Please note that there are two different conference venues:
June 14/15 - Century City Conference Centre
June 16 - Kirstenbosch Conference Centre (transportation available)
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Wednesday, June 14 • 14:30 - 16:00
Resilience from a Parenting Perspective - Lea Caragata, Fazel Ebrihiam Freeks, Christine de Goede

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Resilience from a Parenting Perspective

Abstract #92
Title: Ameliorating Adversity: Supporting Resilience in Low-Income Lone Mothers
Presenter: Lea Caragata (Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada)
Co-Authors: Sara Cumming, Beth Watters
Introduction: Many low-income lone mothers experience extreme adversity, yet manifest resilience. This paper explores these outcomes, understanding that factors protective against trauma and hardship include psychological, community, economic and spatial aspects. A social exclusion framework revealing the compounding and intersecting nature of the findings, suggesting key factors supporting resilience.
Methods: Grounded in a feminist, participatory methodology, this study interviews 38 low-income Canadian lone mothers to explore their understandings and experience of resilience. Data were collected in 3 Canadian cities and participants were identified from a large longitudinal qualitative data set that enabled a case review of women appearing to demonstrate resilience. Importantly, the data demonstrating resilient outcomes are themselves longitudinal, including the case review and subsequent interviews. Thus, this research was able to explore both temporally and spatially, these women’s understanding of the factors that made such resilience possible in spite of frequent circumstances of extreme adversity.
Findings: Important findings included intimate partner violence and  income instability as significant risk factors. Protective factors included beliefs and values, children and feminist NGO’s. These nuanced findings shed light on protective factors that support resilience with important policy implications and contest the negative, too readily made judgments about these families. 

Abstract #161
Title: Missional Fatherhood: The Vital Role of the Resilient Father in Families
Presenter: Fazel Ebrihiam Freeks (North-West University, South Africa)
Introduction: Research proved that approximately 9 million children in South Africa have no fathers. Absence of a parent within a family system causes a vacuum in the parenthood role, and negative influences on families are inevitable. Father absence is on the increase and generates broken families in society.
Methods: A Sola Scriptura policy and qualitative data is used on Biblical truth and departure points from literature to highlight the essence of fatherhood. Scripture is an authoritative source of teaching, correction and admonition. It serves as an exceptional guideline and measure that speak of the uniqueness of God as Father, while presenting answers, hope and strengthening resilience regarding the worth of an earthly father within a family system.
Findings: Findings pending.

Abstract #113
Title: Coping with becoming “Mom”: Single, poor, and unexpectedly pregnant in a South African township.
Presenter: Christine de Goede (Stellenbosch University, South Africa)
Co-Author: Awie Greef
Introduction: The majority (40%) of South African children are raised by single mothers. Factors such as poverty, community stigma, not meeting family-of-origin expectations, and conflict with the biological father, may often encourage maternal distress and isolation during pregnancy. Prenatal exposure to maternal stress impedes fetal development (Glover, Ahmed-Salim, & Capron, 2016).
Methods: Grounded theory analysis of interviews conducted with 20 single, poor, Xhosa speaking mothers, revealed a range of context-specific resilience strategies that can help curb maternal emotional turmoil. Intrapersonal strategies used by mothers centered on three processes namely, 1)  stressor reappraisal, 2) identity reframing and 3) engaging in idiosyncratic “feel-good”activities.  Local discourses of subversion, survival and intrapsychic strength were important (e.g. the “hustler”identity derived from North American rap music). Also, participants aimed to negate the culturally imposed idea of the single mother as “damaged”or “immoral”by incorporating a more nuanced mix of affirming pre- and post-pregnancy selves.
Findings: Results indicate that it is imperative to identify psychologically at-risk pregnant women, early. Screening should form part of prenatal care protocols because timely interventions, that help single mothers view themselves and their situations more positively, can potentially expedite their adaptation, reducing the duration and intensity of distress and isolation.

avatar for Lea Caragata

Lea Caragata

I teach Social Policy and Community Development at Wilfrid Laurier University in Ontario, Canada. My recent research includes a multi-site interdisciplinary longitudinal study of single mothers in 3 Canadian cities examining the effects of labour market change and workfare programs... Read More →
avatar for Fazel Ebrihiam Freeks

Fazel Ebrihiam Freeks

North-West University

Christine de Goede

Stellenbosch University

Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00 SAST
Room 08 Century City Conference Centre