize financial mechanisms to support resilience outcomes and a core package of associated services.

Abstract #89
Title: Assessing the Quality of Life of children who attend in community based programs for mental health improvement at Wolverhampton area.
Presenter: Efthalia Karaktsani (University of Wolverhampton, UK)
Introduction: Headstart  program has been designed to support young people in developing their resilience, in raising their awareness of their own mental health and that of their peers, and in preventing the development of lifelong mental health issues. In this study the potential relationship between self-efficacy and QoL has been investigated.
Methods: A selection of schools namely Parkfield primary, Bilston CofE, Springdale Juniors, Saint Stephens and Heath Park were chosen to contribute to the piloting of the self -efficacy (SEQ) and they also complete prior and six months after the implementation of the program online a standardised QoL measure Kiddy-KINDL
Findings: Children who were classified as high SEQ were significantly more likely than the low SEQ to report better physical, family, social well-being and self-esteem. In terms of group comparisons, males reported greater physical well-being than their female counterparts and conversely females reported greater emotional well-being. 

Speakers
PY

Patricia Young

Director, Child to Child
Child to Child is an international child rights organisation and a pioneer of practical approaches to ensure children have meaningful opportunities to play an active role in health, education, protection and development. I am a passionate advocate for the role that children can p... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 03 Century City Conference Centre

16:30

Exploring Pathways to Youth Resilience - Uzo Anucha, Bernadette Iahtail, Izanette van Schalkwyk
Exploring Pathways to Youth Resilience

Abstract #279
Title: Growing Roses in Concrete? Problematizing Youth Resilience in A Canadian Urban Neighborhood
Presenter: Uzo Anucha (York University, Canada)
Co-Authors: Rahma Siad-Togane, Samantha Postulart
Introduction: We adopt the metaphor of a rose growing in concrete to problematize the notion of youth resilience in urban environments by deconstructing how it contributes and/or reinforces narratives that highlight the importance of individual efforts for success while neglecting the systemic inequities that constrain the opportunities for urban youth.
Methods: Drawing on data collected by and from youth living in an urban neighborhood that is often stigmatized, we explore how narratives of violence and well being trouble and disrupt the notion of success as a result of individual effort. Youth were trained in basic research methods and were supported to conduct interviews with 50 youth. The analysis of the transcripts focused on how participants’ narratives produced, troubled or disrupted the notion of success as a result of individual effort and the negative stereotype of the community.
Findings: The findings points out the limitations of dominant narratives that idealize individual roses while stigmatizing the environment where they grow and neglecting the larger socioeconomic structures that constrain youth opportunities. We advance a counter- narrative that highlights the important role of families and communities play in ensuring youth development and well-being.

Abstract #21
Title: Aboriginal Boys Matter Too! A research study of programs, services and resources for Aboriginal Males Young Offenders.
Presenter: Bernadette Iahtail (Creating Hope Society of Alberta, Canada)
Introduction: Young Aboriginal males are overrepresented, unstable and unsupportive childhood experiences, especially in the Aboriginal child welfare put many youths at risk to engage criminal activity. Other factors include personal, mental and physical health conditions, experiences of discrimination in educational and criminal justice contexts and socialization experiences with delinquent youth.
Methods: Researchers used a primarily qualitative approach to gathering data to understand project participant’s views on the involvement of Aboriginal male youth involved in the criminal justice system in Edmonton and surrounding regions as well as on supports available to them. The qualitative data discussed in this report provides insight into the policies and programs from the perspective of government representatives, community service providers, and Aboriginal males that have had prior involvement in the criminal justice system.  Data from the following sources:
-Key informant interviews
-Focus group discussions
-Comments by participants in the Aboriginal Fathers Love Their Children Too! documentary Research.
Findings: Youth have criminal record by the age 18, contributes youth to adult justice systems and the 3 key factors: a) involvement of Aboriginal male youth in child welfare, b) lack of appropriate supportive programming for Aboriginal male youth involved in the justice system, and c) bias/discrimination against Aboriginal male youth.

Abstract #50
Title: Relational well-being and resilience in a group of adolescents: A multiple method study in a South African high-risk community
Presenter: Izanette van Schalkwyk (North-West University, South Africa)
Co-Author: Odette Geldehuys
Introduction: Relational well-being is viewed as a core component of well-being. Lower levels of well-being could imply grave challenges and further risks in terms of the behaviours associated with living in a high-risk environment. Descriptions of relational well-being include associated constructs such as social ecologies and the dynamics of resilient coping.
Methods: Multiple methods were used to establish the levels of a group of South African adolescents’ well-being (quantitative research), and, to qualitatively explore adolescents’ experiences of relational well-being within the context of a high-risk environment. Adolescent learners from three secondary schools (N=808 quantitative study) took part in this study. Participants were Grade 8 learners between 12 and 15 years old. Questionnaires were firstly completed in a one-shot cross-sectional survey design. Secondly, semi-structured interviews and world café discussions were used with a selected group of participants to qualitatively explore their understanding and experience of relational well-being within a South African high-risk community.
Findings: Quantitative findings indicate that most adolescent learners in this high-risk community, i.e., 56%, do not experience high levels of well-being. Qualitative findings show that adolescents’ relational well-being is seriously restricted. Guidelines are offered as a resilience strategy to facilitate the enhancement of adolescents’ relational well-being in a high-risk community. 

Speakers
UA

Uzo Anucha

York University
BI

Bernadette Iahtail

Creating Hope Society
She is a registered Social Worker and co-founder and Executive Director of Creating Hope Society, a society founded for the survivors of the “The Sixties and Seventies Scoop of Aboriginal Children in Care“. Her key passions are to create awareness of Aboriginal history, specifica... Read More →
IV

Izanette van Schalkwyk

North-West University


Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 08 Century City Conference Centre

16:30

Factors Supporting Resilience - AnnMarie Groarke, Li Donghui (for Tian Guoxiu)
Factors Supporting Resilience

Abstract #250
Title: A model to predict adjustment in men with prostate cancer: the role of post-traumatic growth, resillience and mindfulness.
Presenter:
AnnMarie Groarke ( National University Of Ireland, Galwayy, Ireland)
Co-Authors: Deirdre Walsh, Ruth Curtis
Introduction: Findings examining relationships between post-traumatic growth (PTG) and adjustment in cancer remain inconsistent.  Thus the current research examines the role of PTG in distress and quality of life. It explores mindfulness as a moderator of these relationships and PTG as a mediator of the relationship between resillience and adjustment.
Methods: A total of 241 men with prostate cancer, at least one year post treatment participated and completed the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI ), a Physical Post-traumatic Scale ( P- PTGI ), (The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale ( HADS) Connor-Davidson Resillience Scale (CD-RISC ), Patient Oriented Prostate Utility Scale ( PORPUS) and the Frieburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI). Using structural equation modeling, Physical PTG predicted better adjustment whereas the traditional PTG measure was linked with poor adjustment. Resillience predicted PTG and its relationship with adjustment was mediated by PTG. Mindfulness moderated the relationship between PTG and quality of life.
Findings: These findings extend understanding of the relationships between PTG , mindfulness and resilience with mood and quality of life. They also suggest  an important interplay between resilience, post-traumatic growth and adjustment.  

Abstract #61
Title: Power and Trust, the two supporting factors of resilience and the application of them
Presenter:
Li Donghui (Capital Normal University, China)
Co-Author: Yin Zhu, Tain Guoxiu
Introduction:
This paper is based on interviews with 98 cases of dilemma adolescents with two key elements being refined and abstracted. These two elements are power and trust. The major focus is on the interviewees’ main operation process, that is, exploration of the process when one trying to fight back resilience.
Methods:
The age range of all 98 cases is between 13-19 years old, among the cases there  are 45 males and 53  females, all of whom are sampled from Beijing. All interviewees have lived in Beijing for more than a year, and all interviews met the following three  conditions: They are experiencing difficulties, they show good self development and adaptation to society, they don't have fomal service provided by the  society or another individual. In order to ensure that these three conditions are valid and reliable, all interviewees were obtained by means of recommendations .Each interview is between 60-180 minutes.Data analysis follows the grounded theory approach.
Findings:
The two key elements being refined and abstracted about dilemma adolescents are power and trust.This paper provides some new ideas for the application of resilience.
 

Speakers
LD

Li Donghui

Capital Normal University
AG

AnnMarie Groarke

National University of Ireland, Galway


Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 06 Century City Conference Centre

16:30

Methodological Lessons in Resilience Research - Aarthi Rajendran, Alexander Makhnach, Angelique van Rensburg
Methodological Lessons in Resilience Research

Abstract #247
Title: Synergy model: A catalyst for quantification of resilience
Presenter:
 Aarthi Rajendran (Centre for Health Psychology, University of Hyderabad, India, India)
Co-Author: Meena Hariharan, Suvashisa Rana
Introduction: The concept of resilience encompasses two essential components-experience of adversities and attainment of achievement in life. Review of literature has revealed the gap in any robust measure with psychometric properties to quantify resilience that varies across population in degree and level.
Methods: The authors theorised and evolved the synergy model of resilience  that facilitated the process of measurement of resilience in terms of resilience index-a derived score. The present study was undertaken to validate the method of quantification of resilience. The quantification included the measurement of adversity, protective factors, promotive factors, achievement and flourishing. The model was tested in two phases with a sample of 100 in each. In Phase I, the required weightages were generated as per the model; in Phase II, the function of the model was evaluated and the resilience index was calculated for each participant.
Findings: The scores varied between 15.08 to 124.56. Based on the final scores, five out of 100 participants in Phase II were identified as resilient.  The study contributes to basic research in conceptualizing of the Synergy Model of Resilience and leading edge research in measuring and deriving resilience.

Abstract #97
Title: Fifth wave of resilience research: it is time to highlight new period?
Presenter:
 Alexander Makhnach (Institute of Psychology Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)
Introduction:
Operationalizing the phenomenon of resilience was historically held in four stages (Masten, Obradović, 2007). Due to the rapid compilation of data on longitudinal experiments, which were carried out on 4 stages, but systematically comprehended in the 2000th, the time has come to release the fifth wave of resilience studies.
Methods:
It was released that the fifth wave of resilience research includes studies conducted mostly with the ecological approach of Bronfenbrenner. Research data will be presented in four-aspects ecological model (Ungar et al, 2005).  The principal methodology of research in resilience secondary research is the systematic data review, meta-narrative reviews of the primary research of other’s data in the form of research publications and reports.
Findings:
A 5th wave of resilience research has significant expansion and impacts of social, cultural contexts. Among them: significant political impacts, social transformation of society, instability in several regions, dramatic in the ethno-cultural conditions of peoples' lives (migration), the adverse impact of climatic factors on large areas, and globalization.

Abstract #85
Title: A factor structure analysis of the CYRM-28 in South African young people
Presenter:
Angelique van Rensburg (University of Johannesburg, South Africa)
Introduction:
The aim of this paper is to report an analysis of the factor structure of the Child Youth Resilience Measure (28-item version) and to comment on implications for resilience-focused interventions and research with South African young people. 
Methods: We evaluated the published factor structures of the CYRM-28 (i.e. Canada and New Zealand) within the South African Pathways to Resilience Research Project data (i.e. latent variable modelling), and tested six varied models in two randomly selected samples (n1 = 559; n2 = 578). Goodness-of-fit statistics indicated that a 3-factor variation of the New Zealand model fitted best (n1 = CFI = 0.90, TLI = 0.90, RMSEA = 0.04, 90% CI [0.03 0.04], p > 0.05, SRMR = 0.05; n2 = CFI = 0.91, TLI = 0.90, RMSEA = 0.04, 90% CI [0.03 0.04], p > 0.05, SRMR = 0.05). 
Findings: We conclude that practitioners and researchers need to be familiar with the factor structure of the CYRM-28 as expressed in the sociocultural context where they do resilience work if they wish to accurately measure and meaningfully leverage resilience. 


Speakers
avatar for Alexander Makhnach

Alexander Makhnach

Senior Researcher, Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Alexander V. Makhnach, Ph.D. is a senior researcher at the Institute of Psychology Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia. I worked on the development of the program that designed a system of foster care in Russia. Now I am working as a rector at the NGO Institute of Psychol... Read More →
AR

Aarthi Rajendran

Centre for Health Psychology, University of Hyderabad, India
avatar for Angelique van Rensburg

Angelique van Rensburg

Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Johannesburg / North-West University, Optentia Research Focus Area
Angelique, PhD (Educational Psychology), is a psychological counselor with the Health Professions Council of South Africa. She is a member of the Psychological Society of South Africa (PSYSSA) and has collaborated in the Pathways to Resilience Research Project since its inception... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 05 Century City Conference Centre

16:30

Resilience in Challenging Contexts - Beth Payne, Blair G. Wilson, Roy William Mayega
Resilience in Challenging Contexts

Abstract #224
Title: Resilience at Work
Presenter:
Beth Payne (U.S. Department of State, USA)
Co-Authors: Laura Miller, Ray Leki
Introduction:
There has been a significant increase in resilience research over the past decade and the U.S. Department of State’s new Center of Excellence in Foreign Affairs Resilience (CEFAR) has translated this research into practical training for U.S. diplomats.
Methods: As diplomats and their families live and work in more dangerous environments, they need new tools and skills to foster personal, familial, and community resilience. Drawing from evolving research in many fields, CEFAR designed a resilience model that is practical, easy to use, and has demonstrated a positive impact. Resilience enhancement techniques were identified to use in a crisis, ensuring diplomats achieve foreign policy goals despite natural disasters, terrorist attacks, and civil unrest. The CEFAR team also designed specialized training for senior leaders, helping them understand how to foster resilient teams even in the most challenging and dangerous diplomatic outposts.
Findings/Implications:
Converting resilience research for use in the workplace is a challenge, but the multidisciplinary team succeeded by translating research findings into practical guidance, in situ testing, and relentlessly adjusting its approach. The result is an array of resilience training programs making a positive impact on how U.S. diplomats perform overseas.

Abstract #184
Title: The Road Less Traveled: A Rural Queer Challenge to Resilience Research
Presenter:
 Blair G. Wilson (McMaster University, Canada)
Introduction:
This paper presents a critical discourse analysis of the literature on resilience among rural queer communities within Western contexts (e.g. Canada, United Kingdom, & United States) to examine how socio-political discourses inform the research. I then conclude with recommendations for future research that is grounded in critical arts-based participatory research.
Methods: This paper employs a method to critical discourse analysis proposed by Rossiter (2005) whereby the reader of a text(s) (e.g. conversation, literature, images, etc.) addresses the following questions 1) identification of ruling discourses, 2) oppositions and contractions between discourses, 3) positons for “actors”created by discourses in use, and 4) the constructed nature of experience itself. For the purposes of this paper, I define actors as the “researcher,”“studied subjects and/or communities,”and “consumers of research.”I will present the major themes that emerged of the discourse analysis and their implications for resilience research among rural queer communities.
Findings:
The literature illustrates a lack of attention to the interplay of heteronormativity and rurality as they play out through one’s social location. Thus in order to better understand the dynamic effects of resilience, we must explore how people engage with discourses. This presentation will attempt to address questions of methodology. 

Abstract #288
Title: Recent work on measuring pastoral livelihoods diversification and resilience in Africa: A perspective from ResilientAfrica Network 
Presenter: Roy William Mayega (Makerere University School of Public Health , Uganda)
Co-Authors: Argaw Amberu, Kifle Wolde Michael, Abraraw Tesfaye, Bazeyo William 
Introduction:To change the resilience of pastoralist communities to recurrent adverse weather in the Horn of Africa, development agencies should in the medium term focus on 2 key pivotal investments: Infrastructure for production and Livestock practices as evidenced in this analysis.
Methods: Qualitative methods were used to come up with the resilience framework and the initial dimensions of resilience which later were validated quantitatively to inform us on community resilience pathways.  Principle Component Analysis (PCA) was used to identify reliable factors for each dimension scale.  Linear regression analysis and Structural Equation Models (SES) were applied in order to explain this relationship
Findings: The environment and infrastructure pathways were found to strongly affect the resilience of the Livestock dependant communities of Boroana in Ethiopia. Therefore in mainstreaming resilience measurement, we can use leaner indices that most represent the context such as this in Ethiopia. 

Speakers
avatar for Beth Payne

Beth Payne

Director, US Department of State, Center of Excellence in Foreign Affairs Resilience
I am a retired U.S. diplomat and assumed leadership of the U.S. Department of State’s Center of Excellence in Foreign Affairs Resilience in October 2016. Our goal is to create a supportive inspired and nimble work force that will formulate and implement more creative and effect... Read More →
avatar for Blair Wilson

Blair Wilson

Doctoral Student and Lecturer, School of Social Work, McMaster University
Blair Wilson is a doctoral student and lecturer in Social Work at McMaster University. His paper will engage with Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) as a way to examine methodological gaps in the study of resilience among rural queer communities. Blair will pay particular attenti... Read More →



Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 02 Century City Conference Centre

16:30

Resilience in Youth - Zoe Taylor, Lindokuhle Makhonza, Devin Faris
Resilience in Youth

Abstract #35
Title: Resilience in Latino Children of Migrant Farmworkers: A Mixed Methods Approach
Presenter:
Zoe Taylor (Purdue University, USA)
Co-Author: Yumary Ruiz
Introduction:
Children from Latino migrant farmworker (LMFW) families are the most educationally disenfranchised students in the U.S. A migratory lifestyle produces unique challenges and vulnerabilities for children including educational interruptions and instability, mental health problems, and risk-taking behaviors that negatively affects their academic achievement. Resilience processes remain unexplored in this population.
Methods: Our mixed-methods study examined the effects of Resilience on academic competence in LMFW children aged 6-18 (N = 79) attending a Migrant Education Summer Program in Midwestern U.S. Children completed age-appropriate surveys in the language of their choosing, and teachers reported on child behaviors (depression and aggression). Depression and Aggression were measured using the Teacher Report Form. Resilience was child reported using the Ego-Resiliency Scale and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale. Academic Competence was child reported using the Mastery Orientation and Academic Self-Efficacy Scales. We assessed if children’s resilience protected them from the negative effects of behavior problems on academic competence.
Findings: Depression and Aggression negatively predicted Academic Competence, and Depression negatively predicted Resilience. Resilience positively predicted Academic Competence, and mediating and moderating relations from Resilience were also found. Qualitative data supported these findings. Results suggest that resilience protects LMFW children from the negative effects of problem behaviors on academic competence. 

Abstract #42
Title: Gender, Violence and Resilience among Ugandan Adolescents
Presenter:
 Devin Faris (Raising Voices, Uganda)
Co-Athors: Sophie Namy, Catherine Carlson, Andrea Norcini-Pala, Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen
Introduction:
Resilience, commonly understood as the ability to maintain adaptive functioning in the face of adversity, has emerged as a salient entry point in the field of positive youth development with a recurring central question: why do some adolescents emerge resilient following adverse experiences, while others develop negative outcomes?
Methods: This study makes a unique contribution by exploring dimensions of resilience among adolescents in Uganda, examining associations between violence from different perpetrators and resilience, and testing whether sex moderates these relationships. Analyses are based on data from a sample of 3,706 primary school students. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) identified five factors underlying the construct of resilience: emotional support; family connectedness; school connectedness; social assets; and psychological assets. We used regression analysis to investigate associations between these dependent variables, background characteristics, and experiences of violence (including exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) against female caregivers).
Findings: Results indicate a consistently negative relationship between all violence measures and psychological assets; a negative association between teacher violence and resilience across factors; and a negative association between IPV exposure and family connectedness.  Findings suggest school-based prevention, complemented with efforts to enhance family relationships, as promising avenues for resilience-strengthening interventions.

Abstract #311
Title: Resilience of Orphans and Vulnerable children at Amajuba and Zululand district schools in KZN: a closer look at the challenges   
Presenter:
Lindokuhle Makhonza (University of Zululand, South Africa)
Co-Author: D.R.Nzima 
Introduction: OVC have been reported to experience various challenges (UNICEF, 2012,13 &2015). Inspite of all these challenges, some are found resilient. It is therefore critical for this study to identify challenges  experienced by OVC in different custodies and suggest contextual relevant recommendations to guide the intervention programs.  
Methods:The study adopted a mixed method approach.  Random sampling design was used in selecting  OVC. 303 OVC of 12 to 20 years participated in the survey. The schools around homes of safety, orphanages and  special school for learners with disabilities were purposively selected. 4 focus groups  had 6 participants each. The focus groups were for: caregivers, teachers and OVCs.   Data was collected through a) Child and Youth Resilience Measure-28  b) Interview schedule for focus groups. The CYRM was analysed using descriptive and chi-square statistics at 0.05 significant level. Focus group interviews were analysed through thematic analysis.   
Findings: the majority of OVC from all custodian types except child headed households indicated availability of resources that enable resilience. CHH were found suffering in all aspects. orphanages and homes of safety reported  well resourced. caregivers need support  Qualitative findings were in line with quantitative findings. 

Speakers
LM

Lindokuhle Makhonza

university of zululand
An educational psychologist. A PHD student at UNIZULU. interest in children and youth. would like to implement resilience intervention programs to orphans and vulnerable children in KwaZulu Natal communities. we need a better strategy for CHH.
avatar for Zoe Taylor

Zoe Taylor

Purdue University


Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 04 Century City Conference Centre

16:30

Invited Symposium: Family resilience in theory and practice - Kristin Hadfield, Awie Greeff, Louise Yorke, Gilles Tremblay, Joshua Brisson and Igor Pekelny
Invited Symposium Summary
Family resilience in theory and practice
Presenters:
 Kristin Hadfield, Awie Greeff, Louise Yorke, Gilles Tremblay, Joshua Brisson and Igor Pekelny
This symposium will focus on how individuals and families adjust to challenging life events and structural adversity. We will outline new understandings of family resilience theory and provide a number of applied examples of how this concept can be used to inform research and practice. 

Invited Symposium Abstracts
Theoretical departures to unravel the complexities of family resilience
Presenter:
 Awie Greeff (University of Stellenbosch, South Africa)
Introduction: In this presentation I will give a brief account of two prominent and well-developed theories of family resilience. 
Methods: McCubbin and McCubbin (1996) developed over time the Resiliency Model of Family Stress, Adjustment and Adaptation, highlighting two key processes (adjustment and adaptation) and four domains of family functioning that are crucial for family protection and recovery: interpersonal relationships; development, well-being and spirituality; community relationships and nature; and structure and function. Walsh (2012), in her family resilience framework, identified three domains of family resilience, namely belief systems, organisational patterns and communication, and problem solving. The presentation will be concluded with an example of a recent research project, indicating the complementary value of a mixed methods study.
Findings: This presentation will review and comment on theories of family resilience and so splitting by introduction, methods, and findings is not appropriate]

The educational migration of rural girls in Ethiopia: How does a socio-ecological framework of resilience illuminate family and other influences?
Presenter: Louise Yorke (Trinity College Dublin, Ireland)
Co-Authors: Robbie Gilligan
Introduction: This research follows the journeys of a group of girls in Southern Ethiopia as they migrate from rural to urban areas in search of education. Using a socio-ecological framework of resilience (Ungar, 2011), this presentation seeks to achieve a culturally relevant understanding of the lives of these rural girls, focusing 
Methods: On the relations between the girls and their families. The data is drawn predominantly from the accounts of a group of 27 rural girls (aged 15-19). A participatory approach was used to help participants to tell their stories. The perspectives of some key family members were also included. The presentation explores how rural girls navigate the barriers and challenges in their lives and the resources families provide at different stages on their education and migration pathways. It considers contribution the girls make to their households and the impact this has for them and their families.
Findings: relevant understanding of what it means to ‘do well’ in Ethiopia and explores how sometimes this can differ between family members. Overall, the research explores the relevance of a socio-ecological framework of resilience for understanding the complexity of the lives of rural girls and their families in Ethiopia. 

Resilience of fathers after a family breakdown: What do we need to know in next few years in Quebec, Canada?
Presenter: Gilles Tremblay (Laval University, Canada)
Introduction: In Quebec, the rate of divorce has stayed at 50% for the last 25 years (ISQ, 2009). The rate is twice as high for non-married couples compared to married couples (Le Bourdais et al., 2008). The number of parents who decide to share the custody of the children is 
Methods: increasing, but custody still tends to be awarded to mothers. Although more and more children maintain relationships with both parents (Biland & Schitz, 2013), unfortunately, some non-resident fathers cease quite rapidly to have contact with their children (Marcil-Gratton, 1998). Ten years ago, we conducted two qualitative studies, one with separated mothers and one with separated fathers, all living in poverty, to better understand what the resilience factors are that help these fathers (or ex-husbands) to stay involved with their children despite adversity. But, in the last ten years, gender relations have moved: fathers are generally more involved in the child 
Findings: care and their involvement is more integrated in the day to day life. What is the situation now regarding fathers’ involvement after a family breakdown?  This is one of the questions addressed in a vast study done by a large team led by Marie-Christine Saint-Jacques. 

Families as a resilience resource in a 'gang prevention' program
Presenters:
Joshua Brisson and Igor Pekelny (Dalhousie University, Canada)
Introduction: In 2008, the Resilience Research Centre (RRC) received funding from Public Safety Canada to evaluate the Youth Advocate Program (YAP) over a four-year period. The YAP is a pilot project that targets youth, aged nine to 14, who are at-risk of engaging in gang activities, anti-social, and criminal behaviour. It was initiated in six communities of the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM) in Nova Scotia. The theoretical foundation of the YAP is based on the Wraparound model. This model has been used to help provide a comprehensive set of supports for individuals and families who are marginalized within their communities. The YAP used the model to help guide interventions between the youth, their family, and the Youth Advocate Worker (YAW). 
Methods: Quantitative data were collected using the YAPST assessment tool that included validated scales for factors central to the prevention of youth gang involvement. To estimate changes over time, repeated measures data for 41 participants (six-month intervals—during the program and post-exit) was collected and later analysed using a growth curve model. Qualitative data collection included interview and focus groups program participants and a number of different stakeholders including the management team, advisory committees, community committees and the YAP staff. File reviews were also conducted.
Findings: Overall, results from this evaluation show the Youth Advocate Program to be an effective community-based response to youth with complex needs and who are at risk of joining gangs. The program has developed an innovative model that adapts principles from Wraparound and engages youth and families by providing case management and direct support from para-professionals who are embedded in the communities where the youth reside. Youth Advocate Workers (YAWs) provide sequential liaison between a youth, the youth‘s family, and the many service providers working with the family. This pattern may fit well in the context of Nova Scotia where resources are relatively scarce and service providers have large caseloads, making it difficult to coordinate meetings with more than one provider at a time.

Speakers
avatar for Joshua Brisson

Joshua Brisson

Research and Evaluation Manager, Resilience Research Centre
Joshua Brisson is the Research and Evaluation Manager at the Resilience Research Centre and has been a part of the RRC team since 2012. Josh studied Sociology at the undergraduate and graduate level at Dalhousie University. While Josh’s graduate level research is in the area of... Read More →
AG

Abraham Greeff

Stellenbosch University
avatar for Kristin Hadfield

Kristin Hadfield

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Dalhousie
GT

Gilles Tremblay

Laval University
Academinc, professor in social work, all my Research projects are on men and masculinities
LY

Louise Yorke

School of Social Work and Social Policy, Trinity College Dublin


Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 10 Century City Conference Centre

16:30

Recognition, misrecognition and resilience: socio-cultural realities at interfaces of the global north and south - Sarah Robinson, Fiona Shanahan, Angela Veale, Julie-Anne Lothian
Symposium Summary
Recognition, misrecognition and resilience: socio-cultural realities at interfaces of the global north and south
Presenters:
 Sarah Robinson, Fiona Shanahan, Angela Veale, Julie-Anne Lothian
This symposium brings together socio-cultural understandings from contexts of interface between the north and south, including humanitarian programmes in Lebanon, DRC, Myanmar and an education exchange programme in South Africa. We discuss what is recognised and what is not, and how recognising socio-cultural realities can enhance our understanding of resilience.

Symposium Abstracts
Socio-cultural understandings of resilience in complex humanitarian crises – learning from displaced women and girls in Lebanon, DRC and Myanmar
Presenter:
Fiona Shanahan (Trócaire, Ireland)
Co-Authors: Conor O’Loughlin 
Introduction: Today more people are living through humanitarian crises than at any time since World War II. Multiple, cumulative crises have pushed ‘Resilience’ to the forefront of humanitarian discourse. However, these conceptualisations of resilience rarely reflect the socio-cultural realities of people experiencing crisis, a deficit accentuated by protracted contemporary emergencies. 
Methods: We draw on ethnographic, mixed method research accompanying participatory programming with survivors and those at-risk of sexual and gender based violence in Kachin state in Myanmar and Ituri province in DRC and with Syrian refugee women in Shatila camp in Lebanon to explore socio-culturally grounded understandings of resilience. In partnership with local humanitarian actors and communities, this research and programming seeks to develop holistic approaches that work at multiple levels – individual, relational, community, civil society, institutional – to support and mobilise processes of support and strengthen the protective environment around survivors and those at-risk of SGBV.
Findings: These studies are part of an ongoing Trócaire programme designing socio-culturally adapted approaches to the protection of women, girls and at-risk groups in multiple humanitarian contexts.

Engaging men to support the resilience of Syrian refugee children & youth in Lebanon
Presenter: Angela Veale (School of Applied Psychology, University College Cork, Ireland)
Co-Authors: Alaa Hijazi, Fiona Shanahan 
Introduction: Engaging men as a key resource to address GBV and child protection has emerged as a promising programme response in a number of development contexts.  There is less evidence with respect to engaging men as agents of change in emergency contexts.
Methods: The main findings were that the programme facilitated a safe emotional space for men to meet collectively to talk about their problems and to become more attuned and reflective about their relationships with their wives and children, expanded their social network and offered some relief from mounting psychological distress.
Findings:The main findings were that the programme facilitated a safe emotional space for men to meet collectively to talk about their problems and to become more attuned and reflective about their relationships with their wives and children, expanded their social network and offered some relief from mounting psychological distress.

Recognising Resilience, an auto-ethnographic account of misrecognition in South Africa
Presenter: Julie-Anne Lothian (Bing Overseas Study Program Capetown, Stanford University, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Trudy Meehan 
Introduction: Can the global North recognize a resilient global South? We have found that the more we move away from a story of a needy South Africa, the more we move away from recognition from our US counterparts.
Methods: This paper uses an auto-ethnographic case study to track the experiences of South African actors (hosting a study abroad program) as they work with US actors (undergraduate students). The South African educators are embarking on shifting the focus of the study abroad program away from charity and service, to one of a resilient and resourceful South Africa. The case study details some of the challenges in making this shift. Analysis unpacks questions such as who is being resilient when, what language are ‘we’ speaking to each other, how can one be available for recognition and available to recognize?
Findings: Kelly Oliver’s work is drawn on to argue that in order to recognize, we need to be able to acknowledge another person’s experience as “real”, even when we do not comprehend it. We will discuss the possible reasons for the resistance to recognition including, identity politics, individualistic versus relational understandings of self, ethics, and discourse. 

Speakers
JL

Julie-Anne Lothian

Stanford University BOSP
SR

Sarah Robinson

School of Applied Psychology, University College Cork
Sarah Robinson is a first year PHD candidate in the University College Cork (UCC), Republic of Ireland. She is interesed in community and critical psychology, post-conflict and conflict transitions, life transitions and resilience, and humanitarianism. She is a graduate of the hi... Read More →
FS

Fiona Shanahan

Trócaire
AV

Angela Veale

University College Cork
Dr. at UCC | As a researcher, Dr. Veale aims to contribute in the space between academic knowledge, policy and practice. She is interested in innovative and mixed research methodologies, in particular working with creative research methods. Her research and writing takes a socio-cultural and politically situated understanding of the psychological wellbeing of children... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 09 Century City Conference Centre

16:30

Unveiling complex relationships: Adult resilience and aspects of risk, vulnerability and protection around the world - Odin Hjemdal, Roxanna Morote, Frederick Anyan
Symposium Summary
Unveiling complex relationships: Adult resilience and aspects of risk, vulnerability and protection around the world

Presenters: Odin Hjemdal, Roxanna Morote, Frederick Anyan
In this symposium we present diverse methods to explore the still uncovered connections between protective factors of adult resilience evaluated with the Resilience Scale for Adults, affective symptoms of anxiety or depression, other protective mechanisms such as hope, and aspects of risk (life-stress) in Europe, Asia and Latin America

Symposium Abstracts
Resilience or hope? Incremental and convergent validity of the Resilience Scale for Adults, the Herth Hope Scale predicting affects
Presenter:
 Roxanna Morote (NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway)
Co-Authors: Odin Hjemdal
Introduction: Resilience and Hope protect against vulnerabilities or life adversities; they comprise cognitive, social, family, transcendental and affective mechanisms that may act together in different cultural contexts. However, they are studied in complementary or competing theoretical frameworks, therefore, the study of measures of resilience and hope should determine incremental validity. 
Methods: Participants are 762 adults (18 to 74 years old). They answered the RSA, HHS, Spanish Language Stressful Life-Events (SL-SLE), and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL-25). Incremental validity analyses combined three criteria to compare hierarchical regression models (R2Diff,  ΔF, and semi-partial r), and mediation analyses.   Hope and resilience account significantly for the variance of affective symptoms above age, gender and stress; (2) Resilience Total score has greater incremental validity than Hope; The SEM analyses verified a stronger direct effect of resilience in the prediction of affective symptoms above the significant partial mediated effect of resilience through hope. 
Findings:  Implications: The RSA has incremental validity above the HHS, however both are effective, differentiated and complementary measures of protection that are of high relevance for research on Hispanic Latin America. 

Modelling contingent effects: A conditional process model of the protective effects of resilience
Presenter: Frederick Anyan (NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway)
Co-Authors: Odin Hjemdal
Introduction: A preponderance of resilience studies either modelled mediation or moderation separately without taking into account the potential contingencies of counteracting indirect negative effects. These obvious gaps have also resulted in oversimplification of complex processes that can be clarified by conditional process modelling. 
Methods: Two hundred and six Australian participants (females = 114; males = 91; other = 1) completed the Patient Health Questionnaire – 9, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Stressful Negative Life Events Questionnaire and the Resilience Scale for Adults in a cross-sectional survey. Moderated mediation analysis with maximum likelihood estimation in Stata 14 was conducted.   Anxiety symptoms mediated the relationship between exposure to stressful negative life events and depressive symptoms. Conditional indirect effect of exposure to stressful negative life events on depressive symptoms mediated by anxiety symptoms was a decreasing function of resilience protective resources.  
Findings: Conditional process modelling clarifies the contingent nature by which transmission of a variable’s effect is associated with other variables and provides derivations, quantifications and hypotheses tests about such contingent effects. 

A prospective study of conditional processes of the protective effects of resilience using the Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) 
Presenter: Odin Hjemdal (NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway)
Co-Authors: Frederick Anyan 
Introduction: Resilience is a complicated construct with complicated processes. Teasing out these processes has proven difficult. Statistical advances open up for more nuanced analyses which avoids oversimplification of complex processes. This paper takes into account the potential contingencies of variables in the resilience process. 
Methods: One hundred and eighty-one Norwegian participants completed the Hopkins Symptom Check List-25 depression and anxiety, Stressful Negative Life Events Questionnaire and the Resilience Scale for Adults in a prospective survey. Moderated mediation analysis with maximum likelihood estimation in Stata 14 was conducted.   The findings indicate that the conditional indirect effect of exposure to stressful negative life events on depressive symptoms mediated by anxiety symptoms was a decreasing function of resilience protective resources.  
Findings: These findings clarify the conditional relation between variables indicating that resilience processes vary for different depending on the initial level of resilience.  It may indicate how differentiation in future interventions should be addressed.  

Speakers
FA

Frederick Anyan

Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Frederick Anyan holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology with Philosophy from University of Ghana. He also holds a Master of Philosophy degree in Human development from Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), where he is currently a PhD candidate in Health and... Read More →
OH

Odin Hjemdal

Professor, NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Odin Hjemdal is professor of clinical adult psychology and quantitative methods and statistics, and a specialist in clinical psychologist at Department of Psychology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. His research is related to resilience am... Read More →
RM

Roxanna Morote Rios

Norwegian University of Science and Technology


Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Room 11 Century City Conference Centre

18:00

Poster Presentation, Lite Dinner, Wine Tasting, and Local Bazaar
Enjoy presentations on a myriad of topics while also enjoying a a lite dinner, wine tasting, door prizes, and local bazaar!


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Traditional Dance Performance by the Amy Foundation
The Amy Foundation will be performing a tradtional dance at the beginning of the poster presentations.
The Amy Biehl Foundation specialises in after school care programmes for youngsters living in challenged and vulnerable communities within the Western Cape. The programmes include literacy, numeracy, HIV/AIDS prevention, dance, sport, drama, music plus many more. They are designed to unlock creative talent and supplement the shortcomings of the educational system, whilst keeping the children off the streets and away from the negative influences that are so easily accessible to them. All monies raised go back into the Foundation allowing them to continue with their very important work.  

Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Youth overcoming trauma and adversities through peer knowledge exchange workshops and peer mentorship - Don Mahleka
Youth overcoming trauma and adversities through peer knowledge exchange workshops and peer mentorship
Presenter: Don Mahleka (CYCC Network, Canada)
Introduction: Youth are experts in solutions to their own adversities while supported by caring youth agencies through the transition of being engaged as change agents in youth inaccessibility, inequality and inequity issues in the City of Toronto.
Methods: Evaluations, Youth engagement tools,
Findings:  Youth voice, Youth leadership and empowerment

Speakers

Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

A Systems Approach to Community Resilience for Coastal Cities: The Case of Multifamily Housing in New York - Katherine Gloede
A Systems Approach to Community Resilience for Coastal Cities: The Case of Multifamily Housing in New York 
Presenter: Katherine Gloede (University of Virginia School of Architecture, USA)
Introduction: Communities in multifamily rental and public housing in New York City share several climate change adaptation challenges with other coastal cities. This presentation highlights gaps between interventions addressing structural resilience and initiatives fostering psychosocial resilience. To bridge gaps, it proposes a systems approach for enhancing adaptive capacity in coastal communities.
Methods: This presentation draws on public policy, organization, and data analysis of current resilience-building initiatives for New York City’s existing multifamily housing in coastal communities. Multi-scalar graphic analysis and data visualizations highlight the gaps in current practice, and their biases toward either enhancing structural or psychosocial resilience. The disconnect displayed through these methods demonstrates the need for a systems approach to resilience that bridges climate change adaptation for the built environment with people and with nature.
Findings: Despite beneficial government-funded and grassroots interventions for New York City’s coastal multifamily housing, disconnects persist between these programs. Focusing on New York’s context offers collaborative opportunities for applying a systems approach to building community resilience in other coastal cities.   

Speakers
avatar for Katherine Gloede

Katherine Gloede

University of Virginia School of Architecture


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Abstract Young Women’s Journey towards Successful Independent Living after Leaving Residential Care - Joyce Hlungwani
Abstract Young Women’s Journey towards Successful Independent Living after Leaving Residential Care 
Presenter: Joyce Hlungwani (University of Johannesburg, South Africa)
Introduction: The transition to independent living is a challenging phase for youths who grow up in residential care. In South Africa, support services are limited, increasing these young people’s vulnerability. This paper presents qualitative findings of the resilience processes of young women who have left residential care in South Africa. 
Methods: Nine young women, aged 21 years and above, who had disengaged from the care of different children’s homes four or more years prior to the research were purposively sampled for the study. Grounded theory methods were used to analyse the data and gain insights into the social-ecological resilience processes that facilitate successful journeying towards independent living. With the resilience perspective as a theoretical lens, this paper presents the processes which the young women actively engage in, that appear to be central in facilitating a successful journey towards independent living. 
Findings/implications:   It is hoped that this research will contribute to the body of literature on women leaving care and give insight into the resiliece enhancing processes that enable young women leaving care to achieve success as they journey towards independence despite the disadvantaged position of women in society.  

Speakers
JH

Joyce Hlungwani

University of Johannesburg


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Aging "Out of Place": Mixed-Methods Exploration of Older Urban Refugees' Wellbeing in Nairobi, Kenya - Helen Miamidian
Aging "Out of Place": Mixed-Methods Exploration of Older Urban Refugees' Wellbeing in Nairobi, Kenya
Presenter: Helen Miamidian (Arcadia University, USA)
Co-Authors: Julie Tippens
Introduction: Refugees aged 50 and older constitute a growing population in cities across the globe. Despite the importance of older refugees in family cohesion, there is little attention paid to how this group fosters resilience and wellbeing. 
Methods: This paper explores resilience and mental health status in a subsample of urban refugees aged 50 and older during police surveillance and raids against urban refugees in Kenya. Locally salient interpretations of resilience (“doing better than expected” or “getting by”) were garnered through in-depth, semi-structured interviews (n=12), mental health status was assessed using the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20), and stressors and supports were measured using a 14-item scale developed in-field (n=23).
Findings: Primary stressors included isolation, loss of social role, and personal insecurity. Isolation was associated with poor mental health. Resilience-enhancing resources included religious communities and spirituality. Findings suggest interventions bolstering social support, particularly within family units and religious communities, may improve older refugees’ mental health and build resilience among this population.  

Speakers
HM

Helen Miamidian

Arcadia Universty


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Analysis of National Population Policy of Ethiopia: Implication to Communities and Resilience - Yibeltal Siraneh
Analysis of National Population Policy of Ethiopia: Implication to Communities and Resilience
Presenter: Yibeltal Siraneh (Jimma University, Ethiopia)
Co-Author: Fitsum Demissie  
Introduction: Population policy is explicit or implicit measures instituted by a government to influence population size, growth, distribution or composition. Therefore, the background, rationale, goal and objectives, achievements, strength and weakness, the process, political concern and its implication on social welfare and community resilience need to be analyzed. 
Methods:  Qualitative explanatory case study design was used to analyze the NPP by document review from April 10-15, 2015.Middle range policy analysis & policy triangle approach was used to analyze the rationale of NPP, the context, content, actors and process of NPP, Political concern and its reason, its implication in terms of equity & social welfare, major achievements, strength & weakness, challenges and opportunities of the NPP.Data processing & analysis was made based on policy analysis science after reviewing the NPP document, interviewing experts and other related literatures.
Findings:  Rapid population growth, young age structure and the uneven spatial distribution were the major factors for the rationale of NPP. It was processed by pluralism perspective. It has high political concern because operates at systemic level with over all goal of rapid reduction of fertility rate. It created resilient community. 
 

Speakers

Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Assessment of Community Resilience with Complex Network Perspective - Junqing Tang
Assessment of Community Resilience with Complex Network Perspective
Presenter: Junqing Tang (Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETHZ), Singapore)
Co-Authors: Hans Rudolf Heinimann  
Introduction: Community resilience of different scenarios and performance can hardly be effectively assessed and improved, and most existing studies address the community resilience in conceptual, macroscopic and statical ways. Therefore, an emerging method and an approach that can assess microscopic resilience in a complex network is in need.
Methods: We proposed a performance-based generic metric and novelly established a "drawdowns-drawups" analytical method to quantify resilience at microscopic level. By bolting on six elemental functions: robustness range, elasticity threshold, recovery scenario, recovery magnitude, recovery time and resistance effort, it provides a significant illustration of performance adaptability. In modelling section, we conducted a pilot study and constructed a proxy network model to simulate possible individual relationship in community. The proxy model was constructed based on large historical data of companies listed in London Stock Exchange. Time-series performance data of companies were analysed and the community evolutionary and clustering pattern were visualised.
Findings: (a) The new method is effective for resilience assessment, and the metric helps to understand the resilience complexity. (b) The dynamic resilience indices have a certain power-law-distributed feature. It may implicate the resilience complexity could be revealed by simple mathematical distributions. (c) Community network has "fusion-fission" resilient behaviour.  

Speakers
JT

Junqing Tang

Singapore-ETH Centre


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Building resilience through the healthcare system: healthcare practitioner and HIV positive adolescent user’s perspectives - Nataly Woollett
Building resilience through the healthcare system: healthcare practitioner and HIV positive adolescent user’s perspectives
Presenter: Nataly Woollett (University of Witwatersrand, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Kirsten Thomson, Shenaaz Pahad
Introduction: Resilience is crucial in managing HIV positive adolescents and studies confirm that resilience can be promoted through effective programming. Healthcare practitioners and HIV infected adolescents offer valuable perspectives on how to foster resilience in adolescent patients, concurrently strengthening the healthcare system and mitigating risk for youth, who face compounded vulnerabilities.
Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with healthcare practitioners and international experts working directly with HIV positive adolescents (n=30) and HIV positive adolescents accessing care (n=25) in Johannesburg public health clinics. Participants identified resilience building elements that could benefit adolescents using the public healthcare system in South Africa. Data was analysed in NVIVO 10 using a thematic approach to coding.
Findings: Recommendations included: adolescent clinics that utilized a rights-based approach, sexual reproductive health services and psychosocial support for adolescents and their caregivers at facilities. Practitioners advocated adopting legal frameworks that protect adolescents’ inheritance, guardianship and income grants. Skills building activities and health service provision at community and school level was emphasised.   

Speakers
NW

Nataly Woollett

University of Witwatersrand, School of Clinical Medicine


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Caregiver Resilience and Social Support for Family Caregivers of PLWHIV in Kenya - Jane Rose Njue (for Lucy Kathuri-Ogola)
Caregiver Resilience and Social Support for Family Caregivers of PLWHIV in Kenya
Presenter: Jane Rose Njue (Northern Illinois University)
Co-Authors: Lucy Kathuri-Ogola, Joan Kabaria Muriithi
Introduction: 

The increase in PLWHA and the burden of sickness caused by the HIV epidemic places great demands on families and communities in Kenya. This paper is grounded on family resilience theory and avers that belief systems, organizational patterns and problem-solving mechanisms play a vital role in bolstering caregiver resilience.


Methods: 

The discussions in this paper are anchored on the findings of a study that was carried out in Thika District, Kenya. A survey research design was employed. The study area provided rural and urban contexts. A sample of 177 primary family caregivers (FCGs) of PLWHIV was used. Data was collected using interview schedules for FCGs and Focus Group Discussions with community health workers. Quantitative data was analysed using SPSS while thematic analysis was applied for the qualitative data. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used.

Findings: As FCGs play multifaceted roles they face challenges including lack of adequate finances, food provision difficulties, stress and stigma. To cope, the FCGs rely on a sense of hope, spirituality, connectedness, and collaborative problem-solving. Although the situation could be tough, the community provides an environment of hope that builds resilience. 

Speakers
JR

Jane Rose Njue

Family and Consumer Sciences


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Children living in mixed status households - Amber Martinez
Children living in mixed status households 
Presenter: Amber Martinez (Chicago School of Professional Psychology, USA)
Introduction: Exploring the lives and missed opportunities for support services in children living in mixed status households (one or more parent lacks legal status) in the U.S. and the effects upon them during parental deportation 
Methods: Mixed methods-quasi experimental   Qualitative interviews and survey
Findings: Children in this population lack access to public programs targeted to promote resilience such as preschool, pediatric routine well child exams and immunizations and public supplemental food programs (WIC, food stamps, emergency food boxes) and after school programs due to parental fear of being discovered and resulting deportation.

Speakers
AM

Amber Martinez

PhD Candidate, International Psychology
PhD Candidate International Psychology (Trauma)_x000D_ | Child Welfare (domestic and international)_x000D_ | Child Advocate (CASA)_x000D_ | Child Life Specialist (volunteer)_x000D_ | Founder of Children's International non-profit_x000D_ | Lobbyist for Children's rights and c... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Children shaping their world: an international network of child participatory research projects - Lisa Gibbs
Children shaping their world: an international network of child participatory research projects
Presenter: Lisa Gibbs (University of Melbourne, Australia)
Introduction: Involving children as co-researchers in participatory health research projects has been associated with a range of benefits likely to promote wellbeing and resilience including self esteem, self efficacy, self control, sensitivity to the perspective of others, hope for the future, democratic decision making, and active citizenship (Malone & Hartung 2010).
Methods: The Kids in Action network was launched in September 2016 by the International Collaboration for Participatory Health Research and coordinated from the University of Melbourne, Australia to support projects, to increase the profile of participatory research with children, to provide a platform for shared learning and development of these methods, to consider how best to measure impacts, and to co-generate resources to share with others to support the use of participatory health research with children.
Findings: There are already approximately 30 projects and supporting members registered across 5 continents and potential for the Kids in Action network to act as a platform for child input into global issues impacting on health, wellbeing and resilience.   

Speakers
LG

Lisa Gibbs

University of Melbourne


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Conceptual models of resilience. A systematic review - Maria Llistosella-Piñero
Conceptual models of resilience. A systematic review
Presenter: Maria Llistosella-Piñero (Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Spain)
Co-Authors: Carolina Baeza-Velasco , Teres Gutiérrez Rosado, Carmen Pérez-Ventana, Joaquim Limonero 
Introduction: Several works have revised the dynamic construct of resilience, however there is a lack in literature concerning revisions with a systematic approach. The aim of the present study is to carry out a systematic review of the concept of resilience.
Methods: Two independent researchers conducted a methodological review using systematic principles for searching, screening and assessing quality criteria and data extraction. Published articles in English and Spanish were reviewed up to May 2016 in bibliographic databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of science (ISI), Cochrane Plus and BIREME (SCIELO, LILACS, IBECS), Psyco INFO. The key words used for the search were selected previously by a group of experts on resilience  
Findings: 298 abstracts were screened by one person and checked by a second. 57 articles were retrieved and reviewed to assess the quality and eligibility criteria. We used a checklist for assessing which was adapted from the handbook for systematic reviews. The results of this study are in progress  

Speakers
ML

Maria Llistosella Piñero

Maria Llistosella Piñero, native of Barcelona, 32 years old. Ten years of experience how nurse pediatric and community, working in a primary care center. Associate Professor of the "Escola Universitària d'Infermeria and therapy Ocupasional of Terrassa, attached to the Universit... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Conceptualizing Resilience: Lone mothers’ understanding and experiences of resiliency - Sara Cumming
Conceptualizing Resilience: Lone mothers’ understanding and experiences of resiliency
Presenter: Sara Cumming (Sheridan College, Canada)
Co-Authors: Lea Caragata, Elizabeth Watters  
Introduction: Women in Canada currently face a gendered labour market and a decrease in the availability of state benefits. In spite of these realities, some cope exceptionally well with very significant levels of adversity. Understanding what contributes to these resilient and adaptive behaviours is critical to effective and targeted policy formulation.
Methods: This study examined resilience among immigrant and Canadian-born lone mothers living in poverty. It drew upon earlier research (2005-2010) conducted as part of five-year community university research alliance (CURA), and involved new data collection with 38 lone mothers in three cities across Canada. Eighteen lone mothers women who were involved as research assistants in the CURA project participated in focus groups to explore the meaning of resilience as well as perceived protective factors and types of adversity. We also conducted semi-structured interviews with a total of 20 lone mothers in the three sites.
Findings: The findings support Masten’s (2007) understanding of resiliency as related to three kinds of phenomena: good outcomes despite high-risk status, sustained competence under threat, and recovery from trauma. However we argue that there is a fourth phenomenon which we label ‘overcoming a setback’.   

Speakers
SJ

Sara J. Cumming

Sheridan College


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Developmental cascades between mental health and academic attainment in late childhood - Neil Humphrey
Developmental cascades between mental health and academic attainment in late childhood
Presenter: Neil Humphrey (University of Manchester, UK)
Co-Authors: Margarita Panayiotou
Introduction: Developmental cascades research explores how functioning in one domain is related to functioning in other domains over time. We examine such longitudinal relationships between emotional symptoms, conduct problems, and reading performance. Three hypotheses are tested — adjustment erosion, academic incompetence, and (cumulative) shared risk.
Methods: Participants were 1842 children (aged 8-9; 979 male, 863 female) drawn from 16 schools in England. Mental health (emotional symptoms, conduct problems - teacher SDQ) and academic attainment (reading - InCAS) data were collected on an annual basis for 3 years. Cumulative shared risk data comprised: familial poverty (free school meal eligibility), neighbourhood deprivation (index of deprivation affecting children), special educational needs (school records), disengagement from school, and lack of social/peer support (KidScreen 27). Data were analysed using cross lag, multi-level structural equation models. Analyses suggested that gender moderated cascade pathways, so separate models were produced for males and females.
Frindings: After accounting for temporal stability, data clustering, within-time co-variance, and cumulative shared risk, the female model supported the academic incompetence hypothesis (e.g. difficulties in reading predicting later increases in emotional symptoms). The male model supported the adjustment erosion hypothesis (e.g. conduct problems predicting later reductions in reading scores).   

Speakers
NH

Neil Humphrey

University of Manchester


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Disaster Resilience Leadership Trained Practitioner: A Short Term Leadership Training Program Resulted in Tangible Leadership Actions in East Africa - Christine Muhumuza
Disaster Resilience Leadership Trained Practitioner: A Short Term Leadership Training Program Resulted in Tangible Leadership Actions in East Africa
Presenter: Christine Muhumuza (MakSPH RAN, Uganda)
Co-Authors: Roy william Bazeyo, Roy William Mayega, Doreen Tuhehebwe 
Introduction: There is an increasing number and intensity of disaster incidents which impose an immeasurable scale of impacts to the population. However it has been observed that there is lack of effective leadership and adequate knowledge in disaster risk management (DRM) & resilience among ground level practitioners and first line responders. 
Methods: We tested how a capacity building program can support practitioners achieve tangible DRM leadership actions within their organizations of work. This was through a series of 5-day workshop that focused on 4 core pillars (Operations, Leadership and Human Factors, Climate change, and Analytics) and was attended by nominated DRL fellows.
Findings:  A total of 40 DRL fellows were trained from 6 Eastern Africa countries (Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia). Fellows came from organizations such as government ministries & agencies, NGOs, CSOs, academia, UN agencies, security forces and the private sector. Each DRL fellow implemented an action plan among others.   

Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Does what doesn’t kill them, makes them stronger? On first and second level violence-resilience in adolescence - Wassilis Kassis (for Sibylle Artz)
Does what doesn’t kill them, makes them stronger? On first and second level violence-resilience in adolescence
Presenter: Wassilis Kassis (Zurich University of Teacher Education, Switzerland)
Co-Authors: Sibylle Artz
Introduction: About 30% of the adolescents’ experience physical violence in their families. Family violence is implicated in social, not just individual problems; resilience research should therefore examine the relationship between core resilience criteria like (first level resilience) and context dependent factors for modelling a contextualized resilience approach (second level resilience).
Methods: Our (2009-2011) European Commission Daphne III Programme funded questionnaire-based study of 5,143 adolescents (age 14.5), shows that nearly every fourth respondent (23.0%) had been physically abused by his or her parents and almost every sixth respondent (17.3%) had witnessed physical spousal abuse. These data also showed that the chances of remaining violence and/or depression free diminish as the exposure to family violence increases, and that “resilient” adolescents who are violence and depression free despite experiencing physical family violence, were doing significantly worse where school, substance abuse, self-acceptance and optimistic views of the future are concerned than the non-violence exposed participants.
Findings: A single focus based definition for resilience premised merely on the absence of undesirable behaviour is not a sufficient indicator for a positive social and personal development. Thus resilience should be defined not only on individual factors, but also on a range of ecological factors like family, school, and peers.   

Speakers
WK

Wassilis Kassis

Zurich University of Teacher Education


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Exploring the Resilience Factors of Immigrant Wives in the Process of Overcoming Cultural Adaptation - Yi-Chen Jenny Wu
Exploring the Resilience Factors of Immigrant Wives in the Process of Overcoming Cultural Adaptation
Presenter: Yi-Chen Jenny Wu (National Tsing Hua University, ROC)
Co-Authors: Yu-Jun Zheng, Jin-Xuan Chen  
Introduction: Past research showed the disadvantages of immigrant wives in Taiwan, including acculturation difficulties and discrimination, however, media began to portray images of successful immigrant wives to change the stereotype that they were weak. Thus, we aimed to explore resilience factors that help these women overcome challenges while beginning a new life in Taiwan.
Methods: This study used phenomenological-based qualitative research method to understand acculturation experiences of immigrant wives in Taiwan. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 6 immigrant wives who have been able to build their new identify and feel settled in Taiwan. These verbal interviews were transcribed into written manuscripts. Using content analysis to look for resilience factors, key themes and topics were identified and organized into groups. Through rereading and reorganizing, we formed these groups into a structure that portray the experiences of immigrant wives in Taiwan that demonstrate their resilience and strengths.
Findings: The results showed that these immigrant women were able to overcome difficulties when they relied on their resilience factors: Their interpersonal and social networking skills, learning ability, professional skills, skills to meet their needs, and openness attitude. These factors also help them strengthen their self-identity in Taiwan.  

Speakers
YW

Yi-Chen Wu

National Hsing-Hua University


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Exploring Understanding of Risk and Protective Factors in Relation to Resilience Building for Children in Jakarta, Indonesia - Emily Stapley (for Evelyn Sharples)
Exploring Understanding of Risk and Protective Factors in Relation to Resilience Building for Children in Jakarta, Indonesia
Presenter: Emily Stapley (Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families, UK)
Co-Authors: Evelyn Sharples, Jessica Deighton, Panos Vostanis
Introduction: Recent studies emphasise the importance of avoiding simply imposing western biomedical or psychological interventions, which are not sensitive to cultures and communities. Therefore, this project aimed to explore cultural and contextual differences in the understanding of resilience for children affected by trauma.
Methods: Data were collected during a one week field trip to Jakarta, Indonesia. Observational notes were taken at one care home and at a training session for care workers. A focus group was conducted with six 11-12 year olds where notes were taken with the assistance of a translator, and three semi-structured interviews were conducted with care workers attending the training session. Data were also collected from an online survey consisting of two open-ended questions taken by 121 psychology students attending a seminar. Theoretical thematic analysis was used to explore understanding of risk and protective factors and semantic themes identified. 
Findings: Identified risk and protective factors were identified to explore the convergences and divergences between Indonesian and British ideas and conceptualisation of risk and resilience.  Limitations of such a cross-culture scoping study have been noted. This research has implications for the universal nature of interventions and measures used.

Speakers
ES

Emily Stapley

Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Family protective factors responsible for satisfaction with family of youth with behavioral problems - Martina Ferić

Title: Family protective factors responsible fo satisfaction with family of youth with behavioral problems
Speaker:
Martina Ferić (University of Zagreb, Faculty of Eduction and Rehabilitation Sciences, Croatia)
Co-Authors: Ivana Maurović, Antonija Žiža, Valentina Kranźelić,
Introduction: Families of youth with behavioural problems are often seen as an environment burdened with risk factors, rather than environment that can be source of protective factors. The aim of this paper is to determine the contribution of family protective factors in explaining satisfaction with family of youth with behavioural problems.
Methods: This paper is a part of a pilot research of the project Specific characteristics of families at risk: contribution to complex interventions planning that is carried out by Faculty of Education and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Zagreb, Croatia.Study was conducted with a 115 youth (73.4% male) from 12 to 19 years old, that are, due to behavioural problems, beneficiary of social welfare interventions. Following instruments were applied: Sociodemographic questionnaire, Adapted version of Family Resilience Assessment Scale (Sixbey, 2005), Family Adaptability and Cohesion Scale (Olson, 2010).    Data were analysed via by descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis.
Findings: Results indicate a relatively high level of satisfaction with a family life of youth with behavioural problems, as well as high level of assessed protective factors in family environment. Important contributors of family life satisfaction are family communication, cohesion, understanding/problem solving and use of social and economic resources. 


Speakers

Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

From challenges to disruptive innovation: Understanding the journey of resilience in an entrepreneur disrupting the private security industry - Paul Lim
From challenges to disruptive innovation: Understanding the journey of resilience in an entrepreneur disrupting the private security industry
Speaker: Paul Lim (Singapore Management University, Singapore)
Introduction: Innovative disruptors are applauded yet hated concurrently. The journey overcoming governmental, industrial and customer roadblocks is difficult. How does one then go on to disrupt a whole industry locally, and potentially worldwide? This in-depth study seeks to provide a deeper understanding into how an individual achieved disruption despite numerous roadblocks.
Methods:  This study utilises a descriptive case study research approach. A case study protocol of procedures and rules was created before data collection. Semi-structured interviews were conducted over four and a half hours, over a period of two sessions, in one and a half months. The researcher audio recorded the interview whilst directly observing the individual’s behaviour. A research assistant took notes and converted the audio recordings into a transcript. Secondary sources of data such as newspaper clippings on the individual were used to cross-reference with his interview statements. Additionally, the individual also completed the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) survey.  
Findings:  The data is in the midst of being processed. One finding is the results of the CD-RISC survey. The highest ratings for all items were scored except for one middle rating in resourcefulness. Understanding his journey will help identify and educate individuals who are potential disruptors.

Speakers
PL

Paul Lim

singapore management university


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

How to improve the measurement of family routines in a diverse world: An ecocultural perspective - Christine de Goede
How to improve the measurement of family routines in a diverse world: An ecocultural perspective.
Presenter: Christine de Goede (Stellenbosch University, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Awie Greeff
Introduction: The family routine is a vital resilience resource with numerous likely mechanisms affecting parent and child outcomes. For example, routines can provide structure and reduce home chaos; routines are cultural maps that guide parental behavior change during life transitions; and family-time routines foster relational bonding, emotional expression and meaning making. 
Methods: Although ecological-cultural niche (ecocultural) theory, as devised by Weisner and associates, is a relatively well-known theoretical framework, we believe a closer examination of its components inspires new avenues in research, especially how we measure family routines. By giving practical examples, we aim to highlight the need for more culturally sensitive self-report questionnaires. We also implore researchers to use mixed method approaches and suggest a few that could deliver promising results. We also suggest how new technologies can augment traditional data collection techniques. 
Findings: In essence, an ecocultural framework supports a more context specific understanding of routines, taking into account how distal cultural, historical, environmental and economic complexities shape everyday, proximate interactions. This framework compels us to revise the use of traditional self-report questionnaires that miss the cultural and practical nuances of family routines. 

Speakers
CD

Christine de Goede

Stellenbosch University


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Human Centered and Context Specific Co-Innovation of Resilience Factors: The Case of the Goat Value Chain in Dikgale - Doreen Mnyulwa
Human Centered and Context Specific Co-Innovation of Resilience Factors: The Case of the Goat Value Chain in Dikgale. 
Presenter: Doreen Mnyulwa (RAEIN-Africa, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Alice Maredza 
Introduction: Livestock farming is one of the resilience factors of the study area Digkale District in Limpopo, South Africa.  One of the available resource, goats, do not make a significant contribution to the incomes of the farmers. Furthermore, farmers lack the capacity to diversify goat value chains to improve income generation. 
Methods: The research employed  human centred, context specific and co-innovation approaches. The method used for the exploration of the problem situation and context (needs finding), was secondary data analysis coupled with ethnography for collection of empirical data. Ethnographic techniques used included reconnaissance surveys, key informants’ informal interviews, Focus Group Discussions, Individual In-depth Interviews, observations, and Rapid Rural Appraisal tools and techniques. These methods unraveled insights into the target community context and resilience in relation to goat value chain. Data collected informed problem reframing and concept refinement. Co-innovation was employed to generate the bundle of innovations that will enhance goat value chain. 
Findings: Thus the G4P identified narrow visioning, and cultural, technological, capacity and market limitations to goat commercialization.  As generic technological innovation for resilience have been explored elsewhere and failed, this project focused on co-innovated, human centered and contextually responsive bundle of prototypes to improve goat production, processing and commercialization. 

Speakers
DM

Doreen Mnyulwa

RAEIN-Africa


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

I Am Because We Are: Resilience in Children who are Victims of Domestic Violence Through the Lens of Ubuntu - Tedi Kennedy
I Am Because We Are: Resilience in Children who are Victims of Domestic Violence Through the Lens of Ubuntu
Presenter: Tedi Kennedy (University of Amsterdam, USA)
Introduction: This paper addresses the role ubuntu plays in children’s ability to develop their resilience in the face of domestic abuse. In the theoretical framework of the research, the social ecological model serves as a reminder that children do not grow up in a vacuum and are socialized by their environment. 
Methods: The paper is based on empirical research carried out in Gugulethu, South Africa in 2016, using four distinct research methods. The first being the Child and Youth Resilience Measure created by the Resilience Research Centre. A photo elicitation process and finally an interview followed the survey. Focus groups were also conducted with caregivers within the community
Findings: At the moment, concrete findings for the research are still being analyzed and interpreted; however, preliminary findings show that ubuntu plays a role, but not necessarily the main factor behind resilience in children. The community within Gugulethu may influence children’s ability to develop resilience more so than ubuntu. 

Speakers
avatar for Tedi Kennedy

Tedi Kennedy

University of Amsterdam


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

I-Click Photography: Capturing perspectives to promote resilient environments - Cassandra Monette
I-Click Photography: Capturing perspectives to promote resilient environments
Presenter: Cassandra Monette  (Concordia University, Canada)
Co-Author: Harriet Petrakos
Introduction: Students with emotional/behavioural difficulties tend to have lower rates of academic success (Kauffman, 2008). Understanding how students’ perceptions and environments play a role in their learning can help to facilitate the development of effective intervention programs that seek to promote resilient environments and support and success for all learners.
Methods: In collaboration with the teachers and parents, a photography project took place at an elementary school in Canada. Seven students from grade one to six, who have socio-emotional difficulties took photographs of what was important to them about learning. Students were interviewed about their photographs and invited to share their stories with their community through a photo exhibition. Focus groups with teachers and school staff were also conducted prior to and after the photography club began in order to understand how these students were being perceived. 
Findings: Using grounded theory, this study explores emerging themes from three student case studies and from teacher focus groups to understand the strengths and challenges that these children were perceived to have, as well as how each of these children engaged with photography as a self-expression tool.   

Speakers
CM

Cassandra Monette

Concordia University


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Identifying the Barriers to, and Facilitators of Resilience Based Practice on Outcomes for Pupils with Complex Needs - Elaine Rogers (for Stephanie Coombe)
Identifying the Barriers to, and Facilitators of Resilience Based Practice on Outcomes for Pupils with Complex Needs
Presenter: Elaine Rogers (Eleanor Smith School, UK)
Co-Authors: Stephanie Coombe, Angie Hart, Sharon Clayton, Julie Rowland,  Graham Smith
Introduction: Whole school approaches that involve all staff, regardless of role, and include pupils with complex needs are scarce. Pupils with complex needs are typically excluded from resilience promoting research. This work differs in its co-produced focus and involvement of those most affected by decisions made about them.
Methods: Mixed methods were used with staff and pupils. A creative, arts based approach (body mapping) was used with pupils, along with a collaborative inquiry with staff, based on an action research methodology. ALL staff were involved in the research, regardless of role; including the cook and cleaner, along with teaching staff, support staff and senior leaders. Quantitative data, in the form of school attendance and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) scores were used to triangulate the thematic analysis findings from the qualitative methods. 
Findings: Data indicated a positive impact on school attendance, and social and emotional progress made by pupils, specifically in the areas of the importance of one significant adult, relationships and school ethos. A whole school approach that recognises the impact of small resilient moves on pupil difficulties is recommended.  

Speakers
ER

Elaine Rogers

Inclusion Mangaer, Eleanor Smith School


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Impacts of Child Protection Proceedings on Resilience of Children an Families - Ursula Leuthold
Impacts of Child Protection Proceedings on Resilience of Children an Families
Presenter: Ursula Leuthold (University of applied science Lucern, Switzerland)
Introduction: In Switzerland and the US authorities take action into the privacy of families to protect children from harm. Child protection compound legal aspects as well as general values of the dominant culture and assumption why families experience difficulties. It is asked: What impacts have different child protection systems on resilience? 
Methods: The approach to the research question is a qualitative one. Through semi-structured interviews with child protection workers in the US and Switzerland different rationalities in the proceedings have been identified. In reference to the social ecological definition of resilience (Ungar & Liebenberg, 2011) the impact on the processes of navigation and negotiation of children and families are interpreted.
Findings: The hypotheses are that a wide discretion and a tendency to prefer consensual solutions build on a trusting relationship between families and social worker. Making meaningful resources available/ accessible and facilitate navigation is emphasized. A lack of clarity in responsibilities and decision power hinders negotiation processes for children and families.  

Speakers
avatar for Ursula Leuthold

Ursula Leuthold

Lecturer, University of applied sience Lucern (HSLU)


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Intergenerational transmission of trauma and resilience: Biological and sociocultural narratives - Angela Veale
Intergenerational transmission of trauma and resilience: Biological and sociocultural narratives
Presenter: Angela Veale (University College Cork, Ireland)
Co-Authors: Samantha Dockray 
Introduction: The individual and community experience of disasters are reasonably well-described, but how disaster experiences reverberate between people is under-examined.
Psychobiological models of familial attunements of response to experience, and examinations of community-cultural narratives of trauma have indicated the potential for harrowing experiences to be psychobiologically and socio-interpersonally transmitted across generations.  
Methods: Methodologically, this research amalgamates two previously distinct strategies to map psychobiological resilience and recover by plotting psychobiological and social responses to trauma, as they may be echoed or amplified across generations.  Families where one family member was involved in a disaster such as the Stardust Fire (Ireland), and have two other generations willing to participate, will be recruited; the research will be conducted in partnership with the commemorative committee. Narrative interviews, a tool to explore intergenerational transmission as it illuminates how people experience events and form narratives (McAdams, 2005; Crossley, 2007) 
Findings: The contribution of this research is to gain greater understanding of the correlates between biological and psychological responses to trauma, in particular the intergenerational transmission of resiliency and vulnerability across multiple interactive systems (psychobiological stress reactivity) and at multiple levels (the person, family and community).  

Speakers
AV

Angela Veale

University College Cork
Dr. at UCC | As a researcher, Dr. Veale aims to contribute in the space between academic knowledge, policy and practice. She is interested in innovative and mixed research methodologies, in particular working with creative research methods. Her research and writing takes a socio-cultural and politically situated understanding of the psychological wellbeing of children... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Measuring perceptions of self – a novel idiographic methodology for measurement of change at an intra-individual level. - Sarah Robinson (for Emma Hurley)
Measuring perceptions of self – A novel idiographic methodology for measurement of change at an intra-individual level.
Presenter: Sarah Robinson (UCC, Ireland)
Co-Authors: Emma Hurley,  Raegan Murphy
Introduction: The measurement of intra-individual change has proven to be particularly challenging from an evidence-based perspective. Viewing the person as a dynamic system provides a context for research and allows us to examine how that person changes when an element, such as an intervention, is introduced into that unique system. 
Methods: This presentation outlines a methodology that provides information-rich feedback to the clinician while also providing a measure of change of the person over time. Open card sorts are used to generate a snapshot of how the person views their world and their place in it with regard to constructs elicited. Information gathered is analysed using multidimensional scaling, producing a life-space map, a two-dimensional depiction of the person and how they view themselves in relation to other people in their world. How the person perceives themselves can be interpreted by the clinician in terms of self-esteem, self-efficacy, intelligence, likability etc
Findings: Life space maps gathered over the course of the intervention are then subject to General Procrustes Analysis (GPA) which allows for degrees of change to be measured over time. Studies indicate this methodology achieves the goal of an assessment methodology that satisfies the requirements of practitioners and researchers alike.   

Speakers
SR

Sarah Robinson

School of Applied Psychology, University College Cork
Sarah Robinson is a first year PHD candidate in the University College Cork (UCC), Republic of Ireland. She is interesed in community and critical psychology, post-conflict and conflict transitions, life transitions and resilience, and humanitarianism. She is a graduate of the hi... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Networks for change and Well-being: Girl-led and Boy-led ‘from the ground up’ policy-making to address sexual violence in South Africa - Yolande Coetzer
Networks for change and Well-being: Girl-led and Boy-led ‘from the ground up’ policy-making to address sexual violence in South Africa
Presenter: Yolande Coetzer (South Africa)
Co-Author: Mosna Khaile, Marco Ebersohn
Introduction: This phenomenological study applied visual participatory methods to explore the social ecology of resilience in a Free State community. The aim of this study was to understand the messages indigenous young women/men have regarding how their community can better protect them against violence. 
Methods: Five indigenous young women and five indigenous young men, between the ages of 18 – 24, were recruited by social workers collaborating with the South African Networks for Change Project. Preliminary findings suggest that participatory visual methodology is a valuable pathway in understanding the messages indigenous young women/men have relating to protection against violence in their communities, in amplifying their messages as well as building a platform where these young adults can negotiate for specific resources and advocate for change regarding violence experienced in their community - thus potentially promoting resilience processes in these young adults and their community. 
Findings: However, further phases in the study must be completed before any conclusions can be made regarding whether or not participatory visual methodology is a strong enough pathway to bring about the advocated changes within the social ecology of these young adults.  

Speakers
avatar for Yolande Coetzer

Yolande Coetzer

Master's Student, NWU - Vaal Triangle
I am currently studying towards my Master's degree in Applied Positive Psychology. My area of research focuses on how communities can better protect historically disadvantaged young men and women against violence., instead of only focusing on the risk factors in their community... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Overcoming past and present traumas through family resiliency: “we see it as mental well-being not mental health”. - Charity Mokgaetji Somo
Overcoming past and present traumas through family resiliency: “we see it as mental well-being not mental health”.
Presenter: Charity Mokgaetji Somo (University of Georgia, USA)
Co-Author: Desiree Seponski 
Introduction: Refugee families face incredibly traumatic experiences at home, during relocation to and resettlement in the host country. Researchers and interventionists focus on challenges to family health without paying attention to how these families have shown the ability to bounce back from adversity and become resourceful to themselves and their community. 
Methods: We conducted a needs assessment on the mental wellbeing of refugee families by facilitating two focus group discussions, 1) with refugee center stakeholders, 2) with refugee community stakeholders. The aim of the focus groups was to engage these stakeholders around the mental health outcomes of newly arriving refugees in the United States as well as to conduct a summative evaluation of the refugee responsive series that was previously implemented by the researchers. The data was analysed through content thematic analysis in order to classify the information into themes that will inform the mental wellbeing intervention program in that community 
Findings: The overarching theme was that it is better to refer to mental health as mental wellbeing; mental health implies pathology while well-being does NOT confine families to a diagnosis. Among several themes that emerged, participants reported that they have indigenous cultural ways they implement to adapt to overcome their traumas.   

Speakers
CS

Charity Somo

University of Georgia


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Police Training and Resilience - Jonas Hansson
Police Training and Resilience
Presenter: Jonas Hansson (Umeå University, Sweden)
Co-Author:  Mehdi Ghazinour, Annika Johansson,  Maria Liljeholm-Bång,  Carina Lindgren
Introduction:  Police officers are burdened with numerous stressors, ranging from potentially traumatic critical incidents to organizational issues. Resilience is personal characteristics that moderates negative effects of such stress and endorses adaptation. 
Methods:  A longitudinal design was used to investigate resilience among police students in relation to sociodemographic background variables, education and life events. We used a Swedish version of the Resilience Scale, originally created by Wagnild and Young (1993). The participants were male and female students recently registered at the Basic Training Program for Police Officers. The Resilience Scale questionnaire consists of 25 items on a seven-point Likert scale, the higher the score, the stronger resilience. 
Findings:  Findings discussed regarding the prevention program consisted of mental preparedness, communication, conflict management, and weapon and tactical training, and was measured by visual analogue scales (VAS) within the context of police education and police work in Sweden. This research extends our knowledge of how resilience is affected by the prevention program. 
 

Speakers
JH

Jonas Hansson

Basic Training Programme for Police Officers, Umeå University, Sweden


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Promoting Resilience through MECIR: Community-Based Qualitative Research with Mapuche Families Facing Overlapping Disasters - Devin G. Atallah
Exploring and Promoting Resilience through MECIR: Community-Based Qualitative Research with Mapuche Families Facing Overlapping Disasters
Presenter: Devin G. Atallah (National Research Center for Integrated Natural Disaster Management (CIGIDEN), Chile)
Introduction: Exploring and Promoting Resilience through MECIR (Mapuche Equipo Comunitario de Investigación de la Resiliencia), is a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) project that focuses on understanding and promoting resilience in Mapuche communities - the most populous first nation of Chile.
Methods: Chile is marked by the recurrence of socionatural disasters, including earthquakes, volcano eruptions, and tsunamis. Resilience in Mapuche communities, however, is not only marked by ‘rapid onset’ disasters, but also by systematic marginalization and daily ‘slow onset’ sociopolitical disasters such as: histories of settler colonization and ongoing structural racisms. Therefore, this presentation explores how the MECIR project contributes to re-conceptualizations of resilience from indigenous perspectives exploring historically- and contextually-informed community protective pathways.
Findings: MECIR connects knowledge with action by engaging in community outreach and intervention recommendations through asset mapping. This presentation shares preliminary findings from MECIR, particularly initial community outreach and asset mapping processes, contributing to understandings of resilience, community engagement strategies, and decolonial qualitative methods with indigenous communities through a CBPR approach.

Speakers
avatar for Devin Atallah

Devin Atallah

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, The Chilean National Research Center for Integrated Natural Disaster Management (CIGIDEN)
Devin G. Atallah, Ph.D. is a postdoctoral fellow at CIGIDEN in Santiago, Chile. His published work focuses on trauma and resilience processes in children, youth, and families from marginalized communities and racialized and indigenous groups facing significant adversities such as... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Qualitative Assessment of Resilience to the Effects of Climate Variability in the Three Communities in Uganda - Nathan Tumuhamye
Qualitative Assessment of Resilience to the Effects of Climate Variability in the Three Communities in Uganda
Presenter: Nathan Tumuhamye (ResilientAfrica Network, Uganda)
Co-Authors: Bazeyo William, Roy William Mayega, Julius Ssentongo
Introduction: Uganda is vulnerable to climate variability including increased frequency and intensity of rainfall, droughts and floods. Three sub-regions, Albertine in the western part of the country and Teso and Mt. Elgon in the east, suffer from recurrent floods, with resulting destruction of crops and infrastructure, water contamination and disease outbreaks
Methods: Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), were conducted in the local language. FGD participants were mobilized by sub-county focal persons (Community Development Officers) from the most affected parishes and included youths, women’s group representatives, local opinion leaders, local cultural leader, local political leaders and other community members affected by climate variability.
Findings: The main shocks and stresses resulting from floods, drought and landslides in the three subregions are environmental degradation, poverty, food insecurity, damaged infrastructure and increased morbidity and mortality.   

Speakers
TN

Tumuhamye Nathan

RESILIENTAFRICA NETWORK
The presenter is a health services researcher at Makerere University school of public health with 3 year experience in operational research and teacher and one year in resilience research


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Reclaiming community resilience toward a more effective approach to aid - Kathy Duryee
Reclaiming community resilience toward a more effective approach to aid
Presenter: Kathy Duryee (Australian National University, Australia)
Introduction: What is community resilience, who defines it and how do communities become more resilient? Much of community resilience aid policy and practice focuses on human/environmental relationships, with frameworks for livelihood and food strategy in cyclical drought just one example of recent trends. 
Methods: My approach is to consider and include environmental disaster parameters where relevant, but to expand beyond their confines to reflect the larger complexity of contributors and obstacles to resilience across the community system, inclusive of any context or culture. This paper reviews the academic literature around promotive factors, protective factors and competencies, and draws on 10+ years of experience working in myriad aid contexts globally: 1) to reclaim community resilience as a more comprehensive lens than disaster management alone; and, 2) to propose an emergent methodological approach for partnering with communities to address their resilience goals—free of pre-determined criteria.
Findings: The findings will suggest that by recognizing communities as systems, by acknowledging resilience as an ongoing process, by shifting toward community-centered decision-making and action, and by utilizing emergent findings on which to base policy and programming, aid will enhance its efficacy in supporting communities to become more resilient.  

Speakers
avatar for Kathy Duryee

Kathy Duryee

PhD candidate/NGO consultant, Australian National University
I am an aid practitioner, currently back in school to marry my 20+ years of experience with academia to develop a community resilience model for informing aid policy and programming. | | A few key words: | work: humanitarian aid, community resilience, NGOs, M&E | my... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Resilience and Self-Criticism - Antonia Werner (for Dr. Ana Nanette Tibubos)
Resilience and Self-Criticism
Presenter: Antonia Werner (Goethe University, Germany)
Co-Author: Ana Nanette Tibubos,  Sonja Rohrmann,  Neele Reiß
Introduction: Self-criticism is experienced as an inner voice, which comments on one’s own behavior or feelings. Depending on its degree, it can be adaptive or maladaptive. We investigated the relation of dispositional resilience and similar trait concepts such as self-compassion and self-esteem with self-criticism.
Methods: A sample of 99 students (age M=22.97, SD=5.21) participated in our study with an experimental design using a success-failure-paradigm. Participants were asked to solve anagrams and were given false feedback in order to evoke self-critical thoughts. Their verbalized self-criticism was audio-taped. The evaluation of self-criticism was based on a mixed-method approach, combining qualitative and quantitative analyses. The severity of self-criticism was rated based on its emotional impact of self-directed anger by five trained raters. Dispositional measures were assessed via questionnaires. The association of situational self-criticism and dispositional resilience, self-esteem, and self-compassion were analyzed by using correlational methods.
Findings: Dispositional resilience was statistically not related to the severity of self-criticism operationalized by self-directed anger. However, dispositional self-compassion and self-esteem, which are positively associated with trait resilience, are negatively correlated with self-criticism in our experiment. Our findings have important implications for the construct validity of resilience as personality trait.   

Speakers
AW

Antonia Werner

PhD student, Goethe University, Frankfurt


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Resilience facing internalized homophobia: different adaptation profiles of homossexuals Brazilian - Normanda Araujo de Morais
Resilience facing internalized homophobia: different adaptation profiles of homossexuals Brazilian 
Presenter: Normanda Araujo de Morais (Universidade de Fortaleza, Brazil)
Co-Author: Aline Nogueira de Lira
Introduction: The internalization of homophobia is one of the main risk factors experienced by the LGB people and may have negative effects on their health. The aim of this study was to identify adaptation profiles in relation to the process of internalization of homophobia in a sample of Brazilian homossexuals. 
Methods: The sample consisted of 244 participants (M = 30.70 years old, SD = 8.05) residents in three Brazilian State capitals-Fortaleza (64.8%), Aracaju (24.6%) and Uberaba (8.2%) who self-declared gays (53.7%) and lesbians (45.5%). The scales of internalized homophobia and marital satisfaction scale (GRIMS) and the General Health questionnaire (QSG) were used. Cluster analysis revealed four adaptive patterns: resilient (n = 89); barely adapted (n = 27); competent (n = 81) and vulnerable (n = 47).
Findings: The results suggest that an adaptive profile in relation to health and marital satisfaction may reveal resilience processes among sexual minorities who have experienced internalized homophobia. Moreover, they corroborate the importance of studies on protective factors which are tempering the impact of risk on the developmental results of LGBs.   

Speakers
NA

Normanda Araujo de Morais

University of Fortaleza


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Resilience in Costa Rica: Validation of the Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM) - Rachel Renbarger
Resilience in Costa Rica: Validation of the Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM)
Presentation: Rachel Renbarger (Baylor University, USA)
Co-Authors: Grant Morgan, Tracey Sulak  
Introdction: Many scales exist to measure the construct of resilience. Considering the fact there are few studies corroborating the findings of the few, published resilience scales, more needs to be done to establish which scales the top of the list, especially for those directly for youth populations. 
Methods: The convenience sample of five school sites (n=313) were selected based on established relations with the researchers and the coordinator in Costa Rica. Ages ranged from twelve to 23 in accordance with the Child and Youth Resilience Measure manual. Due to time constraints, only the 28-item Likert-type survey was administered. Despite evidence supporting the tenability of the MCAR assumption, multiple imputation was employed using fifty replications in Mplus (v.7.11) to further minimize the potential effect of missing data. Using the imputed datasets, we ran a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to examine the previous factor structure. 
Findings: There was little variability in item responses, with participants answering positively for the majority of responses. The three factors differ only slightly from the original structure, providing construct validity for the CYRM-28. Correlations between subscales ranged from .635 and .912 indicating a moderate to strong relationship.  

Speakers
RR

Rachel Renbarger

Baylor University


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Resilience in rural college communities – indigenous young women negotiate for better protection against gender-based violence - Deidre de Villiers
Resilience in rural college communities – indigenous young women negotiate for better protection against gender-based violence.
Presenter: Deidre de Villiers (NWU, South Africa)
Introduction: By using visual participatory methods to identify and negotiate as a collective group for resources and to be better protected from gbv, a discourse of collaboration ensued.  The effectiveness of using participatory methods was clear but the outcome of the collaborative discourse will only be identified during the 2017 year.   
Methods: The participants(7) used a visual participatory method, particularly ‘draw and talk’; action briefs and making a no-editing required video.  The visual participatory method created a platform with which these young women could clearly articulate and this allowed them to identify various protective mechanisms which are available within their socio-ecological system, including self-defence classes, requesting a social media platform for discussions and support, community groups as a platform to teach these young women life skills and focus group discussions.
Findings: By using visual participatory methods to identify and negotiate as a collective group for resources and to be better protected from GBV, a discourse of collaboration ensued.  The effectiveness of using participatory methods was clear but the outcome of the collaborative discourse will only be identified during the 2017 year.  

Speakers
DD

Deidre de Villiers

Student - North West Uni South Africa


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Resilience of Russian adolescents from single-parent families - Konstantin Zuev
Resilience of Russian adolescents from single-parent families
Presenter: Konstantin Zuev (Institute of Psychology of Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)
Co-Author: Irina Zueva  
Introduction: Divorce is a strong psychological trauma that affects the development of children. In Russia, about every third marriage ends in divorce. Our hypothesis is that the resilience of adolescents depends on the type of family (single or two-parent) and parenting styles at the same time.
Methods: A sample 356 adolescents was used from Moscow consisting of 66 boys and 78 girls from single-parent families. The adolescents completed the questionnaires: ADOR (parenting styles), and the locus of control questionnaire, Personal Sovereignty Questionnaire (PSQ-2010) Statistical treatment. A two-way ANOVA was conducted with the following independent variables: Type of family (single or two-parent) and parental styles, and the following dependent variable: Adolescents resilience (the locus of control Personal Sovereignty) 
Findings: The high level of directivity, hostility and inconsistency of mothers repressed sovereignty. The high level of positive interest in the mothers increased the level of sovereignty. The difference between adolescents from single-parent and two-parent families was revealed only when mothers showed high-level of directivity or low level of positive interest.   

Speakers
KZ

Konstantin Zuev

Institute of Psychology of Russian Academy of Sciences


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Resilience Process of Family Caregivers of Leukemic Patients: Study in the Brazilian Midwest - Sebastiao Benicio da Costa Neto
Resilience Process of Family Caregivers of Leukemic Patients: Study in the Brazilian Midwest
Presenter: Sebastiao Benicio da Costa Neto (Universidade Federal de Goiás; Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Goiás, Brazil)
Co-Author: Mariana Costa Brasil  
Introduction: The family caregivers of people with some chronic illness face different challenges during the patient's treatment. This research aimes to describe and understand how the resilience process takes place in family caregivers from patients with lymphatic or myeloid leukemia, whether or not it's acute or chronic. 
Methods: The study is a qualitative study, with quantitaty variations, series cases, descriptive and exploratory. Participants were 14 family caregivers who were attending leukemia patients, 10 were female and 4 were male, hospitalized in a university hospital in the State of Goiás, Brazil. Age ranged from 20 to 69 years. The following instruments were used: Sociodemographic questionnaire, interview script, coping strategies, and inventory of Folkman and Lazarus (IEC), adapted for Brazil by Savóia, Santana and Mejias (1996).
Findings: Among the main results, it was perceived that adequate social support, feeling of   belonging to the family group and having an organized relationship with the patient are factors that contribute to the process of resilience.   

Speakers
SB

Sebastião Benicio da Costa Neto

Universidade Federal de Goiás; Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Goiás (BRAZIL)


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Resilient Parenting in Canadian Aboriginal and Latin American communities: A qualitative study of the role of culture - Kayla Hamel
Resilient Parenting in Canadian Aboriginal and Latin American communities: A qualitative study of the role of culture 
Presenter: Kayla Hamel (York University, Canada)
Co-Author: Leah Litwin, Yvonne Bohr  
Introduction: Minority groups in Canada face multiple stressors which can negatively influence family mental health. Despite an overwhelming focus on the negative effects of risk factor exposure, the literature of late has shifted to boosting resilience. Culture and its influence on resilience within diverse groups is a growing area of research. 
Methods: This study used qualitative methods to examine parenting resilience in two samples of mothers in Toronto: 1) Canadian Aboriginal mothers, a group that often contends with significant stressors at multiple levels, including marginalization and discrimination, and 2) Latin American immigrants, who face risk factors such as trauma exposure and poverty both before and after immigrating to Canada. Eighteen Aboriginal mothers and 32 Latin American immigrant mothers were interviewed about traumatic experiences and their subsequent impact on parenting in the context of their culture. Thematic analysis was used to identify salient themes in the mothers’ interviews. 
Findings: Findings underscored the importance of cultural beliefs as a source of resilience and add to our understanding of family resilience in minority groups in Canada. Building a knowledge base of culture-specific parenting strengths can foster the development of culturally-informed parenting programs, and help inform policy in marginalized and vulnerable groups.   

Speakers
KH

Kayla Hamel

York University


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Risk and protective factors for School Staff in relation to resilience building interventions - Josie Maitland
Risk and protective factors for School Staff in relation to resilience building interventions
Presenter: Josie Maitland (Brighton Univeristy, UK)
Co-Author: Suna Eryigit-Madzwamuse, Angie Hart, Philip Haynes
Introduction:  An ecological perspective to resilience considers the impact of both proximal and distal environment factors on children and young people. This is especially true in the school context. This study aims to investigate the potential factors within the school system that improves staff resilience.
Methods:  Data is being collected from 15 schools in a local area in the North of England as part of a larger resilience focused project during Oct-Dec 2016. All school staff (both teaching and non-teaching) are invited to complete an online survey asking about their knowledge of resilience and their perception of school as an organization using the School Organisational Health Questionnaire. It assesses school and staff characteristics such as morale, excessive work demand, participative decision-making, professional interaction, supportive leadership, school-community relationship, appraisal and recognition, goal congruence, and work connection. Descriptive data will be analyzed during January-March 2017.  
Findings: This presentation will report the findings from the staff surveys in relation to resilience knowledge of staff and their perception of school as an organization. Findings from this study will contribute to a growing understanding of change and reform within school systems, particularly in relation to resilience building interventions.

Speakers

Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Social mobility: Equity and resilience - a research program - Ida Skytte Jakobsen
Social mobility: Equity and resilience - a research program 
Presenter: Ida Skytte Jakobsen (Univerty college lillebealt, Denmark)
Co-Authors: Thomas Engsig, Anne Marie Villumsen
Introduction: National Research Centre for Vulnerable Children and Youth NUBU is a new collaboration between the all the seven independent University colleges in Denmark. The aim of NUBU is to strengthen and unifying , practice-oriented profession and relevant solutions to societal challenges in the field of Vulnerable Children and Youth. 
Methods: We would like to present the first research program in the center: Social mobility: Equity and resilience. The research program Social mobility: Equity and resilience focuses on creating knowledge about the factors and processes that constitute the conditions for equity and resilience in schools, day care and educational practice. This application-oriented knowledge can contribute to the professions' work to create educational social mobility for children and young people in day care and school. 
Findings: the research program's intention to create systematized knowledge of the various barriers that prevent schools, day care and educational practice creates resilience and is characterized by equity, where differences in child and adolescent development, learning and wellbeing is not due to social background.  

Speakers
avatar for Ida Skytte Jakobsen

Ida Skytte Jakobsen

Associate Professor, University College Lillebealt
I am trained as a clinical psychologist and has taught at the School of social work alongwith working with childred at risk. I did my PhD on how traditional risk research design can inclued a resiliency perspective. Right now I work with the significance of the inclusion agenda f... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Social Resilience in Danish Schools - Jeppe Kiel Christensen
Social Resilience in Danish Schools
Presenter: Jeppe Kiel Christensen (Aarhus University, Denmark)
Introduction: In an investigation of the increasing consensus that resilience can be learned and developed, the poster focuses on Danish schools’ opportunities to create and retain strengthening and supportive environments. A special focus will be on the collaboration with Save the Children Denmark and the learning material STRONG TOGETHER.
Methods:  The project consists of a literature review and fieldwork, which together form the basis of a study in Nordic Social Resilience. The literature review consists of Nordic initiatives/theories, describing the work with social resilience thus far. 
Findings:  The poster will display the current design and regional specific assumptions on Nordic Social Resilience. An explanation on the theory and practical knowledge behind STRONG TOGETHER as well as initial findings from pilot-school interviews and workshops. A follow up presentation at PTR V is planned, so comments are encouraged.

Speakers
avatar for Jeppe Kiel Christensen

Jeppe Kiel Christensen

PhD Fellow, Aarhus University - Denmark
As a teacher and master in educational psychology, Jeppe has been engaged within the educational sector in both Denmark and internationally. Among other things Jeppe worked as strategy partner with 100 Resilient Cities and as a development consultant within the Danish Ministry of... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Suggesting an integrative (resilience and systems based) psychodynamic model to work with students with social-emotional and behavioural problems within school context - Elias Kourkoutas
Suggesting an integrative (resilience and systems based) psychodynamic model to work with students with social-emotional and behavioural problems within school context
Presenter: Elias Kourkoutas (University of Crete, Greece)
Co-Authors: Wassilis Kassis, Albertus Johannes (Johan) Botha
Introduction: Children in elementary schools with social, emotional and behavioral problems are three times more likely to be suspended or expelled than their peers. Almost 50 percent of adolescents in high school with social, emotional and behavioural problems drop out of school. Children’s social, emotional and behavioural problems represent a complex phenomenon which challenges traditional psychiatric approaches and calls for the adoption of innovative conceptual frameworks and systematic and coordinated efforts from all stakeholders and experts. A considerable shift in school-psychology practice and research has been realized during the last decade. The strength-based approach represents a shift from medical and individual-based models of treatment to more systemic, resilience-based and less expertise-oriented approaches, which foster families’, schools’ and teachers’ potential and focus on positive aspects of their functions. A similar strength-based model integrating psychodynamic thinking and practice and innovative art-based/ therapy techniques has been implemented within school context to support students with various social-emotional and behavioral problems. Psychodynamic thinking allows counsellors and teachers to go beyond the child’s symptomatic reactions and see the “real” child and his/her family behind the problem behavior. Resilience in this study is considered in terms of “self-protective mechanisms” and is conceptualized from a systemic perspective, rather than an individualist-trait perspective.
Methods: The study draws on a mixed quantitative and qualitative method to evaluate the outcomes of this (pilot) innovative intervention program. The sample of the study included 17 students (8-13 years old) indentified as suffering from mild to more serious social emotional and behavioral problems. Six individual sessions with each student were held during a whole academic year. Sessions with parents and teachers have also been conducted.
Findings: Results of the evaluation process showed significant improvement in most children (14) in behavioral, interpersonal, and academic domains. A detailed analysis of the results will be presented. The discussion section will focus on analyzing what works and why it works in this program. Barriers and limitations of implementing such programs will be analyzed.  

Speakers
EK

Elias Kourkoutas

UNIVERSITY of CRETE
Prof. Dr. at University of Crete | Elias E. Kourkoutas is currently Professor of Psychology and Special Education and Chairman of the Educational Psychology Division, as well as of the European funded Practicum Program in Special Education in the Department of Primary Education... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

The role of services in facilitating the resilience of unaccompanied asylum seeking minors - Ebony King
The role of services in facilitating the resilience of unaccompanied asylum seeking minors
Presenter: Ebony King (Griffith University, Australia)
Introduction:  Guided by a social-ecological approach to the resilience of unaccompanied asylum seeking minors (UAMs), this study analyses the role of service providers in connecting UAMs to the “seven tensions” identified by Ungar and colleagues (2008) in the International Resilience Project and which are associated with positive adaptation. Recognizing that UAMs face significant and varied challenges without the support of parents, family or established social networks, services should not only provide access to basic material resources, but also nurture UAMs resilience through facilitating mental health-enhancing experiences that foster positive development and outcomes after significant adversity. This study is the first to investigate the relationship between service provision and the social-ecological facilitation of resilience among UAMs in Australia.
Methods:  This is a qualitative study based on semi-structured interviews and focus groups with both former-unaccompanied asylum seeking minors (aged 18 – 30 years) and service providers. In total, 10 service providers and 12 former UAMs were interviewed and four focus groups were conducted with former UAMs in Victoria, Australia. This study employed a grounded theory approach (with constructivist advances) to data collection and analysis.
Findings:  Three key findings have emerged from preliminary analyses. First, at the level of political ecology, the ability of UAMs physical and social ecologies to provide resources necessary to meet their needs is significantly shaped by distal decisions in policy, legislative, economic and social systems in the context of anti-asylum-seeker (and more specifically, ‘boat people’) political and public sentiment. Second, the quality of service provision was inconsistent across services and within the UAM cohort, which related to issues at the level of macro-, meso- and micro-systems. UAM perspectives reveal that high-quality support from services, programs and community organisations opens-up opportunities to experience the mental health-enhancing experiences associated with positive adaptation in contexts of adversity. Supportive relationships with case workers, teachers, and youth workers not only provided access to material resources, but encouraged the development of positive self-identify, facilitated participation in cultural traditions, provided experiences of social justice and a sense of cohesion with others. The third theme to emerge from the data was the highly agentic nature of UAMs, as they described actively navigating towards the resources that enhanced a sense of wellbeing and which worked towards their goals of educational attainment, contributing to their communities and supporting family members who remained in dangerous situations overseas. Together, these preliminary findings support a multi-systemic, multilevel, political-social-ecological model of resilience that can inform a deeper understanding of the processes that contribute to the resilience of unaccompanied asylum seeking minors.

Speakers
avatar for Ebony King

Ebony King

PhD Candidate, Griffith University


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

The state of African resilience: Understanding dimensions of vulnerability and adaptation-a report from ResilientAfrica Network (RAN) - Julius Ssentongo
The state of African resilience: Understanding dimensions of vulnerability and adaptation-a report from ResilientAfrica Network (RAN)
Presenter: Julius Ssentongo (Makerere University School of Public Health-ResilientAfrica Network (RAN), Uganda)
Co-Authors: WIlliam Bazeyo, Olalekan Abdulwahab Ayo-Yusuf, Roy William Mayega, Ky Luu 
Introduction: Sub-Saharan Africa has registered substantial economic gains however these are constantly threatened by several disasters. For instance, East Africa is grappling with the effects of climate variability such as drought and floods while in Southern Africa, HIV/AIDS pandemic adds a layer of hardship on already poor and food insecure households.
Methods: The qualitative data collection process was modeled on a methodology established and tested by Tulane University’s Disaster Resilience Leadership Academy. Using a resilience assessment framework, qualitative interviews were conducted though Focus Group Discussions and Key Informant Interviews with selected stakeholders including development partners and the affected communities among others. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and latent content analysis was done to distill the causes of vulnerability as well as coping and adaptive capacities of the communities to the different shocks/stresses. The data was condensed into dimensions of resilience and these were subsequently used to construct the priority pathways to resilience. 
Findings: Nine dimensions were generated and these holistically describe the resilience of the surveyed communities across sub-Saharan Africa. The dimensions include: wealth, health, infrastructure, human capital, social capital/networks, governance, psychosocial, natural resources, and security. These dimensions have been further quantitatively studied and have informed the second state of Africa resilience report.  

Speakers
avatar for Julius Ssentongo

Julius Ssentongo

Program Coordinator, Makerere University School of Public Health-ResilientAfrica Network (RAN)
Dr. Julius Ssentongo is a Research Fellow at the ResilientAfrica Network (RAN) at Makerere University School of Public Health. His current research focuses on examining the resilience of communities that are contending with the effects of climate change and chronic conflict. He... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Understanding of resilience in adults with a history of child labor- Aline Madia Mantovani
Understanding of resilience in adults with a history of child labor
Presenter: Aline Madia Mantovani (Universidade Estadual Paulista/UNESP, Brazil)
Co-Authors: Renata Maria Coimbra 
Introduction: The present study aims to understand the resilience processes in adults with a history of child labor through the analysis of the reason that contributed to this insertion in work and withdrawal from school, as well as social support available in their contexts for the development of resilience processes.
Methods: A total of 131 adults, of both sexes, participated in the empirical research of two Brazilian institutions; A questionnaire, semi-structured interviews and visual methods (photographs) were used. It was adopted as a theoretical perspective to understand the resilience at the interface with adult life and child labor from the understanding of the personal, inter-relational and cultural aspects present in the life of the participants. 
Findings: In this way, the influence of culture, context and personal characteristics in the construction of strengthened identities, despite the work carried out in childhood/adolescence, is discussed.

Speakers
AM

Aline Mantovani

Educator, graduated from Universidade Estadual Paulista - Julio de Mesquita Filho (FCT/UNESP) in 2008. Master in Education from this university in 2012 and a doctoral student in the Graduate Course in Education also by FCT/UNESP, focusing on child labor and resilience in adults w... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Understanding the influence of risk and protective factors on DRC refugee youth in Durban - Kassa Barakamfitiye
Understanding the influence of risk and protective factors on DRC refugee youth in Durban
Presenter: Kassa Barakamfitiye (University of Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa)
Introduction: The research was conducted on 8 DRC refugee youth living in Durban. They explained the different risk and protective factors in which they live with and are exposed to daily.
Methods: The study forms a smaller part of a larger research project. This study used a qualitative approach. A sample size of 8 participants were conveniently and purposively chosen from the larger project. Data collection took the form of one on one interviews, the data was analyzed using thematic analysis.
Findings: Participants reported that they face a number of challenges including xenophobia and economic difficulties. They also reported have support structures that help them cope with challenges.  


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Understanding the Relationship between Resilience and Posttraumatic Growth in New Orleans Mental Health Responders Working in a Post-Hurricane Katrina Environment - Carol Tosone
Understanding the Relationship between Resilience and Posttraumatic Growth in New Orleans Mental Health Responders Working in a Post-Hurricane Katrina Environment 
Presenter: Carol Tosone (New York University Silver School of Social Work, USA)
Introduction: There is some conceptual ambiguity between Resilience and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in the professional literature. This study aimed to provide further clarity by examining the relationship between Resilience and PTG in a group of New Orleans Mental Health Responders (N=219) personally and professionally exposed to Hurricane Katrina.
Methods: Findings indicate that the correlation between Resilience and PTG is, as expected, positive and statistically significant albeit modest (r = .15, p = .024). When controlling for variables associated with Resilience and PTG respectively, Compassion Satisfaction has the greatest overlap. Primary/Secondary Shared Trauma, Posttraumatic Stress, and Compassion Fatigue exhibit moderately strong relationships to Resilience but rather weak relationships to PTG. Conversely, the two remaining control variables, Life Events and Shared Trauma/Professional Posttraumatic Growth, exhibit stronger relationships to PTG than to Resilience.  
Findings: These findings support the interrelationship of resilience and posttraumatic growth, but suggest that each have specific variables more associated with one than the other. These findings have conceptual and clinical implications, contributing further clarity to the debate as to whether PTG is a form of Resilience or a distinct construct.

Speakers
CT

Carol Tosone

New York University


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

Using a resilience lens in collaborative realist evaluation: what supports role resilience and supportive relationships at the early career phase.- Angie Hart (for Caroline Hudson)
Using a resilience lens in collaborative realist evaluation: what supports role resilience and supportive relationships at the early career phase.
Presenter: Angie Hart (University of Brighton, UK,)
Co-Author: Caroline Hudson, Dr Suna Eryigit-Madzwamuse,
Introduction:  This study reports on a collaborative realist evaluation of role resilience and supportive relationships in which co-researchers, namely Newly qualified (NQ) nurses (preceptees) and experienced nurses (preceptors) joined separate co-inquiry groups. The aim of the study was to better ‘the odds’ for NQ and preceptors in future preceptorship experiences.
Methods:  The initial programme theory emerges inductively from the NQ and preceptor co-inquiry discourse, including 10 NQ and 5 preceptors. Examination of contextual effectiveness is presented in a first phase of ‘theory gleaning’ (Manzano 2016) from co-researchers explanatory accounts of their preceptorship experiences. This includes: i) the adversity, ii) overcoming adversity iii) the conditions that shape role resilience, their ‘resilient moves’ and iv) aspirations for preceptorship, from both groups of NQ and preceptors. Validity of the qualitative data was scrutinised by the co-researchers, in an iterative process to realise contextual adversity, enabling mechanisms, actual and ‘potential mechanisms of action.’
Findings:  Using a social justice resilience approach during data collection highlighte and identified not only, ‘what works, for whom and under what conditions,’ (Pawson & Tilley 2004:2) but their change orientation. Using a resilience lens in realist evaluation moves beyond traditional realist methods to elicit mechanisms that may otherwise have remained dormant. 

Speakers
avatar for Angie Hart

Angie Hart

University of Brighton / Boingboing
Angie Hart is Professor of Child, Family and Community Health at the University of Brighton and has been working on resilience research and practice for 10 years. She is an advisor to England’s Big Lottery Fund, Angie runs boingboing, a not for profit undertaking resilience research and practice development. http://www.boingboing.org.uk/index.php/who-are-we/angie-hart. She is the Academic Director of the University of... Read More →


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

18:00

We are SISU! Teachers promoting social-ecological resilience of first graders in rural South Africa when starting school - Carlien Kahl
We are SISU! Teachers promoting social-ecological resilience of first graders in rural South Africa when starting school.
Presenter: Carlien Kahl (North-West University, Vaal Campus, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Itumeleng (Tumi) P. Khumalo, Dineo Agnes Ngwanya, Setlheuno Rebecca Segopolo, Moipone Stella Gill, Kesenogile Betty Dikana
Introduction: To illustrate how teachers supported resilient school transitioning of first-grade children living in a structurally deficient, rural community in South Africa. Teachers are well-established as invaluable to children’s positive school adjustment. Their contributions cannot be sustained in isolation and need inputs from social ecologies especially in scarce resource contexts.
Methods: Five case study children were selected using local community advisory panel criteria. These cases formed part of the 'Social ecologies of resilience among at-risk children starting school in South Africa and Finland: A visual participatory study' (in short the SISU project). Draw-and-talk, Photo elicitation, Day-in-the-life video methodology, and interviews with children and their parents and teachers were applied to explain who and what facilitated resilient school transitioning and how, despite structural deficiencies. Independent researchers conducted inductive iterative analysis to develop a codebook used for further deductive coding within and across cases. Consensus discussions and external review finalised analyses.
Findings: Teaching effectively despite classroom overcrowding, limited educational resources, and structural limitations, required creative teaching practices to promote positive first-grade adjustment: teaching core curriculum effectively through facilitated socio-emotional support among peers; engaging children in activities promoting autonomy; and facilitated individual/group learning to accommodate resource limitations. We explicate practical recommendations and limitations. 

Speakers
avatar for Carlien Kahl

Carlien Kahl

North-West University


Wednesday June 14, 2017 18:00 - 20:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

20:00

Karaoke
Sing along to some great songs after a fulfulling day of presentations!

Wednesday June 14, 2017 20:00 - 21:00
Hall D Century City Conference Centre

21:00

Dance
Listen to some great music and dance the night away!

Wednesday June 14, 2017 21:00 - 22:00
Hall D Century City Conference Centre
 
Thursday, June 15
 

08:00

Concurrent Sessions 4
Hear riveting presentations by presenters including Eileen Dahl, Caron Asgarali, and Sohee Jeong to name a few on topics such as Families and Resilience, Resilience in Cultural Contexts, and Youth Mental Health in School Settings. 


Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

08:00

Families and Resilience - Eileen Dahl, Serena Isaacs, Rumbidzai Mujoko
Families and Resilience

Abstract #40
Title: Thrive Anyway: fostering personal and family resilience in the midst of life threatening illness
Presenter:
Eileen Dahl (Private Practice: Speaker and Consultant, Canada)
Introduction:
When diagnosed with a life threatening illness as a parent, how does one sort through the fear and sense of helplessness to assist themselves and their family?  The author integrates personal and professional learnings as a family caregiver, hospital chaplain and cancer patient to help herself and her family thrive.
Methods: The author utilized reflective practice, reviewing personal and professional narratives to integrate learnings and glean tools that provide direction in times of personal, family distress due to a life threatening illness.  Adopting a broad perspective on maintaining and building health and wellness, adapting learnings from other contexts, and using Michael Ungar’s “Nine Things All children Need to Be Resilient” as a roadmap of hope and intentionality, the author discovers principles to build personal and family resilience that will help them cope and thrive through a future of illness/treatment and eventually end of life, grief and loss.  
Findings: As a parent facing the expectation of lifelong illness/treatment and an early death, integrated learning with a personal and family resilience focus provides a roadmap of hope and intentionality that has resulted in improved health, quality of life, and the ability to thrive in the midst of uncertainty. 

Abstract #239
Title: An exploration of the family resilience needs of a rural community in South Africa: A sequential explanatory mixed methodological design
Presenter:
Serena Isaacs (University of the Western Cape, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Nicolette Roman, Shazly Savahl
Introduction: The aim of this study was to identify and explore the family resilience needs in a rural community on the West Coast, South Africa.
Methods: An explanatory mixed methodological sequential design was implemented for this study.  First, the quantitative assessment took the form of Sixbey’s family resilience assessment scale and a convenient door-to-door sampling method was implemented.  Second, the qualitative exploration took the form of four focus groups with participants. All participants were identified with the assistance of the local non-government organisation.
Findings:  “Family connectedness” and “Utilising social and economic resources” were the lowest scoring dimensions.  Three thematic categories emerged providing the basis for further exploration of the results of the quantitative assessment.  The study’s mixed method approach offers a unique perspective on understanding the resilience needs of the families of this community.

Abstract #174
Title: Exploring the contribution of preventive family strengthening programmes in building resilient families through encouraging reciprocal relationships 
Presenter:
 Rumbidzai Mujoko (University of Fort hare, South Africa)
Co-Author: Pius Tangwe Tanga
Introduction:
Positive reciprocal relationships help families to be resilient when faced by challenges. Strained relationships in the family contributes to family break down. The study explores the contribution of selected preventive family strengthening programmes (marriage enrichment and parenting programme) in building resilient families through encouraging reciprocal relationships.
Methods: Mixed methods were used. Quantitative data was collected through a survey from 100 parents who attended selected preventive educational programmes. Qualitative data was collected through in-depth interviews with 15 social workers who are involved in the implementation of programmes the programmes.
Findings: Parents who attended programmes had reciprocal relationships with other family members that help families thrive through difficulties. Parents who had less reciprocal relationships in their families had cultural backgrounds as a hindrance. The paper recommends indigenization of programmes to address cultural issues that encourage reciprocal relationships in the African context.

 

Speakers
avatar for Eileen Dahl

Eileen Dahl

Psychotherapist, Spiritual Care Professional, Consultant, Speaker
Eileen Dahl is a Registered Psychotherapist, Certified in Thanatology - death, dying and bereavement (CT) and a certified spiritual care practitioner / hospital chaplain. She has experience working in oncology and palliative care, trauma, mental health and cardiac intensive care... Read More →
avatar for Serena Isaacs

Serena Isaacs

Lecturer, University of the Western Cape - Psychology
Miss Serena Isaacs is a Research Psychologist registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa and is a lecturer at the University of the Western Cape. She has published in the field of children and adolescent wellbeing, community violence and substance abuse. She i... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Room 06 Century City Conference Centre

08:00

Resilience in Cultural Contexts - Betsy Dobbins, Rachel Renbarger, Caron Asgarali
Resilience in Cultural Contexts

Abstract #217
Title: “Me Da Cuenta:”Sources of Resiliency Identified by Mexican-American Young Men in Kings Beach, CA, USA
Presenter:
Betsy Dobbins (Center for Children's Rights, USA)
Introduction:
American Latino youth are categorized as an at-risk population in the juvenile justice system.  Overrepresented within the juvenile justice system and misunderstood as a group collectively, Mexican-American male adolescents are a group without a voice literature describing how minority youth identify, access, and navigate internal and community-based sources of resiliency.
Methods: Using a constructionist framework of resiliency, this exploratory, qualitative study examines how Mexican male adolescents who have had access with the juvenile justice system describe their experiences as “at-risk”and how they negotiate competing identities generated by a discourse of “illegality”and processes of marginalization.  
Findings: These youth occupy a marginalized space within their community resulting from perception(s) of (il)legality, racism (experienced and internalized), and invisibility. Despite structural constraints generating a very real sense of risk, the participants indicated relatedness/connectedness, when grounded in Mexican cultural values of family, respect, and collectivism, as a pathway to resiliency.  

Abstract #17
Title: Cultural Differences: An Investigation on Resilience in Costa Rica
Presenter:
Rachel Renbarger (Baylor University, USA)
Co-Author: Grant Morgan, Tracey Sulak
Introduction:
In determining the resilience of an individual, one must consider the culture and context. Examining minority populations would help the field by better understanding how different groups may reflect resilience differently. While many studies have measured resilience in other cultures, only one study found examined resilience specifically in Latin America.
Methods:
A total of five schools were asked to participate in the study based on contact relationships in Costa Rica (n=313). Participants were given the Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM) (Ungar & Liebenberg, 2011b), a 28-item survey with a 5-point Likert-type rating scale designed to be culturally and contextually sound. We then compared means between males (n=142) and females (n =142) and then private (n =64) and public (n =233) students using t tests for independent samples.
Findings:
Results indicated that neither gender nor enrollment in a certain type of school were significant in affecting overall resilience score or scores on the subscales (individual, caregiver, or contextual). The p values ranged from .15 to .923 on gender and .058 to .425 on school type.

Abstract #10
Title: Resilience in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago: A Caribbean Experience in Response to Crime, Sudden Violence, and Personal Devastation
Presenter:
Caron Asgarali (Trinidad)
Introduction:
Almost every day, the media in Trinidad and Tobago report at least one murder. Statistics since 2004 reveal annual murder rates in excess of three hundred victims. In 2013,   Caron Asgarali, the author, almost became another victim. Fortuitously, she survived being shot in the face, chest and shoulder.
Methods: In this auto ethnography, the author discusses the physical, social, emotional, spiritual and economic effects of the incident on her life. She analyses how that experience negatively impacted her life and those within her immediate sphere of influence. With copious examples, she reveals how crime and violence can impact victims. She explains how she developed principles of and strategies for resilience to manage and conquer the trauma of her experience.
Findings:
Using these principles, the author was able to extricate herself from the depths of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and embark on a path characterized by positive outcomes to help empower others to understand what victims experience as a result of the consequences of growing violence and crime in the 21st century.
 

Speakers
avatar for Caron Asgarali

Caron Asgarali

Founder, Trinidad, Project R.A.R.E.
I am a retired school teacher, still an educator, a non-fiction author, an advocate for peace and resilience, an inspirational speaker, survivor of gun violence and the founder of project R.A.R.E. ( Raising Awareness on the Ripple Effect of gun violence, promoting peace and build... Read More →
BD

Betsy Dobbins

Center for Children's Rights
RR

Rachel Renbarger

Baylor University


Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Room 04 Century City Conference Centre

08:00

Resilience in the Geo-Political Context - Masana Ndinga-Kanga, Julius Ssentongo, Truida Botha
Resilience in the Geo-Political Context

Abstract #131
Title: Innovations in Peacebuilding: Understanding tensions of international and local norms, and their effects on peacebuilding in South Africa
Presenter:
 Masana Ndinga-Kanga (CSVR, South Africa)
Co-Author: Hugo van der Merwe, Nonhlanhla Sibanda
Introduction:
Past experiences in peacebuilding for countries emerging out of conflict have been typically characterized by reform-oriented external donors and progressive forces internally pursuing human rights-based empowerment approaches to redress marginalization and disadvantage in efforts to address causes of conflict and lay the foundation for a more stable peace.
Methods: This paper evaluates the complex interactions between global human rights frameworks and the patterns and effects of social mobilization at multiple levels in South Africa. It aims to investigate how international norms are adapted by local actors to promote resilience and sustainable peace at the local level, and the nuances present in the nexus between international norms, national dynamics, and local-level conditions. Using empirical research from five case studies from across South Africa, the study examines dynamics in local governance, socioeconomic rights, transitional justice and gender to address structural inequalities, and their relationship to conflict and violence.
Findings: It finds that while international norms are integral to providing a language for mobilizing local groups for the realization of their rights, but their transformative success is through the capacity of sub-national actors to adapt (or radically revise) these to address the needs and challenges of local contexts.

Abstract #75
Title: When the people speak: A deliberative poll on key policies for resilience building-A case for Uganda
Presenter: 
Julius Ssentongo (Makerere University School of Public Health-ResilientAfrica Network (RAN), Uganda)
Co-Author: Roy William Mayega
Introduction:
Uganda is increasingly at risk for adverse climate events. Disasters have occurred and some have recurred rendering the same damage to livelihoods and infrastructure. Some communities have been resettled to safer zones but have returned and it is important to understand why such policies have been unsuccessful and warnings unheeded.
Methods: We used a Deliberative Polling® approach to assess whether people’s attitude towards government policies would change if they were adequately consulted. A baseline opinion survey on how communities perceive a set of policy options on land use, resettlement management and population pressure was conducted. Participants were then invited for a 2-day dialogue during which they received information regarding the merits and demerits of the policy options. An exit survey was conducted using the same questionnaire to assess if participant attitudes had changed. Data was analysed using STATA 13 and the statistical differences in means was tested using the paired t-test.
Findings: There was significant support for 15 of the 36 policy options following the deliberations. Communities highlighted some of the limitations to policy implementation including lack of clarity on land ownership and inadequate compensation for lost land among others. Thus, community participation in policy development is key for successful policy implementation.

Abstract #258
Title: Flourishing beyond borders: The character strengths, resilience and well-being of the South African accompanying expatriate partner in Africa
Presenter:
Truida Botha (North-West University, Potchefstroom campus, Tanzania)
Co-Author: Johan Potgeiter
Introduction:
Challenges faced by expatriate partners and failed expatriate assignments have received explicit research attention, but a limited amount of studies have explored the factors contributing to positive outcomes of accompanying expatriate partners to international relocation. The relationship between the expatriate partners' character strengths, resilience and self-perceived well-being will be explored.
Methods: Data is collected by means of three standardised self-report questionnaires, which includes the Mental Health Continuum Short Form (MHC-SF), the Virtues in Action Inventory of Strengths (VIA-IS), and the True Resilience Scale (RS). The MHC-SF measures psychological, social and emotional well-being. The VIA-IS explores the character strengths of participants and the RS measures their levels of resilience. All three measurements are web-based and therefore completed online. A structural equation model will be used to analyse the data after which it will be interpreted and described.
Findings: The findings will be proposed in a model,  where after it will be qualitatively validated in an effort to explain the associations between participants” character strengths, resilience and self-perceived well-being. The final product of this study will be an intervention framework for the facilitation of well-being within accompanying expatriate partners.
 

Speakers
TB

Truida Botha

North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, SA
MN

Masana Ndinga

CENTRE FOR THE STUDY OF VIOLENCE AND RECONCILLIATION
avatar for Julius Ssentongo

Julius Ssentongo

Program Coordinator, Makerere University School of Public Health-ResilientAfrica Network (RAN)
Dr. Julius Ssentongo is a Research Fellow at the ResilientAfrica Network (RAN) at Makerere University School of Public Health. His current research focuses on examining the resilience of communities that are contending with the effects of climate change and chronic conflict. He... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Room 08 Century City Conference Centre

08:00

Support and Mentorship - Lucy Auma Osulah, Nick Barnes
Support and Mentorship

Abstract #57
Title: Role of mentorship in promoting resilience among adolescents in the informal settlements of Kibera: A case study of Uweza Foundation
Presenter:
 Lucy Auma Osulah (Daystar University, Kenya)
Co-Authors: Scholastica Njeri Kariuki-Githinji, Roseline Olumbe
Introduction:
Mentoring is a long standing form of intervention for supporting personal growth and development in adolescents. Social learning Theory and Resilience based models provide a positive framework for mentors to build strength and responsibility in adolescents, whose lives have been shaped by risk factors in the informal settlements.
Methods: In a descriptive survey design, data was collected using structured questionnaire, interview guide and focus group discussion guide adapted from Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM-12). The respondents included 90 adolescents of age 11-19 years enrolled in Uweza Foundation and 3 adult workers who facilitate mentorship activities in Uweza Foundation. Exploratory method was used to summarize the findings.
Findings: Mentorship relationship, parent support, peer support and individual personality are the strongest protective factors which foster resilience among adolescents in Uweza Foundation. Mentorship is a supporting function enabling adolescents to engage in  meaningful activities, maintain positive relationship with peers and significant adults, and develop prosocial behavior.

Abstract #18
Title: The Role of Peer Mentoring and Peer Support in Building Resilience with Young People
Presenter:
Nick Barnes (Barnet Enfield and Haringey Mental health Trust, UK)
Co-Author: Simon Munk
Introduction:
With rising awareness of the mental health needs of young people, an earlier and more preventative approach will be required to address these needs. Peer mentoring can significantly reduce the development of these needs and promote emotional resilience in “at risk young people”, with positive outcomes for mentors and mentees.
Methods: Presentation of two approaches to peer mentoring and support. Time 2 Talk, winner of the 2015 Health Service Journal Award for Innovation in Mental Award, is a “whole school approach” to addressing mental health stigma and emotional wellbeing that works through drama, film and the PHSE curriculum as well as utilising peer mentoring within the school. The second, More than Mentors, sort to co-design and co-create a clear, evidence based approach to peer mentoring -seeking to build emotional resilience for both mentor and mentee through a 10-week intervention that has been tested in school and community settings.
Findings: Initial results for More than Mentors show an impressive impact on resilience of mentees (SRS) although further testing in wider settings is required.  However, implications for building resilience of young people, preventing mental health need and diminishing risk of exclusion will have significant impact on community development and cohesion

Speakers
avatar for Nick Barnes

Nick Barnes

Young People's Psychiatrist and Honorary Senior Lecturer, Greenwich CAMHS and Community Links
Nick is a young person's psychiatrist working in London who has been involved in co-developing and co-delivering a number of projects and programmes that seek to engage young people in opportunities for building resilience and enabling change. One of these projects, Time 2 Talk... Read More →
avatar for Lucy Osulah

Lucy Osulah

Teenager Services Volunteer, Mentor, Children of Heavenly King Ministries
Working as a part time volunteer with children in the informal settlements of Kibera made me gather an impression that majority of adults tend to idealize childhood as a carefree time, but childhood in itself offers no shield against hurts and challenges encountered in daily lif... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Room 03 Century City Conference Centre

08:00

The Role of Resilience in Childhood Abuse - Shanaaz Mathews, Alexandra Telitsyna, Nisreen Khambati
The Role of Resilience in Childhood Sexual Abuse

Abstract #292
Title: Unpacking the complexities facing children post-sexual abuse  
Presenter: Shanaaz Mathews (Children's Institute, University of Cape Town, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Lizette Berry, Jenna Lee Marco
Introduction: Child sexual abuse is endemic in South Africa, affecting the health, social and psychological well-being of children. This paper explores the impact of the family environment, and the caregiver’s own experience of trauma on the child’s recovery post-sexual abuse.  
Methods: This paper draws on in-depth semi-structured interviews conducted with 80 caregivers of children aged 8 to 17 years. This paper draws on the parent interviews of a larger study that conducted an evaluation of a therapeutic residential programme for sexually abused children. Participants were from rural areas in the Eastern Cape and Kwa-Zulu Natal Provinces in South Africa.  
Findings:  Caregivers expressed feeling overwhelmed, anxious and depressed by their child’s sexual abuse. Caregiver’s ability to provide a holding environment was often sub-optimal and influenced by their own experiences of trauma. Some children experienced multiple incidents of trauma, by perpetrators close to them.  Complex home environments compromised children’s ability to recover. 

Abstract #253
Title: Mentoring Program Success for the prevention  of child abuse and neglect  of disadvantage  families  in Russia  
Presenter:
 Alexandra Telitsyna (Big Brothers Big Sisters of Russia, Russia)
Introduction:
The National Russian   Campaign to prevent abuse, neglect and abandonment of children  had increased the number of orphans and social orphans  placed in substitute families. However,  a lot of the at-risk teenagers are left at the orphanages.
Methods: The orphans or children (age 11-17) left without parental care filled up the surveys.  For 1-8 years long-term one-to-one mentoring (mentor’s personal obliged to visit  the mentee at the  orphanage at least once a week and for a period of time longer than a year) was supported and supervised by professional psychologists. Resilience of the family system was occurred.
Findings: The National  Russian   Campaign to prevent abuse, neglect and abandonment of children  had increased the number of   social orphans  placed in substitute  resilient  families. However,  a lot of  at-risk teenagers are left at the orphanages.  Mentoring for children gets: increasing self-esteem, self-confidence, the emergence of motivation to learning.
 
Abstract #154
Title: Positive well-being and self-esteem outcomes in adolescence of children exposed to physical and emotional abuse in childhood- a population-based study
Presenter:
Nisreen Khambati (School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, UK)
Co-Authors: Alan Emond, Jon Heron
Introduction:
We report a longitudinal study using a large contemporary UK cohort, investigating the differential impacts of protective factors on positive mental functioning in emerging adults who experienced physical and emotional abuse in early childhood.
Methods: The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children is a UK cohort study which started in 1991-92. The adversity exposure was child physical and emotional maltreatment prior to 5 years reported by the parents. Positive outcomes were the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale and Bachmann Self-Esteem Scale, completed by the young people at 18 years. 3787 children had complete data on outcomes and abuse exposures; 3.4% were reported as being physically hurt by an adult, 2.3% reported as emotionally abused by the mother and 2.8% by the father. Individual, family and school co-variates were considered as potential mediators of resilient adaptation
Findings: Univariate analyses identified characteristics of the abused children with positive outcomes (scores above the cohort mean). Final multivariate models, adjusted for deprivation, family adversity, maternal age and education and household size will be presented, exploring the protective influences, and the complex interactions between them, leading to positive adaptation following abuse
 

Speakers
AE

Alan Emond

University of Bristol
NK

Nisreen Khambati

School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol
SM

Shanaaz Mathews

Children's Institute, University of Cape Town
avatar for Alexandra Telitsyna

Alexandra Telitsyna

Executive Director, Big Brothers Big Sisters of Russia
One-to-one mentoring, at-risk children, resilience, child protection in Putin's Russia, neglect and abuse, volunteers. | BIO: Alexandra Telitsyna, Ph.D., works as Executive director of Big Brothers Big Sisters of Russia, member of ISPCAN, European Mentoring Evidence-Based st... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Room 02 Century City Conference Centre

08:00

Youth in Care - Gerald Jacobs, Myrna McNitt
Youth in Care

Abstract #252
Title: Young people moving out and moving on: What it takes to support young people leaving care?
Presenter:
 Gerald Jacobs (Mamelani Projects, South Africa)
Co-Author: Monika Edwards
Introduction:
Mamelani Projects is a non-profit organisation based in Cape Town, South Africa and has been working in the field of youth leaving residential care for over a decade.  Our aim has been to strengthen interventions and support better outcomes for young care-leavers.
Methods: Initially our programme supported young people through life skills and access to resources, These supports are important in assisting young people to move through their transitions, however, it was young people’s ability to overcome adversity that caught our attention. This led us to collectively explore what approach contributes to resilience along the care-leaving journey. We have adopted a strengths-based approach that nurtures young people’s strengths, relationships and networks of support, as well as builds on existing internal and external assets. Working in this way has had a positive impact on the way in which young people move through these transitions.
Findings: We highlight practice principles that lie at the heart of our work, contributing to nurturing resilience in young people. We share how we have developed a richer understanding of the individualised, culturally and ecologically specific ways in which young people “practice” resilience, and highlight protective factors contributing to better outcomes.

Abstract #31
Title: Who Am I? Understanding and Promoting Resilience and Social Identity in Foster Children
Presenter:
Myrna McNitt (International Foster Care Organization, USA)
Co-Authors: Leticia Villarreal Sosa, Jill M Worrall
Introduction:
Foster children often have problems of social relationships and in the development of social identity. The goal of foster care is for the child to develop an integrated, resilient sense of self and the ability to navigate their various social identities recognizing the use of inclusive care and kinship networks.
Methods: This paper will draw from independent qualitative research of Worrall, examining the use of kinship care in New Zealand and Villarreal Sosa's research on social identity. The paper also uses secondary analysis of research on social identity, foster care, kinship care, inclusive practices, and resilience conducted by the authors. In addition the bridge between research and applied social work practice is discussed, as each of the authors are clinically trained and have practiced in child protection.
Findings: Resilience in foster children is promoted by the use of inclusive practices that recognize the stress of placement and the child's need to have access to kinship systems which help the child achieve a congruent identity. This must be translated into practice information for social workers engaged in direct practice. 

Speakers
avatar for Gerald Jacobs

Gerald Jacobs

Program Manager, Mamelani Projects
Gerald Jacobs is the Program Manager at Mamelani Projects in Cape Town, South Africa. The program, advocates for the needs of youth transitioning from alternative care, supports local institutions by strengthening their transitional support services and walks alongside youth as t... Read More →
MM

Myrna McNitt

International Foster Care Organization & Lake Michigan College
Myrna is on the Board of the International Foster Care Organization and chairs its Training & Development Committee. She travels extensively and has earned an international reputation for the quality of her teaching and training. Work experience includes specialized foster care i... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Room 07 Century City Conference Centre

08:00

Youth Mental Health in School Settings - Jessica Deighton, Tannia de Castaneda, Sohee Jeong
Youth Mental Health in School Settings

Abstract #15
Title: HeadStart: An evaluation framework for a multi-site, multi-layered intervention programme for adolescents in the UK
Presenter: Jessica Deighton (the Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families, England)
Co-Authors: Neil Humphrey, Tanya Lereya, Emily Stapley
Introduction: HeadStart is a national resilience programme being rolled out in 6 areas across England, which involves building local partnership models for mental health support foradolescents, which are tailored to local needs and embedded in local systems.   Each delivers multiple interventions across multiple settings through multiple agencies.  
Methods: This paper describes the mixed methods evaluation framework for HeadStart, focusing on 3 core elements:  1) A 7-year quantitative longitudinal study involving repeated measures of child self-reported mental health and well-being, and linkage to local and national data sources (including education and social care data).  This aspect includes comparisons with existing data sources using methods such as propensity score matching.  2) A corresponding longitudinal qualitative study of a subsample young people deemed eligible for HeadStart support. 3) A number of nested randomised controlled trials of individual interventions based on emerging best practice.  
Findings: Learning from initial piloting of the approach, and development and coproduction of the measurement framework are discussed.  Findings from early piloting and baseline data collection will also be reported. Implications for the evaluation of similarly complex interventions are provided.

Abstract #205
Title: Guatemalan youth in adverse contexts: Resilience processes underlying educational opportunities
Presenter:
 Tannia de Castaneda (Universidad del Valle de Guatemala, Guatemala)
Introduction:
This research aims to understand, from a transformative paradigm, at risk youth participating in a technical scholarship program designed to prevent violence. Studies with cultural relevance are imperative for the comprehension of complex resilience processes in Guatemala’s context.
Methods: A cyclical mixed method design is employed, integrating qualitative case study methodology, focus groups, in-depth interviews and visual methods to elicit narratives; as well as a quantitative methodology guided by the Resilience Scale for Adults RRC-ARM-28, adapted to Guatemala’s context.
Findings: This research seeks to listen to the youth in order to deepen our understanding of the complexity and adversity of their environment to better identify risks, promotive and protective factors. These are dynamics that influence their life before, during and after completion of the program. 
 
Abstract #293
Title: The Relative effects of Parenting Behaviors on ego resilience  in elemantary, milddle, and high school students
Presenter: Sohee Jeong (DAEGU UNIVERSITY, Korea)
Introduction:  The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of parenting behaviors on ego resilience in early adolescence and middle adolescence. 
Methods: A total of 6,319 adolescents  were selected from the fourth data sets of the Korea Child and Youth Panel Survey(KCYPS). More specifically, samples were composed of 4th graders in elementary schools(n=2,119), 2th graders in middle schools(n=2,092), and 1th
Findings:  For elementary students, affection, reasoning, neglect, and parental monotoring were associated with ego resilience. For middle school students, affection, monotoring, over-expectation, and neglect were associated with  ego resilience. 

Speakers
avatar for Tannia Lopez De Castaneda

Tannia Lopez De Castaneda

Applied Psychology PhD Candidate, Universidad del Valle de Guatemala
Specialist with work experience in violence prevention, socio-emotional learning and organizational change and counseling. Educational background includes counseling in psychology, business and educational settings.
JD

Jessica Deighton

The Evidence Based Practice Unit - UCL and the Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families
Dr Jessica Deighton is Deputy Director of the Evidence Based Practice Unit, which is dedicated to finding the best ways to help young people with mental health problems. This involves bridging the worlds of research, service development and service evaluation in specialist servic... Read More →
SJ

Sohee Jeong

DAEGU UNIVERSITY


Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Room 05 Century City Conference Centre

08:00

Invited Symposium: Southern African Indigenous Pathways to Resilience - Liesel Ebersöhn, Funke Omidire, Ruth Mampane, Marlize Malan-Van Rooyen, Maximus Sefotho
Invited Symposium Summary
Southern African Indigenous Pathways to Resilience

Presenters: Liesel Ebersöhn, Funke Omidire, Marlize Malan-Van Rooyen, Maximus Sefotho, Ruth Mampane
Facilitator: Angela Hart
Southern African indigenous pathways to resilience findings are shared. Lenses for non-western knowledge generation is presented given largely western knowledge in psychology. Age-old care and support interventions in seven high adversity, predominant non-western Southern African settings continue to buffer against structural disparity in the absence of policy-regulated services.

Invited Symposium Abstracts
Concepts and methods to generate knowledge on Indigenous Pathways to Resilience
Presenter: 
Marlize Malan-Van Rooyen (University of Pretoria, South Africa)
Co-Authors: 
Funke Omidire, Ruth Mampane, Liesel Ebersöhn, Maximus Sefotho
Abstract: 
In this presentation we share conceptual and methodological lenses followed in multiple studies in the Centre for the Study of Resilience to build knowledge on Southern African indigenous pathways to resilience (IPR). We provide a brief overview of the Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund IPR-study: Imbeleko. The postcolonial paradigm frames research in this predominant non-western Southern African ecology. Indigenous knowledge systems, indigenous psychology, and Participatory Reflection and Action inform transformative-emancipatory knowledge generation to compliment and supplement predominantly Western knowledge in psychology. This Comparative case study: seven conveniently sampled Southern African cases of high adversity, indigenous belief systems on a regional basis (Lesotho, Namibia, Swaziland, South African provinces: Eastern Cape, Gauteng, Limpopo, North West. Convenient sample of participants (n=430), stratified by age (elders=240; youth=190), gender (men=150 and women=280) and site. PRA used for data generation in home languages: one day, six hours per site. Focused on enabling participants to co-construct narratives interactively regarding indigenous strategies to buoy resilience, i.e. traditional care and support strategies. Sessions were audio-visually recorded, followed by in-case and cross-case analysis of textual and visual data.

Flocking and psychosocial support in Southern Africa: a collective, collaborative and pragmatic endeavour
Presenter: 
Liesel Ebersöhn (University of Pretoria, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Funke Omidire, Ruth Mampane, Marlize Malan-Van Rooyen, Maximus Sefotho
Abstract: In order to supplement existing knowledge on pathways to resilience in emerging economies (as manifested in psychosocial support interventions), this comparative case study describes indigenous pathways used for psychosocial support which have been used traditionally in postcolonial Southern Africa in the absence of formal wellbeing services. It was evident that Non-western pathways to resilience is premised on the belief that support is collective, collaborative and pragmatic. It includes emotional-, spiritual and practical support. Wellbeing interventions in high risk communities with resource constraints can incorporate psychosocial practices that are familiar to communities and have remained robust over time.

Age-old care and support practices in Southern Africa functioning robustly as sophisticated social technology interventions
Presenter: 
Ruth Mampane and Maximus Sefotho (University of Pretoria, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Marlize Malan-Van Rooyen, Funke Omidire, Liesel Ebersöhn
Abstract: 
This comparative case study uses the lens of indigenous knowledge systems (IKS) to explore indigenous pathways to psychosocial care and support. It emerged that Indigenous pathways to resilience (here care and support interventions) continue to be used as fundamentally relational and pragmatic pathways of resource management. They include reciprocal donations; shared savings in societies; partnerships and borrowing/lending: not outdated vestiges of previous times, but robust and sophisticated social technologies of care and support.


Speakers
avatar for Liesel Ebersohn

Liesel Ebersohn

Director: Centre for the Study of Resilience, University of Pretoria
Liesel Ebersöhn is known for her work on socio-cultural pathways to resilience in emerging economy, Global South settings – especially high need rural and scarce-resource rural contexts. In this regard her work on indigenous pathways to resilience (generative theory on Relatio... Read More →
avatar for Motlalepule Ruth Mampane

Motlalepule Ruth Mampane

Lecturer, University of Pretoria
Educational Psychologist; research on family Resilience and indigenous psychology, focus on developmental psychology and learning
MF

Margaret Funke Omidire

University of Pretoria
MS

Maximus Sefotho

University of Pretoria


Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Room 11 Century City Conference Centre

08:00

Recipe for Resilience: Creative community and global collaborations to nurture marginalized youth - Dorienne J. Silva, Séamus Mannion, Diana Matteson, Caroline Marie Petrilla
Symposium Summary
Recipe for Resilience: Creative community and global collaborations to nurture marginalized youth

Presenters: Dorienne  J. Silva, Séamus Mannion, Diana Matteson, Caroline Marie Petrilla
This workshop looks at building resilience among high risk  youth populations through both community-based and cross cultural interventions. First, we look at the components, implementation, and outcomes of a strength-based wraparound advocacy service model that creates family and community supports. Second, we address the successes and challenges of the international adaptions of this service model.A third paper explores the world-wide youth advocacy opportunities of the Latin American born Street Soccer Movement in building resilience. Finally, we look at the systemic integration of restorative justice initiatives to help youth offenders, and the people and communities they impact,  heal and grow stronger.

Symposium Abstracts
Developing Resilience and the Maintenance of Well being in Young People and their Families in the Presence of Adversity
Presenter: 
Dorienne Silva (Youth Advocate Programs, Inc., USA)
Co-Authors: Caroline Marie Petrilla, Diana Matteson, Séamus Mannion  
Introduction: Youth Advocate Programs, Inc. provides  community-based support services  and builds opportunity  bridges for high risk youth/families, in line with International strategies, to help  them overcome structural disadvantages, integrate successfully within their families and communities, and lead productive lives.  We propose analyzing the individual and societal benefits/challenges of our community-based Model. 
Methods: The YAP Wraparound Advocate Model combines Wraparound/Mentoring/Family Support/Positive Youth Development/Restorative Justice. Its strength-based approach provides  client-driven, individually-crafted interventions to youth/adults marginalized as a result of family/social/economic/cultural/physical/mental challenges with the majority being  minority low-income. A culturally-competent, locally-recruited, trained and paid Advocate  builds a trusting relationship that impacts the attitudes/behaviors/outcomes sought. The Advocate helps the young person navigate through unique, ingrained, complex and oftentimes generational challenges through jointly developing an Individualized Service Plan(ISP)  tailored to the family's needs. Through a flexible schedule with 24/7 availability as needed,  identified resiliencies needed for sustainable growth and success are pursued.   Community networking/connectivity is key. 
Findings: US/Ireland/Australia evaluations: Outcome Measurement/Service Delivery Monitoring/Family Satisfaction/Integrity Compliance. Eleven external evaluations: greater residential stability/lower arrests; reductions - risks/needs; improvements - quality of life/education/community-connectivity/social behavior. Ireland's  NUI Maynooth longitudinal-evaluation: "...significant positive outcomes for the young people participating in the YAP Ireland Programme;" European Commission-sponsored-study identified YAP as a "good practice." (http://www.yapinc.org/evidence) 

 "The International Adaptation of Youth Advocate Program's Model to Strengthen Marginalized Youth and Families through Creative Community Collaborations" 
Presenter: Séamus Mannion (Youth Advocate Programs, Inc., USA)
Co-Authors: Dorienne  J. Silva, Caroline Marie Petrilla, Diana Matteson 
Introduction: This paper explores the journey, challenges  and successes  of the international adaptation of the service model and principles of a U.S. based non- profit youth advocacy organization,  Youth Advocate Programs, Inc. (YAP), in three very different venues: Ireland, Australia and Guatemala. 
Methods: Community interest/engagement, cultural competence, clear and respectful communication, and an inherently-flexible program model are key in working with international like-minded-organizations in  effectuating  responsive, viable and sustainable community-based supports for high-risk youth/young people. Program development , particularly across borders, is not an off-the-shelf operation; each community's needs and strengths are unique.  Fundamentally, local  stakeholders must actively seek community-based programming and participate in all decision-making.  This ensures  allegiance to local mores, customs, practices and laws. This paper will explore how a  flexible Service Model,  coupled with a true collaborative approach, culminated in successful community-based programs for marginalized youth/families on three different continents.
Findings: US/Ireland/Australia evaluations: Outcome Measurement/Service Delivery Monitoring/Family Satisfaction/Integrity Compliance. Eleven external evaluations: greater residential stability/lower arrests; reductions - risks/needs; improvements - quality of life/education/community-connectivity/social behavior. Ireland's  NUI Maynooth longitudinal-evaluation: "...significant positive outcomes for the young people participating in the YAP Ireland Programme;" European Commission-sponsored-study identified YAP as a "good practice." (http://www.yapinc.org/evidence)  

Youth Embracing Hope and Transcending Barriers: Street Soccer Cultivates Respect, Solidarity and Collaboration on and off the Field  
Presenter: Diana Matteson (Youth Advocate Programs, Inc., USA)
Co-Authors: Dorienne  J. Silva, Caroline Marie Petrilla, Séamus Mannion  
Introduction: Paper examines role of Latin American launched Street  Soccer Movement, collective of world-wide organizations, to promote inclusion/development of youth living in vulnerable situations. Street soccer methodology is geared to recover human values. Participants agree to play in self-regulated space-cooperatively establishing  framework of respect.  Embraced by YAP as instrument of change.
Methods: Participants set playing rules/cultivate communication skills/improve understanding of positive values. Equal numbers of girls and boys play on mixed teams. First period, players sit in circle and set rules with supportive mediator facilitating discussion. All players agree to abide by values of respect, solidarity and collaboration - reaching consensus on additional rules (e.g. no violence). The second period is the game. The third period both teams return to mediation circle- discuss if rules were respected. Points are based on whether values were maintained and on goals scored. Players talk about the game; resolve disputes. Close with celebration of shared victory. 
Findings: Street soccer builds stronger, healthier, happier and safer communities. Creates opportunities for vulnerable youth, ages 6-18, to learn skills, develop confidence, enhance self-esteem and reduce apathy which triggers at-risk behavior. It contributes to well-being ,obesity prevention and empowerment.  Provides give-back opportunities/community connectivity.  Outcome Measurements/Evaluation efforts past, present and future reviewed. 

Mending lives and Reducing recidivism:  Role of NGOs and Service organizations in supporting community-based Restorative Justice Initiatives involving High-risk Youth
Presenter: Caroline Marie Petrilla (Youth Advocate Programs, Inc., USA)
Co-Authors: Dorienne J. Silva, Galen Sylk
Introduction: This paper looks at internationally implemented restorative justice initiatives with a focus on variations of juvenile offender-victim mediation programs.  It examines how service organizations can support these initiatives to nurture healing in victimized communities, build youth offenders’ resilience and reduce recidivism.
Methods: Juvenile offender-victim mediation programs focus on healing for the victim, youth offender and community by creating reconciliation opportunities.  Negative behaviors and consequences are intimately related, shared, and experienced empowering the youth and victims within the process. NGOs serving youth in need are uniquely positioned to advocate for such programs, support the meaningful participation of youth and families in the process, increase restitution compliance, and provide supplemental options such as community give-back for restitution.  This paper explores existing restorative justice working relationships among service organizations and juvenile justice systems. It suggests other possible collaborations that can benefit underserved youth and communities.
Findings: There is research relating restorative justice initiatives, including victim and juvenile offender mediation programs, to enhanced victim and youth satisfaction, increased restitution compliance, increased resilience among youth offenders, and reduced recurrence of offensive behavior. This paper addresses potential roles of community-based, youth service organizations in increasing availability of these benefits. ...

Speakers
avatar for Seamus Mannion

Seamus Mannion

International development consultant, Youth Advocate Programs, Inc.
Working internationally to promote community based alternatives to institutionalisation of youth. Have succeeded in policy transfer of a Youth Advocate Model from USA to Ireland, Sweden & Australia. Currently talking to NGOs in Portugal and Bulgaria
avatar for Diana Matteson

Diana Matteson

Director of International Programs and Development, Youth Advocate Programs, Inc
avatar for Caroline M. Petrilla

Caroline M. Petrilla

Special Projects Coordinator/Mediator, Youth Advocate Programs, Inc.
Hi! I have 30 years’ experience in the public and nonprofit sectors effectuating positive change in the Alternative Dispute Resolution, social justice and human services arenas. I work directly with the Deputy CEO of Youth Advocate Programs, Inc. developing, supporting and pro... Read More →
avatar for Dorienne Silva

Dorienne Silva

Deputy CEO/International Relations, Youth Advocate Programs, Inc.


Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Room 09 Century City Conference Centre

08:00

The resilience of service providers and health professionals in diverse settings - Steve Reid, Janet Giddy, Pamela Fisher, Rob Cover
Symposium Summary
The resilience of service providers and health professionals in diverse settings

Presenters: Steve Reid, Janet Giddy, Pamela Fisher, Rob Cover
Based on three studies conducted in South Africa, Australia and the UK, this symposium considers understandings and enactments of resilience among diverse groups of service providers (professionals, semi-professionals and community volunteers) working with young people in situations of adversity. The findings suggest that adversity can prompt innovative and creative practices.  

Symposium Abstracts
Resilience alone is insufficient : health systems need innovation and advocacy 
Presenter:
Janet Giddy (University of Cape Town, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Jenny Nash, Steve Reid 
Introduction: Advocacy and innovation are important components of resilience. We were interested in understanding the responses of newly qualified health professionals confronted with the effect of severely limited resources for health services that seems unjust, as well as the health service’s response to their efforts in addressing the challenges
Methods: This project presents data from qualitative interviews with 20 newly qualified health workers undergoing their compulsory year of community service in South Africa, with the aim of understanding the process of resilience and advocacy within the health system. We selected community service health professionals who had been allocated to sites that were not of their choice, as representing a situation of adversity. We also explored the idea of “vicarious resilience” in a context of poverty and inequality.
Findings: The major themes were concerned with dealing with expectations, culture shock, clinical workload, adaptability, personal attributes, and the process of change over time. A number of participants described specific crises as examples of innovation and advocacy that significantly shaped their responses to the community service year and their subsequent careers. 

Emerging approaches to community resilience in the UK
Presenter: Pamela Fisher (Leeds Beckett University, UK) 
Introduction: Precariousness has become the new norm for many citizens in the UK and the restructuring of public services has seen public agencies withdrawing from a range of provision, throwing emphasis on the capacity of communities to devise ways of addressing their own priorities, including new forms of engagement and activism 
Methods: This study, based on semi-structured interviews with 11 CMs, investigates the work of a community mediation service (CMS) in Sheffield, UK. The CMs (often former ‘gang’ members) work on a mainly voluntary basis with young people in order to prevent conflict within and between groups of children and young people of white British, South Asian and Roma heritage. 
Findings: The study shows how CMs enact resilience innovatively, whilst rejecting objective detachment and traditional private public boundaries. Specifically, the CMs associate resilience with a situationally ‘open time’ praxis that draws on values-based and affective engagement. This points to an innovative, context specific and values-based approach to fostering community resilience.

Social Strategies, Digital Media and Social Change: Resilience of health workers and service providers working with LGBTI youth in Australia
Presenter: Rob Cover (University of Western Australia, Australia) 
Introduction: Little is known of how service providers working with sexually-diverse young people perceive and manage their own resilience, and how they understand the relationship between resilience, care of self, and provision of care to others.  The resilience of service providers has an impact on outcome for clients, co-workers, families, communities.  
Methods: The study interviewed twenty service providers, including health practitioners, social/youth workers, volunteers with support organisations and those who otherwise work in everyday mental health.  Three domains of resilience among those working with vulnerable youth were identified: (i) deliberate personal and social strategies for resilience from social networks to aloneness; (ii) a range of situational resources in the workplace from role models to training programs; (iii) the emergent use of digital media and digital networks from increasing understanding of younger persons to providing informal peer networks of support. 
Findings: This presentation addresses reasons why the perception of resilience in each of these three domains differed depending on ‘classification’ of youth health service provision work (professional, semi-professional, volunteer) and the distinctive circumstances of each of these classifications in producing resilient service provision environments in both recognised and unorthodox employment scenarios.   

Speakers
RC

Rob Cover

The University of Western Australia
avatar for Pamela Fisher

Pamela Fisher

Principal Lecturer, Leeds Beckett University
Pamela's is based on critical sociological perspectives to deviance, resilience and wellbeing amongst marginalised communities. Her definition of marginalised communities includes groups disadvantaged for reasons including social disadvantage, stigma, mental health, disability... Read More →
SR

Steve Reid

Steve Reid is a family physician with a background in rural health and a doctorate in education, currently director of Primary Health Care at the University of Cape Town. He is involved in medical education and human resources for health, and is particularly interested in the dev... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30
Room 10 Century City Conference Centre

09:30

Concurrent Sessions 5
Enjoy hearing about topics such as Communities and Resilience, Gang Membership and Resilience, and Resilience and Schools by many presenters including Roseline Olumbe, Jane Kelly, and Maura Mulloy to name a few!


Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

09:30

Factors Promoting Youth Resilience - J-F, Tomaida Banda, Frederick Anyan
Factors Promoting Youth Resilience

Abstract #287
Title: What makes the difference: Promoting resilience in school-aged students
Presenter:
J-F (University of Tasmania, Australia)
Co-Authors: J-F, Darren Pullen, Karen Swabey, Andrew Wicking
Introduction: Resilience is an important aspect of human development. But little is known in terms of what tenants are fundamental to promoting or developing resilience. The following paper using a developmental paradigm argues that: developmental assets, constructive capabilities, and psychological competencies are core tenants of resilience.
Methods: A total of 120,036 Australian students (primary and secondary) from all parts of the country completed a resilience survey. All participants were school age students whose ages ranged from 7 to 18 years. Surveys were conducted over a three-year period from 2013 to 2016.
Findings/Implications: This study is the first of its kind, accounting for a variety of different developmental assets, strengths, and resources; and furthermore, making the case for the contribution of these constructs toward developing the concept of resilience.

Abstract #296
Title: Children and adults’ perspectives on factors that support and harm child well-being in their communities: Findings from Shinyanga, Tanzania
Presenter: Tomaida Banda (Firelight Foundation, USA)
Co-Authors: Sadaf Shallwani, Amina Abubakar
Introduction: In Shinyanga, Tanzania, a number of factors undermine child wellbeing, including high rates of child marriage and child labor. Community-based organizations (CBOs), supported by Firelight Foundation, are at the frontlines tackling these issues, working at multiple levels to protect children’s rights. 
Methods: CBO facilitators used Community Dialogues, a set of participatory methodologies, to surface community perspectives around child protection and well-being. Children and adults were asked about where children spend time, and factors that support and harm children in these spaces.  
Key findings indicated:
• Children spend most of their time at home and school, indicating that these should remain key spaces to target in child protection efforts.  
• Adequate provisions, resources, and facilities are fundamentals for child wellbeing.
• Social-emotional climates and interpersonal relationships are key for child wellbeing.  
• Girls and children with disabilities are disproportionately affected by harmful factors. 
• Engaging community stakeholders in discussion and reflection can be an important strategy to improving the community environment for child wellbeing.
Findings: The findings indicate that multi-faceted and community-based strategies are the best approach to address the myriad of factors affecting children, thereby improving overall child protection and wellbeing in communities. 

Abstract #83
Title: Have sociocultural processes anything to say about the impact of different resilience protective resources among adolescent samples?
Presenter:
 Frederick Anyan (Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Australian National University, Norway)
Co-Author: Odin Hjemdal
Introduction: Contextual and sociocultural norms such as collective identity and interdependent self-ways may influence the utility of resilience protective resources in the way they function within the person, in families and external social support systems. This study investigates the mediated impact of different resilience protective factors in a predominantly collectivistic culture.
Methods: A final sample of 527 Ghanaian adolescents aged between 13 -17 years (M = 15.25, SD = 1.52) completed the Resilience Scale for Adolescents, Adolescent Stress Questionnaire, and Short Mood Feeling Questionnaire. Individual resilience protective factors comprising family cohesion, social resources, structured style, social competence and personal competence were evaluated to ascertain their respective effect sizes in mediating the relationship between exposure to stress and depressive symptoms. Afterwards, collective resilience protective factors namely interpersonal (family cohesion and social resources) and intrapersonal (structured style, social competence and personal competence) factors were also evaluated to ascertain their respective effect sizes.
Findings: Individual and collective resilience protective factors showed different mediating effect sizes. The pathways that explain overcoming psychological adversities in the relationship between exposure to stress and depressive symptoms varies across different resilience protective resources which may be a result of contextual and cultural values and practices.

 


Speakers
FA

Frederick Anyan

Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Frederick Anyan holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology with Philosophy from University of Ghana. He also holds a Master of Philosophy degree in Human development from Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), where he is currently a PhD candidate in Health and... Read More →
TB

Tomaida Banda

Program Officer, Firelight Foundation


Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Room 04 Century City Conference Centre

09:30

Gang Membership and Resilience - Desira Davids, Jane Kelly
Gang Membership and Resilience

Abstract #169
Title: Resilience in the face of gangsterism: Individual and community factors and Processes
Presenter:
 Desira Davids (Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa)
Co-Author: Zurina Abdulla, Zoleka Soji
Introduction:
Gangsterism in South Africa is not a new phenomenon. This study  sought to explore and describe the experience-based lessons from males in areas where gangsterism is widespread on factors and processes that have been protecting them from becoming involved in gangsterism
Methods: The study employed a mixed method research approach that is exploratory, descriptive and contextual in design. A Purposive sampling technique was employed to select a group of males between the ages of 18 and older who grew up in areas where gangsterism is rife.
Findings: Preliminary findings from the qualitative data have identified protective factors and processes such as, positive connections, effective parenting  and community partnerships that can help youth who are growing up in high-risk communities.  The quantitative phase of the study will be finalised in March 2017. 
 
Abstract #26
Title: Narratives of gang joining, desistance and maintenance of reform amongst former gang members
Presenter:
 Jane Kelly (University of Cape Town, South Africa)
Co-Author: Catherine Ward
Introduction:
Gang involvement in the Western Cape of South Africa is a critical problem in need of intervention, yet little research has explored the perspective of former gang members on leaving and staying out of the gang.
Methods: Drawing on the theories of critical realism and social constructionism as well as a resilience lens, this research studied the narratives of twelve former gang members in the Cape Flats area. Thematic analysis following a discursive approach was used to analyse these narratives.
Findings: Findings focus on how participants’ came to be gang members, desisted from gangs, and are currently maintaining reformed lifestyles. Emphasis is placed on how their environments facilitated these processes, and on typical and atypical resilience. Implications for prevention of gangsterism and intervening with gang involved youth will be discussed.
 

Speakers
DD

Desira Davids

Nelson Mandela University
avatar for Jane Kelly

Jane Kelly

PhD candidate in psychology, University of Cape Town
Currently I am completing my PhD in psychology, focusing on the narratives of gang desistance and maintenance of reform amongst former gang members. I am also a psychology tutor at the University of Cape Town, and have a sub editor position with the South African Crime Quarterly... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Room 07 Century City Conference Centre

09:30

Health - Nataly Woollett, Elmari Deacon, Claudia Lefko and Mazin Al-Jadiry
Health

Abstract #178
Title: “To be HIV positive is not the end of the world”: Resilience among perinatally infected HIV positive adolescents in Johannesburg
Presenter:
 Nataly Woollett (University of Witwatersrand, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Lucie Cluver, Abigail M Hatcher, Heena Brahmbhatt
Introduction:
Resilience has potential to improve health outcomes for high-risk populations. Resilience may be vital for perinatally infected HIV positive adolescents, who are exposed to significant stigma and risk. Despite recognition that this population demonstrates resilience in the face of difficulty, little is known about how resilience occurs.
Methods: The aim of this study was to identify elements of resilience in a group of perinatally infected HIV positive adolescents attending HIV clinics. In-depth interviews were conducted with 25 purposively selected HIV positive adolescents (15 female, 10 male) between the ages of 13-19 years in Johannesburg. Data were analysed in NVIVO 10 using a thematic approach to coding.
Findings: Characteristics included a pertinent set of beliefs, recognition of personal strength and capacity for self-reflection. Pragmatic acceptance about life, actively taking responsibility, and robust self-esteem were evident. Pursuing adults, accessing healthcare and challenging HIV related stigma were prevalent. Healthcare environments have the potential to foster resilience if integrated into programming.

Abstract #273
Title: SMILE: Learnings from parents, adolescents and young adults who manage diabetes well
Presenter:
Elmari Deacon (NWU Optentia, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Esmé van Rensburg, Marietjie Willemse, Christiaan Bekker, Bea Mulder, Deborah Jonker
Introduction:
Living with diabetes is challenging, with most patients not achieving the prescribed blood glucose levels. The aim of this paper is highlight similarities in themes of three studies exploring the experiences of parents, adolescents and young adults, in an
Methods: A qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews was adopted. Nine parents of children with diabetes, nine adolescents and five young adults, all living with well-controlled type 1 diabetes were purposively selected to participate in the study. Poss
Findings: The similarities in the themes across different developmental stages include viewing diabetes is a condition that requires a lifestyle change that becomes the “new normal”? Initial psychological distress made way for a sense of empowerment as participants
 
Abstract #238
Title: Baghdad Resolve: Supporting Resilience in extreme circumstances, a narrative from the Pediatric Cancer Ward in Medical City Baghdad
Presenter:
 Claudia Lefko and Mazin Al-Jadiry (Baghdad Resolve: An international collaboration to Improve cancer care in Iraq, USA)
Introduction:
Ungar’s definition of resilience “…the capacity of individuals to navigate their way TO…” implies a target, a place and/or a person, a resource that individuals can access and a point where negotiations for resources could possibly begin. What happens when there are no such points and almost no resources?
Methods: What is resilience in the context of a nation and communities in near-complete social and cultural collapse after decades of economic decline, war and intractable violence, where the possibility for financial, material and human resources in the near or even distant future seems ever -more -remote? Transcultural/international collaborations have been critical in sustaining two Iraqi pediatric oncologists caring for an increasing number of patients with ever-decreasing resources. Despite Iraq’s isolation, they manage to find help outside their borders. In some cases it is “…meaningful…” and delivered in culturally respectful ways, but they could and cannot be fussy.
Findings/Implications: Working across language, culture and politics to support and meet critical human needs, is challenging for those with resources, and those seeking them. We will present the narrative from both sides, sharing insights for understanding and supporting resilience in extreme circumstances.
 

Speakers
ED

Elmari Deacon

NWU Optentia
CL

Claudia Lefko

Iraqi CHildren's Art Exchange
NW

Nataly Woollett

University of Witwatersrand, School of Clinical Medicine


Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Room 08 Century City Conference Centre

09:30

Indigenous Perspectives - Jenn Miller Scarnato, Amanda Urbina, Shane Theunissen
Indigenous Perspectives

Abstract #56
Title: Moving Images of Resilience: Learning from Video-based Research with Indigenous Peoples of Maya Descent
Presenter:
 Jenn Miller Scarnato (Tulane University, USA)
Introduction:
This paper provides evidence from a case study of documentary production with indigenous youth and elders in the Guatemalan highlands to illustrate the usefulness of innovative video methodologies in researching and contributing to cultural resilience within vulnerable communities.
Methods: A review of the relevant literature shows that video-based research methodologies provide substantial benefits to researchers and participants alike, yet relatively little has been written encouraging the use of video methods in resilience research with marginalized groups. From a framework of narrative heuristics (Abbott, 2004) and situated knowledges (Haraway, 1988), this study describes a participatory-action research project utilizing video methods with participants of Mayan descent. The author advocates the use of video methods in resilience research as a culturally-adaptable means of balancing power in research encounters and privileging participants’ voices and ways of knowing.
Findings: This research process finds unique insight into the resources and processes that enable Mayan communities to transcend inherited and lived experiences of cultural genocide. By emphasizing documentation and encouraging self-research, video methodologies reveal emic understandings and create permanent artefacts that serve a variety of knowledge-generating, advocacy, and empowerment purposes. 
 
Abstract #268
Title: American Indian Youth Resilience through Cultural Engagement
Presenter:
 Amanda Urbina (University of Arizona, USA)
Co-Authors: Nicolette Teufel-Shone, Nikieia Johnson
Introduction:
Promoters of resilience among American Indians (AIs) include cultural engagement and identity. A partnership between a Boys and Girls Club in an AI community, cultural experts, and public health professionals developed a curriculum to increase opportunities for cultural engagement and build a sense of cultural identity to improve youth resilience.
Methods: Curriculum development, implementation, and evaluation of the Native Spirit program were completed through the integration of the skills of the partnership and informed by an extensive literature review. Pre- and post-tests to identify changes in cultural knowledge and resilience (CYRM-12) were used to assess program impact. A secondary educational achievement was recorded via informal observations and self-reported status of academic grades.
Findings: Fourteen youth participated in Native Spirit.  Pre/post responses demonstrated an increase in resilience scores and cultural knowledge. Short-term observations of increases in positive classroom behavior are aligned with an increase in cultural knowledge and resilience scores, suggesting that greater cultural engagement promotes improvements in academic endeavors of NS participants.
 
Abstract #24
Title: Comparative exploration of Canadian Aboriginal policies that inform social, educational and cultural resilience with a multinational review of best practices.
Presenter:
 Shane Theunissen (Mout Saint Vincent University, Canada)
Introduction:
Traditional Western oriented policies and initiatives within the context of Indigenous education have been assimilative. But, some Indigenous groups around the globe have adopted strategies that have facilitated linguistic perseverance, cultural resilience, individual and community agency, and socio-economic development.
Methods: Designed in the context of mixed method research methodology, my research paper will constitute a comprehensive evaluation of pre-existing Canadian data. I will ascertain how, if and under what circumstances the globally utilized best practices, of Vibrant Indigenous Noetic Space, Cultural Revalorization, and Heuristic Thinking are in evidence (or not) in Canadian policy for/on Aboriginals.  I will also identify which, if any, Canadian policies and practices are seen as successful by Canadian Aboriginal Peoples?  
Findings: The research presented in this paper fulfils Canada’s Principles of Reconciliation by addressing the ongoing legacies of colonialism, and promotes a shift away from paternal, imposed curricula, and interim solutions, and a shift towards comprehensive policy changes that promote justice on an ontological plane.

Speakers
JM

Jenn Miller Scarnato

Tulane University
ST

Shane Theunissen

Mount Saint Vincent University
AU

Amanda Urbina

University of Arizona


Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Room 02 Century City Conference Centre

09:30

Methodological Lessons in Resilience - Jessica Deighton (for S. Tanya Lereya), Julienne McGeough (for Forbes Hamilton)
Methodological Lessons in Resilience

Abstract #13
Title: The Student Resilience Survey: Psychometric validation and associations with mental health
Presenter:
Jessica Deighton (the Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families, UK)
Co-Authors: Tanya Lereya, Neil Humphrey 
Introduction:
Policies, designed to promote resilience, and research, to understand the determinants of resilience, require valid measures. The Student Resilience Survey (SRS) covers a range of external supports and internal characteristics. The aim was to examine the validity of the SRS and investigate the relationship between SRS, mental and physical health.
Methods: 7,663 children (11-15 years) from 12 local areas across England completed the SRS and questionnaires regarding mental and physical health. Psychometric properties of the 10 subscales (family, school and community connection, participation in home and school life, participation in community life, peer support, self-esteem, empathy, problem solving, goals and aspirations) were investigated by confirmatory factor analysis, Cronbach’s α, McDonald’s ω and differential item functioning (DIF) based on gender, school level, special education needs (SEN), having English as additional language, (EAL), and eligibility to free school meals (FSM). The association between the SRS, mental and physical health outcomes were examined.
Findings: The results showed good construct validity and acceptable reliability. DIF analysis indicated differences according to gender, school level, SEN and EAL. Results showed negative associations between SRS subscales, mental and physical health. The findings suggest that the SRS can serve as a valuable tool in resilience and mental health research.
 
Abstract #296
Title: Validation of “ALEX”, a low cost resilience assessor and coach for children and adolescents
Presenter: Julienne McGeough (Liverpool Hope University, UK)
Co-Authors: Forbes Hamilton, Joshua Brisson, Tom Gallagher-Mitchell
Introduction: Schools have a duty to assess pupils’ wellbeing (SHANAARI and WSCC); to make an impact any assessment should be meaningful, allowing pupils the opportunity to improve their well-being. Integrating the CYRM-28 and an intervention provided by Ungar, APPA Scotland has developed an app enabling pupils to assess and improve their resilience.
Methods: CYRM-28 has been previously validated (Liebenberg, Ungar & Van de Vijver, 2012) and therefore the initial focus of the research is to validate the use of the app to assess resilience. The research presented will report the first two stages of a longer project. The initial study will begin in the UK, shortly followed by research in the US and will compare the CYRM-28 on a mobile phone app versus paper. The data from the app will be analysed for reliability and content and criterion validity (Exploratory and Confirmatory). A longitudinal intervention based research project using between subject groups design. Time A will be the assessment at initial stage and followed 4 months later with time B. A cohort that has worked through the intervention will be compared to those who received no intervention.
Findings: To be updated as the research will be completed by February 2017


Speakers
JD

Jessica Deighton

The Evidence Based Practice Unit - UCL and the Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families
Dr Jessica Deighton is Deputy Director of the Evidence Based Practice Unit, which is dedicated to finding the best ways to help young people with mental health problems. This involves bridging the worlds of research, service development and service evaluation in specialist servic... Read More →
JM

Julienne McGeough

Liverpool Hope University


Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Room 05 Century City Conference Centre

09:30

Resilience and Schools - Maura Mulloy, Mimi Tatlow-Golden, Anne Lessard
Resilience and Schools

Abstract #243
Title: Resilience-Building Schools: Developing the Social, Emotional, and Motivational Foundations of Academic Success
Presenter:
 Maura Mulloy (Independent Research Consultant, Haiti, USA)
Introduction:
Highlighting the voices of at-risk students, this session draws upon the author's book -- Resilience-Building Schools for At-Risk Youth:  Developing the Social, Emotional, and Motivational Foundations of Academic Success -- to show how schools can weave protective factors across social, emotional, and motivational areas to transform students' achievement and wellbeing.
Methods: Utilizing qualitative methodology and emphasizing the voices of at-risk students, this study examined resilience processes within urban public schools in Washington D.C. and Baltimore, MD that serve primarily low-income, African American students from high-risk backgrounds. The study's primary objective was to identify and illuminate the school-based protective factors and interactive resilience processes that helped students overcome adversity and achieve academic success and healthy social-emotional development. Attainment of this objective helped to 1) contextualize a theoretical understanding of school-based resilience that encompasses social, emotional, and academic arenas; and 2) illuminate best practices of resilience-building in schools that serve high-risk students.
Findings: This session outlines a theoretical school-based resilience framework and offers practical, readily accessible strategies for schools to enhance the social, emotional, and motivational foundations of academic success. By interweaving protective factors across these key developmental dimensions, schools can empower all students to reach new heights of personal and academic development.

 Abstract #88
Title: “Pillars of learning” Young people’s views of school and learning in contrasting settings in the global South and North
Presenter: 
Mimi Tatlow-Golden (The Open University, UK)
Co-Author: Linda Theron
Introduction:
Despite the role education plays in resilience, little is known about young people’s attitudes to curricular learning. This paper analyses perspectives from global South and North, with the analytical framework of the four fundamental UNESCO ‘pillars of learning’: Learning... to know; to do; to be; and to live together.
Methods: Two studies, both employing drawings and interviews, explored young people’s (a) active and social self-concept, in Dublin, Ireland (n=110, demographically representative, 10-13 years); (b) resilience-promoting factors in rural South Africa (n = 33, resilient youth experiencing severe deprivation, 13-19 years). Spontaneous references to school and learning in these contrasting settings were analysed deductively using the UNESCO pillars of learning. Findings illuminate young people’s nuanced perceptions of curricular content and learning experiences.
Findings: Findings suggest change in educational practice may be required if the UNESCO pillars of learning are to constitute a meaningful global framework. They emphasise that, in current school environments, learning to do, to be, and to live together have a more foundational role in resilience processes than learning to know. 

Abstract #266
Title: Accès 5 : A community program creating a pathway to resilience  for high school students
Presenter:
Anne Lessard (Université de Sherbrooke, Canada)
Co-Author: Jean Gabin Ntebutse, Sylvain Bourdon
Introduction:
This presentation focuses on a community program aimed at decreasing the dropout rate amongst vulnerable students to demonstrate how interactions between actors from two systems stimulated resilience in students. Accès5 was conceived by a community organization, Maison Jeunes-Est, to offer proximal, intense, steady intervention in all of student’s life spheres.
Methods: Thirty-five students are selected each year and enrolled in the five-year program. They are assigned a community worker and benefit from after-school activities, academic, psychosocial and financial support. The whole project is supported by partner organizations and circa 125 volunteers assisting students with homework after school hours. The program’s implementation and effects were evaluated using a longitudinal mixed-methods protocol including interviews with school, MJE, community actors (volunteers) and students, steering committee meeting transcripts, community worker case files, and student academic records.
Findings: Beyond an increase in school achievement, results show the complexity inherent to this dynamic system where community workers now share space in schools with volunteers and school personnel, where school structures are modified to include community workers in statutory school meetings and where all actors share responsibility to promote resilience.

Speakers
AL

Anne Lessard

Université de Sherbrooke
MA

Maura A. Mulloy

Independent Researcher
MT

Mimi Tatlow-Golden

Lecturer in Developmental Psychology and Childhood, The Open University


Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Room 03 Century City Conference Centre

09:30

Resilience in Displaced Populations - Jose Flores (for Liliana Angelica Ponguta), Susan Brigham
Resilience in Displaced Populations

Abstract #119
Title: Psychometric Evaluation of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale among Primary Caregivers of Young Children Displaced by Armed Conflict in Colombia
Presenter:
 Jose Flores (Yale Child Study Center, USA)
Co-Authors: Liliana Angelica Ponguta, Felipe Bolivar, Ana Maria Hoyos, Alejandro Diaz, Lina Maria Ballesteros
Introduction: 
By 2016, armed conflict in Colombia has resulted in the forced displacement of over six million people, the second highest internal migration in the world after Syria. Validating instruments for assessing (population level) resilience is fundamental in the evaluation of nationwide interventions. 
Methods: We validated the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale CD-RISC (25) among hard-to-reach, highly vulnerable populations in Colombia. We recruited 1,479 female (94.72%) and 101 (5.28%) male primary caregivers of children under 5-years of age. The mean age of caregivers was 29.21 years (SD 8.34) Caregivers were recruited through non-probabilistic convenience sampling in 14 municipalities with high exposure to armed conflict, direct presence of armed groups, geographic association with drug trafficking routes, or in receptor areas of displaced rural communities. A comprehensive demographic and mental health survey was conducted. Validity, reliability assessment and factor analyses were conducted.
Findings: Our analyses confirmed a 5-factor structure for CD-RISC in this population. The scale reliability coefficient was ?=0.90. This is the first study to validate a widely used resilience scale with sufficient power in Colombia. We discuss the utility and applicability of this measure for characterizations of resilience in the country. 

Abstract #186
Title: Photo-Stories of Resilience with Refugees, Refugee Claimants and Immigrants in Canada
Presenter: Susan Brigham (Canada)
Introduction: This presentation is based on findings from two phases of a project involving refugees, refugee claimants, and immigrants in Atlantic Canada. Atlantic Canadian provincial governments are looking to immigrants as a way to address social stagnation and help stimulate economic growth.
Methods: Over the past 3 years 25 people from 12 countries were involved in this project that used a participatory photography research method. This method was chosen because “it holds great potential for developing awareness, reflection, empowerment, direction, motive, and choice; it is also conducive to the development of agency”(Brigham, 2015, p. 60). As English is not the first language of many of the participants, photography offers a shared form of communication.
Findings: Findings indicate that by defining resilience as a process to harness resources to sustain well-being (Panter-Brick & Leckman, 2013), it is evident through their shared photo stories that all participants are developing resilience through relationships at transnational and local levels and with the natural environment.

Speakers
SB

Susan Brigham

Mount Saint Vincent University
JM

Jose M. Flores

Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry


Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Room 10 Century City Conference Centre

09:30

School, Support and Resilience - Jeremy Oldfield, Michelle Redman-MacLaren, Scholastica Kariuki-Githinji
School, Support and Resilience

Abstract #101
Title: Can school connectedness and peer attachment promote resilience to mental health outcomes for at risk young people in Guatemala?
Presenter:
Jeremy Oldfield (Manchester Metropolitan University, UK)
Co-Author: Andrew Stevenson
Introduction:
Adolescent attachment relationships formed with parents are salient predictors of psychological wellbeing. Few studies, however, have assessed the moderating influence of peer attachment and school connectedness in improving positive outcomes for these adolescents. Studies investigating this relationship have also neglected to explore these influences with at risk adolescents in Guatemala.
Methods: 117 adolescents attending two community based informal schooling projects in or around Guatemala City were the participants within this study. These schooling projects are run by local charities and provided part-time non-formal educational support for children and young people otherwise not in full time education. Participants completed self-report measures of parental and peer attachment (Inventory of Parental & Peer Attachment - Gullone & Robinson, 2005); school connectedness (Psychological Sense of School Membership; Goodenow, 1993); and the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (Goodman, 2001)
Findings: Multiple regression analyses demonstrated that more insecure parental attachment relationships predicted poorer mental health outcomes. This relationship was moderated by more secure school connectedness, although not peer attachment. School based community projects provide an important role in promoting resilience for mental health outcomes for children living in at risk situations.

Abstract #204
Title: Resilience Research for improved Transition Support Services: Pilot study data from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students in boarding schools.
Presenter:
 Michelle Redman-MacLaren (CQUniversity Australia, Australia)
Co-Authors: Roxanne Bainbridge, Janya McCalman, Helen Klieve
Introduction:
Over 500 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australian students from remote communities in Queensland are required to transition from home to boarding schools. We report quantitative data from the Pilot phase (2016) of a 5-year study to explore a mentoring approach to increase resilience and wellbeing for these students.
Methods: An interrupted time series design is being applied to evaluate levels of change in students’ resilience and wellbeing. Structured questionnaires were collaboratively developed, with questions adapted from the Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM-28), and the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K5). Surveys were completed by 94 students from five randomly selected schools (2 primary and 3 secondary) and one remote community.
Findings: Most primary students reported normal- high levels of resilience. A third of primary students reported normal - high levels of psychosocial wellbeing. Secondary students attending boarding school a reported reduction in resilience measures and psychosocial wellbeing. The findings are informing intervention strategies to enhance student resilience and wellbeing.

Abstract #20
Title: School Supportiveness Influences on Adolescents' Psychological Adjustment 
Presenter: 
Scholastica Kariuki-Githinji (Daystar University, Kenya)
Introduction:
School environments form critical social contexts for children’s psychosocial adjustment. Nevertheless, behaviour problems among Kenyan secondary school students continue to rise. It is thought that increased school supportiveness could enhance adolescent’s psychosocial adjustment. A research study on the relationship between school supportiveness and adolescents’ psychosocial development was conducted.
Methods: The research was conducted in 4 Kenya counties sing a sample of 240 students selected through multistage sampling. The independent variable, school supportiveness comprised of students- teacher relationship, student- student relationship, school behaviour management, instructional approaches, physical environment and meeting adolescents’ physiological needs. The dependent variables include adolescents’ industry, emotionality, self control and worth, social helpfulness and prosocial behaviours and resiliency to risky behaviours. A  descriptive correlation survey was employed. Data was gathered using two self report tools with a sufficient internal consistency of .759 and analyzed using measures of central tendency, percentages, Pearson correlation coefficient and Spearman correlation coefficient.
Findings: Overall healthy psychosocial adjustment was associated with positive students-teachers relationship, adequate school physical environment, and physiological supportiveness. Positive teachers and students relationships, use of authoritative instructional approaches, adequate school infrastructures, and meeting students’ physiological needs (sleep and food) were recommended. Teacher’s service commission should in-service teachers to increase school supportiveness.
 

Speakers
SK

Scolastica Kariuki

Daystar University
JO

Jeremy Oldfield

Manchester Metropolitan University
avatar for Michelle Redman-MacLaren

Michelle Redman-MacLaren

Research Fellow- Indigenous Health, CQUniversity Australia
Michelle is an Australian public health researcher with Irish and Scottish ancestry. Michelle facilitates participatory, action-oriented research with Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, and with people in the Pacific (Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Room 06 Century City Conference Centre

09:30

Invited Symposium: Supporting Resilience Among Youth in Communities facing Ecological Challenges in the United States, Canada, and South Africa - Joy D. Osofsky, Howard J. Osofsky, Michael Ungar, Mark Tomlinson
Invited Symposium Summary
Supporting Resilience Among Youth in Communities facing Ecological Challenges in the United States, Canada, and South Africa

Presenters: Joy D. Osofsky, Howard J. Osofsky, Michael Ungar, Mark Tomlinson
A multidisciplinary group of researchers and community and industry partners are studying the resilience of young people and the systems with which they interact to sustain and nurture resilience. The collaborative project includes six communities, two in Canada, two in South Africa, and two in the United States. With its international representation, the collaborative will deepen the understanding of resilience in contexts where there have been catastrophic climatic events. The challenges experienced in the three regions impact significantly on ecological systems, with social, economic, and environmental components and affect the health and well-being of youth. It is crucial to identify and enable processes that protect young people’s health and foster resilience while moderating or eliminating those that have a negative influence.  The overall goal of the symposium is to share knowledge on how young people adapt and develop their patterns of resilience to support positive outcomes.  The symposium will enhance a broader understanding of the social and environmental determinants of healthy development and interdependent systems that influence resilience in mitigating the negative impacts of disaster and climate change.

Invited Symposium Abstracts
Supporting Child and Adolescent Resilience Following Disasters 
Presenter: 
Joy Osofsky (LSU School of Medicine, USA)
Introduction: Each year, over 175 million youth are impacted by disasters and, while children are extremely vulnerable, they often receive insufficient attention. Children are impacted by displacement, loss of homes, and separation from families and community. Response and recovery for children after catastrophic events depends on degree of exposure, previous trauma history, age, gender, and most important, support provided by family, school, and community. In disaster response, more attention is paid to problems than promotive factors that lead to resilience, the ability to adapt and cope following adversity, and increased self-efficacy.
Methods: Data following Hurricane Katrina and the Gulf Oil Spill in the United States will be presented to illustrate the importance of resilience and self-efficacy in disaster recovery. Screening data on approximately 5000 youth showed that perceived self-efficacy serves as a protective factor influencing the relationship between disaster exposure and trauma symptoms. Another data set evaluating mental health symptoms, hurricane exposure, and oil spill stress indicated significant decreases in posttraumatic stress symptoms with individual trajectories showing consistency with resilience theory.
Findings: The outcomes of this study support the need for resilience-based programming before and after disasters to support child and adolescent recovery.

A Social Ecological and Systems Approach to Community Resilience
Presenter: Howard J. Osofsky Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, USA)
Introduction: Individuals and communities that are dependent on the stability and quality of the local environment for sustaining their economy are repeatedly threatened by hurricanes and technological disasters such as oil spills. Experiences with past response and restoration activities have provided opportunities to improve preparedness; however, these lessons learned often do not receive the collaboration among community stakeholders and differing scientific disciplines necessary for multi-systemic application.
Methods: This presentation will examine multiple aspects of recovery and preparedness and the human dimension that strengthens current efforts. The development of community coalitions utilizing multidimensional frameworks for incorporating a trauma-informed focus on developmental concerns, cultural issues, acute trauma exposure, and transgenerational adversity will be presented. Community coalitions draw on local and national expertise and best science, converting the information to community-based practice models respectful of the needs of children and families in local areas struggling to recover.
Findings:  Further, consideration will be given to explore how health, social well-being, and economics intersect to support these coalitions and build individual and community resilience. Gaps in knowledge and practice based on previous experience with natural and technological disaster will be considered as a way to formulate priorities for research, outreach, and education.

Differential susceptibility and differential impact of the environment: Early intervention effect of an attachment intervention is moderated by the 5HTTLPR genotype
Presenter: Mark Tomlinson (Stellenbosch University, South Africa)
Co-Author: Pasco Fearon, Robert Kumsta, Dirk Moser, Sarah Skeen, Peter Cooper 
Introduction: Individual differences in people’s genetic make-up can cause them to react differently to environmental factors, including interventions. Differential interactions between the long and short variants of the serotonin transporter gene (5HTTLPR) have been shown to influence depressive responses to early life adversity. This presentation will focus on the impact of genetic differential susceptibility of the 5HTTLPR gene on the interaction effect on secure attachment at 18 months in the Thula Sana study with the implications of for interventions in low and middle income countries.
Methods: In the Thula Sana study pregnant women who received an intervention between 1999 and 2003 to improve attachment with their infants were followed. They were re-enrolled when the children were 13 years old. All participants provided saliva samples for DNA extraction. Of the 218 participants for whom data was available 88 were “susceptible” (had either one or two short alleles, ss or sl) and 130 were “non-susceptible” (two long alleles, ll). The susceptible 5HTTLPR short/short or short/long allele carriers in the intervention group had a significantly higher rate of secure attachment than susceptible carriers in the control group, while non-susceptible long/long carriers in the intervention group did not significantly differ from their counterparts in the control group.
Findings: Findings indicated that measuring genetic differences allows for assessment of the effectiveness of an intervention in different individuals. Second, findings can guide ways to improve outcomes for a non-responsive gene-intervention interaction while continuing to optimize outcomes for the responsive one. 

Speakers
MT

Mark Tomlinson

Stellenbosch University
avatar for Michael Ungar

Michael Ungar

Director, Resilience Research Centre
Dr. Michael Ungar wears many professional hats. He is equally well known as the author of books for parents and caregivers as he is for his world-renowned research on the topic of resilience. As a writer he has adapted ideas from his research and clinical practice into best selli... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Hall C Century City Conference Centre

09:30

Invited Symposium: Young people’s transition out of care towards young adulthood: Locating youth resiliencies within community contexts in Africa and Europe - Adrian D. van Breda, Robbie Gilligan, Kwabena Frimpong-Manso, Sue Bond
Invited Symposium Summary
Young people’s transition out of care towards young adulthood: Locating youth resiliencies within community contexts in Africa and Europe

Presenters: Adrian D. van Breda, Robbie Gilligan, Kwabena Frimpong-Manso, Sue Bond
Young people in care are frequently removed from their communities of origin, making the transition out of care into young adulthood particularly challenging. This symposium explores the personal environmental resiliencies that facilitate successful care-leaving transitions, showcasing the importance of a network of possible selves, in-care, community and workplace resources.

Invited Symposium Abstracts
Becoming Established in the World of Work as an Important Potential Source of Resilience for Young People Transitioning from Care 
Presenter:
Robbie Gilligan (Trinity College Dublin, Ireland)
Introduction: Entry to work remains a key pathway to social inclusion for young people transitioning to young adulthood, and especially so for ‘high-risk’ groups such as young people leaving care. This presentation reviews what can be learned from care-leavers who have successfully entered the world of work.
Methods: This presentation reviews relevant research evidence to explore key issues for young people in care and care-leavers negotiating the care to work pathway. It draws on findings from the first phase of the Care to Work Pathways (CtWP1) study (Arnau and Gilligan, 2015; Gilligan and Arnau, 2016) and other relevant sources. CtWP1 was an exploratory cross national study (Ireland and Spain) seeking to learn lessons from the experiences of young adult care leavers who had successfully established themselves in the world of work.
Findings: Findings focus on emerging insights on how care-leavers, their carers and other formal and informal actors serve as resilience resources, supporting progress on the care to work pathway. There will also be discussion of implications for policy and practice in cultivating conditions supportive of the work progress of care leavers.

Building and Utilizing Community Resilience: Experiences of Young People Leaving Out-of-Home Care in Ghana
Presenter: Kwabena Frimpong-Manso (University of Ghana, Ghana)
Introduction: HIV/AIDS and poverty have resulted in thousands of children going into out-of-home care in Ghana. Many are now aging out of care, yet little is known about their experiences care-leaving. This study investigates the challenges facing care-leavers in Ghana and factors outside the residential care facilities that influence their resiliencies.
Methods: This paper reports on a qualitative case study of a private children’s home in Ghana, viz. SOS Children’s Villages. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with young people who had left care at least a year previously. The interviews were undertaken in English and pidgin, in locations convenient for the participants, and lasted 45-60 minutes. The transcribed data from the interviews were analyzed using the framework analysis approach (Ritchie and Spencer, 2003). Ethical approval was obtained from the ethics committee at Queen’s University Belfast.
Findings: Despite challenges with the transition from care, some care-leavers nonetheless demonstrated resilience. These were mostly those who used the relationship with their caregiver as a secure base to form positive relationships after leaving care. They were also able to create and utilize community resources, including the church and other care-leavers.

Possible-Selves as Contributors to the Resilience of Young People Leaving Care: The Role of the Child and Youth Care Community
Presenter: Sue Bond (University of Johannesburg, South Africa)
Introduction: Care-leavers’ transition from care and return to their community of origin is challenging and characterised by poor outcomes. Possible-selves theory, which has a reciprocal relationship with resilience theory, may be useful in preparing young people for the transition out of care while still within the Child and Youth Care community. 
Methods: Participants were recruited from four Child and Youth Care Centres in the Eastern Cape region of South Africa. Life maps and possible-me tree activities, in conjunction with semi-structured interviews, were used to collect data from a sample of 12 young people who were ageing out of the alternative care system. In addition, focus groups were held with four social workers and eight child and youth care workers to identify how they contributed to the development of the possible-selves and resilience of young people preparing to leave care.
Findings: The young people’s possible-selves were developed to varying degrees, drawing on community-based resilience resources: natural mentors, role models and extra-mural activities. However, the professional carers showed a one-dimensional and dated understanding of resilience as an inherent character trait, which may negatively impact the young people’s possible-selves and care-leaving journey. 

Speakers
avatar for Sue Bond

Sue Bond

Lecturer, Department of Social Work, University of Johannesburg
Sue joined the University of Johannesburg in January 2016. She began her career as a social worker in child protection services, which sparked her interest in the field of care leaving and care leavers. On leaving the field of child protection she opened her own practice and has... Read More →
avatar for Adrian D. van Breda

Adrian D. van Breda

Professor of Social Work, University of Johannesburg
Adrian is Professor of Social Work at the University of Johannesburg, where he was Head of Department from 2014 to 2016. He is President of the Association of South African Social Work Education Institutions and Vice President of Resilio, the international association for the pro... Read More →
avatar for Kwabena Frimpong-Manso

Kwabena Frimpong-Manso

University of Ghana
Area of specialization: | Children in and leaving out-of-home care, Community Development, Child Welfare, Reunification.
avatar for Robbie Gilligan

Robbie Gilligan

Professor of Social Work and Social Policy, School of Social Work and Social Policy, Trinity College Dublin
Robbie is Professor of Social Work and Social Policy, at Trinity College Dublin



Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Room 11 Century City Conference Centre

09:30

Promoting resilience of ‘South-in-the-North’ communities - Marguerite Daniel, Hilde Liden, Masego Katisi, Fungisai Gwanzura Ottemöller
Symposium Summary
Promoting resilience of ‘South-in-the-North’ communities

Presenters: Marguerite Daniel, Hilde Liden, Masego Katisi, Fungisai Gwanzura Ottemöller 
Refugees and asylum seekers from countries in the Global South who end up in Europe can be described as ‘South-in-the-North’ communities. They face loss, uncertainty and new languages, cultures and social expectations. This symposium explores resources they draw on and their pathways to resilience

Symposiuym Abstracts
Promoting resilience among unaccompanied minors – lessons from Norway 
Presenter:
Hilde Liden (Institute of Social Research, Oslo, Norway)
Introduction: In 2015 5300 unaccompanied minors, mainly from Afghanistan, Eritrea and Syria, applied for asylum in Norway. Nine tenths were boys, one fifth were 14 years or younger. The paper discusses resilience strategies among unaccompanied minors staying in a reception centre in Norway, waiting for their asylum proceedings to be concluded. 
Methods: Data collection includes interviews with 32 minors, including PhotoVoice; and interviews with staff in reception centres, schools, organisations, child welfare services and immigration authorities. Data explore the living conditions in reception centres for unaccompanied minors, and the experiences of minors who have been exploited in human trafficking on the way to Norway. The transition period, about a year, may have a substantial impact on their health, aspirations and integration strategies. They have to cope with loss of their family and uncertainty about their future. Further they need to adapt to new languages, social expectations, and unfamiliar cultural and legal frameworks.  
Findings: Resources they use for resilience are their individual guts to adapt and turn their aspirations into reality and to finish education, their ability to form social relations, and to use new social networks. Also significant is access and orientation towards new knowledge, understandings and skills to cope with new challenges. 

Exploring refugee children and youth’s social ecology of resilience – the case of Norway
Presenter: Masego Katisi (Ark & Mark Trust, Botswana)
Co-Authors: Ragnhild Hollekim, Zebib Tesfazghi
Introduction: Refugee children and youth (unaccompanied minors) from the South now living in the North (Europe) experience a dual cultural context. This paper uses social ecology of resilience to examine unaccompanied minors’ resilience pathways navigating and negotiating this dual cultural context in Norway. 
Methods: Unaccompanied minors are identified as the most vulnerable group of refugees because of their susceptibility to physical, emotional, and sexual abuse; trauma, poverty and starvation; and expectations that they are young enough to weather adversity on their own. We conducted four focus group discussions: Afghan unaccompanied minors, Eritrean unaccompanied minors, ‘successfully’ integrated Afghan youth and ‘successfully’ integrated Eritrean youth. Discussions explored aspirations, responsibilities, competencies, aspects that promote a sense of belonging in Norway, and cultural values and practices that contribute to integration. Data were analysed using thematic network analysis. 
Findings: The focus on risk factors only, misses the existing use of wider socio-cultural resources with its powerful positive effect on the realisation of resilience.  

Immigrant parents’ perspectives on the cultural strategies that families and communities use to strengthen children in Norway
Presenter: Fungisai Gwanzura Ottemöller (University of Bergen, Norway)
Co-Author: Marguerite Daniel 
Introduction: Many refugees and asylum seekers from countries with different value systems and cultures travel from the Global South to Europe. Children and young people who migrate may face challenges. Successful settlement requires understanding what strengthens children in their native cultures in order to meet them in culturally appropriate ways.  
Methods: This study explored the strategies, customs and values that parents use to strengthen their children in Eritrean and Afghani communities. It explored how these strategies were used to meet the particular challenges children face in new environments. The study took place in Western Norway. We conducted three focus groups with 18 parents from Eritrea and Afghanistan living in Norway:  one mixed group of Eritrean parents, one with Afghani fathers and one with Afghani mothers. We developed a vignette illustrating the situation of an immigrant child in Norway to help facilitate group discussion. We analysed the data using thematic analysis. 
Findings: Conceptualizations of what strengthens children may be influenced by cultural and religious norms and beliefs. It is important to respect and acknowledge cultural strategies and resources that support children. These should be utilized to strengthen and help children to successfully negotiate and navigate Norwegian society.  

Speakers
MD

Marguerite Daniel

Associate professor, University of Bergen
Dr at University of Bergen Marguerite Daniel is currently an associate professor of development-related health promotion at the HEMIL Centre, University of Bergen. Her research interests include children affected and infected by HIV, the impact on social cohesion of internationa... Read More →
avatar for Ragnhild Hollekim

Ragnhild Hollekim

University of Bergen, Norway
Social work and welfare services. Child welfare and protection. Children's rights and position in a globalized world.
avatar for Masego Katisi

Masego Katisi

University of Bergen
HL

Hilde Liden

Institute for Social Research
avatar for Fungisai Gwanzura Ottemöller

Fungisai Gwanzura Ottemöller

Associate Professor, University of Bergen, Norway
Refugees from the south in the North | Children and young people | Child welfare and protection | Immigrant perspective


Thursday June 15, 2017 09:30 - 11:00
Room 09 Century City Conference Centre

11:00

Break
Take a quick break and grab a provided snack in preparation for our next keynote duo, Michael Ungar and Linda Theron.


Thursday June 15, 2017 11:00 - 11:30
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

11:30

Spoken Word - Siyabonga Njica
Siyabonga Njica is an aspiring poet from Guguletu in Cape Town. Having lost his dad at just 11 years old, he began writing manuscripts about his father and used his unexpected demise as a weapon and tool to portray rather a modest and heart-warming side of himself, unknown by those around him. He started writing poems in 2009 and became an over-night sensation after touching many readers on his Facebook profile. Inspired by an overwhelming reception of positive comments and likes, he started taking his work seriously. Much of his work speaks of solitude, society, love and his volting ambition to prosper as a writer.

Thursday June 15, 2017 11:30 - 11:40
Hall A/B Century City Conference Centre

11:30

Keynote by Dr. Michael Ungar and Dr. Linda Theron "Innovations in Resilience"
Keynote by Dr. Michael Ungar and Dr. Linda Theron
Topic: Resilience of Individuals, Families, Communities and Environments: Mutually Dependent Protective Processes and Complex Systems
Speakers:
Dr. Michael Ungar (Dalhousie University, Canada) and Dr. Linda Theron (University of Pretoria, South Africa)
Theories of resilience across different systems (biological, psychological, social, environmental) share common ground but vary widely depending on the discipline in which they have been constructed. There has, however, been a growing convergence in systemic thinking to explain the complexity of positive growth under conditions of adversity with global efforts to make individuals, their families, communities, governments and natural environments better able to adapt and transform when facing severe stress. In this opening keynote, we will show that protective factors and dynamic processes operating at multiple levels are mutually dependent and that new ways of understanding resilience are required if we are to address major social challenges like mass migration, youth suicide, drug abuse and school violence. This presentation will provide an opportunity to explore complex connections through multi-level case studies of how people and their social and natural environments adapt, re-organize and, when necessary, transform in response to challenges.
 

Speakers
avatar for Linda Theron

Linda Theron

Professor, North-West University
Linda Theron is a full professor in the Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of Pretoria; an associate of the Centre for the Study of Resilience, University of Pretoria; and an extraordinary professor in Optentia Research Focus Area, North-West University, South Africa. Her publications focus on the resilience processes of South African young people challenged by chronic adversity and account for how sociocultural contexts shape resilience. Various funding bodies (including Canadian Institutes for Health Research [CIHR... Read More →
avatar for Michael Ungar

Michael Ungar

Director, Resilience Research Centre
Dr. Michael Ungar wears many professional hats. He is equally well known as the author of books for parents and caregivers as he is for his world-renowned research on the topic of resilience. As a writer he has adapted ideas from his research and clinical practice into best selli... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 11:30 - 12:30
Hall A/B Century City Conference Centre

12:30

Lunch
Relax, talk to your colleagues, and enjoy a wonderful provided lunch!


Thursday June 15, 2017 12:30 - 13:30
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

13:30

Concurrent Sessions 6
Hear presentations by many presenters including Elmari Deacon, Kristin Hadfield, and Elias Kourkoutas to name a few on topics such as Health, Resilience in Displaced Populations, and Supporting Family Resilience. 


Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

13:30

Community Based Service Provision - Tumuhamye Nathan, Margaret Roper
Community Based Service Provision

Abstract #121
Title: From Resilience Assessment to Community Resilience through Innovation
Presenter:
 Nathan Tumuhamye (ResilientAfrica Network, Uganda)
Co-Authors: Roy William Mayega, Christine Muhumuza, Nathan Tumuhamye, William Bazeyo
Introduction:
This paper showcases RAN's approach to strengthening resilience of African communities through innovation. The approach maps the context of target communities, understanding their adaptive capacities, and vulnerabilities that make them succumb to resilience challenges. This context is upon which innovations are sought and nurtured basing on human-centred design principles.
Methods: Methods are consistent with RAN's Conceptual Framework beginning with community consultations and literature reviews to understand the context. An analysis of the data identifies key resilience dimensions which frame a call for innovative solutions. The innovation pipeline is designed to maximise a solution's impact potential through strategies from needs finding, solution refinement, piloting and onward to scaling for resilience. Key also is engagement of target communities through community co-creation opportunities between innovators and community as well as encouragement of appropriation by the community.
Findings: The key findings are that by applying human-centered principles and community co-creation strategies the potential for impact is baked into the project. The more the community are involved in the innovation process the better the opportunity for uptake and eventual scaling for strengthening resilience in the community.

Abstract #297
Title: South Africa’s response to enabling children’s resilience through expanding community-based services
Presenter: Margaret Roper (South Africa)
Co-Authors: Roseline September
Introduction: One of the Department of Social Development (DSD) priorities under the South African National Development Plan is the expansion of child care services to eliminate poverty, inequality and unemployment. The focus is on investments in children across the continuum of care. Current community-based child care programme reach 1.2 million children.
Methods: DSD recognises the limitations in the current social services. Consequently, DSD has initiated a process to review and expand community-based children’s services focussing on resilience. Stakeholders were engaged in a systematic process aimed at producing a theory of change and a concomitant basket of services. This included a review of the relevant resilience literature and evidence-based programs followed by a reflective methodology to compare the empirical evidence with the experience of service professionals.
Findings: The results provided an evidence-base for the development of a turnaround strategy for vulnerable children. They also offer a framework for how community-based organisations can support resilience processes. DSD is exploring an investment case to mobilize financial mechanisms to support resilience outcomes and a core package of associated services.

Speakers
TN

Tumuhamye Nathan

RESILIENTAFRICA NETWORK
The presenter is a health services researcher at Makerere University school of public health with 3 year experience in operational research and teacher and one year in resilience research
MR

Margaret Roper

Inkanyezi Initiative


Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 03 Century City Conference Centre

13:30

Qualitative Examinations of Highly Vulnerable Children - Cheryl Ann Wright, Mary Kapesa, Andrew Stevenson
Qualitative Examinations of Highly Vulnerable Children

Abstract #106
Title: Stories of hope from the child-headed household: Reconceptualising hope within the context of vulnerability in South Africa
Presenter: 
Cheryl Ann Wright (University of Johannesburg, South Africa)
Introduction: This inquiry was aimed at clarifying conceptualisations of hope in research on the resilience of vulnerable young people in a high HIV/AIDS prevalence South African setting.  Participants were four adolescents from a child-headed household supported by a NGO.
Methods:  Interview data were collected using narrative practices to portray stories of their lived experiences of hope in the face of trauma.  Analysis applied grounded theory processes to identify main themes.  Four mechanisms characterised the nurturing of hope, namely: predatory, protective, promotion, and possibility processes.  Protective processes identified six themes: finding purpose; building a future sense; building faith; embracing educational opportunities; thinking positively; building strengths; and adopting supportive networks.  Four themes in the promotion processes were: experiencing support; building immunity; being motivated by others; and experiencing witnesses.  Three themes in the possibility processes were: illuminating pathways; visualising positives; and providing opportunities.
Findings: Findings support a transcendent understanding of hope which provide opportunities for growth rather than merely helping vulnerable young people to cope.  Implications suggest that conceptualisations of hope need to be grounded in social context and the imperatives of social justice to support vulnerable young people in realising their future aspirations.

Abstract #299
Title: The Promotion of Child Rights as a Resilience factor in Child Headed Households in Mutasa District in Zimbabwe
Presenter:
Mary Kapesa (Africa University, Zimbabwe)
Co-Authors: Monika dos Santos, Levison Maunganidze
Introduction: This qualitative study explored the promotion of child rights as a resilience factor in Child Headed Households (CHH) in the Mutasa District, Zimbabwe.  
Methods: A purposive sampling of 28 children (age range 6 to 16) living in 10 CHH in the Mutasa District in Zimbabwe was undertaken. In-depth interviews using unstructured interview guides were used to collect data. Twenty five child service professionals and 3 purposively selected government officials involved in policy formulation and implementation also took part in the study, The data was thematically analysed.
Findings: The research findings indicate that there are no policies that specifically target CHH, despite the increase in the number of CHH in the country. CHH are subsumed under the broad category of orhpans and vulunerable children (OVC). This one size fits all approach fails to address the unique needs of the CHH. The children’s voices are not heard during the process of formulating policies that affect them, thus a child rights approach should be used to enhance resilience in the CHH. Provision of child rights is linked to resilience as it is crucial in the creation of coping enabling environments.  

Abstract #103
Title: Resilience spaces: exploring place making with street connected young people in Guatemala using participatory visual methods
Presenter:
 Andrew Stevenson (Manchester Metropolitan University, UK)
Co-Author: Jeremy Oldfield
Introduction: Our study explored resilience amongst Street Connected Young People (SCYP) in Guatemala City. We researched how community education projects facilitate the construction of Third Spaces of aspiration for at-risk young-people. Unlike previous research, we focused on resilience-building elements of risk-bearing environments, rather than the dangers inherent in street connected living
Methods: We used visual participatory methods with SCYP who attend volunteer run community education projects around ‘The Terminal’, a bus depot/wholesale market where young people live and work. We worked with ten young people, using participatory photography, participatory drawing, and image elicited interviewing to explore constructions of emplaced meaning in relation to versatile spaces of learning, and how well-being and resilience are formed. SCYP participated in go-along interviews, making photographic records and drawings of areas in the Terminal and the educational projects that are appropriated as living, learning and working spaces. Visual records were used as elicitation tools during interviews.
Findings: Our research yielded evidence of the malleability of places of resistance and reliance. Dwellings, market stalls, church premises and corridor areas are being adopted and appropriated as spaces of aspiration and opportunity to promote resilience in this at risk population 

Speakers
MJ

Mary Joyce Kapesa

Africa University
I am a Psychology lecturer at Africa University, currently studying for my my PhD in Psychology at UNISA. I am a registered psychologist. I am a Fullbright Scholar and was awarded the staff development award in 2009/2010. I attended Purdue University as a Fullbright scholar durin... Read More →
AS

Andrew Stevenson

Manchester Metropolitan University
CA

Cheryl Ann Wright

Private Practice (DEd from University of Johannesburg 2013)


Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 02 Century City Conference Centre

13:30

Reconceptualizing Narratives of Trauma and Healing - Lisa Richardson, Diana Canant, JoAnne Seviour
Reconceptualizing Narratives of Trauma and Healing

Abstract #278
Title: Reframing Trauma to Reduce Risk: Collaborating to Achieve Lasting Impacts for Youth
Presenter:
Lisa Richardon (Institute of Women & Ethnic Studies, USA)
Co-Author: Denese Shervington
Introduction:
In 2005 Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans and differently impacted survivors according to their age, gender, race/ethnicity, and income. In 2014 New Orleans was named among the Rockefeller Foundation’s 100 Resilient Cities, despite the fact that people of color, particularly youth, continue to report untreated trauma and exposures to violence.
Methods: From 2012-2015 (n=1355) IWES implemented an emotional wellness survey with participants in our school-based sexual health education program. Youth were age 10-16, 41% male, 58.1% female and 89.3% identified as African American. The survey assesses symptoms depression, PTSD, and suicidality as well as exposure to violence and access to basic needs. Crisis assessments are conducted with students who meet criteria for further intervention and referrals are provided to outside resources as necessary. De-identified results of the emotional wellness survey are shared with school leadership to document the needs of their student population and to develop strategies for trauma-informed services.
Findings: Results show 17% worry about housing/having enough food  and 29.5% worry about not being loved The strongest correlations are between these worries and youth depression, PTSD, and suicidality, although violence exposure is alarming (38% are exposed to to domestic violence, 39.3% witnessed a shooting/stabbing/beating, 54% know someone who was murdered).

Abstract #310
Title: Traumatized people can help each other.  In a safe setting, they resolve their stories, mutually heal, and restore community resilience.
Presenter: Diana Canant (Ardicare Inc., USA)
Introduction: With a shift from the authority of experts to the innate wisdom of individuals and communities the traumatized become our most powerful resource. The observation was made that anyone desiring better conditions can learn and apply an educational and integrative learning process that effectively restores connection and resilience.
Methods: Relying on historic fundamentals from experts in the field of traumatology and using a non-proprietary, non-religious, non-medical, person-centered, evidence-based approach, we have been teaching individuals in traumatized communities how to work with each other in pairs to explore, resolve, and integrate their experiences.  One –Instructional Learning Phase (taught by program facilitator): The workshop teaches knowledge, skills, structures, and scripts that create safety in which life issues and trauma can be addressed. Two – Integrative Learning Phase (supervised and monitored by program facilitator): Participants work together in pairs within a strict structure of safety, applying what they have learned.
Findings: Implementations: High School, Church Group, Domestic abuse ACEs, General Trauma groups. Psychometrics: PTSD, Depression, Anxiety, Happiness, Self Concept, Dispositional Resilience. Quantitative: Marked increased scores on positive scales and decreased on negative scales sustained after 6 months and 1 year. Qualitative: Quality of life improvements, desired behavior changes, increased community involvement.

Abstract #298
Title: Shake, Rock and Roll – Embodied Trauma Considerations for Researchers and Practitioners
Presenter:
JoAnne Seviour (Dalhousie University, Canada)
Introduction:
 Growing evidence from the fields of neuroscience and body based therapies demonstrate the effects of trauma in the body, as well as the mind.  Incorporating body based therapies can complement traditional cognitive and psychotherapies in building resiliency. However, working with body-based therapies can often be a trigger for people whose physical boundaries have been violated. This paper will summarize research of evidence supported, body based, practices in treating trauma; providing practical considerations for researchers. It will also serve as a guideline for informing clinical practice. The body responds to traumatic events by hard wiring the sensory input related to the event, while the nervous system remains on continuous alert for signs of threat.  When any sensory input is received that corresponds to the event, the body kicks into action activating the sympathetic nervous system also know was the fight or flight response. Through advances in neuroscience we know that the cognitive brain responsible for language and abstract thinking shuts down during the flight or fight response and the emotional brain takes over for self -protection. Body-based therapies have proven to be effective in reprogramming the emotional brain to respond to current input rather than reacting to past experiences. Exponential improvements in resiliency can potentially be achieved when combining therapies to work both the cognitive (mental) and emotional (body) based approaches.
Methods: The paper will review the relevant research on body-based practices and their efficacy in treating trauma. Based upon a summary of the research, recommendations will be made for incorporating body-based practices into research and clinical practice.  
Findings: Understanding the research and neuroscience of effective body-based practices can help inform the design of future research and assist practitioners in improving patient outcomes. 

Speakers
avatar for Diana Canant

Diana Canant

CEO, Ardicare Foundation
I have compiled and developed a community program that is showing itself to be extremely effective. The potential of this peer-to-peer community-based model is that we can leverage the most abundant resource there is: the traumatized themselves. The connection of those with "liv... Read More →
LR

Lisa Richardson

INSTITUTE OF WOMEN AND ETHNIC STUDIES
JS

Joanne Seviour

Dalhousie University



Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 10 Century City Conference Centre

13:30

Resilience from an Educational Perspective - Maria Pilar Garate Chateau, Sharon Butler, Azita Chitsazzadeh
Resilience from an Educational Perspective

Abstract #287
Resilience and educational achievement: A Chilean study.
Presenter:
Maria Pilar Garate (Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria Chile)
Co-Authors: Maria Pilar Garate, J-F, Hugo Alarcon, Edward Johns, Lioubov Dombrovskaia, Teresita Arenas
Introduction: This study will investigate the relationship between educational outcomes and constructs of resilience among first-year university students. In particular, it will take on an algorithmic analysis to systematically tease out nodes and distributive computations within the data to account for how constructs of resilience account towards educational gains and vice-versa.
Methods: 300 first engineering university students completed a paper-based social-emotional wellbeing and mental health survey. The survey was informed by four standardized psychometric batteries. Students completed the survey at the University during their regular class. The survey took around 30 to 40mins to complete. Results from the survey were mapped to a number of academic indices. Categories of algorithms were used to account for how much a construct within resilience accounted towards educational gains and vice-versa. Structural equational modeling was used to show to what extent a factor was related to educational outcomes and resilience.
Findings: Increasing resilience is likely to contribute towards positive educational gains and equally catering for positive learning experiences is likely to promote aspects of resilience. An associated outcome would be to capture and study the correlation between resilience and personal life course journey, school behaviors, and academic achievement/performance.

Abstract #275
Title: The development of a whole town approach to building resilience in children and young people: The Blackpool HeadStart programme.
Presenter:
Sharon Butler, Lisa Mills, Ollie Gibbs, Josh Thompson (Blackpool Council, UK)
Co-Authors: Young People's Executive Group, Angie Hart, Pauline Wigglesworth
Introduction: Blackpool HeadStart is a £10 million Big Lottery Funded programme implementing co-produced, social justice resilience approaches in schools and local communities to support children's mental health. Blackpool is a quirky town  with multiple social and economic challenges. We are using a community development approach and adapting traditional therapies.
Methods: The presentation outlines the core components of HeadStart and discusses how we have drawn on both resilience and systems theory to work with the whole town. To achieve the aim of a whole system change, we are using and adapting Angie Hart and collaborators’ Resilient Therapy and their Academic Resilience Approaches. HeadStart’s theory of change has been co-produced with young people, practitioners and other stakeholders and it will be outlined in the presentation. Finally we give an overview of the research data that is currently being collected on all the elements of the programme, using both qualitative and quantitative methods.
Findings: Our work to develop a whole town approach to resilience building has relevance to anyone who wants to develop resilience approaches in either schools or local communities more broadly, rather than with individual children only. Implications of working with social justice and co-productive approaches are also highlighted.

Abstract #235
Title: The comparison between sensation seeking, test anxiety and academic resiliency in athlete and non-athlete female students
Presenter:
 Azita Chitsazzadeh (Tehran minister of education, Iran)
Introduction:
Today, sport and physical activities are considered essential for many students and most of academic systems have included in their own programs. The aim of this study was to the comparison of sensation seeking, test anxiety and academic resilience in athlete and non-athlete female students.
Methods: The study population consisted of all ninth-grade high school female students of Tehran’s 3 district education in 2015-2016 whose number was about 2150. A total of 120 students (60 students in each group) was selected by the convenience sampling method.
Findings/Implications: According to the findings, it can be concluded that test anxiety and adventure seeking are important variables among female athletes and the authorities should consider these variables during interactions with students.
 

Speakers
SB

Sharon Butler

Blackpool Council
MP

María Pilar Gárate Chateau

Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria
AC

Azita Chitsazzadeh

Ministry of education


Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 08 Century City Conference Centre

13:30

Resilience in Displaced Populations - Laura Tarafas, Kristin Hadfield
Resilience in Displaced Populations

Abstract #23
Title: Becoming an adult in Magyarisztan Young refugees in transition: traces of vulnerability, pathways to resilience
Presenter:
 Laura Tarafas (Université Paris XIII Sorbonne Paris Cité, France)
Introduction:
Despite being at the intersection of the busiest migration routes to the European Union, very few research focus on Hungary as a host country. The aim of this study was to  identify how young adult refugees, who arrived in Hungary as unaccompanied minors,  have developed their pathways to resilience.
Methods: Methods included three field studies to identify individuals participating in the research, several participating observations and internships with NGOs in Hungary. Semi-structured interviews were administered to 13 young refugees. Following the retranscription of the interviews, content was analysed based on Grounded Theory and was carried out using NVivo 11 software. The analysis identified seven main categories.
Findings: The study identified optimism, internal locus of self-control, spirituality, future-orientation, and quality social relations as key factors in finding pathways to resilience. Findings also suggest that most sources of resilience have counterproductive aspects and that resilience can not be defined in a static and one-dimensional way.

Abstract #300
Title: Adversity, resilience, and mental health trajectories in Syrian refugee and Jordanian host-community youth
Presenter: Kristin Hadfield (Dalhousie University, Canada)
Co-Authors: Mark Eggerman, Rana Dajani, Catherine Panter-Brick, Michael Ungar 
Introduction: Despite its theoretical and practical importance to youth outcomes, there is limited research on patterns of resilience in refugee youth.
Methods: We collected data from 449 Syrian refugee and 371 Jordanian-host community youth participating in a humanitarian intervention. With this sample, we developed a short measure of resilience (CYRM-12) appropriate for use with war-affected, Arabic-speaking youth in the Middle East. We then used this measure to examine resilience and mental health in the Syrian refugee sample only.
Findings: In growth curve models, when the Syrian refugee youth were more resilient, they reported less stress and better mental health. In latent growth mixture models, two classes of resilience were identified: one which started high and remained steady over time and another which started relatively low and increased over time. No demographic differences predicted membership in these classes, but class membership did predict mental health. These analyses highlight the importance of resilience to understanding refugee youths’ mental health.

 


Speakers
avatar for Kristin Hadfield

Kristin Hadfield

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Dalhousie
avatar for Laura Tarafas

Laura Tarafas

Université Paris XII - Sorbonne Paris Cité


Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 07 Century City Conference Centre

13:30

Resilience in Service Providers - Jonas Hansson, Laurencia Mathekga and Johannah Sekudu, Johanna Sundqvist
Resilience in Service Providers

Abstract #12
Title: Police officers' coping and mental health in deportation work of unaccompanied, asylum-seeking refugee children
Presenter:
 Jonas Hansson (Umeå University, Sweden)
Co-Authors: Mehdi Ghazinour, Mojgan Padyab
Introduction: The number of unaccompanied, asylum-seeking refugee children (UARC) has increased. In Sweden, 15 percent of the children are denied asylum. If the child refuses to repatriate to the country of origin, the police authority is responsible for the deportation; and, the police officer has to cope with a stressful situation.
Methods: This study aims to describe the police officers’ coping in deportation work of UARC; and investigate the associations between ways of coping (WOC), and general mental health in relation to deportation work of UARC among police officers considering sociodemographic variables. In order to use WOC questionnaire in the context of UARC, a validity and reliability analysis is to be conducted.
Findings: This study has shown that coping strategies has a moderating effect on general mental health in the deportation work of UARC. More specific, coping strategies ‘escape-avoidance’ and ‘self-controlling’ have a negative effect on general mental health, and coping strategy ‘positive reappraisal’ has a positive effect on general mental health. 

Abstract #52
Title: Towards resilience building amongst the rangers
Presenters: Laurencia Mathekga and Johanah Sekudu (University of South Africa, South Africa)
Introduction: The study was conducted at Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park (HIP) and Mkhuze game reserve in Kwa Zulu Natal - South Africa with the aim of exploring the experiences of rangers, who are tasked with protecting wild life. Rangers were exposed to varieties of workplace challenges and sometimes risk their lives in executing their job yet little attention was given to their psychosocial needs.
Methods: The study was qualitative in nature with the elements of exploratory, descriptive and contextual focus as the aim was to learn the lived experiences of the rangers from their own world view so that appropriate interventions could be developed to assist them to develop resilience. Data was collected by means of focus group discussions with rangers and semi-structured interviews with managers, and analysed through thematic approach.
Findings: Rangers were exposed to unbearable working conditions on a daily basis where they sometimes had to kill poachers. This killing was accompanied by trauma as it is not their choice. However, their cultural practices enabled them to cope and maintain balance whilst doing their difficult and stressful job. This was despite  their rituals not being recognised nor supported by management.

Abstract #155
Title: Coping with stress in forced repatriation of unaccompanied asylum-seeking refugee children: A study of Swedish police officers and social workers
Presenter:
 Johanna Sundqvist (Umeå University, Sweden)
Co-Author: Mehdi Ghazinour, Mojgan Padyab
Introduction:
Police  officers’ assignment in forced repatriation of unaccompanied asylum-seeking refugee children is to arrange the departure whereas social workers supports the child. In order to understand how to cope effectively, the study aimed to describe and compare police officers and social workers coping strategies in forced repatriation work.
Methods: A  national questionnaire in Sweden, including sociodemographic characteristics, Interview Schedule for Social Interaction, and Ways of Coping Questionnaire were distributed in 2014 to in total 1 094 participants, 714 police officers and 380 social workers. Of them, 290 persons had experience of forced repatriation. Univariate and multivariable regression models were used. The analysis was separately conducted among those with and without experience of forced repatriation work. The factor structure of Ways of Coping Questionnaire was assessed in three steps using both confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory factor analysis.
Findings: Police  officers used more planful problem solving and self-controlling while social workers used escape avoidance, distancing and positive reappraisal. Police officers are seen to use more adaptive coping strategies and the repatriation system is found more suitable for police work than social work. 

Speakers
JH

Jonas Hansson

Basic Training Programme for Police Officers, Umeå University, Sweden
avatar for Laurencia Mathekga

Laurencia Mathekga

PHD Candidate, UNISA
I'm a PHD candidate under the supervision of Dr Johanna Sekudu at UNISA Social Work Department. I have vast experience on employee wellness and social responsibility programme management at various businesses such as government, nuclear institute, conservation and tourism roote... Read More →
JS

Johanna Sundqvist

Basic Training Programme for Police Officers, Umeå University, Sweden


Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 05 Century City Conference Centre

13:30

Resilience in University Settings - Alyson King, Petro Erasmus
Resilience in University Settings

Abstract #117
Title: Underrepresented Students at Canadian Universities: Exploring Stories of Resilience
Presenter: 
Alyson King (University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Canada)
Co-Authors: Susan Brigham, Allyson Eamer 
Introduction:
We examine how university students from diverse backgrounds and immigration experiences develop a process of harnessing resources to sustain their well-being and persist to graduation. Utilizing a framework of intersectionality to explore inequity, we assume that human lives are complex, multi-faceted, and shaped by a variety of intersecting factors.
Methods: Recognizing that “resilience is a complex construct and it may be defined differently in the context of individuals, families, organizations, societies, and cultures”, we define resilience as a process. Rather than using a deficit model lens and focussing on remediating problems, we take a transformative and collaborative approach to understand the structures and social factors that shape people’s educational experiences. We take a holistic and comparative approach to understand participants’ multiple realities (e.g., personal, university and community lives) and how those realities intersect and inform one other (Ngozi Adiche, 2009). We use electronic surveys and individual interviews.
Findings: We are collecting data from over 300 current undergraduate students or recent graduates in three Canadian provinces. Our presentation of participants’ narratives of what it means to develop resilience-building strategies in challenging settings has implications for universities as they prepare, support, retain, and ultimately graduate resilient citizens.

Abstract #55
Title: NWU-Mafikeng undergraduate student community pro-actively facilitate resilience through their magazines project
Presenter: 
Petro Erasmus (NWU, South Africa)
Introduction:
To bridge this gap cooperative learning has been the framework for teaching and learning of constructs such as Resilience by creating a magazine within the framework of their communities.
Methods: The students had to create and design a magazine that included articles aimed at individuals in their communities that facilitated the complex process of resilience, as well as compiling articles for children and adolescents on how to enhance their resilience.
Findings: Students at the end of the project had to reflect on how this magazine project contributed to facilitating their own resilience. Themes identified included teamwork, problem-solving, psychological well-being and awareness. 

Speakers
avatar for Petro Erasmus

Petro Erasmus

Senior Lecturer, North West University
I am a senior lecturer in the Department of Psychology at the North West University where I teach Developmental Psychology and Positive Psychology and I am the coordinator of the Honors course. I also have a private practice which is called the Child and Family Guidance and Devel... Read More →
avatar for Alyson E. King

Alyson E. King

Assistant Professor, University of Ontario Institute of Technology
university student success strategies and resilience | supported education for adults living with mental illness


Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 06 Century City Conference Centre

13:30

Supporting Family Resilience - Elias Kourkoutas, Lizette Berry, Kim Foster
Supporting Family Resilience

Abstrat #300
Title: Resilience and Perceived Relationship with Parents and Teachers in Children and Adolescents with and without Emotional, Behavioral Problems
Presenter: Elias Kourkoutas (University of Crete, Greece)
Co-Authors: A. Papadaki, Wassilis Kassis, Albertus Johannes Botha
Introduction: Cross-cultural and intracultural studies have provided evidence of worldwide correlations between parental rejection and other social-emotional-behavioral (SEB) problems including anxiety and insecurity, depression, substance use, conduct disorder and delinquency. Other studies have found that perceived parental support predicted less externalizing problems and perceived paternal (not maternal) support predicted lower rejection and victimization problems for girls, while adolescents’ symptoms of anxiety and depression were negatively predicted by level of attachment to their parents. Similarly, the research regarding child-teacher relationship showed a strong association between perceived quality of teacher-student relationships and academic and psychosocial developmental outcomes for children. At theoretical level, the study is grounded in an attachment and systemic (risk/protective) resilience based perspective.
Methods: The study draws on a mixed quantitative and qualitative method. The sample of the study includes 650 children with and without EBLP, attending public schools from 2nd grade of elementary to 3d grade high schools on the island of Crete.The following instruments have been used: (a) Resiliency Scales for Children & Adolescents – A Profile of Personal Strengths (RSCA) (Prince-Embury, 2005) including 3 subscales:  Sense of Mastery; Sense of Relatedness Scale; Emotional Reactivity Scale; (b) “Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire” (Child PARQ) (Rohner, 1990);  (c) Teacher Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire” (TARQ) (Rohner, 2005) ; (d) Drawing test “A Person Picking an Apple from a Tree”(PPAT).Confirmatory factor and path analysis will be conducted and a series of models will be presented in order to enlighten the complex dynamics and mediations between factors related to Individual-Psychosocial Resilience and functioning, perceived Parental (Father/Mother) and Teacher Acceptance-Rejection
Findings: First results of this ongoing research based on a series of multiple regression analyses showed that Parental and Teacher Acceptance/ Rejection account for a high percentage of the Resilience subscales variability (scores). Results of equation structured modeling will also be presented discussed within the frame of various theoretical models, such as Resilient, Interpersonal Theory, Systemic-Psychodynamic approaches. Resilience in this study is considered in terms of “self-protective mechanisms” and is conceptualized from a systemic perspective, rather than an individualist-trait perspective. Implication for intervention at individual level or within school and family context will also be discussed.

Abstract #246
Title: Parenting in adversity: An examination of a teen parenting programme and its potential for building resilience in adolescent parents
Presenter:
 Lizette Berry (Children's Institute University of Cape Town, South Africa)
Introduction:
Parents living in adverse conditions face a range of challenges that may affect their ability to parent effectively and to promote positive child outcomes. There is growing recognition that parents, particularly those experiencing high levels of adversity and stress, require parenting support interventions. Teenaged parents are a particularly vulnerable group.
Methods: This paper draws on data collected during an outcomes evaluation of a teen parenting programme, offered to school-going, adolescent parents who have parental responsibilities for one or more young children. Participants were from three peri-urban informal settlements in Cape Town, South Africa. The evaluation measured change in, inter alia, parenting practices, lifestyle choices and resilience at three time intervals over two years. The Child and Youth Resilience Measure was used to assess resilience outcomes. Qualitative interviews were conducted with the mother or caregiver of the adolescent to assist with triangulation.
Findings: Adolescent parents showed improvements in positive parenting, and increases in harsh discipline. Adolescents also experienced slight increases in depression. Despite experiencing considerable risk exposure, adolescents showed high resilience outcomes, which remained constant over time. Many adolescent parents had familial support, mostly from their mothers, to assist with child care.

Abstract #72
Title: ‘There’s a lot of strength in yourself and people around you’ - Resilience-promoting processes for parents of critically injured children
Presenter:
Kim Foster (Australian Catholic University & NorthWestern Mental Health, Australia)
Co-Authors: Kate Curtis, Rebecca Mitchell, Alexandra Young
Introduction:
Being the parent of a critically physically injured child involves many stressors and parents can be at risk of psychological distress, with the entire family negatively impacted by child injury. Little is known however, about resilient processes for parents experiencing this adversity.
Methods: The aim of this Australian study was to explore resilience-promoting factors and processes for 40 parents of severely injured children 0-12 years during acute hospitalization. Semi-structured interview transcripts were analysed using content analysis methods, to identify personal and contextual factors parents considered helpful in supporting their wellbeing during the initial post-injury period.
Findings: Using a social ecological framework, three themes were identified: personal, family, and hospital and community resources. Key findings included strong relational connections, positive meaning-making, and provision of practical, emotional and spiritual support. Parents’ and families’ resilience can be strengthened through personal and contextual resources and proactive intervention through anticipatory guidance. 

Speakers
LB

Lizette Berry

Children's Institute, University of Cape Town
avatar for Kim Foster

Kim Foster

Professor of Mental Health Nursing, Australian Catholic University & NorthWestern Mental Health, Melbourne Health
I'm currently working on research into the resilience of parents and families whose children have had traumatic injury, and also piloting a resilience education intervention with mental health nurses.
EK

Elias Kourkoutas

UNIVERSITY of CRETE
Prof. Dr. at University of Crete | Elias E. Kourkoutas is currently Professor of Psychology and Special Education and Chairman of the Educational Psychology Division, as well as of the European funded Practicum Program in Special Education in the Department of Primary Education... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 04 Century City Conference Centre

13:30

Invited Symposium: Male youth health matters: Trauma and resilience - Christine Wekerle, Jones Adjei, Sarah Brown, Jennifer Fraser
Invited Symposium Summary
Male youth health matters: Trauma and resilience

Presenters: Christine Wekerle, Jones Adjei, Sarah Brown, Jennifer Fraser
Understanding health risks and promoting resilience in male youth with sexual violence experience: A Canadian initiative. This Symposium will be co-chaired by Dr. Christine Wekerle, McMaster University and Joan van Niekerk, MSW, Past-President, ISPCAN : Advocacy and resilience: From legislation to professional practice. 

Invited Symposium Abstracts
Setting the stage for resilience among male adolescents and young adults 
Presenter:
 Christine Wekerle (McMaster University, Canada)
Introduction: Sexual violence of male youth/young adults has been an under-attended area in research. A trauma-informed perspective spotlights the sub-group of male youth for whom externalizing behaviours represent an acting out of traumatization. The potential for the persistence of post-traumatic symptomatology has over-shadowed the resilience behaviours and processes of survivors. 
Methods: A selected review of the prevalence and features of male youth/ young adults experiencing various forms of sexual violence will be presented by region. Research will feature findings on various samples of child welfare-involved youth in terms of potential pathways to resilience. The Maltreatment and Adolescent Pathways (MAP) research study assessed 561 youth randomly sampled from child welfare caseloads. While youth were engaged in child welfare services for over a 6 month period, most had experienced years of service. Tools used included: Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Childhood Experiences of Victimization Questionnaire and Sexual Motives Scale. 
Findings: Motives for sex differed between males and females with Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) experiences, pleasure differed between Non-CSA males and CSA males, and both CSA males and females reporting having sex for coping more so than non-CSA peers. Implications for gender-based, trauma-informed, and motivational approach to youth health/risk behaviours.

Resilience among Sexually Exploited Adolescent Boys in Western Canada: Risk and Protective Factors linked to Mental Health 
Presenter: Jones Adjei (University of British Columbia, Canada)
Co-Authors: Melissa Moynihan, Elizabeth Saewyc
Introduction: Research shows sexual exploitation experience among youth is significantly related to negative health outcomes including substance abuse, depressive symptoms, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), suicidal ideation, and sexual risks such as sexually transmitted infection. Little is known about protective factors that may help buffer exploited boys from further sequelae. 
Methods: Data from the British Columbia Homeless and Street-Involved Youth Surveys 2006 and 2014 were merged and analysed to explore exploitation experiences and health outcomes, then identified how patterns of risk factors and protective factors contributed to odds of mental health problems. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to identify theoretically based risk and protective factors, and then calculated probability profiles for varying combinations of the factors for exploited boys.
Findings: This study contributes to our understanding of pathways that may promote resilience and reduce health sequelae for sexually exploited adolescent boys, which may help programs designed to support sexually exploited youth offer more effective supports for the boys they reach. 

Can interventions designed to reduce reoffending in youths who have engaged in sexually harmful behaviour protect them from future victimization?
Presenter: Sarah Brown ( Centre for Research in Psychology, Behaviour and Achievement, Coventry University, UK)
Introduction: Research indicates considerable overlap between child and adolescent populations who are victimized and victimize however they are rarely studied together. A systems-focused treatment programme in Queensland, Australia, designed to address risk factors associated with the perpetration of sexual/violent crimes was investigated to see if it might also reduce future victimization.
Methods: Boys (average age 15 at time of referral offence) adjudicated for sexual offences who received ‘treatment as usual’ (TAU; n = 335) were compared with similarly adjudicated boys (n = 200) who completed the treatment programme on their histories of contact with the police either as offenders or victims.
Findings: Despite higher rates of pre-intervention victimization, the treatment group were victimized less frequently post-intervention than the TAU group. Continued offending was the strongest predictor of victimization post-intervention. Findings suggest offending and victimization share common risk/protective factors. Addressing these could help increase resilience following sexually harmful behaviour and design prevention interventions. 

Resilience and Capacity Building for the Health Workforce to Improve Recognition and Response to the Abuse and Neglect of Children 
Presenter: Jennifer Fraser ( Sydney Nursing School, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, The University of Sydney, Australia)
Introduction: Recognition/response to child abuse/neglect is of critical importance in healthcare settings, with significant negative outcomes for children who go undetected. This presentation will argue that increasing clinical/research capacity for health professionals can improve screening, identification, and treatment for children most at risk. 
Methods: An examination of workforce resilience and capacity with health professionals’ self-care practices for research conducted in Australia, Vietnam and Brazil. Focus on a unique Australian Palliative Care workforce and the relationship between self-care, and compassion for self and others. 
Findings: The cumulative negative effects of working with victims of family violence has received less attention. Interventions that include a focus on synchronizing self-care practices with professional self-efficacy for those who work in the area of child abuse, neglect, and family violence is proposed. 

Speakers
JA

Jones Adjei

Red Deer College
SB

Sarah Brown

Coventry University
JA

Jennifer A Fraser

The University of Sydney
avatar for Christine Wekerle

Christine Wekerle

McMaster University
Dr at McMaster University | Christine Wekerle, is associate professor at Department of Pediatrics – Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University. She is the lead investigator in the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) funded Boys’ and Men’s Health Team grant. Her e... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Hall C Century City Conference Centre

13:30

Invited Symposium: Researching Resilience in Brazil and Portugal - Adolescents, Families and Communities - Renata Maria Coimbra, Ana Almeida, Maria Angela Mattar Yunes, Normanda Araujo de Morais
Invited Symposium Summary
Researching Resilience in Brazil and Portugal - Adolescents, Families and Communities

Presenters: Renata Maria Coimbra, Ana Almeida, Maria Angela Mattar Yunes, Normanda Araujo de Morais
The symposium will present four studies carried out by Brazilian and portugueses researchers, focusing on the methodological procedures used to analyse resilience processes and promotion  on adolescentes involved in drug trafficking, in at-risk families, different educational contexts and at-risk communities.    

Invited Symposium Abstracts
Understanding resilience processes of adolescents involved in the drug trafficking through the mixed-method approach 
Presenter: 
Renata Maria Coimbra (São Paulo State University, Brazil)
Co-Author: Alex Pessoa 
Introduction: This paper analyses the advantages and challenges in using the mixed methods in the research with young people involved in the drug trafficking. The fieldwork was conducted in a midsized city located in the inner of Sao Paulo, Brazil.
Methods: The sample consisted by 60 adolescents who were involved in the drug trafficking and the control group was formed by 560 adolescents who were attending regular public schools and a youth service provided in the city. The findings in the quantitative study showed that the services provided are precariousness and do not make sense in the lives of the participants, including formal and non-formal institutions. Furthermore, the qualitative showed that the activities around the drug trafficking are permeated by personal meanings that makes complex the break with the trade, once they become attractive to this social segment. 
Findings: The complementarity of data from the mixed method allowed the exploration of aspects still obscure in the literature and brought practical implications for social policies. The resources used in terms of the design will be presented to the audience, as well as the methodological and ethical implications 

The Family Resilience Q-set. Contributions of ipsative methodology to family resilience assessment
Presenter: Ana Almeida (University of Minho, Portugal)
Co-Author: Cláudia Miranda 
Introduction: The focus on family strengths and resources is of particular relevance in the assessment and intervention of at-risk families where evaluation should encompass a preventive and psychoeducational perspective, and allow for their protection, preservation and of their children. 
Methods: Although recognizing the interest of combining qualitative and quantitative methods in the area of family resilience evaluation, the first has been a constant .The challenge of capturing the dynamics of risk and protective factors and the intersubjectivity of each particular family context was brought to the Q-sort methodology to explore the family scripts in topics related to stressful events and family strengths, in contextual and family-cycle perspectives. In this paper we report data of a set of 16 experts to create a prototype measure and a correlational study with 30 families and their respective case managers in Child Protection services. 
Findings: Family resilience assessments consider the balance of risk-protection in family resilient processes. However, families compared to professionals give more salience to resilience processes and professionals to the absence of risk factors. Drawing from empirical and conceptual analyses we highlight implications for family assessment resilience and avoidance of risk-centred visions. 

Experiential methodology for investigating and promoting resilience in different educational contexts
Presenter: Maria Angela Mattar Yunes (Centro Universitário La Salle, Unilasalle, Canoas, RS, Brazil)
Introduction: Experiential methodology is a strategy for developing qualitative research and/or evidence-based interventions with small or medium-sized groups. The method´s characteristics preserve the vitality of the participant´s experiences as they happen in their own real world. The researcher/facilitator creates situations where the qualities of experiences emerge spontaneously.
Methods: It provides chances for insights and new meanings that might change beliefs, behaviors and attitudes. The experiential model´s philosophy is connected with Paulo Freire´s educational theory, based on dialogical activities and reflection of people´s own knowledge, traditions and beliefs. This work aims to present three scenarios and populations where this methodology was used: 1) individual resilience in school adolescents using super heroes pre-cloak stage as a resource; 2) parental resilience in an organized program to build positive parenting in at-risk families; 3) professional resilience within a group of social educators who work with sheltered children and adolescents in institutions.
Findings: The use of this methodology showed that this model of research/intervention can implement people´s perception of their own performances and resolve conflict situations more effectively. It allows the awareness of alternative personal views and search of new individual and collective resources that lead to empowerment.

The use of Bioecological Approach in the research on Community Resilience: a study in a community in northeastern Brazil
Presenter: Normanda Araujo de Morais (University of Fortaleza (UNIFOR), Brazil)
Co-Author: Ana Tercila Campos Oliveira 
Introduction: The Bioecological approach proposed by Bronfenbrenner has been constituted as an important perspective to the study of the development-in-context. In this sense it is relevant to study community resilience (CR) related to processes, strengths and collective actions to face and have a positive adaptation to adverse situations experienced in communities
Methods: This presentation aims to describe the use of the Bioecological approach in the process of qualitative research on the factors that favor the CR in a community in northeastern Brazil marked by hardships-poverty, violence and stigma but also by strong indicators of cultural identity, collective self-esteem, community mobilization and support. It will describe the theoretical and methodological justifications for the use of the Bioecological approach in research on CR; the stages of achievement of research and ecological engagement (implementation strategy of the approach developed in Brazil) as well as the benefits and perceived limits in the use of this methodology. 
Findings: The relevance of the analysis model which includes person, process, context and time (PPCT) and the insertion of the data collection team in the researched contexts for the study of community resilience are the highlights observed.  

Speakers
AA

Ana Almeida

PhD in Education at Universidade do Minho | Teacher and advisor at the post graduation studies in education in Universidade do Minho, Braga, Portugal.
avatar for Renata Maria Coimbra-Libório

Renata Maria Coimbra-Libório

Professor PhD, SÃO PAULO STATE UNIVERSITY - UNESP
Renata Maria Coimbra-Liborio is Psychologist, with master and PhD in Developmental Psychology at University of São Paulo (USP). Professor at Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), at Graduate Program in Education, in Presidente Prudente, Brazil. She has a professional master's degr... Read More →
NA

Normanda Araujo de Morais

University of Fortaleza
avatar for Maria Angela Mattar Yunes

Maria Angela Mattar Yunes

Associate Professor, Centro Universitário La Salle, Unilasalle, Canoas
Lecturer and advisor at the programs of post graduation studies in education in Centro Universitário La Salle - UNILASALLE, Canoas and Universidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURG, Brasil. Main interest on research and intervention on family resilience, community resilience and par... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 09 Century City Conference Centre

13:30

Getting Community Buy in for Resilience Challenges Through Deliberative Polling - James Fishkin, Donald Makoka, Dennis Chirawurah, Julius Ssentongo
Symposium Summary
Getting Community Buy in for Resilience Challenges Through Deliberative Polling

Presenters: James Fishkin, Donald Makoka, Dennis Chirawurah, Nathan Tumuhamye
Can the communities be consulted in a representative and thoughtful way about their resilience challenges? Projects in Uganda, Ghana and Malawi used Deliberative Polling to engage random samples, generating both quantitative and qualitative data on the public’s considered judgments in contexts where the people’s views can have impact on policy.

Symposium Abstract
Using deliberative polling to promote community voices in prioritising interventions for strengthening resilience to sustainable livelihood in rural Malawi
Presenter:
Donald Makoka (University of Pretoria, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Olalekan Ayo-Yusuf, Ozius Dewa 
Introduction: Community voices, including cultural beliefs underlies developing a context specific resilience response, but only little empirical evidence is available on how this is objectively achieved. This study sought to present community consultation methodology, deliberative polling, in moving research findings into priority intervention or policy, among a number of option.
Methods: This study followed on a flood event in a rural community in Malawi, wherein two-thirds of households lost crop fields and 28.4% felt that flood response by local authorities were inadequate. In keeping with ‘deliberative polling’, a random sample of households living upland and those living in the low-lands of Nsanje community were selected to complete a baseline questionnaire on support for available policy/intervention options derived following convening of community stakeholders’ advisory group. A deliberative meeting was convened, wherein selected household members discussed the options and sought clarity from expert panel including government officials. This was followed by post-deliberation survey.
Findings: The community voices were recorded and changes in level of support for various policy or intervention options were observed. Deliberative polling provides unique opportunity to objectively engage an informed community on interventions for strengthening resilience to livelihood in rural Malawi.

Deliberative Polling for Urban Resilience in Tamale Ghana 
Presenter: Dennis Chirawurah (University for Development Studies, Ghana)
Co-Authors:  Niagia Santuah, Alice Siu, Ayaga Bawah, Kathleen Giles, Gordana Kranjac-Berisavljevic
Introduction: Can Deliberative Polling, a method of public consultation using deliberation by random samples, be successfully employed in northern Ghana in a challenging urban setting? The project engaged a stakeholder advisory committee to consider policy options on WASH, and food security that were deliberated over two days by the community.
Methods: A total of 39 policy options were deliberated on by the sample. Briefing materials, in video form in the local language, explained pros and cons of the policy options. Random sampling of households and random selection within the households was the method for sample recruitment. 208 members of the Tamale community completed both the initial and final survey. The sample was highly representative in both attitudes and demographics. 28 of the 39 policy options changed significantly between the pre and post interviews. Regressions show levers of opinion change. The transcripts from the discussions reveal insights into the opinion changes. 
Findings: The participants successfully deliberated on policy priorities for key resilience challenges. These priorities were presented to local and national government to indicate directions for policy change.  The results have been taken to local entrepreneurs to inform their innovation process to address the resilience challenges faced by a rapidly urbanizing metro.

Community engagement to identify community resilience policy options: Deliberative Polling in Uganda: A case for Bududa and Butalejja districts
Presenter: Julius Ssentongo (Ranlab, Uganda)
Co-Authors: Nathan Tumuhamye, Roy Mayega, Lynn Atuyambe, Stella Neema, Grace Bua 
Introduction: The Mt. Elgon region is at risk for adverse climate events. These events damage livelihoods and infrastructure despite predictability, millions of aid in response, and attempts at mitigation, which implies wide-scale lack of resilience and negative coping. Studies have shown an asymmetry between community and government expectations rendering policies unsuccessful.
Methods: Using the Deliberative Polling approach, a random representative sample was selected and baseline opinion polls conducted in Bududa and Butalejja. The random pre-deliberation sample was invited to a facilitated deliberation and thereafter, a post deliberation opinion poll conducted. Qualitative documentation of community concerns during deliberation was done and policy preferences were collected in the pre and post questionnaires. Fifteen of 36 policy options changed with deliberation in the direction of increased support for policy options.
Findings: Hindrances to policy support included land ownership in resettled areas, fear of land being gazzetted as forests and family planning myths. ResilientAfrica Network is using the findings to engage the government of Uganda to revise the resettlement policy and improve health and educational infrastructure in areas affected by climatic events. 

Speakers
DC

Dennis Chirawurah

West Africa Resilience Innovation Lab, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana
JF

James Fishkin

Center for Deliberative Democracy, Stanford University
Prof. at Stanford University | Fishkin received his BA degree and Ph.D. in Political Science from Yale University. He holds a second Ph.D. in Philosophy from Cambridge University, United Kingdom. He is the current director of Stanford's Center for Deliberative Democracy.
DM

Donald Makoka

LILONGWE UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES (LUANAR)
avatar for Julius Ssentongo

Julius Ssentongo

Program Coordinator, Makerere University School of Public Health-ResilientAfrica Network (RAN)
Dr. Julius Ssentongo is a Research Fellow at the ResilientAfrica Network (RAN) at Makerere University School of Public Health. His current research focuses on examining the resilience of communities that are contending with the effects of climate change and chronic conflict. He... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 11 Century City Conference Centre

15:00

Concurrent Sessions 7
Prepare for more presentations by presenters including Carlien Kahl, Elonya Niehaus and Ronald Feldman to name a few on topics such as Nurturing Youth Resilience, Fostering Resilience in Service Providers, and Mental Health.


Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

15:00

Family and Community Resilience - Monique Reynolds, Michal Finklestein and Shira Pagorek Eshel, Erica Siddall and Melissa van der Maden
Family and Community Resilience

Abstract #269
Title: Growing Seeds of Resilience in Our Communities:  Lessons from collaborative community partnerships
Presenter:
Monique Reynolds (Coronado SAFE, USA)
Introduction:
Siloed approaches to addressing the needs of a community are limited in their reach and access to resources.  This model of community partnerships brings together traditionally siloed stakeholders to promote resilience.  Tools and techniques to enhance collaboration will be discussed as well as innovative funding approaches.
Methods: The Coronado SAFE Coalition is a network of stakeholders within the community who represent local schools, local government, police, private businesses, community service organizations, and local families.  The programs borne of this collaborative  structure promote wellness and reduce specific vulnerabilities within our community, including anxiety, depression, substance abuse and suicide.
Specific examples of programs that have developed within the community include parenting education programs, school and community-based mental health education and early intervention programs, early childhood social-emotional learning programs, and individual and family counseling. All programs are free to participants and are funded through public-private partnerships.
Findings: This joint approach to community resilience provides effective, evidence-based programs that support specific community needs.  The role of the organization as a trusted entity within the community plays a tremendous role in reducing the stigma associated with help-seeking. The model developed through Coronado SAFE’s work is highly replicable across communities.

Abstract #74
Title: The role of family resilience and self-differentiation in explaining adolescents' anxiety and personal resilience among families exposed to political conflict
Presenters:
Michal Finklestein and Shira Pagorek Eshel (Zefat Academic College, Israel)
Introduction:
Families with adolescents exposed to ongoing political conflict face challenges resulting from their threatened security as well as the developmental stage of the family. The role of the family system in contributing to adolescents' psychological adjustment was studied. Personal and family resilience, self-differentiation, and anxiety in parents and their adolescents were examined.
Methods: The sample was obtained through the convenience sampling approach, and included 89 dyads of parents and their adolescents, who resided in the Gaza surrounding communities in the south of Israel, exposed to missile fire for 13 years. 71 mothers and 18 fathers, aged 35-60, and 39 sons and 50 adolescent daughters, aged 11-18 participated. The questionnaires examined parents' and their adolescent's exposure to missile shooting threats, and evaluated levels of anxiety (TAI), personal resilience (CD-RISK), self- differentiation (DSI), and family resilience (FRAS). Statistical analyses included a repeated measure MANOVA and hierarchical regression.
Findings: Findings contribute to understanding adolescents' psychological adjustment under political conflict. Increasing their FR and SD, may enhance personal resilience and decrease  anxiety. 

Abstract #245
Title: Tribal Theory and the Development of "In the Moment" Resilience
Presenter:
 Erica Siddall and Melissa van der Maden (Tribal Theory Arts and Sciences, Canada)
Introduction:
Resilience, or one’s ability to overcome adversity, enables individuals and communities to continue growing when confronted by trauma and suffering. Yet, resilience is not found in all individuals. For instance, children whose problem-solving efforts are met with criticism too often grow up feeling as though they cannot weather the storm.
Methods: In the face of an increasing global need to heal from trauma, it is imperative to be able to foster resilience in those who otherwise have none. Tribal Theory is a unique model of creative trauma response which immediately facilitates the development of resilience. By creatively exploring one's authentic role in the human social tribe, this inclusive framework examines how an individual's response to a traumatic event may have displaced them from their authentic role and led them to adopt maladaptive behaviours.
Findings: Even after years of being displaced from one's authentic role, applying Tribal Theory creates a paradigm shift towards healing and allows individuals to make meaning of past traumas. Tribal Theory accelerates post-traumatic growth and is much-needed in trauma response, creating “in the moment” resilience on individual, communal, and global contexts.

Speakers
MF

Michal Finklestein

Zefat Academic College
avatar for Melissa van der Maden

Melissa van der Maden

Director or Training and Community Development- Eastern Canada, Tribal Theory Arts & Sciences +
MR

Monique Reynolds

Coronado SAFE


Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Room 07 Century City Conference Centre

15:00

Fostering Resilience in Service Providers - Elonya Niehaus, Alicia Pointer, Nicolette Teufel-Shone
Fostering Resilience in Service Providers

Abstract #130
Title: Creating constructive change readiness through a resilience programme for employees during a restructuring process
Presenter:
Elonya Niehaus (Institute for Transdisciplinary Development, South Africa)
Co-Author: Johann Roux
Introduction:
Paper reflects on a resilience programme aimed at creating constructive change readiness during restructuring processes at three South African mines.
Methods: Resilience programme aims to create constructive change readiness through: i) Developing life skills relevant to career uncertainty as a proactive coping strategy ii) Developing social support by re-examining relationships with significant others and gaining skills in supporting each other  iii) Developing self-care practices through maintaining the four energy dimensions  Qualitative approach was used where the purpose was to understand people’s experiences pertaining to the resilience programme.  Focus group and individual interviews were done with employees, who participated in the programme, during their exit from the mine.
Findings:
-Resilient employees who are focused on production and safety during restructuring
-Perception of a caring organisation that is committed to building resilient community during adversity of job loss
-Life skills for constructive behaviour during career adversity
-Constructive mind-sets about future outside current workplace which contributes towards practices that sustain wellbeing  

Abstract #255
Title: Exploring Intersecting Interests and Collaborations between Youth Social Service Advocates and Healthcare Providers that serve individual and systemic goals
Presenter: Alicia Pointer (Youth Advocate Programs, Inc., USA)
Co-Author: Dorienne Silva
Introduction: Youth advocates and healthcare providers often work with similar high-risk communities with different foci. Healthcare providers focus on improving and maintaining the health of individuals. Youth Advocates address family needs and challenges.  Both strive for healthy communities, increasingly aware of the effects of stress on health and vice versa.
Methods: The authors, leadership/staff with a youth advocacy NGO and a pediatrician, all serve high-risk families. Together they will devise a survey for youth advocates identifying areas of need and concern facing marginalized youth and families that also impact the well-being of their communities. This survey will include qualitative recommendations for proactive, collaborative efforts for mutual benefit. It will be administered to youth advocates working in specified US regions and possibly in Ireland and Guatemala. The surveys, combined with focus groups of mixed-discipline practitioners, will inform recommendations for potential collaborative initiatives and strategies.
Findings: We will use qualitative data from those practicing in the advocacy and healthcare fields to make concrete, practical recommendations for creative and productive interdisciplinary collaborations. Our early interdisciplinary discussions found several health concerns including literacy, truancy, lead poisoning, poverty, substance abuse which have roots, remedies and consequences within at-risk families.

Abstract #210
Title: Building Community Health Representatives’ Skills as Agents of Resilience in Indigenous Communities
Presenter:
 Nicolette Teufel-Shone (University of Arizona, USA)
Co-Authors: Mae-Gilene Begay, Samantha Sabo, Michele Henson
Introduction:
In the US, Community Health Representatives (CHRs) are federally funded to improve cross-cultural communication within the health care system serving Indigenous communities. CHRs build community capacity and advocate for social change. Perhaps their most significant role is teaching and supporting their clients and communities to be resilient and address challenges.
Methods: Objective: To build and reinforce CHRs’ skills in advocacy, public health policy and resilience. Methods: The Navajo Nation, Dine College (local tribal college) and the University of Arizona have partnered to create three integrated experiences to support personal and community resilience to improve health services. Activities include: 1) a culturally relevant public health certificate; 2) a summer health research and evaluation program that includes sessions on community and personal resilience; and 3) annual state-wide policy forums that convene CHRs from multiple indigenous communities to share strategies to advocate for social justice through policy change.
Findings: More than 100 CHRs have participated in one or more of these activities. CHRs have guided communities to develop and pass local policies to build local resilience to support health.  Conclusion: Through education, support and cohesion within the profession, CHRs have demonstrated their effectiveness as agents of resilience.  

Speakers
EN

Elonya Niehaus

Institute for Transdisciplinary Development (ITD)
avatar for Alicia M. Pointer

Alicia M. Pointer

Pediatrician, Cornerstone Family Healthcare/Youth Advocate Programs, Inc.
Alicia is a pediatrician at a community health center in Newburgh, NY. Her current research explores challenges and opportunities for collaboration between healthcare providers and youth advocates serving at-risk children. Her particular focus is on the intersection of individual... Read More →
NT

Nicolette Teufel-Shone

University of Arizona


Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Room 08 Century City Conference Centre

15:00

Fostering Resilience in Women and Girls - Linda Nienaber, Gerri Lasiuk (for Saima S. Hirani), Jane Rose Njue (for Joan Kabaria Muriithi)
Fostering Resilience in Women and Girls

Abstract #76
Title: Being a girl in Diepsloot: Making meaning of risk and resilience
Presenter:
 Linda Nienaber (University of Pretoria, South Africa)
Co-Author: Salomé Human-Vogel
Introduction:
Girl youth, especially girl youth from high-risk communities, are vulnerable to risks. Interventions focused on addressing risk draw on western paradigms of resilience, not accounting for cultural aspects of resilience. Therefore, understanding how girls in Diepsloot conceptualise risk and resilience is an important step in fostering resilience among girl youth.
Methods: I draw on an ecologically-oriented systemic approach to explore how girl youth make meaning of risk and resilience based on their lived experiences of being a girl in Diepsloot. Using a qualitative case study design, I collected data from eight girl youth in Diepsloot who attended an equine-assisted intervention in Diepsloot called Growing Great Girls. From open-ended focus group interviews, photovoice, journal entries and observations as data sources, I used  inductive thematic data analysis to interrogate how girl youth make meaning of the risks they face to discover the source and nature of their resilience.
Findings: The findings I will report on include themes focused on individual psychosocial characteristics, family climate, community-related social issues and broader societal issues. The findings of this study contributes to a broader understanding of risk and resilience that is ecologically relevant to the lives of girl youth from high risk communities. 

Abstract #47
Title: Role of social support intervention to enhance women’s resilience in Karachi, Pakistan
Presenter:
Gerri Lasiuk (University of Alberta, Canada)
Co-Author: Saima S. Hirani, Colleen Norris
Introduction:
Women’s mental health is a concern globally and especially in developing countries because of its direct association with children’s health. In developing countries like Pakistan, where resources are scarce, there is a need for low cost and gender sensitive interventions to promote women’s mental health in primary health care settings.
Methods: A 6-week social support intervention was tested with 120 community-dwelling women in a low socioeconomic area of Karachi Pakistan. 60 women were randomly assigned to a 6-week group social support intervention, while the 60 women in the control group received a single session on mental health. Resilience was measured at baseline and immediately post-intervention using the Resilience Scale-14 (RS-14) and the Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA).
Findings: Women in the intervention group showed better resilience and ability to see goals and plans to achieve them. They also reported experiencing other positive changes and increased ability to address their day-to-day life issues. The study demonstrates that group interventions in primary health care settings have potential to promote resilience.

Abstract #163
Title: Resilience and Social Support Networks of Kenyan Women Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence in Shelter Homes
Presenter: Jane Rose Njue (Family and Child Studies, Northern Illinois University, USA)
Co-Author: Joan Kabaria Muriithi, Lucy Kathuri-Ogola 
Introduction: This papers revisits the role played by individual women survivors and shelter homes in coping with the experience of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). Premised on selected tenets of family resilience theory, it postulates that key processes in family resilience are pertinent in helping women survivors deal with traumatic experiences
Methods: The discussions in the paper will be based on a study that was carried out in shelter homes in Nakuru and Nairobi, Kenya. The study employed a cross-sectional survey research design and studied four forms of violence: psychological, economic, physical and sexual. The target population comprised all women survivors of IPV who were seeking or had sought support services from the shelter homes in the past one year prior to the study and service providers in the shelter homes.
Findings: Survivors relied on individual and community strengths to get through the trying times. However, the full utilization of the legal and economic framework has been hampered by deep seated cultural beliefs and weak enforcement capacity. Consequently, strengthening of the collaboration amongst relevant stakeholders in the management of IPV is paramount.

Speakers
avatar for Gerri Lasiuk

Gerri Lasiuk

Associate Professor, College of Nursing, University of Saskatchewan
JR

Jane Rose Njue

Family and Consumer Sciences


Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Room 10 Century City Conference Centre

15:00

International Perspectives - Normanda Araujo de Morais, Bettina Moltrecht
International Perspectives

Abstract #301
Title: Factors that promote community resilience: A case study of a community in northeastern Brazil
Presenter: Normanda Araujo de Morais (Universidade de Fortaleza, Brazil)
Co-Authors: Ana Tercila Campos Oliveira (Universidade de Fortaleza, Brazil)
Introduction: It was sought to identify the factors that promote community resilience (CR) in a community in northeastern Brazil which originated in an urban occupation and which is characterized by low social indicators. Such adversities are historically less emphasized in studies of CR although they are the most chronic and frequent.
Methods: This is a qualitative study with design of single case study that was based on the ecological Insertion. A methodological proposal which makes the Bio ecological approach operational. Community observations were conducted over six months in addition to eleven interviews with key informants (community leaders, residents, etc). The data was analyzed based on content Analysis and triangulation of different instruments such as: interviews, diaries and official documents about the history and community indicators. It was found that the main adversities experienced are related to structural difficulties (e.g. sanitation and recreation), stigma and police violence.
Findings: There has been a historical process of community struggles for ensuring basic rights (e.g. electricity, transportation) which is based in the social capital and in the collective self-esteem. It is important to have a new perspective on communities and their vulnerabilities which can value its potential and the CR.

Abstract #302
Title: Mental Health and Resilience Provision in Schools across 10 European Countries.
Presenter: Bettina Moltrecht (Anna Freud Centre & University College London, UK)
Co-Authors: Praveetha Patalay, Dawid Gondek, Laura Giese, University of Nis, University of Limerick, Ireland
Introduction: Schools are considered a key setting for mental health (MH) provision, however little is known about the actual availability of MH interventions in schools. We provide data on existing MH interventions in schools across 10 European countries and identify facilitators and barriers for providing sufficient MH support to students.
Methods: Data from 1466 schools were collected in France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Serbia, Spain, Sweden, UK and Ukraine via an online survey. Information collected from schools included school demographics, existing MH interventions, approaches to MH provision (whole school/targeted; prevention/promotion/treatment), existing school policies, links with professionals and relevant agencies, and schools’ perceptions of barriers to MH provision.
Findings: Half of the schools reported insufficient MH support. Most interventions follow a universal approach and focus on treating present MH difficulties. Key barriers to MH provision included limited staff capacity, funding, access to specialists and lack of policies. Differences at a school level were associated with school demographics. Secondary schools scored higher on student support, links with agencies and existing policies. Private schools reported greater priority of MH support and less barriers. We observed a 7-33% between-country variation possibly reflecting differences in existing infrastructures and national policies.

Speakers
avatar for Bettina Moltrecht

Bettina Moltrecht

PhD Candidate, Anna Freud Centre & UCL
I am currently a PhD Candidate at the Evidence Based Practice Unit (EBPU), based across University College London and the Anna Freud National Centre. My research focus lies on the development of digital resilience interventions (mobile app) for adolescents.
NA

Normanda Araujo de Morais

University of Fortaleza
AT

Ana Tercila Campos Oliveira

Universidade de Fortaleza - UNIFOR


Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Room 03 Century City Conference Centre

15:00

Mental Health - Neil Humphrey, Cameron Gill
Mental Health

Abstract #8
Title: Exploring the intersection between cumulative risk and protective factors in predicting mental health difficulties among children and young people
Presenter:
 Neil Humphrey (University of Manchester, UK)
Co-Author: Tanya Lereya, Jessica Deighton
Introduction:
We address three objectives: (i) examine the nature and magnitude of the relationship between risk exposure and mental health difficulties among children and young people; (ii) assess the cumulative effects of individual and school-related protective factors on said outcomes; and (iii) examine the intersection between cumulative risk and protection.
Methods: A cross-sectional, multi-level natural variation design was utilized.  Our response variables were children and young people’s internalizing and externalizing mental health difficulties.  These were regressed onto a range of explanatory risk and protective variables operating at different levels of the developmental ecosystem (e.g., individual, family, school).  Approximately 7000 students (aged 10-14) in 12 areas across England provided data.  We will report multi-level analyses to determine the predictive utility of multiple versus cumulative risk perspectives, the functional form of the risk-outcome relationship, and the extent to which cumulative risk effects are moderated by the presence of individual and school-related protective factors.
Findings: To date, evidence of a non-linear, 'mass accumulation' effect of cumulative risk on externalising problems has been found; this effect explains variance above and beyond that accounted for by a multiple risk perspective.  Initial, exploratory analysis suggests that the presence of cumulative protective factors moderates the risk-outcome relationship.

Abstract #303
Title: Transcending disadvantage: enhancing resilience, empowerment and participation in children with additional needs.
Presenter: Cameron Gill (ParagonInc, Australia)
Co-Author: Teresa Butler
Introduction: Children with disabilities face challenges that often limit their opportunities to engage and participate to their full capacity.  Velocity is a program designed to assist children to transcend these challenges through developing resilience and challenging limiting expectations set by parents, professionals and society, and notions of learned helplessness.
Methods: Velocity is a weekly out of school program that provides an opportunity for children with disabilities to develop stronger social connections, challenge their bodies physically and learn vital leadership and resilience skills.
Findings: Children who participate in Velocity take more active roles in their communities.  They become more optimistic about their future.  They are less likely to be deterred by setbacks and are more confident in their ability to transcend their apparent limitations. 

Speakers
avatar for Cameron Gill

Cameron Gill

BeyondX
Cameron Gill is a physiotherapist with over 10 years experience in paediatrics. He is the founder and director of ParagonInc, a Superhero school that provides a range of life and leadership skills, including bullying prevention programs, social action and advocacy training, and... Read More →
NH

Neil Humphrey

University of Manchester


Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Room 06 Century City Conference Centre

15:00

Nurturing Youth Resilience - Rashi Sinha, Emily Stapley, Carlien Kahl
Nurturing Youth Resilience

Abstract #135
Title: How Rural Mothers Foster Resilience in Children: Conception and Strategies based on narratives of women from Mai-village, Nalanda, Bihar, India
Presenter: 
Rashi Sinha (Tata Institute of Social Sciences, India)
Introduction:
In this stengths-based research, an underprivileged population is being studied to better understand their possible multiple definitions of success, failure and resilience, and to explore how mothers buffer their children from the deleterious conditions birthed by structural inequality and generational poverty.
Methods: The first phase involved interviewing important stakeholders in the community to better understand the sociocultural context of Mai village and its development. This qualitative research acknowledges that the contribution of the mother-child relationship to the development of resilience. In the second phase, in-depth interviews were conducted with nine mothers from the community to explore the maternal construction of resilience and to study the strategies employed by mothers to foster resilience in their children. The third phase of the study comprised of a focus group in which the participants interacted and discussed their unique ways of fostering resilience in the children.
Findings: Apart from their indigenous methods, the results reveal the significance of hope in the lives of participants. The implication of learning about resilience development in this context lies in inculcating it in programmes and policies that will help others living in socioeconomic deprivation and the conditions associated with it.

Abstract #19
Title: The family as a facilitator for young people’s resilience: Findings from the qualitative evaluation of ‘HeadStart’ in England
Presenter:
 Emily Stapley (Anna Freud Centre/UCL, UK)
Introduction:
Adolescence is a high risk period for the development of diagnosable mental health disorders. In response to calls for a focus on prevention of mental health issues, the pilot phase of HeadStart implemented a ‘test and learn’ approach to improving the resilience and wellbeing of at-risk young people in England.
Methods: A range of interventions were delivered in school and community settings in 12 HeadStart areas across England. As part of the qualitative evaluation of HeadStart, 70 semi-structured interviews were conducted with young people (aged 11-15), four with families, and nine with parents/carers, to explore their perspectives on resilience, and factors promoting or hindering resilience and wellbeing. A thematic analysis of the interviews sought to examine the ways in which the family can support (or not) young people’s resilience and wellbeing, both within the context of family-focused interventions delivered as part of HeadStart and outside of the interventions.
Findings: The findings have implications for the role of the family in resilience-focused interventions for young people, and indicate how the family can be drawn on by young people as a coping resource.

Abstract #90
Title: Father-(figure)-s supporting resilient first-grade school transitions of children in a rural South African context amidst structural deficiencies.
Presenter:
 Carlien Kahl (North-West University, Vaal Campus, South Africa)
Co-Author: Itumeleng (Tumi) P. Khumalo 
Introduction:
To illustrate how father-figures supported rural South African children’s positive school transitioning as part of children’s social ecologies of resilience. More researchers are recognising the importance of including father-figures informing theories and directing interventions and family support. The data informing this paper shows father-figures’ provision and facilitating access to resilience-resources.
Methods: Community advisory panel criteria enabled selection of five case study children, their parents, and teachers as part of a larger project entitled SISU (Social ecologies of resilience among at-risk children starting school in South Africa and Finland: A visual participatory study). Interviews were conducted with parents and teachers, and children’s data gathered using Draw-and-talk, Photo elicitation, and the Day-in-the-life video methodology. Inductive, iterative analysis allowed researchers to create a coding system for further deductive analysis within and across cases by independent coders, consensus discussions, and external review. Data were informed by three cases with two fathers and a grandfather present.
Findings: Father-figures provided and facilitated school-supporting routines through pragmatic care to meet specific first-grade demands (financial, academic, physical care). Support included performing domestic tasks and nurturing children’s autonomy through participation in chores; shielding and coaching appropriate expected behaviour. Researchers working with children and school settings should include father-figures as resilience-supporting resources.

Speakers
avatar for Carlien Kahl

Carlien Kahl

North-West University
avatar for Rashi Sinha

Rashi Sinha

Tata Institute of Social Sciences
ES

Emily Stapley

Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families


Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Room 02 Century City Conference Centre

15:00

Overcoming Structural Disadvantage - Roxanna Morote Rios, Paula McFadden, Kathryn Levine
Overcoming Structural Disadvantage

Abstract #65
Title: Resilience, hope and emotional well-being in Latin American community-based leaders
Presenter:
 Roxanna Morote Rios (Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway)
Co-Author: Odin Hjemdal
Introduction:
Poverty, and social and gender violence have an impact on psychosocial well-being, however, community-based leaders in Peru break barriers for social inclusion and become community care givers and agents of social change. We propose a model of protective mechanisms comprising individual, social, family, and spiritual connectedness to assess well-being in Latin America.
Methods: Participants are 692 Peruvian adults (18 to 74 years old)  living in Lima. They are mostly migrants (53%) coming from poor or rural regions of Peru. Participants answered the Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA), the Herth Hope Scale (HHS) and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL-25). With a set of factorial ANOVAs, we compared the levels of protective mechanisms (resilience,hope) and emotional well being in  groups of college students (n = 323), non-organized adults (n = 202), and community-based leaders (n = 167). We hypothesized that leaders have higher levels of protective mechanisms and better indicators of emotional well-being.
Findings: Leaders have more interpersonal competences/resources, self- efficacy, and social and transcendental hope. However, they do not show better indices of emotional well-being (hopelessness, anxiety and depression). Low resilience is a significant risk for anxiety and depression, especially for women. Resilience and hope act together as culturally relevant protection in Latin America.

Abstract #28
Title: The Role of Resilience in Mediating Burnout via Organizational Factors of Control, Values, Fairness, Reward, Workload and Community Relationships
Presenter: 
Paula McFadden (Queens University Belfast, UK)
Co-Authors: John Mallett, Michael Leiter
Introduction:
Burnout has been the subject of extensive research in child-protection social work.  This paper presents findings from 162 child-protection social workers in Northern-Ireland, assessed for burnout using the Maslach Burnout Inventory.
Methods: A cross sectional survey measured Burnout using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach 1986), Resilience using the Resilience Scale RS14 by Wagnild and Young (1986) and organizational factors using the Area of Work-life Scale (Letier 2008).  Front line child protection workers in statutory and voluntary sector provision were the target sample.  Path models were estimated, based on an extension of the Two Process Energy and Values model (Leiter, 2008) to include additional measures of resilience using the Resilience Scale-14, as well as Perceived Rewards and Sense of Community from the Area of Work Life Scale AWLS (Leiter, 2008).
Findings: Model-fit was achieved by modelling Resilience as mediator of the relationship between organisational-factors of Control, Values and Burnout.  Workload was strongest direct predictor of Emotional-Exhaustion.  Resilience is modelled as both an outcome of some organisational factors whilst also making a unique direct contribution to explaining burnout alongside other organisational factors.   

Abstract #191
Title: Interventions and External Influences in the Growth and Exploration Stages in Career Development
Presenter: Kathryn Levine (Faculty of Social Work, Canada)
Co-Author: Dawn Sutherland
Introduction: This study  examined children’s career interest and knowledge within a developmental context that  assessed the predictors of career  awareness in two groups: students who attended an early intervention program and a control group of students who had not participated in any career awareness program.
Methods: Quantitative survey study of 1500 children across five school divisions in Manitoba to assess knowledge of career decision making.
Findings: Findings indicated that students in Grades 5-6 demonstrated significantly greater capacity to engage in career exploration and knowledge of career interests, compared to senior year students. These are relevant to service providers in the school systems who are tasked with the responsibility of facilitating children’s career development.  

Speakers
KL

Kathryn Levine

Faculty of Social Work, University of Manitoba
PM

Paula McFadden

Queen's University Belfast
RM

Roxanna Morote Rios

Norwegian University of Science and Technology


Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Room 05 Century City Conference Centre

15:00

Researching Resilience - Andrea Breen, Barbara Hanfstingl
Researching Resilience

Abstract #195
Title: Research for Resilience and Reconciliation
Presenter:
Andrea Breen (University of Guelph, Canada)
Co-Author: Jamie Bell, Ethan Tassiuk
Introduction:
Research on Indigenous peoples has been a tool of Colonization and there are increasing calls to decolonize research by incorporating Indigenist methodologies (eg. Wilson, 2008).  In this paper, we draw on Indigenist methodologies to share our story of co-developing a resilience-focused research project with Inuit youth in Arviat, Canada.
Methods: Indigenist methodologies emphasize relationship with other people, land and spirit, validity that is centred on responsibility to those with whom one has a relationship, knowledge generated from a variety of sources, and learning  through sharing stories (Burkhart, 2004; Wilson, 2008). We draw on these methods to examine our own conversations, focusing on data from a year-long, intensive Twitter conversation between us—a Non-Indigenous female academic researcher from an urban university, and two Indigenous male, non-academics.
Findings: We highlight themes of dis/connection, un/learning, colonization, and reconciliation through co-developing a project that will incorporate television, technology and participatory action storytelling. We share our emerging insights about the challenges and possibilities of doing research with Indigenous youth and communities in ways that contribute to both resilience and reconciliation.

Abstract #305
Title: Resilience and its association to related constructs
Presenter: Barbara Hanfdstingl (Alpen-Adria-Universitaet Klagenfurt, Austria)
Co-Authors: Ingrid Koller, Elena Mochar, Emanuel Wirnsberger
Introduction: Since resilience is discussed as multidimensional construct, different approaches and research pathways are reflected in empirical research. The most challenging point is the overlap with related constructs, even more if those overlaps stay on an implicit level. However, for a precise empirical work we need clear definitions and explicit operationalizations. 
Methods: In this presentation we will contrast different definitions of resilience with related constructs such as self-efficacy, coping strategies and self-regulation by using the Content-Scaling Structure procedure (CSS; Koller, Glück, & Levenson, 2016). CSS is a mixed-method multi-step process which helps to analyze and optimize the content validity of a construct. One part of CSS allows to contrast latent constructs on item level with the help of expert ratings. This also allows the analysis, to what extent operationalizations and items in questionnaires reflect the theoretical approaches and definitions of a construct in a valid way.
Findings: The data show surprising ambiguities and overlaps of resilience, self-efficacy, coping strategies and some aspects of self-regulation at empirical level although they mean something else theoretically. We will discuss consequences and implications on a theoretical, methodical and empirical level.

Speakers
avatar for Andrea Breen

Andrea Breen

Assistant Professor, University of Guelph
Narrative identity, Indigenist methodologies, Arts-based and qualitative methodologies, young carers.
BH

Barbara Hanfstingl

Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt


Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Room 04 Century City Conference Centre

15:00

Invited Symposium: Resilience expressed in contexts of vulnerability in the Global South - Silvia H. Koller, Clarissa Pinto Pizarro de Freitas, Maria Angela Mattar Yunes, Itumeleng Khumalo
Invited Symposium Summary
Resilience expressed in contexts of vulnerability in the Global South 

Presenters: Silvia H. Koller, Clarissa Pinto Pizarro de Freitas, Maria Angela Mattar Yunes, Itumeleng Khumalo
This symposium will emphasize the innovative knowledge in positive psychology produced in the Global South, related to the research about resilience and vulnerability. It gathers a clear agenda that takes cultural perspectives and diverse contexts into account to understand variables such as well being, coping, and resilience among vulnerable populations. 

Invited Symposium Abstracts 
Impact of presence of meaning in life on relationship of personal characteristics and well-being in Brazilian context
Presenter:
Clarissa Pinto Pizarro de Freitas ( Universidade Salgado de Oliveira, Brazil)
Abstract: The present study aimed to investigate the mediation role of presence of meaning in life on the relationship of optimism, pessimism and self-esteem with life satisfaction, stress, positive and negative affect in the Brazilian context. The sample was composed by 1945 Brazilians (64% women), aged from 18 to 88 years (M = 38.7, SD = 16.2). The results of structural equation modeling indicated that the relations of optimism and self-esteem with life satisfaction, stress, positive and negative affect were partially mediated by levels of presence of meaning in life. However presence of meaning in life did not mediated the associations of pessimism with levels of life satisfaction, stress, positive and negative affect. This study contributes to well-being literature advancing on the comprehension of relations of personal characteristics and well-being. 



Self-perception of workers in Brazilian shelter institutions for children and adolescents: identities, role and professional resilience 
Presenter: Maria Angela Mattar Yunes (Centro Universitário La Salle, Spain)
Co-Authors: Ângela Adriane Schmidt Bersch
Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate workers´ perception of three governmental institutions about their identities and roles in institutions in the south Brazil. 
Methods: Thirty participants completed a semi-structured questionnaire with a terminology that would best define its role in the institution. The options were: monitor; agent; caregiver; educator, other and should be justified. Results indicated that only 30% perceived themselves as educators. However, the majority characterized their job functions with a variety of tasks from instrumental basic health care, control of school activities until more complex forms of discipline activities. Most participants referred to these practices as challenging and only 20% showed awareness of the effects of their practices/quality of relationships in the psychological development of children and adolescents. 
Findings: Therefore, strategies to enhance workers` professional resilience should be developed with focus on strengthening their role as Educators. Further research is required to design and implement interventions with this workforce that plays an active role for the wellbeing of the assisted population. 

Impact of presence of meaning in life on relationship of personal characteristics and well-being in Brazilian context
Presenter: Silvia H. Koller (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil)
Co-Authors: Emily Jean Haddad 
Abstract: The present study aimed to investigate the mediation role of presence of meaning in life on the relationship of optimism, pessimism and self-esteem with life satisfaction, stress, positive and negative affect in the Brazilian context. The sample was composed by 1945 Brazilians (64% women), aged from 18 to 88 years (M = 38.7, SD = 16.2). The results of structural equation modeling indicated that the relations of optimism and self-esteem with life satisfaction, stress, positive and negative affect were partially mediated by levels of presence of meaning in life. However presence of meaning in life did not mediated the associations of pessimism with levels of life satisfaction, stress, positive and negative affect. This study contributes to well-being literature advancing on the comprehension of relations of personal characteristics and well-being. 


The colour of resilience pathways: Investigating “Africultural” coping styles among African teachers
Presenter: Itumeleng P. Khumalo (North-West University, South Africa)
Introduction: Stress emanates from person-environment interaction. Life circumstances, sociodemographic variables and socio-historical and cultural heritage place some groups in more vulnerable positions. This study, among South African teachers, shows gender and race embedded differences in stress experiences and resilience processes.
Methods: The optimal capturing of the experiences stress and operationalisation of coping based on socio-cultural contextual factors, using the Africultural Coping Styles Index (ACSI) are studied. White and Black male and female South African teachers (n=400) completed a two wave longitudinal survey and responded to questions about sources of stress and psychological distress, as well as social support, problem-solving, avoidance, cognitive-emotional debriefing, ritual-, spiritual-, and collective-centred response mechanisms. Using multivariate statistics and structural equation modeling, group differences (race and gender) are reported for mean scores, factor structure, and inter-variable relationships and dynamics.
Findings: Implications for stress management and well-being promotion (such as measurement and group differences in resilience mechanisms) that take into account differences in person-environment interaction embedded in race and gendered realities are discussed.

Impact of presence of meaning in life on relationship of personal characteristics and well-being in Brazilian context


Speakers
CP

Clarissa Pinto Pizarro de Freitas

Universidade Salgado de Oliveira - UNIVERSO
avatar for Itumeleng Khumalo

Itumeleng Khumalo

North-West University
SK

Silvia Koller

Visiting Scientist, Harvard
avatar for Maria Angela Mattar Yunes

Maria Angela Mattar Yunes

Associate Professor, Centro Universitário La Salle, Unilasalle, Canoas
Lecturer and advisor at the programs of post graduation studies in education in Centro Universitário La Salle - UNILASALLE, Canoas and Universidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURG, Brasil. Main interest on research and intervention on family resilience, community resilience and par... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Hall C Century City Conference Centre

15:00

Invited Symposium: The neurobiology of resilience and gene-environment mechanisms - Justine Gatt, Michael Pluess, Alan Emond, Robert Paul
Invited Symposium Summary
The neurobiology of resilience and gene-environment mechanisms

Presenters: Justine Gatt, Michael Pluess, Alan Emond, Robert Paul
The neuroscience of resilience is a burgeoning field. This symposium will present leading edge theory and research in resilience from human studies. The role of environment versus genetics will be specifically discussed, and their modulating role on brain function drawing on examples from neuropsychological and brain imaging techniques.

Invited Symposium Abstracts
Resilience and Environmental Sensitivity: A Neurobiological Perspective 
Presenter:
Michael Pluess (Queen Mary University of London, UK)
Introduction: The observation that some people are more affected than others by the same experience is usually framed in a Diathesis-Stress perspective: some people are more vulnerable to adverse experiences as a function of inherent risk characteristics (e.g., personality, genes). More recently, it has been suggested in the Differential Susceptibility framework 
Methods: (Belsky & Pluess, 2009) that individuals may vary in their “Environmental Sensitivity” more generally with some being more affected by both negative as well as positive environmental influences. Variation in response to positive experiences has been described in more detail in the new concept of Vantage Sensitivity (Pluess & Belsky, 2013). Thinking behind the concepts of Differential Susceptibility and Vantage Sensitivity, as well as other related theories, suggests that it may be genetically influenced characteristics of the central nervous system that predict Environmental Sensitivity. After introducing an overarching theoretical framework for individual differences in Environmental Sensitivity (Pluess, 2015) empirical evidence
Findings: for such differences will be presented featuring related personality, genetic, and neuroimaging factors as moderators of a wide range of experiences ranging from family environment to psychological intervention. Finally, implications of a perspective of Environmental Sensitivity on the traditional prevalent conceptualisation of resilience will be discussed.

The importance of IQ in promoting resilience in children and young people.
Presenter: Alan Emond (University of Bristol, UK)
Co-Authors: Nisreen Khambati, Jon Heron 
Introduction: We report a longitudinal study investigating the role of IQ in promoting resilience in children and young people.
Methods: The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children is an on-going UK cohort study, which tested over 5,000 ALSPAC participants with a short version of the WISC III in research clinics at the age of 8, and measures of wellbeing, mental health and educational outcomes in 4,000 participants at age 17/18 years. The adversity exposure was child physical and emotional maltreatment prior to 5 years reported by the parents. A series of analyses have looked at the protective effect of IQ on the impact of other developmental traits, including social communication difficulties, inattention/hyperactivity and poor motor co-ordination.
Findings: The importance of IQ in promoting resilient adaptation to adversity will be explored using the exposure of maltreatment (physical and emotional abuse) and the outcomes of wellbeing, self-esteem and educational attainment in late adolescence. Potential interactions with other cognitive abilities and developmental traits will be presented, demonstrating the role of IQ in pathways to resilience across childhood and adolescence.

Demographic and clinical predictors of brain structure and function in early life stress
Presenter: Robert Paul (University of Missouri, USA
Co-Authors: Dan Stein, John Joska, Jackie Hoare 
Introduction: Early life stress (ELS) events are linked to poor health across the lifespan. Prior work suggests these outcomes are linked to ELS-mediated neurodevelopmental disruption and associated dysregulation of cognitive and emotional behavior. The critical demographic and ELS-specific variables that underlie these health outcomes remain unclear. We examined age, sex, and 
Methods: ELS subtype as moderators of brain integrity in otherwise healthy individuals (n=178). Brain integrity was measured using structural and diffusion neuroimaging and cognitive performance, all from an archival database. Results suggested that older age of ELS onset and exposure to complex trauma (e.g., abuse) corresponded to reduced brain integrity on neuroimaging and cognitive measures. The effects were most pronounced in brain white matter. Together, the correspondence between white matter disruption and demographic and clinical variables informs the neurodevelopmental model of ELS. Myelination and axonal widening in brain white matter continues through young adulthood and these brain regions are susceptible to
Findings: pathogenic mechanisms, including processes implicated in ELS such as immune activation. Future studies are needed to examine the interdependence of ELS, neurodevelopmental stage, immune dysregulation, and brain integrity in order to more completely define the neuropathogenic model of ELS and ideally identify targets for clinical interventions.

Cognitive and neuroimaging markers of wellbeing and resilience in adult twins
Presenter: Justine M Gatt ( Neuroscience Research Australia and UNSW, Australia)
Co-Authors: Kylie Routledge, Karen Burton, Mayuresh Korgaonkar, Stuart Grieve, Anthony Harris 
Introduction: Research into the neuroscience of resilience has increasingly emerged over recent years. We propose that the neural networks of threat, reward and executive functioning may play a key role in modulating the resilience process, yet this remains to be confirmed. We examined the role of these networks in resilience using
Methods: both neuropsychological tests and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 1,684 healthy adult twins from the TWIN-E study of whom 270 twins also completed the MRI testing (Gatt et al., 2012). We defined higher resilience by higher scores on our COMPAS-W composite scale of wellbeing (Gatt et al., 2014) in the presence of adverse childhood trauma exposure. Evidence will be presented demonstrating associations between wellbeing and mental illness symptoms, and how specific neuropsychological functions (e.g., working memory, inhibition) and brain activity to functional MRI tasks that measure threat vs reward and executive functioning (e.g., emotional faces and Go/no-go inhibition tasks) may modulate the resilience process. 
Findings: By comparing monozygotic (MZ) to dizygotic (DZ) twins, we can also show how genetics and environment drive these associations. Together, the findings will highlight the core neural networks that underpin wellbeing and resilience. Implications for preventative mental health and intervention work will also be discussed.  

Speakers
AE

Alan Emond

University of Bristol
JG

Justine Gatt

NeuRA and UNSW
RP

Robert Paul

Missouri Institute of Mental Health
avatar for Michael Pluess

Michael Pluess

Associate Professor / Head of Department, Queen Mary University of London


Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Room 11 Century City Conference Centre

15:00

Healing Through Music - Marion Brown, Scott Jones
Symposium Summary
Healing Through Music

Presenters: Marion Brown, Scott Jones
In Nova Scotia, Scott Jones was left paralyzed from the waist down as a result of homophobic violence.  His decision to found a choir and return to choral conducting has been a critical component to his recovery.  Also in Nova Scotia, young people who have experienced homelessness and struggles with mental health and addictions experience themselves in new ways by singing in a community choir and shift public perceptions of ‘youth at risk’ through their public performances.This symposium brings together research from these three locations and presents evidence for music as a protective factor in individual, collective, and cultural resilience.  We invite others to come with their stories of the same and seek to grow an international network of resilience researchers with this focus.

Symposium Abstracts 
Choral Singing as Protective Factor for Youth Wellbeing
Presenter:
 Marion Brown (Dalhousie University School of Social Work, Canada)
Co-Authors: Scott Jones, Lisa Lachance
Introduction: What is the impact of community choir participation on youth who've faced multiple barriers including mental health challenges, addiction, homelessness, discrimination and social isolation?  Anecdotal evidence suggests that young people coming together to sing can be an enriching, fulfilling experience, yet there's a lack of empirical study on the question. 
Methods: This research targets a community based strategy (community choirs) that, while showing promise in stabilizing the effects of combined environmental and personal challenges, has not been empirically studied to establish a set of indicators that measure its protective function.  We are undertaking participant observation and qualitative interviews with young people who have faced significant adversity in their lives and who participate in community choirs.  
Findings: Youth embrace the opportunity to tell their stories through song; interact positively with the public; and change the prevailing narrative of ‘problem youth’ and their ‘burden’ on society.  Community based initiatives that are effective in meeting health and social care needs can reduce pressure on overburdened and under-resourced formal systems.

Choral Therapy: How Choir Saved My Life
Presenter: Scott Jones (VOX: A Choir for Social Change, Canada)
Introduction: I am a musician and choral conductor. In 2013 I was attacked in an act of homophobic violence and left paralyzed from the waist down.  Five months later I launched the Don’t BE Afraid Campaign, a movement promoting honest conversations about homophobia/ transphobia, and VOX: A Choir for Social Change. 
Methods: The choir’s objective is to explore and break down the social barriers that prevent a more inclusive society through creative expression. VOX has been a critical component to my recovery.  Since November 2014, we have met weekly to sing and engage in discussions which probe at the meanings beneath the music and deepen understandings of individual, cultural and institutional values, beliefs and assumptions.  This work is autoethnography, with a focus on my journey to recovery through choral music and a choir’s ability to manifest positive change, even to save a life. 
Findings: The paper highlights my healing journey through song, conveying the power of choral music to actualize a society free from discrimination and violence, where human rights and inclusion can be assured. Implications for other choral-based initiatives will be shared.

Speakers
avatar for Marion Brown

Marion Brown

Associate Professor, Dalhousie University
Hello all; I am a social worker with 25 years experience working with young people facing barriers of poverty, mental health struggles, addiction and discrimination. I now teach at the School of Social Work at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Canada, and sing in two community ch... Read More →
avatar for Scott Jones

Scott Jones

Founder/Artistic Director, VOX : A Choir for Social Change
Hi Everyone! :) I am a musician, activist, and avid traveller based out of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. After a life-altering attack left me paralyzed in 2013, I began an anti-homophobia campaign called Don't BE Afraid, as well as a choir called VOX: A Choir for Social Change. B... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30
Room 09 Century City Conference Centre

15:00

Informal Break
One more session to go! There will be an informal break avaliable all afternoon from 15:00 onwards which included snacks and coffee/tea, help yourself!


Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 18:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

16:30

Concurrent Sessions 8
Enjoy presentations by presenters including Hafal Ahmad, Sadiyya Haffejee, and Leon Gwaka on topics such as Building Resilience in Muslim Communities, Trauma and Sexual Abuse, and Ecological Approaches to Resilience to name a few!


Thursday June 15, 2017 16:30 - 18:00
Century City Conference Centre Western Cape Town, South Africa

16:30

Building Resilience in Muslim Communities - Hafal Ahmad, Helena Oikarinen-Jabai, Marja Tiilikainen
Building Resilience in Muslim Communities

Abstract #77
Title: Youth De-radicalization: Best Practices for Canada
Presenter:
Hafal Ahmad (Royal Roads University, Canada)
Introduction:
Youth radicalization leading to violence has become a growing fear among Canadians, as terrorist attacks are carried out in Western states. Although Canada has suffered relatively fewer acts of violence, this fear has intensified and a de-radicalization strategy is needed in the Canadian context.
Methods: In a qualitative case study methodology, interviews were conducted with school counsellors, religious leaders, and academics to explore solutions to youth radicalization. Youth de-radicalization approaches from Singapore and UK were analyzed and found that community-based initiatives were missing from programming. Social identity theory is used to explain that youth join radicalized groups to feel a sense of belonging and have to be provided an alternative and moderate group identity to de-radicalize.
Findings: Canada can incorporate lessons from the Singaporean and UK’s approaches by building trustful relationships and networks between the public and those providing the service. This could be achieved by including communities into de-radicalization and discuss community problems with these stakeholders. Otherwise, they may feel targeted and marginalized in their society. 
 
Abstract #80
Title: Young Finnish Muslims exploring and performing their resilience. A participatory study
Presenter:
Helena Oikarinen-Jabai (University of Helsinki, Finland)
Introduction:
My earlier participatory performative research with young second generation Finns suggested that for young Muslims religion is an important resilience factor. Presently I work in the project Young Muslims and Resilience -A Participatory Study. The participants belong to diverse Muslim communities and have different ethnic backgrounds (5 fem/5male)
Methods: The participants of the project are involved in creating an exhibition, workshops and seminars in which they can express their own viewpoints of resilience. Visual methodology created by Michael Ungar and his colleagues are applied, in addition to performative methodologies. In our research setting we have modified the method (‘a day in life’) to suit better for our purposes by making shorter video shootings focusing on issues chosen by the participants. They have continued with the issues they are interested in and concerned such as living in-between cultures, religion, gender, sexuality, generational relationships, fashion, Islamic diaspora cultures and islamophobia.
Findings: In my presentation I share some views and images created by the participants, and discuss participatory performative approaches as means to understand resilience of young people belonging to a (stigmatized) minority. The preliminary findings reveal the diversity of Muslim communities, also female and male participants concentrate on different issues.  

Abstract #79
Title: Resources and resilience among Canadian Somali and Finnis