Please note that there are two different conference venues:
June 14/15 - Century City Conference Centre
June 16 - Kirstenbosch Conference Centre (transportation available)
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Wednesday, June 14 • 16:30 - 18:00
Resilience in Youth - Zoe Taylor, Lindokuhle Makhonza, Devin Faris

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Resilience in Youth

Abstract #35
Title: Resilience in Latino Children of Migrant Farmworkers: A Mixed Methods Approach
Zoe Taylor (Purdue University, USA)
Co-Author: Yumary Ruiz
Children from Latino migrant farmworker (LMFW) families are the most educationally disenfranchised students in the U.S. A migratory lifestyle produces unique challenges and vulnerabilities for children including educational interruptions and instability, mental health problems, and risk-taking behaviors that negatively affects their academic achievement. Resilience processes remain unexplored in this population.
Methods: Our mixed-methods study examined the effects of Resilience on academic competence in LMFW children aged 6-18 (N = 79) attending a Migrant Education Summer Program in Midwestern U.S. Children completed age-appropriate surveys in the language of their choosing, and teachers reported on child behaviors (depression and aggression). Depression and Aggression were measured using the Teacher Report Form. Resilience was child reported using the Ego-Resiliency Scale and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale. Academic Competence was child reported using the Mastery Orientation and Academic Self-Efficacy Scales. We assessed if children’s resilience protected them from the negative effects of behavior problems on academic competence.
Findings: Depression and Aggression negatively predicted Academic Competence, and Depression negatively predicted Resilience. Resilience positively predicted Academic Competence, and mediating and moderating relations from Resilience were also found. Qualitative data supported these findings. Results suggest that resilience protects LMFW children from the negative effects of problem behaviors on academic competence. 

Abstract #42
Title: Gender, Violence and Resilience among Ugandan Adolescents
 Devin Faris (Raising Voices, Uganda)
Co-Athors: Sophie Namy, Catherine Carlson, Andrea Norcini-Pala, Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen
Resilience, commonly understood as the ability to maintain adaptive functioning in the face of adversity, has emerged as a salient entry point in the field of positive youth development with a recurring central question: why do some adolescents emerge resilient following adverse experiences, while others develop negative outcomes?
Methods: This study makes a unique contribution by exploring dimensions of resilience among adolescents in Uganda, examining associations between violence from different perpetrators and resilience, and testing whether sex moderates these relationships. Analyses are based on data from a sample of 3,706 primary school students. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) identified five factors underlying the construct of resilience: emotional support; family connectedness; school connectedness; social assets; and psychological assets. We used regression analysis to investigate associations between these dependent variables, background characteristics, and experiences of violence (including exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) against female caregivers).
Findings: Results indicate a consistently negative relationship between all violence measures and psychological assets; a negative association between teacher violence and resilience across factors; and a negative association between IPV exposure and family connectedness.  Findings suggest school-based prevention, complemented with efforts to enhance family relationships, as promising avenues for resilience-strengthening interventions.

Abstract #311
Title: Resilience of Orphans and Vulnerable children at Amajuba and Zululand district schools in KZN: a closer look at the challenges   
Lindokuhle Makhonza (University of Zululand, South Africa)
Co-Author: D.R.Nzima 
Introduction: OVC have been reported to experience various challenges (UNICEF, 2012,13 &2015). Inspite of all these challenges, some are found resilient. It is therefore critical for this study to identify challenges  experienced by OVC in different custodies and suggest contextual relevant recommendations to guide the intervention programs.  
Methods:The study adopted a mixed method approach.  Random sampling design was used in selecting  OVC. 303 OVC of 12 to 20 years participated in the survey. The schools around homes of safety, orphanages and  special school for learners with disabilities were purposively selected. 4 focus groups  had 6 participants each. The focus groups were for: caregivers, teachers and OVCs.   Data was collected through a) Child and Youth Resilience Measure-28  b) Interview schedule for focus groups. The CYRM was analysed using descriptive and chi-square statistics at 0.05 significant level. Focus group interviews were analysed through thematic analysis.   
Findings: the majority of OVC from all custodian types except child headed households indicated availability of resources that enable resilience. CHH were found suffering in all aspects. orphanages and homes of safety reported  well resourced. caregivers need support  Qualitative findings were in line with quantitative findings. 


Lindokuhle Makhonza

university of zululand
An educational psychologist. A PHD student at UNIZULU. interest in children and youth. would like to implement resilience intervention programs to orphans and vulnerable children in KwaZulu Natal communities. we need a better strategy for CHH.
avatar for Zoe Taylor

Zoe Taylor

Purdue University

Wednesday June 14, 2017 16:30 - 18:00 SAST
Room 04 Century City Conference Centre

Attendees (7)