Please note that there are two different conference venues:
June 14/15 - Century City Conference Centre
June 16 - Kirstenbosch Conference Centre (transportation available)
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Thursday, June 15 • 08:00 - 09:30
The Role of Resilience in Childhood Abuse - Shanaaz Mathews, Alexandra Telitsyna, Nisreen Khambati

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The Role of Resilience in Childhood Sexual Abuse

Abstract #292
Title: Unpacking the complexities facing children post-sexual abuse  
Presenter: Shanaaz Mathews (Children's Institute, University of Cape Town, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Lizette Berry, Jenna Lee Marco
Introduction: Child sexual abuse is endemic in South Africa, affecting the health, social and psychological well-being of children. This paper explores the impact of the family environment, and the caregiver’s own experience of trauma on the child’s recovery post-sexual abuse.  
Methods: This paper draws on in-depth semi-structured interviews conducted with 80 caregivers of children aged 8 to 17 years. This paper draws on the parent interviews of a larger study that conducted an evaluation of a therapeutic residential programme for sexually abused children. Participants were from rural areas in the Eastern Cape and Kwa-Zulu Natal Provinces in South Africa.  
Findings:  Caregivers expressed feeling overwhelmed, anxious and depressed by their child’s sexual abuse. Caregiver’s ability to provide a holding environment was often sub-optimal and influenced by their own experiences of trauma. Some children experienced multiple incidents of trauma, by perpetrators close to them.  Complex home environments compromised children’s ability to recover. 

Abstract #253
Title: Mentoring Program Success for the prevention  of child abuse and neglect  of disadvantage  families  in Russia  
 Alexandra Telitsyna (Big Brothers Big Sisters of Russia, Russia)
The National Russian   Campaign to prevent abuse, neglect and abandonment of children  had increased the number of orphans and social orphans  placed in substitute families. However,  a lot of the at-risk teenagers are left at the orphanages.
Methods: The orphans or children (age 11-17) left without parental care filled up the surveys.  For 1-8 years long-term one-to-one mentoring (mentor’s personal obliged to visit  the mentee at the  orphanage at least once a week and for a period of time longer than a year) was supported and supervised by professional psychologists. Resilience of the family system was occurred.
Findings: The National  Russian   Campaign to prevent abuse, neglect and abandonment of children  had increased the number of   social orphans  placed in substitute  resilient  families. However,  a lot of  at-risk teenagers are left at the orphanages.  Mentoring for children gets: increasing self-esteem, self-confidence, the emergence of motivation to learning.
Abstract #154
Title: Positive well-being and self-esteem outcomes in adolescence of children exposed to physical and emotional abuse in childhood- a population-based study
Nisreen Khambati (School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, UK)
Co-Authors: Alan Emond, Jon Heron
We report a longitudinal study using a large contemporary UK cohort, investigating the differential impacts of protective factors on positive mental functioning in emerging adults who experienced physical and emotional abuse in early childhood.
Methods: The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children is a UK cohort study which started in 1991-92. The adversity exposure was child physical and emotional maltreatment prior to 5 years reported by the parents. Positive outcomes were the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale and Bachmann Self-Esteem Scale, completed by the young people at 18 years. 3787 children had complete data on outcomes and abuse exposures; 3.4% were reported as being physically hurt by an adult, 2.3% reported as emotionally abused by the mother and 2.8% by the father. Individual, family and school co-variates were considered as potential mediators of resilient adaptation
Findings: Univariate analyses identified characteristics of the abused children with positive outcomes (scores above the cohort mean). Final multivariate models, adjusted for deprivation, family adversity, maternal age and education and household size will be presented, exploring the protective influences, and the complex interactions between them, leading to positive adaptation following abuse


Alan Emond

University of Bristol

Nisreen Khambati

School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol

Shanaaz Mathews

Children's Institute, University of Cape Town
avatar for Alexandra Telitsyna

Alexandra Telitsyna

Executive Director, Big Brothers Big Sisters of Russia
One-to-one mentoring, at-risk children, resilience, child protection in Putin's Russia, neglect and abuse, volunteers. BIO: Alexandra Telitsyna, Ph.D., works as Executive director of Big Brothers Big Sisters of Russia, member of ISPCAN, European Mentoring Evidence-Based studies... Read More →

Thursday June 15, 2017 08:00 - 09:30 SAST
Room 02 Century City Conference Centre