Please note that there are two different conference venues:
June 14/15 - Century City Conference Centre
June 16 - Kirstenbosch Conference Centre (transportation available)
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Wednesday, June 14 • 14:30 - 16:00
Pathways to Psychological Resilience - Nabeelah Bemath, Antonia Werner, Jiniya Afroze

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Pathways to Psychological Resilience

Abstract #36
Title: Working memory in psychological resilience: A mixed-method study
Nabeelah Bemath (University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa)
Co-Authors: Kate Cockcroft, Linda Theron
Working memory (WM) may promote resilience by enabling individuals to generate novel solutions in adverse situations. Research regarding the relationship between these constructs is limited. It is particularly unclear whether, and how, WM may promote resilience in the South African context.
Methods: This study thus used a mixed method concurrent triangulation design to quantitatively investigate whether WM is related to resilience; and to qualitatively investigate how WM processes feature in participants’ experiences of resilience, and how this is influenced by socio-cultural factors. Thirty-eight young Black South African adults from disadvantaged backgrounds (whose WM had been assessed in a pre-existing study) completed a demographic questionnaire and the Resilience Research Centre-Adult Resilience Measure in person or online. For the qualitative phase, 14 of these participants were interviewed using a semi-structured interview schedule.
Findings: Qualitative findings indicated WM processes featuring in participants’ accounts of resilience-promoting resources, were shaped by socio-cultural factors. The primarily non-significant quantitative findings may thus be due to the individualistic WM measure used. Findings may help develop resilience-promoting interventions, and culturally-relevant accounts of resilience-promoting resources accessible to young Black South Africans.

Abstract #272
Title: Resilience and depression: investigating the mediating role of self-esteem
Antonia Werner (Goethe University, Germany)
Co-Authors: Ana Tibubos, Sonja Rohrmann, Neele Reiss
People who can be described as resilient are less likely to develop depressive symptoms. Yet, it is not clear, what exact facets of resilience are responsible for buffering against depression. In this study self-esteem is therefore examined as a possible mediator for the negative relation of resilience and depression.
Methods: A non-clinical sample of 98 students (age M=22.95, SD=5.24) and a clinical sample of 29 depressive patients (age M=43.86, SD=16.42) participated in our study using self-report questionnaires and an experimental procedure. Participants completed first questionnaires about their resilience, depressive symptoms and their self-esteem. In an experimental session some days later they were asked to give a cognitive ability test of solving anagrams and were given false feedback in order to stimulate a self-critical state. In this procedure current self-esteem states were assessed. For analyzing the associations between dispositional resilience, depression, and self-esteem correlational as well as mediation analyses were applied.
Findings: The negative correlation of resilience and depression was replicated as well as a significant direct effect of resilience on depression. By adding self-esteem as a mediator, a significant indirect effect became evident. Results imply that working on self- esteem as a mediator, a significant indirect effect became evident. Results imply that working on self-esteem looks like a promising practical approach in the promotion of resilience

Abstract #59
Title: Influences of birth order in shaping aspirations and wellbeing of children in an Urdu-speaking Bihari community in Bangladesh
Presenter: Jiniya Afroze (The Open University, UK)
Introduction: There is inadequate research attention to relationships of birth order in children’s wellbeing, particularly in the context of Global South. This paper explores how birth order shapes the aspirations and wellbeing of children in the context of an Urdu-speaking Bihari community in Bangladesh.
Methods: Drawing attention to the argument of new sociology of childhood, combined with the evidence of empirical studies in resilience research, this paper presents data from an eight-month long ethnographic study of an ongoing PhD project. This paper presents children’s perspectives, from data collected from a sample of 50 children aged 4-18 years through individual interviews, group discussions and participant observations. Adopting participatory tools like hand puppets, photo elicitation and vignettes, this paper explores how the cultural expectations and responsibilities of children are linked to their birth orders, and how children channel their positive coping and aspirations towards their wellbeing.
Findings: Findings present children’s agencies are not related to birth orders, rather negotiated and contested through education, work and gender. This highlights the importance of questioning cultural practices that determine responsibilities of siblings according to birth orders, for making situated understandings about how children explore and promote their own wellbeing.

avatar for Jiniya Afroze

Jiniya Afroze

PhD Research Student, The Open University
Jiniya Afroze is a PhD research student at the Faculty of Wellbeing, Education and Language Studies of The Open University, UK. Her PhD research is aimed at exploring children’s lived experiences in an Urdu-speaking Bihari community in Bangladesh. Prior to this, Jiniya worked with... Read More →

Nabeelah Bemath

Intern research psychologist, University of the Witwatersrand
Nabeelah Bemath recently completed her Masters in Social and Psychological Research at the University of the Witwatersrand. She is currently completing her internship as a research psychologist at the University's Department of Psychology. Her research interests lie in cognitive neuropsychology... Read More →

Antonia Werner

PhD student, Goethe University, Frankfurt

Wednesday June 14, 2017 14:30 - 16:00 SAST
Room 06 Century City Conference Centre