Please note that there are two different conference venues:
June 14/15 - Century City Conference Centre
June 16 - Kirstenbosch Conference Centre (transportation available)
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Thursday, June 15 • 15:00 - 16:30
Overcoming Structural Disadvantage - Roxanna Morote Rios, Paula McFadden, Kathryn Levine

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Overcoming Structural Disadvantage

Abstract #65
Title: Resilience, hope and emotional well-being in Latin American community-based leaders
 Roxanna Morote Rios (Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway)
Co-Author: Odin Hjemdal
Poverty, and social and gender violence have an impact on psychosocial well-being, however, community-based leaders in Peru break barriers for social inclusion and become community care givers and agents of social change. We propose a model of protective mechanisms comprising individual, social, family, and spiritual connectedness to assess well-being in Latin America.
Methods: Participants are 692 Peruvian adults (18 to 74 years old)  living in Lima. They are mostly migrants (53%) coming from poor or rural regions of Peru. Participants answered the Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA), the Herth Hope Scale (HHS) and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL-25). With a set of factorial ANOVAs, we compared the levels of protective mechanisms (resilience,hope) and emotional well being in  groups of college students (n = 323), non-organized adults (n = 202), and community-based leaders (n = 167). We hypothesized that leaders have higher levels of protective mechanisms and better indicators of emotional well-being.
Findings: Leaders have more interpersonal competences/resources, self- efficacy, and social and transcendental hope. However, they do not show better indices of emotional well-being (hopelessness, anxiety and depression). Low resilience is a significant risk for anxiety and depression, especially for women. Resilience and hope act together as culturally relevant protection in Latin America.

Abstract #28
Title: The Role of Resilience in Mediating Burnout via Organizational Factors of Control, Values, Fairness, Reward, Workload and Community Relationships
Paula McFadden (Queens University Belfast, UK)
Co-Authors: John Mallett, Michael Leiter
Burnout has been the subject of extensive research in child-protection social work.  This paper presents findings from 162 child-protection social workers in Northern-Ireland, assessed for burnout using the Maslach Burnout Inventory.
Methods: A cross sectional survey measured Burnout using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach 1986), Resilience using the Resilience Scale RS14 by Wagnild and Young (1986) and organizational factors using the Area of Work-life Scale (Letier 2008).  Front line child protection workers in statutory and voluntary sector provision were the target sample.  Path models were estimated, based on an extension of the Two Process Energy and Values model (Leiter, 2008) to include additional measures of resilience using the Resilience Scale-14, as well as Perceived Rewards and Sense of Community from the Area of Work Life Scale AWLS (Leiter, 2008).
Findings: Model-fit was achieved by modelling Resilience as mediator of the relationship between organisational-factors of Control, Values and Burnout.  Workload was strongest direct predictor of Emotional-Exhaustion.  Resilience is modelled as both an outcome of some organisational factors whilst also making a unique direct contribution to explaining burnout alongside other organisational factors.   

Abstract #191
Title: Interventions and External Influences in the Growth and Exploration Stages in Career Development
Presenter: Kathryn Levine (Faculty of Social Work, Canada)
Co-Author: Dawn Sutherland
Introduction: This study  examined children’s career interest and knowledge within a developmental context that  assessed the predictors of career  awareness in two groups: students who attended an early intervention program and a control group of students who had not participated in any career awareness program.
Methods: Quantitative survey study of 1500 children across five school divisions in Manitoba to assess knowledge of career decision making.
Findings: Findings indicated that students in Grades 5-6 demonstrated significantly greater capacity to engage in career exploration and knowledge of career interests, compared to senior year students. These are relevant to service providers in the school systems who are tasked with the responsibility of facilitating children’s career development.  


Kathryn Levine

Faculty of Social Work, University of Manitoba

Paula McFadden

Queen's University Belfast

Roxanna Morote Rios

Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Thursday June 15, 2017 15:00 - 16:30 SAST
Room 05 Century City Conference Centre