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Please note that there are two different conference venues:
June 14/15 - Century City Conference Centre
June 16 - Kirstenbosch Conference Centre (transportation available)
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Thursday, June 15 • 13:30 - 15:00
Supporting Family Resilience - Elias Kourkoutas, Lizette Berry, Kim Foster

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Supporting Family Resilience

Abstrat #300
Title: Resilience and Perceived Relationship with Parents and Teachers in Children and Adolescents with and without Emotional, Behavioral Problems
Presenter: Elias Kourkoutas (University of Crete, Greece)
Co-Authors: A. Papadaki, Wassilis Kassis, Albertus Johannes Botha
Introduction: Cross-cultural and intracultural studies have provided evidence of worldwide correlations between parental rejection and other social-emotional-behavioral (SEB) problems including anxiety and insecurity, depression, substance use, conduct disorder and delinquency. Other studies have found that perceived parental support predicted less externalizing problems and perceived paternal (not maternal) support predicted lower rejection and victimization problems for girls, while adolescents’ symptoms of anxiety and depression were negatively predicted by level of attachment to their parents. Similarly, the research regarding child-teacher relationship showed a strong association between perceived quality of teacher-student relationships and academic and psychosocial developmental outcomes for children. At theoretical level, the study is grounded in an attachment and systemic (risk/protective) resilience based perspective.
Methods: The study draws on a mixed quantitative and qualitative method. The sample of the study includes 650 children with and without EBLP, attending public schools from 2nd grade of elementary to 3d grade high schools on the island of Crete.The following instruments have been used: (a) Resiliency Scales for Children & Adolescents – A Profile of Personal Strengths (RSCA) (Prince-Embury, 2005) including 3 subscales:  Sense of Mastery; Sense of Relatedness Scale; Emotional Reactivity Scale; (b) “Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire” (Child PARQ) (Rohner, 1990);  (c) Teacher Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire” (TARQ) (Rohner, 2005) ; (d) Drawing test “A Person Picking an Apple from a Tree”(PPAT).Confirmatory factor and path analysis will be conducted and a series of models will be presented in order to enlighten the complex dynamics and mediations between factors related to Individual-Psychosocial Resilience and functioning, perceived Parental (Father/Mother) and Teacher Acceptance-Rejection
Findings: First results of this ongoing research based on a series of multiple regression analyses showed that Parental and Teacher Acceptance/ Rejection account for a high percentage of the Resilience subscales variability (scores). Results of equation structured modeling will also be presented discussed within the frame of various theoretical models, such as Resilient, Interpersonal Theory, Systemic-Psychodynamic approaches. Resilience in this study is considered in terms of “self-protective mechanisms” and is conceptualized from a systemic perspective, rather than an individualist-trait perspective. Implication for intervention at individual level or within school and family context will also be discussed.

Abstract #246
Title: Parenting in adversity: An examination of a teen parenting programme and its potential for building resilience in adolescent parents
Presenter:
 Lizette Berry (Children's Institute University of Cape Town, South Africa)
Introduction:
Parents living in adverse conditions face a range of challenges that may affect their ability to parent effectively and to promote positive child outcomes. There is growing recognition that parents, particularly those experiencing high levels of adversity and stress, require parenting support interventions. Teenaged parents are a particularly vulnerable group.
Methods: This paper draws on data collected during an outcomes evaluation of a teen parenting programme, offered to school-going, adolescent parents who have parental responsibilities for one or more young children. Participants were from three peri-urban informal settlements in Cape Town, South Africa. The evaluation measured change in, inter alia, parenting practices, lifestyle choices and resilience at three time intervals over two years. The Child and Youth Resilience Measure was used to assess resilience outcomes. Qualitative interviews were conducted with the mother or caregiver of the adolescent to assist with triangulation.
Findings: Adolescent parents showed improvements in positive parenting, and increases in harsh discipline. Adolescents also experienced slight increases in depression. Despite experiencing considerable risk exposure, adolescents showed high resilience outcomes, which remained constant over time. Many adolescent parents had familial support, mostly from their mothers, to assist with child care.

Abstract #72
Title: ‘There’s a lot of strength in yourself and people around you’ - Resilience-promoting processes for parents of critically injured children
Presenter:
Kim Foster (Australian Catholic University & NorthWestern Mental Health, Australia)
Co-Authors: Kate Curtis, Rebecca Mitchell, Alexandra Young
Introduction:
Being the parent of a critically physically injured child involves many stressors and parents can be at risk of psychological distress, with the entire family negatively impacted by child injury. Little is known however, about resilient processes for parents experiencing this adversity.
Methods: The aim of this Australian study was to explore resilience-promoting factors and processes for 40 parents of severely injured children 0-12 years during acute hospitalization. Semi-structured interview transcripts were analysed using content analysis methods, to identify personal and contextual factors parents considered helpful in supporting their wellbeing during the initial post-injury period.
Findings: Using a social ecological framework, three themes were identified: personal, family, and hospital and community resources. Key findings included strong relational connections, positive meaning-making, and provision of practical, emotional and spiritual support. Parents’ and families’ resilience can be strengthened through personal and contextual resources and proactive intervention through anticipatory guidance. 

Speakers
LB

Lizette Berry

Children's Institute, University of Cape Town
avatar for Kim Foster

Kim Foster

Professor of Mental Health Nursing, Australian Catholic University & NorthWestern Mental Health, Melbourne Health
I'm currently working on research into the resilience of parents and families whose children have had traumatic injury, and also piloting a resilience education intervention with mental health nurses.
EK

Elias Kourkoutas

UNIVERSITY of CRETE
Prof. Dr. at University of Crete | Elias E. Kourkoutas is currently Professor of Psychology and Special Education and Chairman of the Educational Psychology Division, as well as of the European funded Practicum Program in Special Education in the Department of Primary Education... Read More →


Thursday June 15, 2017 13:30 - 15:00
Room 04 Century City Conference Centre

Attendees (13)