Please note that there are two different conference venues:
June 14/15 - Century City Conference Centre
June 16 - Kirstenbosch Conference Centre (transportation available)
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Thursday, June 15 • 13:30 - 15:00
Invited Symposium: Male youth health matters: Trauma and resilience - Christine Wekerle, Jones Adjei, Sarah Brown, Jennifer Fraser

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Invited Symposium Summary
Male youth health matters: Trauma and resilience

Presenters: Christine Wekerle, Jones Adjei, Sarah Brown, Jennifer Fraser
Understanding health risks and promoting resilience in male youth with sexual violence experience: A Canadian initiative. This Symposium will be co-chaired by Dr. Christine Wekerle, McMaster University and Joan van Niekerk, MSW, Past-President, ISPCAN : Advocacy and resilience: From legislation to professional practice. 

Invited Symposium Abstracts
Setting the stage for resilience among male adolescents and young adults 
 Christine Wekerle (McMaster University, Canada)
Introduction: Sexual violence of male youth/young adults has been an under-attended area in research. A trauma-informed perspective spotlights the sub-group of male youth for whom externalizing behaviours represent an acting out of traumatization. The potential for the persistence of post-traumatic symptomatology has over-shadowed the resilience behaviours and processes of survivors. 
Methods: A selected review of the prevalence and features of male youth/ young adults experiencing various forms of sexual violence will be presented by region. Research will feature findings on various samples of child welfare-involved youth in terms of potential pathways to resilience. The Maltreatment and Adolescent Pathways (MAP) research study assessed 561 youth randomly sampled from child welfare caseloads. While youth were engaged in child welfare services for over a 6 month period, most had experienced years of service. Tools used included: Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Childhood Experiences of Victimization Questionnaire and Sexual Motives Scale. 
Findings: Motives for sex differed between males and females with Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) experiences, pleasure differed between Non-CSA males and CSA males, and both CSA males and females reporting having sex for coping more so than non-CSA peers. Implications for gender-based, trauma-informed, and motivational approach to youth health/risk behaviours.

Resilience among Sexually Exploited Adolescent Boys in Western Canada: Risk and Protective Factors linked to Mental Health 
Presenter: Jones Adjei (University of British Columbia, Canada)
Co-Authors: Melissa Moynihan, Elizabeth Saewyc
Introduction: Research shows sexual exploitation experience among youth is significantly related to negative health outcomes including substance abuse, depressive symptoms, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), suicidal ideation, and sexual risks such as sexually transmitted infection. Little is known about protective factors that may help buffer exploited boys from further sequelae. 
Methods: Data from the British Columbia Homeless and Street-Involved Youth Surveys 2006 and 2014 were merged and analysed to explore exploitation experiences and health outcomes, then identified how patterns of risk factors and protective factors contributed to odds of mental health problems. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to identify theoretically based risk and protective factors, and then calculated probability profiles for varying combinations of the factors for exploited boys.
Findings: This study contributes to our understanding of pathways that may promote resilience and reduce health sequelae for sexually exploited adolescent boys, which may help programs designed to support sexually exploited youth offer more effective supports for the boys they reach. 

Can interventions designed to reduce reoffending in youths who have engaged in sexually harmful behaviour protect them from future victimization?
Presenter: Sarah Brown ( Centre for Research in Psychology, Behaviour and Achievement, Coventry University, UK)
Introduction: Research indicates considerable overlap between child and adolescent populations who are victimized and victimize however they are rarely studied together. A systems-focused treatment programme in Queensland, Australia, designed to address risk factors associated with the perpetration of sexual/violent crimes was investigated to see if it might also reduce future victimization.
Methods: Boys (average age 15 at time of referral offence) adjudicated for sexual offences who received ‘treatment as usual’ (TAU; n = 335) were compared with similarly adjudicated boys (n = 200) who completed the treatment programme on their histories of contact with the police either as offenders or victims.
Findings: Despite higher rates of pre-intervention victimization, the treatment group were victimized less frequently post-intervention than the TAU group. Continued offending was the strongest predictor of victimization post-intervention. Findings suggest offending and victimization share common risk/protective factors. Addressing these could help increase resilience following sexually harmful behaviour and design prevention interventions. 

Resilience and Capacity Building for the Health Workforce to Improve Recognition and Response to the Abuse and Neglect of Children 
Presenter: Jennifer Fraser ( Sydney Nursing School, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, The University of Sydney, Australia)
Introduction: Recognition/response to child abuse/neglect is of critical importance in healthcare settings, with significant negative outcomes for children who go undetected. This presentation will argue that increasing clinical/research capacity for health professionals can improve screening, identification, and treatment for children most at risk. 
Methods: An examination of workforce resilience and capacity with health professionals’ self-care practices for research conducted in Australia, Vietnam and Brazil. Focus on a unique Australian Palliative Care workforce and the relationship between self-care, and compassion for self and others. 
Findings: The cumulative negative effects of working with victims of family violence has received less attention. Interventions that include a focus on synchronizing self-care practices with professional self-efficacy for those who work in the area of child abuse, neglect, and family violence is proposed. 


Jones Adjei

Red Deer College

Sarah Brown

Coventry University

Jennifer A Fraser

The University of Sydney
avatar for Christine Wekerle

Christine Wekerle

McMaster University
Dr at McMaster University Christine Wekerle, is associate professor at Department of Pediatrics – Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University. She is the lead investigator in the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) funded Boys’ and Men’s Health Team grant. Her... Read More →

Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00 SAST
Hall C Century City Conference Centre