Please note that there are two different conference venues:
June 14/15 - Century City Conference Centre
June 16 - Kirstenbosch Conference Centre (transportation available)
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Thursday, June 15 • 16:30 - 18:00
Ecological Approaches to Resilience - Olalekan Ayo-Yusuf, Leon Gwaka, Johan Potgieter

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Ecological Approaches to Resilience

Abstract #109
Title: Developing a data-driven resilience model for food security in Southern Africa
Olalekan Ayo-Yusuf (Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, South Africa)
Co-Author: Donald Mokoka, Jones Ngambi, Dominica Mutanga, Petronella Chirawu 
There are a number of resilience theoretical models proposed in the literature but very few are empirically and/or structurally validated for the context in sub-Saharan Africa.  This study therefore sought to develop a data-driven resilience model for food security within the context of environmental stress in the Southern African region.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional household survey (n-1948) built on a theoretical model developed following a qualitative study in four communities in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Malawi. One in ten households reported in the studied population  reported having a HIV-positive household member and just little over half of the population (54.5%) was considered food secured. The data obtained were subjected to factor analysis to derive multiple dimensions of a latent construct of resilience and the relationship between these dimensions were structurally modeled using structural equation modelling (SEM). The data obtained fitted the a priori specified model, with some additional modifications.
Findings: Some resilience dimensions could be considered either reflecting absorptive capacity i.e. immediate or coping responses (social capital & social support), while others were considered representative of adaptive capacity, central which was human capital. Resilience to food security can be strengthened by linking social assistance to human capital development.

Abstract #143
Title: Political ecology of resilience in Zimbabwe -a futures visioning approach
Leon Gwaka (MOSMAC, South Africa)
Research on resilience is focusing on what the future holds amid growing population, food and energy shortages. There is need for solutions on how communities can manage the prevailing challenges. Futures visions influence current actions but for marginalised groups, these visions remain undetermined. Futures visioning can complement existing research techniques.
Methods: This research advocates the use of futures visioning approach within marginalised groups, to establish how these groups understand and interact with their lived environment. Futures visioning is a participatory research techniques which empowers communities to develop the futures they desire, would love to have and even dream of regardless of confines. To achieve this, the researcher engaged community using ethnographic techniques such as visioning workshops, transect walks and imaginative techniques. Also, the researcher conducted current resource mapping as well as desired maps to establish the wishes and dreams of the community.
Findings: Visions of communities help in re-configuring actions of communities and practitioners in resilience building. Futures visioning helps understand whether visions and efforts of building resilient communities are aligned. Visioning also help understand how context affects resilience e.g. in Zimbabwe, visioning of communities may be restricted by complex socio-political environment.

Abstract #138
Title: When men and mountains meet... The role of eco-adventure in the facilitation of resilience
 Johan Potgieter (North-West University, South Africa)
Oberved increases in the occurrence non-communicable diseases has recently led to a call from the WHO (2013) for interventions that aim not only to combat disease after diagnosis, but to prevent it from occurring (WHO, 2013), while making optimal use of resources within individuals and the environment.
Methods: One innovative approach toward both the treatment of psychopathology and the facilitation of optimal functioning is that of adventure therapy. Although having been in existence for a number or years, adventure therapy has remained somewhat mysterious given that empirical evidence of why and how it works are inconclusive and contested. This paper will cite data from a number of recent international and local studies to show how our increased understaning of processes of resilience, serves to shed light on the reasons for the effectiveness of eco-adventure therapy in bringing about positive well-being outcomes. 
Findings: Both adventure therapy philosophy, and recent conceptualizations of resilience recognize the importance of the interconnection between an individual and his physical and social environment in predicting well-being outcomes. This positions adventure therapy as an ideal vehicle for the faciliation of resilience within the challenging South African context.   


Olalekan Ayo-Yusuf

SefakoMakgathoHealth Sciences University(SMU) and UP RAN Southern Africa Resilience Innovation Lab (SA RILab)
avatar for Leon Gwaka

Leon Gwaka

PhD Candidate, MOSMAC (University of the Western Cape)

Johan Potgieter

North-West University

Thursday June 15, 2017 16:30 - 18:00 SAST
Room 06 Century City Conference Centre

Attendees (7)