Please note that there are two different conference venues:
June 14/15 - Century City Conference Centre
June 16 - Kirstenbosch Conference Centre (transportation available)
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Wednesday, June 14 • 14:30 - 16:00
Youth at Risk - Jabulani Gilford Kheswa, Inês Castiço

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Youth at Risk

Abstract #274
Title: Behaviour leading crime among graduated initiates “amakrwala”? at one Further Education Training Colleges in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.
 Jabulani Gilford Kheswa (University of Fort Hare, South Africa)
Co-Authors: X. Dayi, M. N. Mahola
Introduction: Traditional male circumcision siignifies cultural restoration in most black communities in South Africa. Grounded in Erikson’s  psychosocial developmental theory and Agnew’s gender strain theory, literature demonstrated that the qualities of endurance, manliness and respect conveyed during training by their mentors, result in male youth reaching responsible adulthood.
Methods: The main aim of the study was to determine the nature and behaviours leading to crime among graduated initiates “amakrwala”? at the Further Education Training Colleges, in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.  A qualitative approach was employed to gather data from 10 purposively sampled Xhosa- speaking amakrwala, aged 16-26, using open-ended questionnaires. The ethics were adhered to throughout the study.
Findings: The findings show that amkrwala demonstrated educational aspirations and contributed their self-efficacy to father-son communication and self-control. However, incidents of multiple sexual partners were reported amongst the participants. It is thus that there should be programmes to educate male youth about the significance of restoring cultural practices. 

Abstract #181
Title: Youth’s resilience according to CYRM 28 score: institutionalized vs non institutionalized youth in Baixo Alentejo, Portugal
Presenter: Ines Castico (ULSBA, Portugal)
Co-Authors: Isabel Santos, Mariana Maria Piteira Arnaud, Luís Manuel Pacheco Botelho
Introduction: Resilience is a complex dynamic process that determines the capacity to overcome hardship. According to Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM), not only intrinsic skills but also external factors (religion, culture, education and  relationships) are involved. In this project, the CYRM-28 score was applied to children/youth living in and outside
Methods: childcare institutions in a small city located in Alentejo, Portugal. Our goal was to verify whether resilience was affected by institutionalization in order to prevent its potentially deleterious effects.  Methods:A translated version of the CYRM-28 score was applied to a convenience sample of 57 individuals, 24 institutionalized (Inst) and 33 non-institutionalized (NInst) aged 10 to 24. Results were inserted in a database and analyzed using SPSS ®.  Findings:  Slightly lower scores were found in all CYRM-28 subscales of institutionalized individuals. This was mostly notorious in individual capacities (mean±st deviation:  NInst 50,38±3,1 versus Inst 44,2±4,4), especially in the peer
Findings: support subset of questions (mean±st deviation:  NInst 9,28±0,81 versus Inst 7,0±2,09). Implications:  Surprisingly, peers support and not caregivers’ related factors were observed as the poorest contributors to resilience in the studied institutions. This is possibly a sign of the high quality of care given. Nonetheless, peer interactions should be supervised.


Ines Castico

Unidade Local de Saude do Baixo Alentejo

Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00 SAST
Room 04 Century City Conference Centre

Attendees (4)